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July 07, 1964 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1964-07-07

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COMMUNIST HOSTILITY:
THE 'MIRROR IMAGE'
See Editorial Page

CYI rr

vethr Ygau
Seventy-Three Years of Editorial Freedom

7Iai444

CLOUDY
High-86
Low-62
Chance of thundershowers
and high winds

VOL. LXXIV, No. 10-S ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, TUESDAY, JULY 7, 1964 SEVEN CENTS

SIX PAGES

GOLDWATER SIFTS VP CHOICE
Scranton Vows Plank Fight

Faculty, Libraries Given

Castro Offers Proposal

I

WASHINGTON UP)-Gov. Wil-
liam Scranton tried to locomote
his campaign train yesterday in
a blaze of controversy. But Sen.
Barry Goldwater (R-Ariz) moved
onto a sidetrack to contemplate a
possible vice-presidential choice.
Scranton picked Milton Eisen-
hower to nominate him at the
convention starting a week from
yesterday. And he promised an
all-out fight over civil rights in
the platform committee which set
to work yesterday.
Scranton issued the challenge
to combat in a letter to committee
chairman Rep. Melvin R. Laird
(R-Wis). He gave notice his
backers will demand a platform
declaration affirming the consti-
tutionality of the new civil rights
law. Goldwater has said two key
parts of the law are unconstitu-
tional.
The Count
Despite the banter, the score-
board continued to give Gold-
water an awesome edge. The
Associated Press count of pledges
and expressed preferences showed
710 votes for Goldwater (with 655

SEN. GOLDWATER

I

for
A.
45

needed to nominate), 146f
Scranton, 105 for Gov. Nelson
Rockefeller of New York and
for Henry Cabot Lodge.

Scranton has his work cut out
for him-and knows it. "I'm the

Parkin Protest Still On;
New Controversy Flares
By ROBERT RIPPLER
The North Campus parking protest moved into its fourth day
yesterday, as over 100 cars parked on the lawn next to the Phoenix
Project. There was hope that the University was making a con-
cession, but this soon faded.
Protestors had thought that the University would make all free
a previously half-paid parking lot. This would have gone a good
way toward satisfying the protests over the new parking regulations
that went into effect on North Campus this month.
A Senate Advisory Committee for University Affairs subcomit-
tee chairman and several professors not directly connected with the
- protest had been pressing the ad-

Report Local
Cross Burning
The burning of a four-foot
wooden cross at the corner of
Fountain and Summit Sts. was re-
ported to the Ann Arbor Human
Relations Commission yesterday.
Walter Blackwell, chairman of
the local chapter of the Congress
of Racial Equality, told the HRC
that he came upon the flaming
cross about 10:25 p.m. Saturday
as he was driving away from his,
residence at 716 Fountain. He said
he later noticed a hole in the front,
lawn at his home and believes
that whoever set the cross afire
had first attempted to plant it in
.the lawn.
Blackwell said the cross was
made of two wooden boards
wrapped in burlap and soaked
with some inflammable liquid. He
said two patrolmen in a cruising
police car were notified of the in-
cident.

ministration for concessions.
Sign Changed
But the only result was a
change in the position of one paid
parking sign, resulting in the addi-
tion of about 40 additional free
parking places. The protest thus
will go on as usual today, a
spokesman said.
Another issue was brought to
the forefront yesterday, as some
North Campus personnel claimed
that a change of payroll dates
last year cost employes at North
Campus and at Willow Run air-
port more than $200,000 in in-
come taxes last year.
Main Anger
The main anger of the employes
is directed at the office of Vice-
President for Business and Fi-
nance Wilbur K. Pierpont, which
they say is responsible not only
for the parking situation, but also
for the payroll switch, which they
claim cost them from a few to
over 1000 dollars apiece.
Pierpont's office denies that the
change will make any significant
difference.

underdog," he told audiences as he
went vote hunting in Illinois. "I'm
accustomed to that."
Maps Strategy
In Washington, Goldwater map-
ped strategy for his final drive
in the race for the presidential
nomination. He explained he has
an open mind on possible running
mates. He added he is seeking the
advice of his congressional sup-
porters.
In an informal interview out-
side his Senate office, Goldwater
insisted he is not even leaning to-
ward any potential partner on the
GOP ticket.
But he indicated he is leaning
away from Scranton, now his
chief rival for the top spot on
the ticket.
No Co-Existence
"Frankly," he said, "after the
things he has said about me I
don't know how either of us
would be comfortable running
with the other."
Two names on his list of pros-
pects, the senator said, are Rep.
Gerald R. Ford Jr. (R-Mich) and
Rep. William E. Miller (R-NY).
But Goldwater denied accounts
that picture him as favoring Mil-
ler. "I don't know how that got
started," he said.
Goldwater explained that he has
not talked with anybody about
joining him on the ticket-if he
wins the nomination. "I haven't
asked anybody and I won't until
I get proper advice," he said.
The senator said he has talked
to some of his supporters in Con-
gress, including Rep. John Rhodes
(R-Ariz) and asked them to think
about possible choices for the vice
presidential spot.
Goldwater has often mentioned
that he has thought of picking a
running mate from among the
young, moderate Republican con-
gressman. Ford is probably near
the top of these on his list.
View UA'Lack
Of Physics
Personnel
The American Institute of
Physics hasreportedsthat the
United States faces a severe short-
age of physicists, the New York
Times said Saturday. The crisis,
which already deprives students of
adequate physics instruction, is
expected to have far-reaching
consequences in industry, re-
search, and education.
By 1970, the experts predict, in-
dustry and government will have a
deficit of at least 20,000 physicists
-about one-third of total number
required.
These shortages do not include
the serious scarcity of adequately
trained high school physics teach-
ers, the institute added.
Little Study
Perhaps most serious, the study
charges that most American high
school and college graduates have
studied no physics at all.
Only about 300 newly certified
teachers enter high school teach-
ing careers annually throughout
the nation.
This gloomy picture is contained
in an 85-page report by the insti-
tute, "A Statistical Handbook
1964," on the state of physics and
its implications for education, em-
ployment and financial support.
Not Enough
The report warns that the num-
ber of physicists being graduated
by the nation's schools and col-
leges is not enough to meet the
demands of education, research
and industry. Already inadequate
now, this low output of key scien-
tific and educational manpower is
expected to result in critical
shortages in 1970.
The study, according to the in-
stitute, is the most complete sur-

vey ever made of a professional
group such as physicists. It was
prepared by Dr. Fred Boercker,
director of manpower studies in
the institute's Education ' and
Manpower Department, under a
grant from the National Science
Foundation. The data used were
collected by the institute, the Na-
tional register of Scientific and.
Technical Personnel, the United
States Office of Education and the
Bureau of Labor Statistics.
No Personnel
The report says that, based on
current projections, there will be
about 59,300 jobs for physicists
available in 1970 but only 38,-
000 physicists to fill them.
In 1960, there were 29,000 jobs
and 17,300 physicists. But in ad-

Largest Budget Increases
By LAURENCE KIRSHBAUM
Faculty members and libraries receive the best treatment in the
University's $59 million operations budget for next year.
Figures released yesterday show that most of the $7 million incre-
ment in this year's $52 million budget will be injected into faculty and
staff salaries. They will receive a $4.3 million boost. This will bring
the total spent on salaries and wages to over $48 million.
Library services will be expanded $600,000, boosting their portion
of the budget to $2.9 million. Other major increases include:
-$700,000 to maintain a "transitional summer program" while
initiating the split-level summer which offers half-term as well
::p- as full-term courses, and

'To Improve

Between U.S. and Cuba

Would Deny
Aid to Latin

Relati~ons,

VICE-PRESIDENT NIEHUSS
Draft Lists
Privileges
Of. Students
A national group of faculty
representatives has drafted a
statement exhorting liberaliza-
tions of student regulations which
wouldbmake the University rules
handbook cringe.
Prepared by a committee of the
American Association of Univer-
sity Professors, the statement
urges professors to eliminate
speaker bans and censorship-and
fight to install student reign over
student rules.
T h e document is entitled
"Statement of Faculty Responsi-
bility for the Academic Freedom
of Students." Itwillbe included
in the AAUP Bulletin this fall
and placed before the annual
meeting next spring.
Even if adopted as expected,
the statement would still have no
formal authority on the nation's
campuses. But its, proponents
view the statement-several years
in the formulation-as a prick of
administrators a 11 e g e d l y hard
shells.
Divided into four sections
spanning seven pages, the docu-
ment holds faculty members re-
sponsible for protecting free ex-
pression, un-biased admissions
policy, student government rights
and due process. And a host of
others.
The first section, "Responsibil-
ity of the Professor as Teacher"
calls for just evaluations of stu-
dents according to their perform-
ance-and not their opinions.
Student opinions must be par-
ticularly protected, the statement
says, against "improper or harm-
ful disclosure." This means that
information received in the role of
counseling "is of a privileged
character a n d its protection
against improper or harmful dis-
closure is a serious professional
obligation."
The document further contends
See DRAFT, Page 5

--More than $1 million for gen-
eral non-staff needs incurred in
the 1400 student increase antici-
pated for the fall. These include
business operations, services for
new buildings and certain re-
search and public service needs.
The tri-term and non-staff seg-
ments comprise about one-fifth of
the budget although there is some
overlaps because certain salaries
and wages are included.
The $7 million boost in the op-
erations budget will be geared to
repair "deficiencies in wages and
library services," according to Ex-
ecutive Vice-President Marvin
Niehuss.
The faculty and staff boosts
vary in their effect on individuals,
but run as high as 15 per cent in
certain instances. Average indi-
vidual gains should be between
four-seven per cent, Niehuss said.
The library hike will repair
what Library Director Frederick
Wagman has termed "consider-
able loss of library personnel at
the professional level." The library
system has - lost 34 of '70 staff
members in the past few years.
The major factor in these finan-
cial bonuses is an enlarged state
appropriation of $44 million for
"1964-65, up $6 million over the
1963-64 allotment. The remaining
$15 million in the budget comes
from increased student fees of
more than a million.
While pleased with these gains,
officials have privately indicated
the University will require a string
of hefty state grants to recover
for previous "austerity budgets."
They point to statistical pro-
jections which show the library
system in need of $1 million in
"catch-up" funds for cataloguing
purposes.
The general operations fund is
the major component-of the $147
million budget approved by the
Regents recently. The other divi-
sions of the budget include "ex-
pendable restricted fund" and
"auxiliary activities fund."
Expendable restricted monies
are specifically donated amounts-
in gifts or federal grants-ear-
marked for specific purposes.
Auxiliary activities funds are
counted into the budget although
they support self-liquidating proj-
ects.
Negro Party
Seeks Votes
Some Negroes in Detroit, taking
advantage of the pivotal power
they have in Michigan politics,
have decided that this fall is the
time for a real test of their voting
strength, the Wall Street Journal
reported yesterday.
Thus, in November voters will
have a chance to cast a ballot for
candidates offered by the Freedom
Now party, an organization whose
goal is "independent, black politi-
cal action."
The party recently filed a peti-
tion for certification, and plans
to field a slate of 25 candidates for
various offices.

FIDEL CASTRO issued a plea yesterday for friendlier U.S.-Cuban
relations, but Secretary of State Dean Rusk had no immediate
comment. The State Department said, however, that the two
principal issues with Castro are "not negotiable."
IN DEEP SOUTH
Groups Test New Law
CANTON, Miss. (M)-National Negro leaders opened a three-day
tour of Mississippi yesterday looking into racial practices "in various
critical areas" affected by the new civil rights law.
A special committee of the National Association for the Advance-
ment of Colored People scheduled its first stop here to talk with in-
tegration workers after conferring with NAACP leaders in Jackson
during the morning.
The committee planned later stops at Philadelphia, center of a
search for three missing civil rights workers, and Meridian, where
a night mass meeting was sched-t -

uled. The committee broke color
barriers at Jackson by registering
Sunday at two formerly all-white
hotels and a motel.
One Jackson hotel, however, the
Robert E. Lee, announced it was
closing its doors rather than obey
the civil rights act.
Plan River Search
Meanwhile, a detail of highway
patrol investigators used boats on
the Pearl River in a new phase of
the 15-day old search for the three
missing civil rights workers.
The patrolmen planned to
search the river in motorboats
from just north of Philadelphia in
Neshoba County, for about 250
miles westward into Leake County.
Authorities called the move a sur-
face search of the water.
Previous exploration along the
Pearl has been in the form of
dragging operations over limited
stretches. Sailors continued a
ground search in the Carthage
area for the missing trio, Andrew
Goodman, Michael Schwerner and
James Chaney.
Re-evaluate Plans
In Birmingham, civil rights
testing groups continued to attack
segregation barriers yesterday as
top Negro leaders met to re-evalu-
ate summer plans.
The Birmingham meeting drew
Negro leaders representing most
of America's civil rights organiza-
tions.
Members of the Congress of Ra-
cial Equality and Student Nonvio-
lent Coordinating Committee con-
ferred with the Rev. Martin Luth-
er King Jr., president of the
Southern Leadership Conference.

Movements
Asks Subterfuge Halt;
U.S. Rejects Proposal
As 'Not Negotiable'
HAVANA-Premier Fidel Castro
said that Cuba would commit it-
self to withhold material support
from Latin American revolution-
ary movements if the United
States and its hemispheric allies
would commit themselves to cease
their material support of subver-
sive activity against Cuba, the
New York Times reported yster-
day.
Although Secretary of State
Dean Rusk had no immediate re-
marks, the State Department
made it known that it was dis-
missing Castro's latest bid for im-
proving United States-Cuban re-
lations. A spokesman said that
Castro's ties with the Soviet Un-
ion and his exporting of subver-
sion "are not negotiable."
In the most emphatic bid he has
made in recent years for easing
his relations with the U.S., Castro
said that he did not exclude the
use of some international means
to supervise such a joint commit-
ment, though his personal view
was that this would not be neces-
sary.
Time for Discussion
He suggested that the time had
come when discussion of the main
issues separating the two coun-
tries would be profitable. Cuba's
leaders are now more mature, he
said, and the U.S. had gfem some
indications-notably ne Alliance
for Progress-that it was willing
to accept a degree of soial change
in Latin America.
Castro said that one result of
normalizing relations with the
U.S. would be the releasing of
about 90 per cent of the political
prisoners that were being held.
These amounted to "something
under 15,000," he said, conceding
that "this is a great many."
A later result, he said, would be
discussions about indemnifying
U.S. companies whose properties
had been seized.
Have to Wait
This would have to wait, how-
ever, upon the resumption of trade
with the U.S.,'"since we could not
afford it until then."
Castro announced that as "a
contrbiution on our part to avoid
incidents," the Cuban guards
around the Guantanamo Naval
Base would be pulled back to. a
distance of several hundred yards
from the dividing fence. At pres-
ent they are stationed about 50
yards away, he said.
In his statement, Castro sug-
gested something approaching a
resumption of the former pattern
of trade relations on a base of
equality, with no preferential
treatment.
Trade Patterns
If too much time goes by, he
warned, Cuba will have acquired
firm trading patterns with East-
ern and Western Europe, and it
would be too late to restore trade
with the U.S., even if relations
improved.
Indicating publicly what has
privately been taken for granted
for some time, Castro hinted
strongly that the Soviet Union
had been counseling a bettering
of relations with the U.S.
"The spirit that has always been
shown by the U.S.S.R. has been to
interest itself in the diminishing
of tensions and the bettering of
relations," he said.
Barrier to Talks
United States officials made
clear that the intent of the state-
ment issued by press officer Rich-
ard I. Phillips was to say that
Castro's present policies regarding
Russia and subversion form a bar-
rier to any general negotiations on
improving relations.
Privately, officials said Castro

appears to be trying to demon-
strate an attitude of reasonable-
ness and conciliation in advance
of the Foreign Minister's meeting.
That conference was called to
deal with a complaint by Vene-

Negro Must Be Seen as
I ndividual, Taylor Say s
By JEFFREY GOODMAN
One of the major needs in the atmosphere of demands for human
rights movement is to recognize that the so-called Negro population
is actually a body of diverse individuals.
To Hobart Taylor, executive vice-chairman of the President's
Commission on Equal Employment Opportunities, the transition
American society is now underdoing is thus not one of parts of
the nation but of the whole nation.
Taylor spoke yesterday afternoon in the second of the Summer
Session Lecture series on "The Negro in Transition: 1964." He em-
......... .. phasized that the American
spirit rests on the assumption that
men can be better, .more produc-
tive, more creative and more pur-
poseful if they are allowed to
make their contribution to society
as individuals."
Relatively Coherent
Yet people tend to think that
both whites and Negroes repre-
sent a stable and relatively co-
herent body of opinion. People
ask "What does the Negro want?"
he said.
Despite this tendency, the civil
rights movement has caught onto
the need to end the "waste and
frustration" of long-standing dis-
crimination.
Taylor reviewed the results of
some of the "informal but effec-
tive limits on employment" that
ROBAT TALORhave been operating on the poor in
.iIOBRT TYLORAmeica- NegroesI and whites alike:

MARTIN LUTHER KING JR.
Romania Plans
Closer U.S. Ties
VIENNA (AP) - Romanian First
Deputy Premier Gheorghe Apostol
Said last night his country will
go ahead with its policy of eco-
nomic independence from Mos-
cow and closer ties with the West
despite mounting Soviet pressure.
"We believe that the idea of
supranational controls contradicts
the principles of socialist coopera-
tion," Apostol said in reference to
Soviet efforts to tie Romania's
economy to stringent controls in
COMECON, the East bloc's Coun-
cil for Mutual Economic Assist-
ance.

U.S. LIFE IN 1984

Affluence Will Not Cure America's Ills

"

By KENNETH WINTER
Co-Editor
Increasing affluence may ob-
scure but won't solve the crucial
social problems of 1984, Prof. Rob-
ert 0. Blood of the sociology de-
partment predicted Sunday night.
In the second lecture of the
Unitarian Church's series on "1984
-What the Future Will Bring,"
Prof. Blood projected present
trends to give his listeners a bit-
tersweet taste of future society.
"Not only will we have more
money, most of us will have more
time," he said. This won't be true
for the professionals and execu-
tives, "for whom work is never
done. But for the masses auto-
mation will be producing much
more leisure time."

fined to India." He forecast short-
ages of such amenities as parks
and highways and even of such
necessities as water: "The scarcity
even of polluted water will be se-
vere by 1984.
Education To Suffer
Partially as a result of past
5 and present population booms, ed-
'ucation-particularly higher edu-
cation-will suffer, he suggested.
"We're embarking right now on a
Imajor crisis in higher education.
t lIt seems safe to predict that the
educational system -- particularly
the system of higher education-
.wll undergo a substantial decrease
in quality." He warned that the
percentage of PhD's in the na-
{ Lion's faculties will decrease sharp-
lv as swellina enrollments out-

tinuing expansion of automation
and the difficulty of retraining
workers will continue to bring
economic hardship to a minority
of Americans.
"I personally am pessimistic
about the likelihood that the
American people-and the govern-
ment as their agents-will appro-
priate the amount of money need-
ed to solve this problem." A cut-
back in military spending could
help, but "so far people have want-
ed to see the major amount of
such savings channeled to them-
selves," Prof. Blood said.
In the area of racial relations,
"we'll be a thoroughly desegregat-
ed society-legally. But de facto
segregation still will be very much

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