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July 02, 1964 - Image 3

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Publication:
Michigan Daily, 1964-07-02

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THURSDAY, NMY 2:1964

THE MICHIGAN DAILY

PAGE TREE

'flJVRSPAY~ JULY 2,1964 TUE MICHIGAN DAILY PAGE THREE

'YOU MAY BE ALONE'
Soviets Warn Mao of U.S. War

II

Ben Bella Tells Algeria
Of Opposition Attempt

RECONCILIATION'
Tshombe Discusses Congo Coalition

: i%-

0

By LYNN HEINZERLING

By HARRY S. BRADSHER
Associated Press Staff Writer
MOSCOW-The Kremlin k try-
ing to get a message across to Mao
Tze-Tung:
Be careful about getting into
war with the United States over
Southeast Asia, because we might
not come help you.
The message is an important
third voice in the dialogue be-
tween Washington and Peking,
who have been warning each
other that a major conflict could
develop out of Viet Nam or Laos.
Remain Free
There are indications that the
Soviet Union has not made up its
-mind just what it would do if a
war developed. It wants to avoid
being forced to make up its mind.
But the Kremlin sees the possi-
bility that the Chinese will force
it to spike itself on one of the
horns of a dilemma long implicit
in Soviet policy.
So v i e t Premier Nikita S.
Khrushchev has warned against
nuclear war with the U.S. as a
realistic way to expand Commun-
ist control. Khrushchev has been
advocating economic competition
instead. The Chinese have gone
ahead pressing policies that carry
the potential of war.
Disastrous War?
The dilemma would be whether
to let down another Communist
country and thus help the West-
ern antagonist, or to get involved
in a war that Khrushchev says
would be disastrous to everyone.
So the Kremlin has been issuing
warnings to try to restrain China.
It has not said publicly that the
Soviet Union definitely would
leave China on its own to face
American military power. But

political groups drawing theirI

what the warnings have said is
that this could happen.
This is a change from the old
situation of automatic support to
the death-"my ally, right or
wrong."
Cryptic, Obscure
The warnings have been con-
veyed in the rather obscure way
that Communists talk to each
other: through cryptic articles in
the press.
They are a departure from the
Treaty of Friendship, Alliance
and Mutual Assistance that Stalin
and Mao negotiated in 1950.
That document states that if
one country is engaged in a state
of war with Japan "or states al-
lied with it, the other . . . will
immediately render military and
other assistance with all the
means at its disposal."
'Allied States'
Western observersthave as-
sumed that "allied states" meant
the United States primarily.
The treaty also provides for
consultation on all important
matters.
Yet in one article the Kremlin
has laid the basis for possibly say-
ing the treaty is invalid by accus-
ing China of failing to consult.
On June 21 the Soviet Com-
munist Party newspaper Pravda
said Chinese leaders mouth "high-
s o u n d i n g hypocritical phrases
that, in the stern hour of trial,
the Chinese People's Republic and
the Soviet Union will always stand
together."
But, Pravda asked, "How do
you intend to insure this in the
conditions when a filthy anti-
Soviet campaign has been started
in China? Isn't there too much
risk in this dangerous political

game directed toward undermin-
ing the very foundations of the
Chinese-Soviet friendship?"
The warnings reached an offi-
cial level, although still cryptic, in
Izvestia Tuesday.
Deputy Foreign Miniscer Vaer-
ian Zorin denounced Chines., op-
position to Soviet disarmament
proposals and pinpointed two sen-
tences from a Soviet criticism of
China last September 21.
The Soviet Union has come a
long way in accusing China, as it
now does, of rejecting these pur-
p cs.
One guess among Western dip-
lomats here is that the Soviet
Union would be prepared to stand
back and watch a localized war in
Southeast Asia, perhaps even one
involving areas of China adjacent
to Laos and Viet Nam, but would
not remain neutral if a conflict
seemed to threaten the very exist-
ence of the Communist :egime in
Peking.
The true position remains as
obscure as the warnings. BsiU the
warnings are a hint of change in
the world military picture.

ALGIERS (P)-Algerian Presi-
dent Ahmed Ben Bella yesterday
called on the people of Southern
Algeria to halt any "criminal ad-
venture" of an opposition leader
purged from the party and the
army.
Ben Bella's speech was the third
indication in tihree days that hlis
government and old oppo-ition
opposition ft aces may be nearing
a showdown.
Even as he spoke, unofficial re-
ports reached the capital that
army troops aere heading for Bis-
kra, a possilule trouble spot in
Southeast Algeria.
Ben Bella announced the drum-
ming out of the army of Col.
Mohammed Chabani, who Tues-
day was expelled from the politi-
cal bureau and central committee
of the ruling National Liberation
Front (FLN).
Chabani, the wartime chief of
guerrillas in Southeast Algeria,
around Biskra, has been suspected
of trying to make a personal fief
out of the same region, where he
had been in cnarge of 20,000 to
30,000 troops of the national

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Laotian Communists unexpect-
edly agreed to a Polish proposal
for a conference that would bring
Laos' three rival factions together
for talks. The Communists, how-
ever, apparently will not agree to
an immediate ceasefire in Laos
or a withdrawal from territory
they have already occupied since
beginning their drive in May.
* * *
MOSCOW-The Soviet Com-
munist Party has posthumously
rehabilitated Mikhail M. Borodin,
Stalin's agent in China during the
1920's, who was later imprisoned
by Stalin in 1949.
The newspaper Moskovskaya
Pravda said that Borodin was im-
prisoned "without any basis. Now
the party has restored his good
name." Borodin died in 1951.
WASHINGTON - President
Francisco Orlich of Costa Rica
said yesterday that Cuban Prime
Minister Fidel Castro will be over-
thrown by his own people "in a
month, a year, two years."
He joined with President Lyn-
don B. Johnson in urging the Or-
ganization of American States "to
take meaningful steps" to resist
Castroite aggression in this hem-
isphere.
LONDON-Britain is ready to
supply birth control aid to any
country requesting it to help keep
"the world from being submerged
by its own fertility," a government
spokesman announced in Parlia-
ment yesterday.
The Earl of Dundee, Minister
of :State in the Foreign Office,
told the House of Lords Britain
offered to finance visits or periods
of service overseas by British
medical and scientific team3 or
experts in family planning.
UNITED NATIONS-The Unit-
ed Nations announced yesterday
that the United States has pledged
up to $2.3 million for support of
the UN peace force in Cyprus
from now to September 26. The
United'States pledge up to $2
million for the force's first three
months in operation there.
Chief delegate Adlai E. Steven-
son informed Secretary-General U

Thant that "the amount ultimate-
ly contributed will depend on con-
tributions of other governments
and confirmation of cost esti-
mates."
MANAGUA, Nicaragua-Fifty
students seized the main building
at the university in the provincial
city of Leon yesterday in a de-
mand that a jailed anti-govern-
ment guerrilla be released.
Carlos Fonseca Amador, de-
scribed by police as a member of
a guerrilla band, was arrested in
Managua. Police said Fonseca fled
the country some time ago and
was believed to have been in Cuba
until recently.
SEATTLE - Sources close to
Pennsylvania Gov. William W.
Scranton claimed yesterday that
he is about 80 delegates away from
stopping a first-ballot nomination
of Arizona Sen. Barry Goldwater.
The sources said Scranton aims
at capturing the 80 delegates from
among a group of 344 described
as "movable." Of that group, an
estimated 180 were described as
leaning toward Goldwater or
loosely committed to him.
* * *
N E W Y O R K-A late rally
spurred the stock exchange 6.56
points to a record high of 838.1.
The Dow Jones average for 30 in-
dustrials was up 6.56, for 20 rails
up 2.23, for 15 utilities up .69 and
for the 65 stocks up 2.38.
WelcomeStudents! I

army. At odds with Ben Bella
early this year, he dropped his op-I
position in April and joined the
party's first congress
"Chabani has allied himself
with internal and external ene-
mies of our socialism,' Ben Bella
said in warning the troops in
Southeast Algeria they should no
longer obey Chabani's orders.
AFL Attempts
To Organize
NEA Teachers
By NEIL GILBRIDE
Associated Press Labor Writer
WASHINGTON-Amid bitter
charges, a battle is shaping up
over organized labor's efforts to
woo the nation's school teachers
away from their traditional or-
ganization, the National Educa-
tion Association (NEA).
The NEA's executive secretary,
Wihiam G. Carr, used the organi-
zation's national convention in
Seattle this week as a platform
to launch a major attack on an
AFL-CIO organi,,ing drive.
"It would destroy the NEA and
its state and local affiliates," Carr
charged.
"Sca e tactics," retorte. Carl J.
Megel, president of the AFL-CIO
American Federation of T !achers,
whicn is spearheading the organ-
izing campaign.
Although the NEA, ,' more
than t1s0,000 members, is nearly
10 tim-s the size of the Teachers'
Federation, the union has scored
some n o t a b 1 e successes that
doubled its membership in a rela-
tively short time.
Megel said his union has a rec-
ord of recent collective bargaining
victories affecting 70,000 teachers,
compared with only 7000 for the
NEA.
"Mr. Carr's fears were expressed
because he kiows we have a po i-
tive program for classrocm teach-
ers and that the NEA is dominat-
ed by school admiinstrators and
cani'iot possibly find the solution
for classroom teachers," Megel
said.
The campawgn to sign up teach-
ers is part of the AFL-CIO's
stepped-up emphasis on trying to
organize the nation's millions of
non-union white collar workers to
make up for slipping industrial
membership.
To counter the NEA's appeals to
the teachers' profession ahsmn, la-
bor spokesmen stress union se-
curity and criticize the NEA for
admitting school administrators,
whom they describe as "manage-
ment."

Associated Press Staff writer backing from tribal followings.
LEOPOLDVILLE-Moise Tshom- Tshombe's designation is that
be, who for more than two years of "informateur." That is, he is
fought to divide the Congo, began to obtain information and report
consultations yesterday with Con- to the president. The designation
golese political leaders in an ef- does not necessarily mean he will
fort to form a united government be chosen premier, but political
of "national reconciliation." quarters believe his chances are
The former secessionist presi- increased by the assignment.
dent of Katanga Province was
chosen by President Joseph Kasa-
vubu to consult and report back S dents Instst
on the possibility of forming a
provisional government embracing r n
the Congo's widely differing politi- Oncalfgrolupls
cal groups.
Back from self exile in Spain CubanVoyage
less than a week, Tshombe went
to work immediately. He first saw
Victor Nendaka, security police LONDON (P)-Five American
chief. Nendaka is a member of students refused to surrender
the powerful Binza group, which their passports to a United States
has been setting Congolese policy official at London Airport yester-
for the past three years. day and insisted they would travel
Bomboko, Mobutu on to Cuba as they intended.
OthermembekobtheBThe students are enroute to
Other members of the Binza Cuba island at the invitation of
group are former Minister of Jus- the Cuban Federation of Univer-
tice Justin Bomboko and Gen. Jo Students,which paid their
seph Mobutu, commander of the planedfares.
Congolese Army. Advised that the students were
The army, however untrained Aved that te Ytukets were
and undisciplined it may be, repre- traveling from New York to Cuba
sents the only real power in the via Paris, the embassy sent a con-
Congo at present. sular official to meet them at the
Therefore Mobutu's views on the airport.
provisional government that is to The official asked the tudents
take over until parliamentary elec- to hand over their passports,
tions are held early next year are which,alike all those' issued by
very important. the State Department, noted that

Kasavubu's selection of Tshom-
be followed a meeting Tuesday
night of Bomboko, Nendaka and
Mobutu and probably indicates a
drift by the Binza group away
from the last prmier, Cyrille Adou-
la. Adoula resigned Tuesday after
heading the, government through
most of its four years of inde-
pendence.
The Binza group, however, is not
betting on Tshombe alone. It was
the men of Binza who last month
elected Adoula president of the
Rally of Congolese Democrats, a
national party composed of mod-
erate tribal organizations.
There was still no official news
of Antoine Gizenga, who has been
imprisoned on an island in the
Congo River. Gizenga was a lieu-
tenant of the Congo's first pre-
mier, Patrice Lumumba.
Consult with Gizenga
After Lumumba had been mur-
dered in Katanga, Gizenga at-
tempted to set up an independent
government in Staneyville in the
Northeast Congo. It is expected
that he will be freed and that
Tshombe will consult with him in
the course of his explorations.
Leaders of the Committee of
National Liberation, with head-
quarters across the Congo River
in Brazzaville, are also expected to
meet with Tshombe. Andre Luba-
ya, a moderate member of the
committee, already has visited
Leopoldville.
Tshombe himself heads the
dominant Conakat political party
in East Katanga and Lualaba
provinces. It is not yet known
whether he will bring his party
into the coalition political group-
ing which includes President KaS.
avubu's Abako organization.

Only Until Elections
The government that will be
formed after Tshombe's consulta-
tions will rule only until the elec-
tions determine where the real
political power lies.
As yet there is no real national
party in the Congo, most of the

they were not valid for travel to
Cuba.
A group of 75 other Americans
is already in Cuba on a visit un-
dertaken despite the State De-
partment ban on such travel. They
are expected to stay at least
through the celebration of the
July 26 Castro anniversary.

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