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August 02, 1962 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1962-08-02

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CITY INCOME TAXES
START NEW PROBLEMS
See Page 2

Y

Seventy-One Years of Editorial Freedom

741ttt1y

WARM, SUNNY
igh-83
Low-60
Pleasant today
no chance of rain

VOL. LXXII, No. 27-S ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, AUGUST 2, 1962 SEVEN CENTS

FOUR PAGES

TALKS CONTINUE:
Predict End of Algeria Feud

By The Associated Press
ALGIERS - Algeria's quarrel-
ing leaders yesterday expressed
new optimism that the nation's
bitter feuding is about to end as
Algeria's representative indthe
United States said he has been
informed an agreement has been
reached to restore unity of leader-
-ship in his country.
Abdelkader Chanderli, repre-
senting the Algerian provisional
government, told a reporter, "My
last information is that there is
an agreement. The terms of the
agreement will be made public
probably today. The agreement
will restore the unity of the lead-
ership in the interest of the
nation."
Tuesday Talk
He said it was reached at a
meeting of Algerian leaders in Al-
giers yesterday morning following
a similar meeting Tuesday night.
Chanderli was interviewed after
he paid a 45-minute call on United
Nations Acting Secretary-General
U Thant.
Beside statements and warm af-
firmations of reborn unity and
friendship, however, there was
N nothing to prove that the period
of bickering and uncertainty was
over.
Continue Group
In the Kabylie mountains east
of Algiers, Berber guerrillas insist-
ed that their "committee for the
defense of the revolution" will
continue to operate.
It was an indication that the
Berber leaders were far from sat-
isfied with official affirmations
that ths crisis had virtually ended.
Leaders of opposing factions
conferred for three hours in the
former French colonial headquar-
ters on how to solve their struggle.
It centers mainly on who gets
what job in the planned political
bureau.
It was doubtful whether Vice
Premier Ahmed Ben Bella, who
has set up a virtual secessionist
regime in western Algeria, would
come to Algiers today as previous-
ly announced.
Ben Bella's right hand man,
Mohammed K h i d e r, conferred
with tw opponents, Vice Premiers
Mohammed Boudiaf and Belaka-
cern Krim. Boudiaf was released
Tuesday after pleas by Krim and
Priemer Ben Youseff Ben Khedda.
World News
Roundup
By The Associated Press
BERLIN-Walter Ulbricht, the
Red leader of East Germany, flew
off to the Soviet Union yesterday
amid speculation that the Com-
munists were preparing to trigger
a new Berlin crisis.
WASHINGTON - The nation's
job markets, closely watched as
one indicator of whether an imme-
diate tax cut is needed to buoy the
economy d i s p 1 a y e d unexpected
strength in July. Secretary of La-
bor Arthur J..Goldberg announced
yesterday the number of idled
workers fell by 450,000 last month
to just over 4 million. The decline
was about 100,000 more than sea-
sonally forecast.
WASHINGTON - "Jumping
General" James M. Gavin has re-
signed after a relatively short stint
as ambassador to Paris and Presi-
dent John F. Kennedy will name
his successor shortly. The White
House made public a July 9 letter
from qavin to Kennedy seeking
relief for "compelling personal rea-
sons" and a July 31 "Dear Jim" re-
ply from the President voicing
'great regret."
SA * *
BUENOS AIRES - A 48-hour

general strike against the govern-
ment of President Jose Maria
Guido tied up the nation's railway
and port systems yesterday but fal-
tered elsewhere. Federal police, pa-
trolling on foot and in helicopters,
quickly shut off attempted dem-
onstrations.
LIMA-Deposed President Man-
uel Prado went into exile yester-
day, stoutly defending the June
elections the armed forces chiefs
denounced in seizing power. The
73-year-old former chief executive
and his wife left by plane to live
in Paris, expressing hope the re-
form program he launched in Peru
six years ago will not be set back
by the ruling military junta.
* - e

PEACE-Reports persist that Premier Ben Youssef Ben Khedda
(left) and rebel Ahmed Ben Bella are close to agreement on the
future government of Algeria. Talks are continuing in Algiers as
no new violence is reported.
BOYCOTT THREAT:
Thant Asks UN States
To Mull Katanga Plan'
UNITED NATIONS (A)-Acting Secretary-General U Thant urged
United Nations member countries yesterday to impose an economic
boycott on Katanga province if it refuses to rejoin the Congo.
He sent an appeal to all 104 United Nations members to join in
bringing pressure on President Moise Tshombe's Katanga government
to end its two-year secession from the central government.
Further Measures
He declared that if such persuasion by member nations should
finally prove ineffective, "I would ask them to consider seriously
"what further measures may be

U Receives

Two Grants
The University received two
grants yesterday, for the disparate
fields of water pollution and auto-
mobile driving.
The publicghealth school was
given a $250,000 grant from the
United States Public Health Serv-
ice to expand its faculty and grad-
uate instruction on problems in-
volving the pollution of water.
The five-year stipend will pro-
vide scholarship aid for students
entering a special interdisciplinary
program in the fall, and allow the
hiring of at least two more fac-
ulty members to operate the func-
tion and do research.
Joint Degrees
Prof. Clarence J. Velz, chairman
of the environmental health de-
partment, will supervise the pro-
gram, which will include five stu-
dents taking coursesrleading to the
joint masters degrees for public
health and science in conserva-
tion.
Interdisciplinary training will
come through conservation courses
from the natural resources school,
and sanitary engineering from the
engineering college.
Prof. Lyle E. Craine, chairman
of the conservation department,
and Prof. Jack A. Borchardt of the
civil engineering department will
oversee the program's activities
not under the public health school.
Attract Careerists
Dean Myron F. Wegman of the
public health school said the mon-
ey will be used "to attract career
men into the water resources field
and broaden their academic train-
ing."
He noted that water pollution
is becoming an increasingly criti-
cal problem for society, and new
specialists must be trained to meet
it.
In the other grant, officials of,
the Transportation Institute re-
ceived a $47,800 award from the
Ford Motor Co. to conduct the
nation's first electronic study of
the behavior of motorists, and the
effects of traffic and highway con-
ditions.
Traffic Study
A glove - compartment sized
"driveometer," previously used by
the institute to record driving ac-i
tions by the motorist, will now be
used to study traffic flow and fac-
tors which determine whether this
flow is smooth or erratic and dan-
gerous.
This instrument photographs
and records electronically the data
on the driver and the highway.
Other aspects of the study will
deal with dijver training pro-
grams.
/1nf o ot 77 1in

I

taken."
"In this context, I have in mind
economic pressure upon the Ka-
tangese authorities of a kind that
will bring home to them the real-
ties of their situation and the fact
that Katanga is not a sovereign
state and is not recognized by any
government in the world as such,"
Thant said.
Bar Trade
"In the last resort, and if alll
other efforts fail, this could jus-
tifiably go to the extent of barring
all trade and financial relations."
Thant's appeal is in line with the
policy of the United States to
bring economic pressure on
Tshombe's government to rejoin
the Congo.
Thant denied last week that he
had proposed any new military in-
itiative against Tshombe. There
had been reports that he had
raised such a question in private
talks with his 18-nation Congo
advisory committee.
Committee Meets
He issued the appeal to the
member nations after meeting
Tuesday with the committee. Up-
on advice of the committee he de-
cided against calling any meeting
of the U.N. Security Council on
the Congo at this time.
Thant's latest communication
noted with satisfaction the pro-
posals of Congo Premier Cyrille
Adoula for drafting of a federal
constitution.
Kerner Heeds
Crump's Plea
SPRINGFIELD, Ill. (A') - Paul
Crump's plea that he found a spir-
itual rebirth in his nine years fac-
ing the electric chair won him es-
cape from electrocution yesterday.
Gov. Otto Kerner, acting on an
unprecedented plea by a condemn-
ed man, granted executive clemen-
cy and put Crump's punishment
for murder from death to 199
years in prison, with a recommen-
dation that he never be paroled.

Prods Peru,
Reds, South
At Session
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON-President John
F. Kennedy prodded the Russians,
the Peruvian military junta and
the city fathers of Albany, Ga.,
yesterday as he also urged at his
news conference stricter controls
ver hazardous drugs such as
Thalidomide.
Kennedy prodded Russia to
make a switch and go back to its
earlier position accepting the idea
of international inspection to po-
lice a nuclear weapons test ban.
If Russia will do this, Kennedy
hinted, this country would modify
its requirements on inspections at
the negotiations now under way
in Geneva. The entire United
States position is being reviewed,
he said, in the light of the new-
est technical information on de-
tection of tests.
Seek Talks
He urged the city fathers of Al-
bany, Ga., to agree to demands of
Negroes leading a movement to
overturn racial barriers for dis-
cussions around a conference ta-
ble. Said the President:
"The United States government
is involved in sitting down at Ge-
neva with the Soviet Union. I
can't understand why the govern-
ment of Albany, the city council of
Albany, cannot do the same for
American citizens.
"We are going to attempt as we
have in the past to try to provide
a satisfactory solution for the pro-
tection of the constitutional rights
of the people of Albany, and we
will continue to do so. The situa-
tion today is completely unsatis-
factory from that point of view."
Kelley Reply
(The mayor replied that he will
never discuss local problems with
"outside agitators," a stand sup-1
ported by Gov. Ernest Vandiver in
Atlanta.
("These agitators come in to-cre-
ate turmoil and strife in their own
words to turn Albany upside
down," Mayor Asa Kelley, Jr. said.
(Asked whether he referred to
Negro integration leader Dr. Mar-
tin Luther King of Atlanta, the
mayor replied, "I mean exactly
that."
(Kelley said all regular meetings
of the City Commission are open
to any citizen. However, he said he
thought a special meeting could
be arranged with local Negro lead-
ers but not with "outside agita-
tors")
Constitutional Reform
Kennedy prodded Peru to come
through with additional "evidence
of a return to constitutional gov-
ernment," in a country now ruled
by a military junta which seized
power.
He said, however, that it is en-
couraging that ousted President
Manuel Prado has been released
and that there are assurances of a
restoration of civil liberties and of
the holding of free elections.
There was no new word on what
Kennedy may do about a bid for a
tax cut to give the economy a shot
of vitality.
End Tests
In a rather casual way, the chief
executive announced that nuclear
weapons tests which have been un-
der way in Nevada since last fall
have been ended and that only
three more test shots are under
consideration in the current Pacif-
ic tests.
Kennedy spoke out for tougher
controls over such hazardous drugs
as the tranquilizer thaildomide and
for legislation to allow their "im-
mediate removal from the mar-
ket."

Thalidomide is the German
product which has been blamed for
thousands of deformities in babies
whose mothers took it during their
pregnancies.

By GERALD STORCH
The new structure for the Office
of Student Afairs gives the sole
responsibility for its policies to
the vice-president for student af-
fairs, and attempts to make the
various units and sub-personnel
responsible directly to him.
Directorships for housing, finan-
cial aids and discipline have been
established, and four special as-
sistants to Vice-President for Stu-
dent Affairs James A. Lewis have
been appointed.
Police Arrest
Eighty Persons
For Fete Riots
HELSINKI 0P)-Police said yes-
terday they rounded up 80 per-
sons in four nights of rioting
against the Communist-sponsored
World Youth Festival.
The atmosphere has been tense
since the festival opened Sunday.
The flareups, timed almost with
sunset, are blamed on juvenile
hoodlums. Forty have been for-
mally charged with "obstructing
public order and disobedience of
the, police."
No Joiners
A police spokesman said there
is no evidence that the demon-
strators belong to any special po-
litical party or organization.
Finnish authorities have shown
See related story, Page 3
concern about the outbreaks as
an embarrassment to the neu-
trality of this relatively small
Scandinavian neighbor of the So-
viet Union.
Heavy Rains
Heavy rains kept almost every-
one off the streets last night. They
also dampened some 2,000 people,
including festival youths, who lis-
tened earlier to speeches by Com-
munist representatives from newly
independent African and Asian
countries.
During the, morning, a Finnish
bus carrying 15 young people from
the Soviet Union ran off a road
near the Russian border and over-
turned. None was seriously hurt.

A
N A D
OVIN 'W 579
-Daily-James Greenberg
THE NEW OSA-Centers of power, lines of authority and personnel all flow to one source: the vice-
,president for student affairs.
OS vesil
esses -Daisy-JamespGrsenbery

The directorships have specific
functions to carry out, while the
assistants-except for Mark Noff-
singer, who will be a coordinator
for counseling-will have more
general duties, with no pre-
established areas of authority.
Other Personnel
Other personnel involved in the
shuffling besides Noffsinger are:
Former Dean of Men Walter B.
Rea, who will be director of fi-
nancial aids and one of the four
assistants;
Former acting Dean of Women
Elizabeth Davenport, who will be
a special assistant to Lewis on
general matters and women's af-
fairs;
. John Bingley, who will head
the directorship of student organ-
izations, student activities and dis-
cipline; and
Peter Ostafin, who will become
the fourth assistant.
Housing Aide
Lewis is still looking for the
person to become director .of hous-
ing.
Other units within the OSA-
the International Center, Health
Service, Bureau of School Services,
and the Bureau of Appointments.
-were not changed.
These units are. on the same
level structurally as the director-
ships, but differ in area of con-
cern. The directorships will in-
volve matters affecting a broad
cross-section of students, whereas
the other centers will be more
autonomous in operation and more
specific in student constituency.
For instance, the scholarships
and loans directorship would be

available to any student wishing
financial aid, while a unit such
as the International Center is
concerned mainly with foreign stu-
dents. ,
This type of structure differs
markedly from the old OSA. Pre-
viously-as several student and
faculty groups had complained-
centers of authority were blurred,
and lines of responsibility often
proceeded through middlemen be-
fore reaching the vice-president.
And the old differentiation be-
tween men's and women's affairs
had been alleviated to a great ex-
tent with the elimination of the
deans of men and women.
Director, Dean
The directorships will take on
a functional basis over duties pre-
viously handled by the deanships.
Thus, there will be only one struc-
tural unit for housing, instead of
the two seperate units under each
dean.
Lewis' assistants then will handle
any function formerly belonging
to the deans and not covered by
the directorships. As the vice-
president said, "there will always
be people to take care of the
.special needs of women."
The four assistants will have
certain general areas of duty, in
addition to any job asked of them
by Lewis. In addition to Noff-
singer's counseling tasks and Mrs.
Davenport's advisory capacity for
women's affairs, Rea will do some
work as an assistant in some coun-
seling matters, and Ostafin is ex-
pected to continue much of his
work in areas affecting student
health and safety.
See OSA, Page 3

Con-Con Sets New Document
Despite Democratic Criticism

Kelly, Downs
Score Senate
Apportionment
GOP Majority Votes
To Effect Plan Now
By MARK BLUCHER
Special To The Daily
LANSING - The constitutional
convention adopted the proposed
constitution yesterday despite a
ruling from Attorney General
Frank Kelley that the new docu-
ment was unconstitutional.
Kelley asserted that the consti-
tution's new sections relating to
apportionment of the Senate to
not correct the "invidious discrim-
ination" between the districts as
colled for by the Michigan Su-
preme Court.
Con-Con Vice-PresidentTom
Downs (D-Detroit) in making a
motion to recess until October 25
said that the decision of the Mich-
igan Court "raises a very serious
question as to the constitutional-
ity of the proposed new docu-
ment."
Await Ruling
He felt that a recess was nec-
essary pending possible review by
the U.S. Supreme Court of the
Senate apportionment decision
handed down by the state Supreme
Court a few weeks ago. He also
felt that it would allow the dele-
gates time to give "deliberate rea-
soning to this vital question."
The GOP majority voted down
the motion and then decided to
give immediate effect to the sec-
tion which Downs and the attor-
ney general considered as uncon-
stitutional.
Under the new provision the
Senate apportionment section, cre-
ating- a Senate based on area and
population, would go into effect as
soon as the new document is
adopted instead of being put over
until 1970 as originally planned,
'Political Decision'
Delegate Richard Van Deusen
(R-Birmingham) said that the at-
torney general's opinion was "poli-
tically inspired and professionally
valueless. There is nothing in the
U.S. Supreme Court decision that
would make the conventional Con-
vention's Senate provisions uncon-
stitutional."
The afternoon session brought
heated debate between the two
parties, on the convention's "Ad-
dress to the people" which ex-
plains the work of the delegates.
Democrats objected to the preface
of the address which they felt con-
tained more conclusions than
statements of fact. They denounc-
ed wording that claimed some of
the constitution's new provisions
were "improvements" over the old
ones. William Ford (D-Taylor)
said that the convention should
not use public money to tell the
people what they should think."
Minority Report
Various amendments, including
a Democratic minority report, were
introduced to the convention by
the Democratic delegates but the
overwhelming number of Republi-
can delegates defeated them.
The final vote on the proposed
document was 98-43, with five
Democrats siding with the Repub-
licans and three Republicans
crossing party lines.
The original copy of the docu-
ment was signed by convention
President Stephen Nisbet (R-Fre-
mont) and the convention's secre-
tary Fred Chase before delivery to
Secretary of State James Hare.
Hare said "that there may be a
difference of opinion over what
you have brought forth - but
there's no denying that you've put
a great deal of work on it."

Harrington Set
As, Successor
To Elvehjem
MADISON, Wis. (P) - Fred H.
Harrington, who had planned to
leave the University of Wisconsin
to direct the University of Hawaii
this fall, was named president of
the vast state university yesterday.
The 50-year-old administrator,
veteran first vice-president of Wis-
consin, was summoned home from

federal Court Rulings Slow
State Redistricting Battles
NEW YORK (QP)-Backers of reapportionment of state legisla-
tures to give more voice to urban areas were reminded again yesterday
in a number of states that they face an uphill fight.
Court rulings or legislative wrangles in New York, Wisconsin,
Florida, Vermont and Oklahoma knocked down reapportionment
arguments in some instances and postponed action in others.
Long-drawn-out battles appeared certain on the issue sparked
by recent United States Supreme Court rulings that federal as well
state courts may hear questions
of reapportionment of state legis-
I latures.

TWO CHRISTIAN THEORIES:

Newman Club Views Atom War

By ROBERT SELWA
Can the people of a country be
considered military targets? IS it
better to be Red than dead? When
can retaliation be considered mor-
ally right?
The Rev. Father Leo Sands,
Grad, led a group of 45 persons in
a discussion of these and related
questions last night at the New-
man Club center.
He told the audience that there
are two outstanding schools of

just war can't be applied to a nu-
clear war because a nuclear war
can't be limited.
The first school asserts that

there is a conflict of cultures and
that a civilization may war to de-
fend its Judeo-Christian values,
such as natural law and freedom.
Post-Christian Era
The second school replies that
we are living in a post-Christian
era, that guilt is not total nor the
situation black and white, that not
all of the Russians can be said to
be guilty and to be justifiably pun-
ished.
The first school comments that
we shnul neverd iretlv kill in-

assemble for reports on individual
comments and for general discus-
sion. Some comments were:
A nuclear war can be won if the
victor's civilization can be salvag-
ed and he can establish control
over what remains of the enemy
civilization, one group said.
But there is a good possibility
that both civilizations will have
been wiped out. If nuclear war is
all-out, how can either side win?
And if one side survives, its fiber,
freedom and idealsp robablv will

Hear Suit
In New York City a special
three-man federal court heard five
hours of argument on a suit by
radio station WMCA and others
attacking a system of apportion-
ment dating back to 1894.
In Tallahassee, Fla., Gov. Farris
Bryant told a special session of
the legislature-acting under a
federal court candate to reappor-
tion-that his plan for a 45-man
senate and 144-man lower house
would provide both proportionate
representation and diversity of
representation.
Master Reports
In Madison, Wis., another spe-
cial three-judge federal court re-

' eses

I

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