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June 26, 1964 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1964-06-26

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TRIMESTER
HINDERS LEARNING
See Editorial Page

[Y4 r

SitrY Eitan
Seveniity-Three Years of Editorial Freedomi

:43aitV

FAIR AND WARMER
High--90
Low-57
Warmer through Saturday
with southwesterly winds

VOL, LXXIV, No. 4-S ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, JUNE 26, 1964 SEVEN CENTS

FOUR PAGES

House Approves,
Mass Transit Bill
Measure Similar to Senate Action;
Would Give Cities $375 Million
WASHINGTON (A)-The House passed yesterday a bill for $375
million in federal aid to cities struggling with problems of decayed
and dwindling mass transit systems.
Passage of the measure, similar to one already approved by the
Senate, was a victory for President Lyndon B. Johnson and for a
coalition of Democrats and urban-area Republicans. Johnson had
put mass transit legislation high

New Atom ProposalSailors
Faces Russian Veto

Go to

Mississippi;

GENEVA (AP)--An American inspection plan to implement Presi-
dent Lyndon B. Johnson's proposal that the nuclear powers agree
to stop producing fissionable material for arms purposes faces
almost certain rejection by the Soviet Union.
The plan was presented to the 17-nation disarmament confer-
ence yesterday by chief United States delegate William C. Foster.
It provides for inspection of all installations producing fission-
able material, but stresses that this does not involve inspection of

Students Remain Missing

See, Decline
In U.S.-China
War Danger
HONG KONG-Danger of con-
frontation between the United
States and Red China over Laos
appeared to be lessening here yes-
terday, the New York Times re-
ported.
It is believed that Peking has
decided to take moves to ease up
the threat of war after learning
of the determined stand being
taken by President Lyndon B.
Johnson on Viet Nam and due to
its own relations with the Soviet
Union.
The new policy probably does
not mean that the Chinese will
stop spurring the pro-Communist
Pathet Lao in Laos and the Viet
Cong in South Viet Nam to more
militant action. But it does appear
that propaganda on China's home
front is not emphasizing prepara-
tions for a war with the U.S. as
much as it has done previously.
In line with this, the Peking
press Sunday suddenly ended two
weeks of increasingly threatening
language that has warned of war
in Indo-China unless the U.S.
halted its air operations in Laos.
The new Peking line has sub-
ordinated news of military de-
velopments in Laos and played up
news about national personalities
and affairs of state.
The past correlation between
China's press statements and im-
pending policy actions leads news
analysists to discount the possi-
bility that the softer line may be
covering up a new military
thrust in Southeast Asia.
House Group
Babies Aid Bill
WASHINGTON (P) - President
Lyndon B. Johnson's streamlined
foreign aid program cleared the
House Appropriations Committee
yesterday with the smallest money
cut since the Korean War.
The approval of $3.3 billion of
the requested $3.5 billion was a
victory not only for Johnson, but
for Rep. George H. Mahon (D-
Texas) who recently became chair-
man of the appropriations com-
mittee.
Johnson asked this year for
$3.5 billion-a billion dollars less
than the late President John F.
Kennedy's final request-and call-
ed it a barebones program that
could not be cut without affecting
United States security.
The House Foreign Affairs Com-
mittee, which sets the ceiling for
the money bill, approved virtual-
ly every cent of the $3.5-billion
request in its authorization bill.
All of the $200 million cut by
the Appropriations Committee lies
in the ecenomic side of the pro-
gram. The military request of $1
billion was approved untouched.

on his priority list of bills to be
passed this year.
The bill would authorize appro-
priations of $75 million for the
first year and $150 million in each
of the two succeeding years for
research and actual purchase of
buses and other equipment to build
up transit systems. Local sources
would have to provide at least
one-third of the funds.
The bill's own sponsors propos-
ed substantial amendments to
make it more acceptable to wav-
ering legislators outside the metro-
politan areas. The most signifi-
cant change cut down the total
authorization from $500 million to
$375 million. Rep. Albert Rains (D-
Ala), handling the change, told
the House that he sponsored it to
make the bill more acceptable and
to bring it closer to the Senate
version.
The Senate bill, which sponsors
now must seek to reconcile with
the House-passed measure, pro-
vides $375 million for grants and
an additional $375 million for loan
guarantees.
Other amendments adopted are
designed to guard against use of
federal funds to buy out private
transit systems and convert them
to public operation and to guar-
antee to transit employes that
their working conditions obtained
under union contracts would not
be impaired.
White, Black
Clash Sharply
tn St. Augustine
ST. AUGUSTINE, Fla. (A-More
than 200 white segregationists
broke through police lines last
night, attacking fleeing civil rights
marchers as the demonstrators
fled back to the Negro section of
town.
The whites, riled by almost an
hour of speech-making in the
Slave Market Square, attacked the
marchers even before they reach-
ed the square.
For the first time the well-
disciplined Negro marchers broke
ranks, and this gave the whites
the chance to single out individ-
uals.
Small groups of whites raced in-
to the line of marchers, fists fly-
ing, and then retreated before po-
lice could grab them. Then they
would hide in the shadows of the
square and regroup for another
attack.
Another melee broke out yester-
day when close to 100 Negroes at-
tempted a second wade-in at the
St. Augustine beach.
They were met at the water's
edge by about 75 whites who dared
them to go into the water. When
they accepted the dare, the Ne-
groes were pounced upon by the
whites.
At least a dozen persons were
arrested by state officers who rush-
ed into the water when the viol-
ence began, swinging billy clubs.
Two of the leaders of the whites
were among those arrested.

< ,

VALERIAN A. ZORIN
World News
Roundup

By The Associated Press
LONDON-Commonwealth Sec-
retary Duncan Sandys told Parlia-
ment yesterday Britain has agreed
to keep its troops in the Cyprus
United Nations peace force for
three months more but their num-
ber will be reduced one-third.
WASHINGTON - A major in-
terconnection of public and pri-
vate power systems in 11 Western
states was proposed yesterday by
Secretary of the Interior Stewart
L. Udall.
The federal government would
join with public and private power
companies in the area to build the
inter-tie lines.
* * *
NICOSIA-Leaders of the Turk-
ish Cypriot minority Wednesday
rejected Lt. Gen. George Grivas'
offer of friendship and protection,
declaring they would rather die
than yield to Greek domination.
Turkish Cypriots reacted an-
grily to the offer broadcast by
the hero of the Greek Cypriot un-
derground war that won inde-
pendence for Cyprus from Britain.
BOSTON - S e n at e Majority
Leader Mike Mansfield (D-Mont)
forecast last night that if the
current economic boom continues
the Democratic administration will
ask for another tax cut.
Mansfield said the $11.3 billion
tax cut passed by Congress last
March "has already stimulated
consumption, investment and eco-
nomic growth.
* * *
LANSING - Pennsylvania nov.
William Scranton will meet with
the Michigan delegation to the
GOP National Convention today
to seek support from some or all
of the state's officially uncom-
mitted delegates in his bid for the
party's presidential nomination.
* * *
CHICAGO - The government's
fraud and conspiracy case against
James R. Hoffa took a nosedive
Wednesday when the presiding
judge told the prosecution it has
yet to prove there has been any
crime.

nuclear stockpiles or disclosure
of information concerning stor-
age or deployment of nuclear
weapons.
Soviet Deputy Foreign Minister
Valerian A. Zorin made no refer-
ence to the plan. But Czechoslo-
vakia, which usually agrees with
the Soviet Union, denounced it as
"failing to open up the possibili-
ties of real agreement during 1964,
as called for by Johnson in his
address to this conference last
January."
The American plan offered "ver-
ification without intrusion" in the
event of a cut-off agreement.
The Czech delegate, Karel Kur-
ka, said Foster's speech "does not
reduce nuclear danger, slow down
the arms race or contribute to a
non-dissemination of weapons."
Western officials here said there
was little doubt that Zorin would
follow a similar line.
The Soviet Union frequently has
charged that American insistence
on inspection procedure is moti-
vated by the desire to create "le-
galized espionage.''
Foster said that with regard to
the inspection of U-235 separation
plants, which produce enriched
uranium, and nuclear reactors it
would not even be necessary for
inspectors to enter the plants.
He said chemical separation
plants whichdproduce fissionable
material would require much more
detailed inspection. But he pro-
posed an alternate system which
would involverplacing under na-
tional safeguards an amount of
fissionable material to be deter-
mined by inspectors.
They would then be able to
check, by a series of measure-
ments, whether any plant was ex-
ceeding production of nuclear ma-
terial allowed for peaceful pur-
poses.
The inspection system would
provide for an initial declaration
by the nuclear powers of all plants
producing fissionable materials.
This would be followed by inspec-
tions which would:
-Shut-down plant restarting
operations.
-Guard against diversification
of production for unallowed pur-
poses.
-Check to insure that no clan-
destine plants were in operation
producing nuclear material for
arms purposes.
'NAACP May
Alter Elections
WASHINGTON (t)-A drive to
change election procedures in the
NAACP - and perhaps to foster
more aggressive leadership poli-
cies-was discussed yesterday by
the organization's board of direc-
tors at its 55th national conven-
tion.
Some supporters of the move be-
lieve it will result in the unseating
of the association's white presi-
dent, Arthur B. Spingarn. But the
leader of the drive to change,
L. Joseph Overton, said the aim
is to democratize the process of
electing a president.
Nevertheless, m a n y of the
younger and more militant mem-
bers of the civil rights group are
known to favor tougher and
younger leadership-by a Negro-
in view of current race troubles
in the nation.

THIS CHARRED STATIONWAGON belonging to three civil rights students working in Mississippi
on voter registration this summer, was found Tuesday in a swampy area near Philadelphia, Miss.,
where the three disappeared. A massive hunt for the trio has brought former Central Intelligence
Agency head Allan Dulles and 100 sailors to the Southern state.
ELECTRICAL KNIFE
New'~f' Vaccine May Halt Cancer

SAN FRANCISCO (A') - Av
vaccine against cancer that works
on rabbits-and may explain why
some human cancers disappear -
was reported yesterday to the'
American Medical Association.
Dr. Alfred Strauss of the Mi-
chael Reese Hospital and Medical;
Center in Chicago said he has
injected 100 immunized rabbits
with cancer several times in the
past two years and not one has
developed a malignancy. Non-im-
miunizedd animals given the same
injections died in 8 to 12 weeks.
He also cited five cases of what'
he called "clinical cures" in hu-
mans, one of whom is still living
30 years after treatment.
Electrical Knife
Dr. Strauss, who has been treat-
ing cancer since 1913, said his
vaccine is prepared from cancer-
ous rabbit tissue cut away with.
an electrical knife, a process
known as electro-coagulation.
When injected into other rab-
bits, he said, this electro-coagu-
lated material apparently immu-
nizes them against that kind of
cancer.
His experiments so far have
been limited to Brown-Pearce car-
cinoma, but he said he plans to
extend the research to other types
of cancer in humans.
Immunizes Humans
Use of an electrical knife to
remove tumors, Dr. Strauss added,
also seems to immunize human
patients against their own can-
cers.
He listed five cases whose tu-
mors were removed with electrical
knives instead of scalpels and said
not one of them had a recurrence
of cancer.
Absorption of the electrically
killed cancer cells, he said, appar-
ently generated antibodies against
that type of cancer.
"In order to investigate this
further, experiments have been de-
vised and are now in progress to
determine the possible immuniz-

ing effects of dead or dying tis-]
sue," Dr. Strauss said.1
He noted there have been in1
creasing reports in recent years
of tumors that disappeared and
added that "the concept that ne-
crotic (dead) tumor tissue may as-'
sume antigenic powers which stim-
ulate a specific antibody response
can be supported by clinical ob-
servations that tumors which un-
dergo marked necrosis occasional-

ly show spontaneous regression of
the primary tumor as well as the
metastases (spreading growth)."
(The American Cancer Society
reports that about 1.2 million
Americans have been apparently
"cured" of cancer, with the term
meaning they have no sign of the
disease after five years or longer
after first diagnosis and treatment.
The main treatments are surgery,
radiation and drugs, singly or in
combinations.)

Sawyer Contests
Indirect Costs

President
Orders Navy
To Aid Hunt
Dulles Finishes Talks
In South; To Report
Back on Situation
By The Associated Press
PHILADELPHIA, Miss.-A hun-
dred sailors under presidential or-
der combed a swampy region in
Neshoba County yesterday in a
fruitless search for three missing
civil rights workers.
"They found nothing," a state
highway patrol official told news-
men.
"The search will be resumed
tomorrow at first light," a Navy
spokesman said. "We will increase
to 200 men if the situation tvar-
rants."
No Clues, No Comment
The spokesman refused to com-
ment on whether Navy search
parties unearthed any clues, say-
ing such information must come
from the Defense Department in
Washington.
The sailors are augmenting a
force of FBI agents, federal mar-
shals and state patrolmen already
patrolling the swampy area where
the youths' burned car was found
Tuesday.
The trio had been arrested for
speeding in the area and then
were released.
Meanwhile, President Lyndon B.
Johnson was reported keeping in
close touch with the situation
through a series of telephone calls
to parents of the two missing
young men, to civil rights leaders
and to various officials.
The unarmed,sailors separated
into two teams and began comb-
ing the Neshoba County forest
area as soon as they arrived. A
lone Navy helicopter scanned the
search scene northeast of Phila-
delphia, where the three and some
200 other civil rights workers-
most of them students-have as-
sembled to push voter registra-
tion among Mississippi's Negroes.
Dulles Returns
The same day, presidential
emissary Alien Dulles ended his
whirlwind mission to Mississippi
after reviewing his findings with
Gov. Paul Johnson and returned
to Washington.
He told Johnson that "I don't
see any likely explosion, but the
situation requires careful han-
Idling."
"Things are going well and I
hope will go better," he said. He
did not amplify.
The former CIA chief held a
90-minute closed-door session with
Mississippi civil rights leaders and
then visited the governor for 45
minutes.
He talked over the state's
troubled racial situation and, on
the second day of conferences,
said, "I will do little talking and
a lot of listening until I make
the report to the president."
Dulles came here Wednesday by
military jet on an assignment
from Johnson to get first hand
information on Mississippi's racial
difficulties.
'No One Told Me'
Gov. Paul Johnson of Mississippi
said the announcement of the
sailors' assignment came as a sur-
prise. But he promised to render
every assistance possible and call-
ed on all Mississippians to do the
same.
In a statement,' the governor
said that "No one conferred with
me with reference to dispatching
sailors and helicopters to Missis-

Elsewhere around the state:
-The Council of Federated Or-
ganizations (COFO), which repre-
sents major civil rights groups in
this state, said two of its workers
passing out leaflets at Itta Bena-
in the Delta-were hustled to a
bus station by white men and
asked to leave town.
Inadequate
--A biracial group of COFO'
pickets paraded outside the fed-
eral building at Greenville on the
Mississippi River, protesting al-
leged inadequate protection of

(Second in a series on University personalities in the news)
By LAURENCE KIRSHBAUM
The University's more than 2100 researchers owe a lot to
Ralph Sawyer. His office of research administration will funnel
to them more than $42 million in federal funds this year.
As vice-president for research during the past five years,
Sawyer's persistent lobbying and crisp fund management have
persuaded federal agencies to provide $150 million for teachers
and students to explore anything from the problems of drop-
outs to the behavior of crickets.
From the Department of Health, Education and Welfare to
the National Space Administration, Sawyer today sells $2
worth of research for every $1
purchased and granted in 1959..
Best Measure
But for services rendered a
worth millions, the debt to > .
Sawyer can best be measured in
thousands. These are the mar-
ginal dollars on each grant
which must be squeezed from'
the University budget to meet
overhead-or indirect costs-
incurred in research. Unlike /
salaries and equipment pur-
chases, which make nice round
figures on Congressional requi-
sition slips, the indirect costs >{
are more difficult to account
for.
They are the funds which pay
the janitor, heat the laboratory
and provide for Sawyer to ad-r
ministrate the grant in the DEAN RALPH SAWYER
first place.
On contracts-the rigid puirchase of specific rese arch
services-indirect costs are tabulated in as part of the bill. But
on the more loosely defined griants, Congr ess has quite directly
opposed subsidy of indirect expenses. It has set down a flat
precondition in its appropriation bills for federal agencies: a
school may receive no more than 20 per cent of the total
research cost as a refund for its indirect toil. Educators contend
that a reasonable level would be closer to 30 per cent.
Medical Example
To emphasize how this 10 per cent discrepancy can mean
millions, Sawyer pinpoints the medical school. On $5 million
worth of grants there last year, the University can collect only
$1 million for indirect costs. Actual cost: $1.5 million. So the
budget must be wrung for $500,000. Grant research in its
entirety will take over $2 million from University coffers
this year.
Sawyer is by no means a uniquely embittered research
administrator. Indirect costs have long been a hotline of

FENCES, PARKING LOTS

'No Car' Policy To
By ROBERT HIPPLER
The Regents passed a furthei ,
ordinance regulating the use of
Nichols Arboretum at their May
meeting.
The ordinance ,which will take"
effect July 1, establishes rules and }
regulations covering the follow-
ing:
-Automobiles, motorcycles and
motorscooters will be restricted
from operating within the boun-
daries of the famous campus land-
mark. Parking will be available
at a lot in the south portion of ::.:_____

'Improve'

Arb

;,r_________ ..

This ordinance is the most re-I
cent in series of University moves
to improve the Arboretum and
correct abuses which have occur-
red there in the past. The goal is
to make the Arb essentially a
pedestrian area.
Narrowly Missed
Vehicular access was prohibited
last April when the University
closed the three main entrance
gates at Geddes Ave., Washing-
ton Hts. and Nichols Dr. near the
Huron River. "There had been
many complaints of vehicles run-

It is hoped that restricted access
will help eliminate other abuses
which have occurred, such as rip-"
ping labels off plants, destruction
of plants, bushes and trees and
upsetting and setting fire to refuse
barrels.
Playing War
The Arb has been used for Other
purposes than recreation. It has
been used by the language and
architecture departments and se~v-
eral of the biological sciences.
Occasionally, military R e s e r v e
units have held night maneuvers}

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