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June 28, 1962 - Image 4

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1962-06-28

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Sewnty-Second Year
"where Opinions Are Free STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG. 0 ANN.ARBORMICH. U Phone No 2-3241
Truth Will Frevail"
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.

GOP Presents Tired Platform
To American Voters

capture Congress has gotten off on the
wrong foot. In its campaign manifesto issued
June 8 the Congressional Republicans spotted
many weaknesses of the Kennedy administra-
tion, but offered only tired and unimaginative
answers to them.
It easily spotted foreign policy failings in
Cuba, Laos and Berlin, yet suggested no ap-
proach or program to meet them. Instead, it
repeated old phrases which are hardly relevant
to a modern complex foreign policy.
"American strategy," the manifesto stated,
"should be tested by the following standard:
If it advances the cause of freedom, do it. If it
injures that cause, reject it."
THIS IS A GRAND IDEA, one which is basi-
cally sound and should be instilled into the
consciousness of the State Department. Un-
fortunately, in the atomic age, this is not the
way the world does business. Freedom or its
absence does not often figure in the day to day
dealings of the United States.
Rather, the question is one of power, interests
or propaganda; a rule of thumb, incidentally,
that the Republican Eisenhower administration
followed with more alacrity than the current
Democratic one. Any attempt to conduct for-
eign policy on such a black and white basis is
naive and certainly would get no further than
current foreign policy.
What do the Republicans offer? A few polem-
ics against "Communist slavery," "the bandit
leaders of Red China" and "the tragic timidity"
of Administration officials during the Cuban
invasion. Then, under the heading "psychologi-
cal warfare" it suggests "America should take
the offensive in psychological warfare through
an information agency more willing to attack
Communist weaknesses and to speak affirma-
tively, not apologetically, of freedom. The power
of the bountiful American economy should be
used to promote the goals of foreign policy."
T HE ONLY "OFFENSIVE" measure proposed
in the sections that follow is that "vigorous
action to expand markets overseas is needed."
Otherwise, it suggests such forward moving
measures as tight U. S. fiscal and wage policies
in the hopes that these would expand Ameri-
can trade abroad and stringent controls on
foreign aid so that it would ease the "pressing
needs of freedom's friends." In dealing with
the underdeveloped nations of the world that
are becoming more pivotal in the struggle
against Communism, all that the GOP urges
is that the United States must help these na-

tions while at the same time remembering not
to sacrifice "the trust of old friends in Europe."
Domestically, the manifesto does little better.
By calling attention to "the solid progress in
the field of human rights during its adminis-
tration," the Republicans seem to criticize the
pace of Kennedy's action in that field. Yet the
only civil right that the manifesto discusses
specifically is protection against vote fraud.
It decries the "hoax" of the Democratic
stand in immigration legislation, yet points
vaguely to its own 1960 platform stand on
which it has done nothing.
THE MANIFESTO pays lip service to the in-
creased demand for federal actionon medi-
cal aid for the aged. However, the Republicans
only warn against a "legislative bulldozer
through the structure of voluntary health in-
surance and private medicine" and suggests
tax relief whch would only aid those who
already have money and don't need the assist-
Thus the Republican manifesto rambles
through many of the major issues of the day,
repeating old slogans and suggesting methods
that have failed in the past or are impractical.
It does not realize the errors of its own
administration which gave aid, for example, to
such "freedom's friends" as Nuri As Said, Mar-
cos Perez Jiminez, or Fulgencio Batista, or ne-
glected Africa and Latin America, or lavished
$3 million a year on Laos and does not suggest
way to make American aid more meaningful.
THE REPUBLICAN proposal for psychological
warfare does not jibe with its past record
of hobbling the United States Information
Agency, nor with other sections of the mani-
festo itself which seem designed to give aid
and comfort to the world business community
and no one else. The statement "Expansion of
free world trade benefits all free nations" typi-
fies their single-minded approach.
At home, tax relief seems to be their pat
reply to all demands for federal programs. The
Republicans tend to forget that tax cuts mainly
aid the men who already have money, but not
those who have little or none to give to the
government anyway. There are more voters in
the latter category, and they can be counted on
to remember unmet needs.
Thus the Republicans bein their Congression-
al campaign with a negative and unappealing
statement. Perhaps the best thing the GOP
could do is forget it.

w ~ 'w' , i' -=^ ,GG ,Eh S' -, 3i- >; "I rrc j C
Y 1~
" . J i'za zz/ I
- 4"47~z
- ALGERIA wke ~'e
Comj. azrsozz- s _- = { --- -E-R
Western iizritedJ'ta/es 1f04V'
Problems of Nationhood

(EDITOR'S NOTE: This is the sec-
ond of a two part series dealing with
the future of Algeria.)
Daily Staff Writer
THE T"NEW, independent Algeria
faces all the problems of most
former colonies as well as several
unique ones resulting from the bit-
ter eight-year war for independ-
It must convert a revolutionary
movement into a stable civil gov-
ernment, develop the country from
the mess the French have left it,
and fend off border claims made
by neighboring Tunisia and Mor-
The French and "pied noirs"
are fleeing the country in a great
panic created by fear of Moslem
rule and terror of the Secret Army
Organization, which is attempting
to demolish everything of value in
* * *
WHEN the Secret Army fin-
ishes its work and when the last
of the French have fled, the new
Algeria will find itself in great eco-
nomic trouble. The French devel-
oped and ran the country with its
prosperous farms and ports: They
also maintained the efficient civil
service vital to any successful
country. The Algerians will have
to supply the economic and civil
management needed for prosperity
and the capital to build up the
country, especially in the rural
Further, the Secret Army, has
destroyed valuable public buildings
and records in its "scorched earth"
campaign. These must be rebuilt
and restored.

The Algerians have some natural
assets. They will receive a cut from
oil revenues produced by the
French in the Algerian Sahara. In
that same region there are deposits
of iron ore and other minerals that
are still unexploited.
THE French have also prom-
ised economic aid to the new Al-
geria, but the bitterness of war
may hinder its effective use by
making the government sensitive
to using it.
The new Algeria will have to
defend itself against border claims
made by Morocco and Tunisia. In
a gesture of pan-Arab solidarity,
these neighbor states have post-
poned pressing border claims until
Algerian independence. Now that
it happened, both states will press
their demands strongly, possibly
even with armed force.
Morocco's claims are the more
extensive. As part of its dream of
a "greater Morocco," the country
claims the southeastern corner of
Algeria, all of Mauritania, and the
Spanish enclaves on the Atlantic
as its rightful territory. More than
grandeur is at stake, as the desert
regions of Algeria and Mauritania
are rich in unmined minerals and
* * *
TUNISIA has smaller claims
along the southwest border of Al-
geria and Libya.
Pressed by the economic prob-
lems, Algeria faces the political
problem of organizing itself into
a stable democracy. The outlook
does not appear bright. Already
the FLN is factionalizing and once
in power a power struggle will de-
velop between the various factions.

'Boys from Syracuse'-
Shakespeare Modernized
HE BOYS from Syracuse," as revived by the University Players, is
hardly the restaging of an old-fashioned show but rather the
exciting rediscovery of a sure-fire hit that has been too long ignored.
The musical-comedy adapted well to Trueblood Auditorium's semi-
Shakespearian stage, for it is based on Shakespeare's "The Comedy of
Errors." The orchestra playing in the "inner above" was out of the
audience's sight-line and gave the dancers room to romp on the
various levels and revolving stage. The Players are to be commended
for utilizing the small orchestra only for accompaniment, not as a
blaring focal point as has been true in some recent student productions.


The Con-Con Dilemma

IP RIAD PROBLEMS arise in November for
the Republican and Democratic parties if
the Michigan courts decide that the new con-
stitution is to be placed on the ballot for voter
approval at that time.
The Democrats violently oppose the new con-
stitution. They have taken an uncompromising
stand on many of the issues and refuse to move
from their position.
The Republicans have created a document in
their images, both moderate and conservative,
and for this reason stand staunchly behind the
new document.
GEORGE ROMNEY, the Republican candi-
date for governor, and a past convention
delegate, is closely allied-with the document. As
leader of the Republican moderate group in
the convention, he had much to do with the
shaping of the document into a form accept-
able to both wings of the party.
His close alliance with the new constitution
will, undoubtedly, be his major campaign is-
However, the Republicans are taking a big
chance by pushing to have the new document
placed on the November ballot for, at this time,
the Democrats can bring out their greatest

strength. If the Democrats do, in fact, succeed
in pulling large numbers of their members to
the polls, the constitution, and with it, Rom-
ney, may well go down to a humiliating defeat.
THE OTHER HAND, the fact that Rom-
ney is allied so closely to the new constitu-
tion may aid in bringing out greater numbers
of Republican voters who may overwhelm the
Democrats at the polls and sweep both their
gubernatorial candidate and their new consti-
tution to victory.
If the Democrats are forced to wait until the
spring election, due to an adverse court deci-
sion, they may not be able to draw as many
voters and the new constitution may pass. If
the Republicans wait until that time to attempt
to put over their document, they will lose a vital
issue on which their candidate for governor
wuold campaign in the fall elections. '
The great mass of Democratic strength
throughout Michigan will certainly be able to
overcome the Republican candidate for gov-
ernor and the Republican constitution regard-
less of whether these two issues appear in the
same election or in different ones.

The traditional triad of left,
right and center is beginning to
form. On the left extreme, other
than the Communists, who have
not been an important factor in
Algerian politics, is Mohammed
Ben Bella who has spent the last
five years in French jails. He leads
the militant faction of the FLN
and has a good deal of army sup-
port. With Ben Bella in power, Al-
geria will be a highly nationalist-
ic Arab state.
* *.*
FORMING the center is the cur-
rent Algerian provisional govern-
ment, now in Tunis. Headed by
Ben Youssef Ben Khedda, this
government negotiated the set-
tlement with France and is will-
ing to make accommodations with
it providing its hard-won inde-
pendence is not compromised.
Unlike the extremists, it is will-
ing to give special guarantees to
the French who remain in Ageria.
On the right is Belkacem Krim,
the first premier of the Algerian
provisional government, who lost
his job on charges that he was
"too moderate." Krim is as much
French in outlook as he is Moslem
and, in fact, speaks better French
than Arabic. With his wing in
control, relations with France
would be on the smoothest terms.
His faction is small and far from
* * *
-THE breakdown of revolution-
ary unity will probably not occur
immediately, but should occur
when elections are held. The tenor
of the revolution has never been
democratic and there is great dan-
ger that one group may take over
in a coup, setting up a dictatorship
to replace the French one that
just left.
The new government faces
many trials. It has had limited po-
litical experience and begins its in-
dependence in an atmosphere of
hatred- and bitterness. If Algeria
is to succeed, the new government
will have to gain the Europeans'
loyalty at least long enough to
train Moslems to replace them in
key civil service and industrial
posts. However, the Europeans
have panicked and the Algerians
are left to build their nation alone
without the technical aid of the
Europeans. Foreign aid and United
Nations assistance may be of some
value, but it cannot replace the
civil servants who knew the work-
ings of a government machine.
Thus, the new Algeria faces
many challenges, but like many a
nationalist revolutionary before
him, the Algerian says, "These are
our problems and we will solve
them ourselves."

cause of the difficulty in finding
men who look enough alike to play
the sets of twins, the problem has
been resolved-dress them alike.
It works.
ASIDE from Lorenz Hart's de-
lightfully risque lyrics and Rich-
ard Rodgers' excellent tunes (in-
cluding "This Can't Be Love" and
"Falling in Love with Love"), the
outstanding features of the pro-
duction are the nearly professional
performances of Jack O'Brien,
Jeanne Lucas, Michael Robbins
and Linda Herric.
Jack O'Brien gives his best mu-
sical performance to date. He
combines the stage-presence he
showed in "Kismet," the tour-de-
force of "Land Ho!," and the
vaudville timing of "The Red Pep-
pers" into a performance that
earns applause at nearly every
exit. Jeanne Lucus belts a song
as if she were Ethel Merman-
and going one on Ethel, Jeanne
Michael Robbins' rich voice was
an oasis in a cast of generally
less than adequate male singing
voices. Linda Herric used her pow-
erful musical-comedy voice to
evoke tenderness in "Falling in
Love with Love"-which is a treat
when one is used to seeing shoot-
ing stars on stage when Linda
lets loose.
THERE WERE too many delight-
ful performances to mention them
all. Certainly, Tom Jennings, Carl
Schurr and Judith Propper are
gifted comedians. The rest of the
cast made up for its lack of pro-
fessional polish with great energy
and enthusiasm.
If the dancing at times seems
too elementary (certainly a chorus
can do more than skip), the in-
genius "Big Brother Ballet" is
a clever use of people who are not
accomplished dancers, and creates
an excellent effect. It would spoil
the surprise to describe how the
dancers appear and disappear in
the "old time movie" style. The
fun of the "ballet" is well worth
an evening in the theatre-even
without all the other hightlights
of the production.
After the 1938 opening, Sidney
Whipple wrote, "I believe 'Boys'
will be regarded as the greatest
comedy of its time." If not the
greatest ("Pal Joey" came two
years later), "Boys" is a master-
fully entertaining show and de-
serves all the enthusiasm and tal-
ent that the Players lavish on
"The Boys from Syracuse."
-Milan Stitt

Old Film
FOR THOSE who have been
wondering why they missed
hearing about Ingmar Bergman's
"new" film, "Secrets of Women,"
which opened at the Campus yes-
terday, let it be known that this
delightful work dates from 1952
and has only recently been
brought to this country as part
of the Bergman boom.
Pre 'ious conscientious efforts to
unearth the work of the Swedish
director prior to those films for
which he has gained his present
reputation have frequently proved
somewhat embarassing. Happily
this is not at all true in the case
of "Secrets of Women."
* * *
THE FILM fairly sparkles with
a whistful charm and a comic
ingenuity which affords a delicious
insight into the uncluttered hu-
manity of its characters and situa-
tions. As such, it is refreshingly
removed from the ponderous
doubts and mystical confronta-
tions of Bergman's later films.
In fact it is somewhat of a wel-
come relief that we are for once
freed of what has perhaps been
an excessive obligation imposed
by the director to ponder the in-
scrutable enigmas of God.
The story conicerns three wo-
men at a country estate who, to
while the time away while await-
ing the arrival of their husbands,
recount (or confess) the tales of
their "affaires" leading to, oc-
curring during, or concerned with
The three resulting Bocaccesque
interludes which occupy the major
part of the film are alternately
gently humorous, romantically
poignant, and utterly hilarious.
last two episodes. The second takes
place in Paris and the City of
Light seems to have enchanited
and inspired Bergman to an
amorous ingenuity coupled with a
brilliance and sensitivity of tech-
nique which would leave many a
present-day French director cry-
ing in his nouvelle vague beer.
The third episode is an uproar-
ious tour-de-force in which a
much too married couple redis-
cover their sex life in a jammed
Most of the familiar Bergman
troupe is on hand and give their
customary f i n e performances.
Gunnar Bjornstrand especially
and always is superb as the erst-
while incarcerated lift user.
-Peter Goldfarb

s I

Change in the East


Has Romney Gone Conservative?

BY A STROKE OF LUCK (for him), George
Romney has filed without opposition for the
Republican gubernatorial nomination. Draft
candidate L. Montgomery Shepard refused to
let Berrien County Chairman George Evers file
petitions in his name, and Detroit businessman
Jim Dalzell was unable to obtain a sufficient
number of valid signatures.
In a way, this is too bad, for Republicans will
not be able to determine Romney's real strength
until November. By then it could be too late.
The future however is not bleak. The threat
of primary opposition made an impression on
George Romney. He has reversed his tax stand.
In essence he has repudiated the unpopular
platform of his own Citizens for Michigan.
The Associated Press reports that Romney is
now calling for economy in every possible quar-
ter. He says that he would never approve an
income tax for Michigan unless there is no
other way to economize. This was the platform
on which Evers sought to draft Shepard: A
return to conservative spending.

nedy spending program becoming more unpop-
ular by the minute, Romney's successful pro-
gram of drastic economy might well appeal to
the voters.
It remains to be seen whether Romney will
rbalize this course of action and follow it.
Hopefully he will, for if he were to lead Michi-
gan out of its financial mire, there would be
no doubt about his heroism in the eyes of the
nation. He could conceivably be heralded as a
modern-day Franklin D. Roosevelt-a white
knight with a program of proven success.
BUT ROMNEY'S COURSE should be clear. If
he is to win in November, he will have to
appeal to the Shepard forces, and if he is to be
a success in the next two years he will have to
cooperate with the conservatives-both Demo-
crat and Republican-in the Legislature. Only
success at the task of reforming Michigan-a
state the entire nation has held up to ridicule-
will make Romney the miracle Republicans will
need in 1964.

THERE IS NOT likely to be any
serious controversy in this
country about supplying food to
the hungry Chinese. There is a
great surplus of food here and
the stories of hunger and misery
have aroused immediately the old
American feeling for the Chinese
Our disputes with the Commun-
ist regime and its virulent cam-
paign of hatred have covered, but
they have by no means extin-
guished, the sympathy, one might
also say the affectionate pre-
judice, that goes back to the days
of the clipper ships and the mis-
sionaries and the exchange of
students. This country is able and
willing to help and few if any
among us are willing to exploit
the misery as a weapon in the
political conflict. Mercy and char-
ity, we feel, are their own best
There is, however, some discus-
sion as to whether we should take
the initiative, whether we should
offer to sell and give food to
China, or whether we should wait
for an invitation from the Red
Chinese government.
THE POSITION at the moment
.is that the President in a recent
press conference all but invited
the Chinese government to send
us an invitation. His intentions
could be made clearer through
diplomatic channels. But the Pres-
ident can hardly offer food to the
mainland Chinese government un-
l1C. h knowsfhat the offer will

China will for some time be hos-
tile to all its neighbors while it
is engaged in a ruthless struggle
to make its economy a going con-
If this is correct, it is useless to
woo Peiping or to threaten it. It
will not be deflected by the woo-
ing and it will only be made more
violent by being threatened. The
right policy is to contain Red
China to prevent it from expand-
ing and to avoid provoking it. It
may be years before China has
evolved to a point where a dif-
ferent relationship is possible.
* * *
OUR OWN China policy has
matured during the past ten years.
For one thing, we have given up
the notion that mainland China
is going to be reconquered by an
offensive staged from Formosa.
That standing provocation has
been reduced to zero, and the Ad-
ministration has every intention,
I believe, of keeping it at zero.
Secondly, we have learned the
lesson of Gen. MacArthur's disas-
trous march to the Yalu River
in the Korean war, which is that
the Red Chinese will react vio-
lently and convulsively to the
presence of United States military
power on their frontier.
The changes in our policy are
running parallel with changes in
the relation between Red China
and India on the one hand and
between Red China and the So-
viet Union on the other. This
change manifested itself last
autumn in the United Nations
debate abouththe admission of
Red China.

The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of The Univer-
sity of Michigan for which The
Michigan Daily assumes no editorial
responsibility. Notices should be
sent in TYPEWRITTEN form to
Room 3564 Administration Building
before 2 p.m., two days preceding
General Notices
Staff Parking Permits-The expiration
date on all 1961-1962 Staff Permits has
been extended one week, through July
7, 1962. New permits are available in
1053 Admin. Bldg.
Events 'Thursday
President and Mrs. Harlan Hatcher
will host an informal reception honor-
ing the Summer Session students on
Thurs., June 28, from 8 to 10 p.m., 815
South University Ave. All Summer Ses-
sion students are cordially invited to

Lecture Series: Prof. Delos D. Wickens,
Department of Psychology, Ohio State
University, will speak on "Considera-
tions of the Implications for Classroom
Teaching of Research and Theory in
the Psychology of Learning," on Thurs.,
June 28, at 2:00 p.m. in Aud. A, Angell
Events Friday
Degree Recital: Jo Ann Curlee, so-
prano, will present a recital on Fri.,
June 29. 8:30 p.m. in Lane Hall Aud. in
partial fulfillment of the requirements
for the degree Master of Music. he will
be accompanied by Rebecca West, piano,
and assisted by Celia Weiss and Susan
Bastedo, violins, Janice Hupp, viola,
and Elizabeth Sugg, cello. Open to the
general public.
Around the World Series every Friday
at the International Center from 8:00
to 10:00 p.m,
The United States of America is first
on the series. The program consists of
movies: The Idea of Michigan, Whit
Thunder-'Niagara Falls' and Canyon
Country. It will be followed by a short
talk by Prof. Malm of the Music School
on American Folk Music. American
folk songs will be heard from the sound
of Herbert David's guitar and Elwood
Bush will demonstrate American folk
dances. Around the World Series in the
coming weeks will feature India, China
and the Middle-East.
Doctoral Examination for Donald Gene
Henderson, Music; thesis: "Hans Pfitz-
ner: The Composer and His Instrument-
al Works," Fri., June 29. 808 BMT, at
4:00 p.m. Chairman, L. E. Cuyler.
P aeem en t
The Los Angeles City School Districts
will be interviewing for teachers in the
fields of Biol., Sci.. Engl., Girl's FE,
Math, Spanish, Phy. Sci., & Gen'l.
Elem. on the following dates:
Detroit, Mich. at Wayne State Univ.
on July 2.
Columbus, Ohio at Ohio State Univ.
on July 3.
Chicago, Ill. at Conrad Hilton Hotel
on July 7, 8 and 9.
For additional information contact




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