Seventy-eight years of editorial freedom
Edited and managed by students of the University of Michigan
under authority of Board in Control of Student Publications
Maynard St., Ann Arbor, Mich. News Phone: 764-0552
Editorials printed n The Mchigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.
"Lets be off, Kato! . . . There's
more trouble on the campus!"
III &-% ff oovl -,,h i f 1: *00", I
ATURDAY, rEBRUARY 15, 1969
NIGHT EDITOR: RON LANDSMAN
Giving students a voice
in departmnental reform
PHE ATTEMPTS of students in many
departments of the literary college to
crease their role in departmental de-
sion-makiig policies deserves qualified
For academic reform is such an amor-
hous business that it is easy for students
lose sight of what should be the focal
oint for the entire effort - namely, ac-
ve student participation in formulating
ie decisions that affect their educations.
It is easy for students to become caught
p in improving this course or that or ov-
rxpansion of departmental facilities.
While these efforts are certainly steps
the right direction, they must not over-
zadow the more important concern of
udent parity with the faculty in mak-
ig decisions Involving curriculum, ten-
:e and hiring of professors.'
The major objection voiced by faculty
ad administrators to such student
power on departmental committees
ems to be that the student's place is in
ze classroom just as the woman's place
in the home.
'HEY ARGUE that the faculty - by vir-
tue of their training and occupation -
re best suited to making these decisions.
But isn't it true that the tutelage a pro-
'ssor gives his students at least in part
ffects the kinds of people these students
ill become? And shouldn't students
iemselves be able to decide the kinds of
eople they want to be?
Moreover, an inspirational professor
in spark that learning experience no
t can offer.
Prof. Tom Mayer of the sociology de-
artment is a perfect example. M a y e r
aches a course in sociological analysis
revolution and students who have tak-
ience. Yet Mayer was denied tenure by
the department's faculty-composed ex-
ecutive committee last year.
Again it is the students who are to be;
educated and the students who benefitted
from Mayer's course.
AND IF THE FUNCTION of a university
is to educate students, surely it must
weigh the views of those' for whom it
exists. But in the Mayer case it was as if
the sociology faculty was ignoring t h e
views of its students by firing a professor
students obviously respected.
By depriving students of Mayer's abil-
ities and consequently limiting their ed-
ucations the department was in effect be-
littling the entire concept of what an edu-
cation should mean.
For if a university is supposed to edu-
cate students, when it acts against its
students, it acts against itself as well.
It has been speculated Mayer was de-
nied tenure because of his failure to pub-
lish sufficiently - but how can publish-
ing in a sociological journal possibly com-
pare to teaching students to think?
There are other professors who have
been denied tenure; some for similar rea-
sons. Profs Morris Friedell of the socio-
logy department and Julien Gendell of
the chemistry department were also
thought to be excellent professors, by
their students. They were deni d tenure
This mindless lack of concern for stu-
dent's education must stop. And the way
to stop it is to grant students an equal
voice in all tenure' proceedings. This will
rightly give students a say in how they
are to be educated by allowing them to
help decide which professors will be
NOT MANY days ago the High School Principals Assn. issued a stern
rebuke to the Board of Education for its alleged. failure to curb
certain aspects of student unrest.
Among the manifestation viewed with alarm were "student de-
mands for complete, unsuppressed. unchecked student control of stu-
dent government, student newspapers and magazines."
The lament of the principals comes to mind in reading a report
in the current issue of the Saturday Review of Literature on a spread-
ing national network of nearly 500 "underground" high school papers.
One cannot resist the conclusion that the nervous censorship to
which most high school. journalists are subject in most places has pro-
duced a familiar result: The rebels have found their own printing
presses and mimeograph machines.
THE SRL INQUIRY depicts numerous instances in which the
restrictive rules under which high school publications operate have led
to independent journalistic enterprises that, upon further harassment,
become underground sheets.
Thus, at a school near Seattle, a rather model-type youth-regional
winner of the Veterans of Foreign Wars' "What Democracy Means to
Me" contest-began publishing a newspaper that voiced his opposition
to 1) the war in Vietnam and 2) the school structure's hostility to long
hair. He even submitted the material to the school officials before pub-
lishing it. Neverthless, three months before graduation, he was sus-
pended and his court fight for reinstatement is still pending.
BUT THk REAL question is why many restive kids who think they
have something to say regard their school's publications as unworthy
of their effort. The answer, of course, is that the overwhelming majority,
of such papers-as many high school editors have protested in my
presence over they years-are so rigidly censored that they offer no
real outlet for dissidents in areas of political and social, behavior.
In their outcry against the heretical unlicensed journals, the prin-
cipals contended that "underground newspapers and leaflets (frequent-
ly anonymous) are filled 'with generally unsubstantiated attacks on
school policies and school personnel" and the "language of these pub-
lications is often obscene and gamy, the tone strident, belligerent and
Whether their critiques of school officials are "generally unsub-
stantiated" might be better judged by a more disinterested jury than
the principals. That the language may be sometimes "gamy" is a prob-
lem also presented by some college newspapers; but that the tone is
"strident" is a charge leveled against numerous adult journalists whose
targets simply feel maligned.
'MY POINT is not.that these underground exercises are uniformly
exhibits of superior wit or wisdom, but rather that the sweeping in-
dictment voiced by the principals reflects the ancient sickness of cen-
sorship; it too often equates criticism, unconventionality or anger with
stark sin and inflammatory incitement.i
Surely there are some tough kids roaming some school corridors,
some are encouraged by adult ideologues of one variety or another, and
in many schools a principal's life is not a happy one. But to confuse
that problem with the desire of kids to produce publications that record
more than the latest basketball boxscore or the school dance is to miss
OBVIOUSLY a high school (or college) paper should be governed
by the principle of the right of reply; no student viewpoint should be
excluded simply because a iew youths have achieved a belief in their
own infallibility. But a high school principal who has any confidence in
his own ability to communicate should be willing to risk error and in-
temperance, even at the peril of some momentary discomfort for him-
Unfortunately the easier way still seems to be to reduce printed
controversy to a minimum, to regard "responsible dissent" as murmur-
ing which is- barely audible, and to identify as dangerous "troublemak-
ers" those who "say troublesome things.
The premise of these comments is that high school students are
growing up more rapidly in the nuclear ige. Most of all, however, It
seems clear that the crucial issue is not whether they publish under-
ground papers but why so many of them have felt an impulse to, seek'
refuge from the respectable surface of high school life.
(C) New York Post
SI3S and the bookstore moguls
1 it almpst universally confess ti
)urse was an extremely enriching
EW YORK'S Governor Roc
Wednesday reminded his part
iinistration in Washington th
wentieth Century is the era of tb
ire state, and called for adoptio
)mprehensive program of com
ealth insurance for all Americans
nanced by payroll deductions, p
ly under the Social Security A(
If the Congress is prompt about
ig a program, we may be: able to
ito operation in' time to celebra
ne hundredth anniversary of the
.entation of compulsory health
nce in Germany under Otto vo
Editorial Sta f
MARK LEVIN. Editor
STEPHEN WILDSTROM URBAN L
Managing Editor Editorial E
DAVID KNOKE, Executive Editor
ALLACE IMMEN .. ,New
IROLYN MIEGEL.......Associate Managi
LNIEL OKRENT ... ......Featu
T O'DONOHUE ....... New
ALTER 1IHAPIRO ..... Associate Editorial
)WARD KOHN.......Associate Editorial
SAL BRUt3 ........,..........Magazin
hat the' STUDENTS m u s t likewise be granted
exper- parity on all decisions relating to cur-
Faculty members cannot really 'be as
completely cognizant of the shortcomings
of introductory courses in their depart-,
kefeller ments as students are.
y's ad- By the same token, students do not yet
at the have the training to completely structure
he wel- a course or select faculty members on
n of a their own, The faculty's experience and
pulsory expertise in academia naturally assigns
s, to be it a role in departmental decision-mak-
resum- ing, but this must be a different kind of
dminis- role from that which the students seek
enact- The faculty is best qualified to judge
get it course content or to select a professor
te the from the standpoint of academic excel-
imple- lence. Students, on the other hand, are
insur - better able to pass judgment on broad
in Bis- curriculum requirements or on the merits
of a professor from the "how much we'll
-J. S. learn" angle. Each has its value and each'
must be weighed equally.
IHE IMPORTANT THING for students
to remember is that active voting par-
Director ticipation in departmental decision-mak-
ing enhances their own educations. And
s Editor the faculty must recognize that student
ng Editor participation will. in the end make uni-
re Editor versity education much more valuable if.
ws Editor only by actively bringing different opin-
t Drecorions into the, fray.
By CHRIS STEELE
T rUDENT Book Service's three-
year fight to gain access to
the established textbook listing
service is finally over, because of
a quasi-boycott by University fac-
ulty. But the exploitation of -stu-
dent book-buyers in Ann' Arbor
will probably continue for some
time to come.
-For three years the Textbook
Reporting Service refused to ad-
mit SBS to its ranks. The report-
ing service, owned and operated
by the city's five old established
book stores (Follett's, Ulrich's,
Slater's, Wahr's and Overbeck's,
sends forms to all University
teachers each semester asking
them, to list the books they will
use in their courses during the
next 'term. The results of this
survey are then used to compile a
book list for use by the five stores.
SBS manager asked, each se-
mester since the store's founda-
tion three years ago to be admit-
ted to the service, and expressed
their willingness to pay whatever
costs necessary to participation.
But they were refused each se-
The decision last week to allow
SBS admission to the reporting
service came as a result of grow-
in faculty pressure, including two
petitions from members of the
economics and sociology faculties.
In those petitions, professors
pledged to order their books only
from SBS until it was admitted to
the Textbook Reporting Service.
The sociology and economics
professors, more than 25 in all,
were not the only faculty members
to put pressure on the establish-
ment book merchants. Individual
professors in several other depart-
ments have made a policy during
past semesters to send all of their
orders for certain courses to SBS
AMONG THE faculty members
who have placed exclusive orders
with SBS is Assistant Professor
Robert Sklar of the history de-
partment. Sklar, for the past two
semesters has ordered his books
for U.S. Intellectual History (571-
2) only from SBS. Sklar says his
reason for doing this is to provide
"optimum service for the stu-
Pressures placed on the report-
ing service were motivated both
by protest (in the case of the peti-
tion signed by the economics and
sociology , professors), and from
long standing complaints of poor
service (in the case of Sklar and
others). But the effect of the
threatened , and actual boycott
would have been the same. Ann
Arbor's book moguls would stand
to lose a considerable amount of
The fear of, losing the lucrative
trade in basic economics and so-
ciology texts was too'much to take,
"They were very nice," said Ned
Shure, SBS manager, discussing
the meeting he had with; the other
bookstore managers at which they
invited him to join the Textbook
BUT THE basic issue alienating
SBS from the other book stores
wasn't even mentioned at the
meeting. It was not cronyism or
convenience or prejudice that kept
SBS out of the reporting service
every semester for three years. but
the same economic considerations
that finally brought them in.,
SBS discounts many of its ma-
jor textbooks and the other stores
do not, Since the formation of
SBS, some textbooks have been
discounted at the other bookstores,
but before that there were no dis-
counts. Even how, Shure explains.
the number of books discounted
at SBS is much greater
The fact that this issue was not
mentioned at the meeting between
Shure and the other managers
and that they reached no agree-
ment on it indicates the matter
may not be closed ip the minds
of big-time book sellers. They may
try to bring continued pressure on
Shure to raise his prices. They
may attempt to convince him that
since he is now a part of the es-
tablishment he should fall into
the standard establishment pat-
tern of taking the students for all
they are worth.
THERE IS also the very real
possibility that SBS's service to
students and faculty will decline.
In the past, because it has-hAd to
compile its own lists, SBS has
made a point of keeping close ,on-
tact with professors and keeping
its lists current and accurate.
Another problem has been the
absence of an enforced listing
date for either the Textbook Re-
porting Service or SBS. This 'b-
sence has caused severe problems
for students seeking books. When
professors turn their lists in late,
as they often do, bookstores, in-
cluding SBS, find it difficult or
impossible to get the books before
The bookstore problem is larger
than simply admitting SBS to the
Textbook Reporting, Service. It is
a problem for which that admis-
sion offers only a superficial solu-
Ned Shure suggested part of
the solution himself before he was
admitted to the reporting service.
"We want -the' University to take
responsibility for book lists," he
THIS METHOD would provide
for uniform and current lists at
all stores and could enforce a list-
ing date on professors. Whatever'
the method employed some reform
should be made to remove the stu-
dent from either the vengeance
of gross competition or the col-
lusion of the establishment.
Defeat of the super-doves
By STEVE ANZALONE
DISILLUSIONMENT comes easy
to those who seek heroes in
the murky world of American poli-
New heroes have a way of dying
quickly, In 1968 there was Eugene
McCarthy. Once t h e darling of
idealistic young Americans, Mc-
Carthy soon lost much of his ap-
peal when he enigmatically threw
his vote to Russell Long in his tilt
with Edward Kennedy for Senate
But there are precious few po-
litical figures who do not turn
sour over the years. Usually they
do not receive widespread public
adulation, but they do have that
special combination of intelligence
and courage that make them more
than a glamorous idol.
THE SENATE HAS seen a few
of these heroes in its long and
reputedly glorious tradition of
great statesmen. Two of the non-
glamorous, unsung protagonists
ndomly culled motes * randomly culled notes e randomly culled notes " randomly cul
od notes . 'randomly culled notes e randomly culled notes e randomly culled notes *
les e randomly culled notes . randomly culled notes e randomly culled notes e randc
of the Senate went down to defeat
in the last - election. They w e r e
both men of such caliber that the
loss to the nation greatly exceeds
their personal defeat. One of them
was Ernest Gruening of Alaska.
The other was Oregon's Wayne
The defeats of these two Sena-
tors last year w a s significantly,
overlooked amid the euphoria over
the re-election of some of the oth-
er Senate doves - Gaylord Nel-
son, George , McGovern, Frank
Church, and J. William Fulbright.
Although *the re-election of
these well known doves was im-
portant, the forced retirement of
Morse and Gruening borders on
tragedy for those who oppose the
war in Vietnam. The performance
of the others as critics of the war
has not come close to the consis-
tent, stalwart opposition:waged by
Morse and Gruening.
But Morse can no longer use
the Senate as his forum for op-
position to the war. He is now
forced to the relatively incon-
spicuous pulpit of the college lec-
ture circuit, as he takes his case to
the people. This is what brings
him to Ann Arbor tomorrow.
NOT TOO LONG AGO, Sen.
Fulbright was chastising Under-
secretary of State U. Alexis John-
son for not admitting now that the
war was a bad mistake. Fulbright
reminded h i m that President
Johnson was elected to office in
1964 partly on the promise that
he would oppose total American
involvement in Vietnam. Ful-
bright is probably r i g h t in de-
nouncing the former President's
lack of good faith.
But the Arkansas Senator's
memory is amazingly short. He
fails to recall that he missed an
opportunity to affirm his own
good faith by not acting in ac-
cordance with. what he sai~d he
perceived to be the nation's pro-
Johnson, anti-war sentiment dur-
ing the Tonkin G u 1 f debate of
At that 'time, Fulbright, and in-
deed, most of the now-renowned
critics of the war, voted with the
rest of 'the Senate for passage of
the Gulf of ".tonkin Resolution.
'Tho' 'mi~i IaA1041 to11 nhnfin..
Their colleagues, the Kennedy-
McCarthy-type doves, opposed the
war more in word than in deed.
On at least three occasions in
1966, Morse and Gruening stood
alone in refusing to appropriate
additional funds for a war they
believed was wrong. One of these
bilks included "foreign 'assistance"
money for American intervention
into the Dominican Republic.
IT'S EASY to denounce the war
and the omnipotent defense de-
partment, but it is quite another
thing to vote against it. Only Morse
and Gruening were willing to take
the risk. Their courage was fatal.
Probably the best example of
the Morse-Gruening brand of
conviction came during the pass-
age of the Selective Service Act
of 1967. This bill was' a refusal
by Congress to enact any changes
in the antiquated draft system.
Several Senators joined the .ef-
fort to seek reform. Sen. Hatfield
introduced an amendment calling
for a volunteer army. He received
support from only Morse, Gruen-
ing, Nelson, and McGovern. Sen.
Young of Ohio introduced an
amendment cutting the time of
military conscription from two
years to 18 months. He received
support from only Morse, Gruen-
ing, and Hatfield.
GRUENING ALSO attempted to
amend the draft law by prohibiting
anyone from being sent to Viet-
nam unless he specifically volun-
teered for service there.' This
amendment showed who the real
doves were; only Morse and
Gruening voted for it.
Then, when all attempts at re-
fore had failed, only Morse and
Gruening stood resolute against
the draft and voted no on the
final passage of the Senate ver-
sion of the bill that extended the
previous law for another four
While the Kennedys loudly c~r-
ried the banner of draft refoim,
appealing to a young populace, it
is surprising that the interests of
the young were best served by the
two tenacious old mavericks .of the
Senate, Wayne Morse and Ernest
By HOWARD, KOHN,
Assoclate Editorial Director
[WO RUMORS of public concern
were circulating in Washington
his week: Ted Williams becoming the
nanager of that city's hapless Senators
nd J. Edgard Hoover retiring as FBI
Wistful thinkers predict that Hoover
ill retire next Jan. 1, his 75th birth-
ay. Supreme Court Justice Byron
Whizzer" White has been mentioned
s a possible successor. It's hard to
ay whether White's appointment
rould be an improvement for the FBI,
ut it's certain to be one for the
ing these rumors and reaffirming its
policy of hardline diplomacy toward
the Castro regime.
MEANWHILE, WITTICISM about
Havana, hijacking and bombing have
landed several practical jokers in po-
lice custody. One 21-year-old Bronx
girl has spent a week in prison after
allegedly threateningthe life of Pres-
ident Richard Nixon.
The girl was touring the White
House when she was overheard asking
a companion, "Have you got the bomb
in the bag?" A security guard released
her after being unable to find a bomb.
but she lashed out flippantly, "I would
kill Nixon if I had the opportunity
but I don't have the opportum.ity."
to discuss love and marriage is out of
step with the concerns of our peers
at other campuses. But whether we are
ten years ahead or ten years behind
the times is another question.
"OLD ENOUGH to fight, old enough
to vote," is a familiar rallying cry for
proponents of lowering the voting age.
Under a proposed Wyoming law, men
would be allowed to vote at age 19,
but only if they cut their hair to con-A
form with military regulations.
J. W. Myers, the state senator who
the informed soUrCe
E OF THE MOST well-known heads of hair at the University has
fallen victim'to the barber's shears.
Radical Caucus leader and leftist-laureate of Ann Arbor Eric Chester,
now in Washington, D.C., at the U.S. Student Press Association Conven-
tion, had his curly locks cut short before his trip. Chester, who is
participating in a convention panel entitled "The University as a Closed
authored the bill, said that men would
have to "shave those curly locks just
like they do when they enter military
The prohibition of long hair would
not apply to women.
THE FASTEST-EXPANDING lobby
on Capitol Hill is the International
Association of Police Chiefs. Repre-
senting some half million policemen
from across the United States, the or-
ganization has a national membership
of 5,000 police chiefs and a permanent
100-man staff here.
"We constitute a formidable organ-
ization capable of withstanding any
onslaught," boasted its president this
week. "Our direction is definitely up-
ward and onward:"