U' Crack Down on HomosexualActivities
(EDITOR'S NOTE - This is the first of a two-part series on homo-
By DENISE WACKER and PHILIP SUTIN
Two years ago the Ann Arbor police maintained a four-week sur-
veillance of University facilities in an effort to curb reported homo-
Their work resulted in more than 30 arrests and convictions,
of which slightly more than half were men connected with the Uni-
After the Angell Hall raid there was no continual surveillance in
men's lavatories, although complaints of homosexual activities did not
die down entirely.
Conduct 'Special Surveillance'
Last month it was learned that the police were again conducting
a "special surveillance" of men's rooms in Angell and Mason Halls,
the Michigan Union, Alumni Memorial Hall and other campus build-
ings in a new attempt to suppress homosexual acts said to have oc-
curred in the Ann Arbor community.
This "special surveillance" netted more than 30 arrests on charges'
of "gross indecency" or "attempting to procure gross indecency."
The men were not arrested specifically for homosexuality, but
for attempting to entice others into homosexual acts or else were ar-
rested during the process of such acts, Washtenaw County Prosecuting
Attorney William Ager said.
"While many arrests have occurred in University buildings, our
men were also checking playground areas and public gathering spots
where it was felt homosexuals might meet," Capt. Walter Krasny of
the police department said. Krasny has charge of the surveillance
which sent two officers through University and other facilities.
Krasny said he didn't consider the current "special surveillance"
anything unusual. "This isn't a campaign. It's merely a normal rou-
tine of investigating complaints, a continuing investigation," he said.
Usually, alleged homosexuals are arrested after police witness an
attempt to solicit a partner, or an actual homosexual act, he said.
However, he added, the officer need not necessarily witness such
an incident, and, as in other felony cases, he may arrest an alleged
violator on the basis of a complaint.
The law sets no particular criterion for a violation, he said. Once
an alleged offender is arrested, it is up to the prosecutor's office to de-
termine the extent of the violation and the criminal proceedings used
in his case.
There are two general sets of charges that may be filed against
a suspected homosexual. One is a felony-the "gross indecency" or
"procuring" charges-levied against most offenders. There are also
lesser misdemeanor charges of obscene conduct and accosting. These,
Ager said, are less frequently made.
The misdemeanor charge is pressed when there isn't enough evi-
dence to warrant the procuring charge, he explained.
A suspected offender is given a preliminary examination in which
the court determines whether there is sufficient evidence to hold a
trial. From that stage, the case is brought to circuit court for arraign-
In the majority of Washtenaw County cases, the defendant pleads
guilty and an investigation is held before a sentence is pronounced,
Occasionally, the accused pleads innocent, and a jury trial is held.
During the pre-sentence investigation, the court consults court
psychiatrists who have dealt with the offender. Or, the court permits
him to submit a report from a psychiatrist of his choosing.
The court may also contact the offender's employer. Often this
notification may be the first knowledge the University has of the ar-
rest of faculty or staff member or of a student.
Offenders are fined $250 and court costs by Circuit Court Judge
James Breakey, and placed on five-year's probation.
Repeaters quite often are sent to prison. A man arrested two
years ago was apprehended in the May surveillance, while on proba-
tion, and found guilty again. Breakey sentenced him to two to five
years in prison.
See 'U', Page 5
See Page 4
Seventy-One Years of Editorial Freedom
Clear and mild today;
High tomorrow of 90
VOL. LXXII, No. 3-S ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, JUNE 28, 1962 SEVEN CENTS
* * *
Revise Late Miutes,
Male Visiting Hours
Davenport Announces New Rules;
Changes for Freshmen Refused
By GERALD STORCH F
Hours for senior women have been abolished as the Office of Stu- en
dent Affairs yesterday instituted eight changes in rules and regula- at
tions governing University women. pr
Other revisions include a liberalization of sign-outs and male
visiting hours, but hours for freshmen women will not be changed. w
The new regulations become effective with the fall semester. to
Still Need Details to
Although the basic decision on senior hours has been made,
details of implementations still have to be worked out, Acting Dean of pl
Women Elizabeth Davenport said. o
Due to difficulties in communicating during the summer with pu
members of Women's Judiciary Council, which made the 11 recom- o
" mendations last April, the imme-
diate abolition of hours for sen-
Ie nedy Calls fors may be held up "for a very h
short time, not more than two IF
weeks, at the beginning of the se- S
TT y r s v* The main concern in working w
nag g ressive out details, Mrs. Davenport said, o
"is not who's going out but who's
WASHINGTON (R) - President coming in" to the dormitories and in
John F. Kenedy stressed yesterday sororities. St
that America's purposes in the Problem with Dorms se
troubled Formosa area "are peace- Keys are probably the answer to m
ful and defensive." checking in and out of sororities, liv
He called on Red China to join but something else will have to be es
in renouncing use of force there. done for the large dorms, the dean p
Kennedy reaffirmed in a special said.
news conference statement what Additional personnel may have tr
he said was the longstanding pol- to be hired, as "resident advisors g
icy of the administration of Presi- can't be expected to be letting in aj
dent Dwight D. Eisenhower on girls all night," she pointed out. fi:
the defense of the Chinese Na- As to freshman hours, Mrs. Dav- u
tionalist-held territory. enport noted that although the
Hands Off proposed extension was not grant-
Against the background of a ed, the time during which they ci
Communist military buildup in the can entertain male guests within an
coastal area and Nationalist Gen- dormitories has been lengthened. sp
eralissimo Chiang Kai - Shek's as the buildings will be open un- th
threats to invade the Communist- til midnight. cc
controlled mainland, Kennedy's See ABOLISH, Page 2 st
LANSING (JP) - Gov. John B.
wainson vetoed the controversial
ord-Canton bill yesterday and
eclared that Republican sponsors
ngaged in political blackmail in
ttempts to get the measure ap-
The governor said the bill would
eaken the unemployment com-
ensation law whichwas designed
oprotect the worker who loses a
ib through no fault of hisown.
At the same time, Swainson ex-
Lained, the law protects the econ-
my by cushioning the decline in
urchasing power during a period
f economic decline.
Effect of the vetoed bill would
ave been to nullify the so-called
ord-Canton decision of the state
mpreme Court, which ruled that
Michigan employes of the Ford
Motor Co: could collect jobless pay
hen they were laid off because
f a strike at a Canton, Ohio.
Swainson's action came under
nmediate fire from Republican
Uate Chairman George Van Peur-
m, who issued a blistering state-
nent accusing the governor of de-
vering the tsate into "the clutch-
of a few labor bosses who op-
ose this responsible legislation.
"The governor, through his veto,
aded away the people of Michi-
an for the continued support of
few labor bosses and their well-
illed political and campaign treas-
xies." Van Peursem said.
The governor had sharply criti-
zed some segments or business
nd industry which he said were
preading a false, dishonest charge
hat the Ford-Canton decision
ompels employers to finance
rikes against themselves.
Court Ruling Snarls
Bill To Aid Colleges
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON-The Supreme Court's ban on official prayers
in public schools led to a postponement yesterday of efforts to reach
a compromise between House and Senate on a college aid bill.
The main point tt issue in separate bills passed by each body
is a provision in the House bill permitting federal grants to private
colleges-including those supported by churches. The Senate's pro-
vides only loans. In requesting a
postponement of a meeting be-
tween House and Senate confer-
ees, Sen. Wayne Morse (D-Ore)
said his group needed more time
to study the House position. Then
"Furthermore, the recent court
decision and its possible implica-
tions in respect to the House and
Senate language, needs to be stud-
ied carefully before our next con-
ference session" on July 9.
Meanwhile, at his news con-
ference yesterday, President John
F. Kennedy strongly supported
federal construction aid- for all
colleges - including those spon-
sored by churches - and said no
violation of the Constitution is
He thought that issues involved
in assisting higher educational in-
stitutions differed from the Con-
stitutional question raised by pro-
posed federal aid to secondary
The 6-1 decision of the court
dealt specifically with the saying
of a prescribed daily prayer in
New York state schools, but but
some legislators read it as stating
a rigid view of separation of
church and state that beclouds
much existing legislation, as well
as the proposed college bill.-
Special To The Daily'
LANSING-A truant House Re-'
publican yesterday scotched a GOP
attempt to water down the Senate-,
approved Francis amendment to.
Michigan State University's annual
budget which will require MSU to
close down its Labor Industrial Re-
Rep. Ben. E. Lohman (R-Hamil-
ton), still irate from a party feud
on Tuesday, eluded the sergeant-
at-arms and failed to show for
As a result, the proposal by Rep.
Robert E. Waldron (R-Grosse
Pointe), which would have de-
nied funds for the center, but still
allow it to operate, was turned
down by one vote, 55-47. It needed
The House also defeated anoth-
er amendment offered by Rep.
William Bryant (D-Detroit) to re-
move the entire restriction from
Waldron sought to amend the
proposal, which was originally
tacked on by Sen. Lynn O. Fran-
cis (R-Midland) as a result of a
Senate investigation, b e c a u s e
"there is some question of uncon-
"We do not appropriate money
in a vacuum," Waldron said. "But
once we have passed the budget, we
clearly canot attempt to control
the disposition of the money.
"My amendment simply says the
Legislature feels this center is not
in the best interests of the people
of. the state of Michigan, since it
does not further the business cli-
The Waldron amendment would
have threatened MSU with a budg-
et cut next year if it had persisted
in using state money to operate the
"The Francis report clearly
points out that the center has de-
generated into little more than a
propaganda organ," Waldron said.
"Thus its purpose can be better
Ryan objected that "the old
amendment was brazen; but the
new one is nothing more than an
attempt to hide the unconstitu-
tionality of this whole provision.
The issue involved here is whether
we have the right to control appro-
Vd,*.aC .b h an 'rp
Set Record Sum
To State Colleges
Republicans Beat Down Attempts
To Increase Size of Appropriation
By MICHAEL HARRAH
Special To The Daily
LANSING - House Republicans yesterday turned their
backs on 11 different Democratic attempts to amend the high-
er education appropriation and then passed the bill, which in-
cludes a $36.7 million total for the University, 91-10.
A part of the record $116:6 million total Voted for higher
education operating funds, this figure is $1.3 million higher
than originally proposed by Senate Appropriations Commit-
tee Chairman Elmer R. Porter (R-Blissfield) earlier this year,
and it represents $1.3 million over last year's appropration.
In the course of debate, the House defeated, 46-45, an
amendment offered by Rep. Hiram McNeeley (D-Detroit)
which would have restored some $1 million to the University's
appropriation to offset the tuition increase. McNeeley describ-
it as a "nuisance tax on college students," and offered the
DEAN JAMES B. WALLACE
... humanities come back
statement served as a warning to
both sides to keep hands off. GIRLS
Kennedy said he was restating G
United States policy in effect since
1954, in order to make its position
"clearly understood" and because
"I don't want the Chinese Com-
nunists to be under any mis-
apprehension." He also made these "The yout
points:i d u
1) If the Red buildup is used for inspectd a:
aggression against Nationalist-held the image
offshore islands of Quemoy and lists is one
Matsu, a possibility which is still
"not clear," the United States will
defend the island if the attack is
"part of an attack on Formosa'
and the Pescadores."
2) As for the main Nationalist
islands of Formosa and the Pes-
cadores, some 100 miles away,.
"the United States will take the?
"ges Action Against Apathy
Mu sic School
The construction of the new
music school building authorized
by the state Legislature Tuesday is
tangible evidence the University
and the state are as interested in
the humanities as the sciences,
Dean James B. Wallace of the
music school declared yesterday.
"Since Sputnik, the music school
building has become a symbol of
the humanities," he said, noting
that the plight of the music
school, the biggest academic music
school in the United States, was
Dean Wallace said that the new
building, the largest such struc-
ture ever conceived, will allow a
"tremendous expansion" of the
school. It will be designed to ac-
commodate 850 students on an
eight hour day, six days a week
basis. The school currently houses
600 students in 13 buildings on
a 13 hmiiai' A svedan a a mweek
amendment "to remove the
.necessity of any increase in
Increases 'Not Required'
House Ways and Means Com-
mittee Chairman Arnell Engstrom
(R-Traverse City) noted that the
GOP majority did not require any
fee increases, "and these institu-
tions did not have to boost their
tuition unless they thought they
This amendment was one of a
group of Democratic attempts to
restore funds to the various school
budgets equal to the fee hikes at
several colleges. They were all
Other budget allotments approv-
ed by the House include: Michi-
gan State University, $32.1 mil-I
lion; Wayne State University, $16.5
million; Ferris Institute, $2.4 mil-
lion; Michigan College of Mining
and Technology, $3.9 million;
Central Michigan University, $3.2
million; Eastern Michigan Univer-
sity, $3.5 million; Northern Michi-
gan College, $1.6 million; Western
Michigan University, $5.5 million;
Grand Valley College, $100,000.
'Best We Can'
Commenting on the record budg-
et, Speaker of the House Don R.
Pears (R-Buchanan) said, "No one
can honestly call the Legislature
stingy. The budget has been in-
creased in every quarter, and we
have done the very best we can
with the available resources.
"While these appropriations per-
haps are not as generous as we all
might like to make them, we must
live within our means, and we sim-
ply haven't the money available to
do any more."
Several Democrats in the House
excorcized the budget for "stran-
gling the students."
Rep. Alexander Petrie (D-
Ecorse) said that "the schools
have no choice but to raise their
fees. It was money they had to
have Cn f i th e iri- - h
PRESIDENT HARLAN HATCHER
... enough to scrape by
With Bud get
University officials felt that the
$36.7 million appropriation by the
Legislature would not meet mini-
mum standards, but combined
with May's tuition increase, the
University will scrape by for an-
"The University will be able to
move on salaries which have lag-
ged behind the last years, but it
will not be able to move fast
enough to keep abreast of things,"
University President Harlan H.
The tuition increase will net
the University about $2 million
while the Legislature raised the
University apropriation approxi-
mately $1.2 million over last year.
The increase will be used to raise
faculty pay for the first time in
Executive Vice-President Marvin
L. Niehuss expressed disappoint-
ment with the appropriation, but
said the University must work
th of today is often too
nd over-analyzed, and
projected by the ana-
of apathy and lack
of concern. If I were you, I'd rebel
"You may not be able to run
for office in your town, or be
able to vote, but you can take
back with you the knowledge you
have gained over the last 10 days
and thus aid your local govern-
ments," Acting Dean of Women
Elizabeth Davenport -said last
She addressed 420 high school
rnninc na f'irnnfigx i 't .ir ,
they learn during the- four years
of undergraduate work.
'And you'd better start telling
people what you want to do and
what you want: such a right is
certainly not only for me, but
should be for everyone. Society is
always changing, and it is im-
perative that we change with it,"
Pretty Wonderful Things
She summed up the problem
by paraphrasing from a well
....:...::. 1'm' fs ..dx...va> .: