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July 13, 1963 - Image 4

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Michigan Daily, 1963-07-13

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UNDERWAY THIS F.

* l 4fSidritjau Batty
Seventy-Third Year
EDITED AND MANAGED Y STUDEwTS OF THE UNVERsITy OF MjCHIGAN
UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
Where Opinions Are SFreeSTUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG., ANN ARKox, MIcH., PHONE NO 2-3241
Truth Wil Previl"
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.

it

Service Corps
RedToRl

ATURDAY, JULY 13, 1963

NIGHT EDITOR: RUTH HETMANSKI

MSU Recruiting Policy
Results in False Image

THE DAY may come when Michigan State
University and the Sears-Roebuck Founda-
tion find themselves in a neck and neck race
to see who can grab the sponsorship of the
largest number of Merit Scholarships.
At present MSU has already surpassed the
record of the 175 business corporation's for
total sponsorship over the eight years the
program has been in existence. That is with
the exception of Sears with 502 and Inter-
national Business Machines with 273.
What is MSU doing in the midst of the
Boeing Company and the Chicago Title and
Trust Company? MSU is building up its image
as a school of such high caliber that it can
attract more Merit Scholars than Harvard,
Yale, or Radcliffe. Perhaps this is true and
perhaps overnight Cambridge has moved to
East Lansing, but until such a mirage is
proved tangible there is room to question the
honesty of MSU's move.
NOT THAT THERE was anything under-
handed about the process MSU went
through to acquire her 190 protegees. She
legitimately announced her intention to join
the program set up in 1962 enabling colleges to
sponsor Merit Scholarships. At that time eight
private colleges participated offering a limited.
number of scholarships. No college offered any-,
more than six.
The colleges who take part in this program
select the winners of their scholarships from
students who have qualified as Merit finalists
and who have expressed an interest in attend-
ing their respective institutions. The only dif-
ference in the administration of this scholar-
ship from that of the industry supported ones
is that the student may keep his scholarship
only as long as he attends the college or uni-
versity granting him the scholarship. MSU

slipped quietly in among Bennington and
Harvey Mudd colleges.
There was nothing blatantly dishonest. The
fact that MSU sent out letters to a major por-
tion if not all of the 11,000 Merit semi-finalists
asking them to preference MSU and receive
financial aid could be overlooked. True MSU
Vice-President Gordon Sabine declared that
letters were sent out only to those students
who expressed an interest in MSU, but it
seems there are quite a few people around
who never even whispered the word and never-,
theless where miraculously visited by the mail-
man.
EVEN IF THIS is overlooked, which it really
shouldn't be, there is something about the
whole situation which smacks of a fall from
grace.
Institutions of learning are created to teach
and to help those it is in the process of teach-
ing explore and discover the wonder of the
world. They are to introduce young minds to
old minds and to teach these young minds re-
spect and reverence for the ideas which have
gone before them and upon which new ideas
are being created. They are not supposed to
be used as bawdy market places.
There exists among institutions of learning
a certain cohesion, a feeling of union-un-
expressed but evident through the respect such
institutions have for one another. There are
certain acts forbidden under the code of in-
stitutions of learning. One of them is to betray
the trust of the member institutions by pro-
porting to be something they are not. MSU
has transgressed this law.
Nobody punishes those who have failed to
adhere to the standards. The transgressor is
just never invited to the same parties again.
MSU IS PROBABLY proud of what it has
done. Justly so. It is a healthy tonic for
a school to have 190 students of Merit Scholar-
ship capability coming in to stir up the cob-
webs. In itself this is a positive event.
Unless it is made amply clear, however,
under exactly what condition each student
attends any of the hundreds of campuses Merit
Scholars go to, an injustice will be done.
Everyone will not know that MSU is not a
Harvard-is not even a Harvard of the mid-
west. If a student goes to MSU believing he
is going to a school equal to Yale on the
basis of. the number of Merit Scholars that
school ,has, then he is being tricked.
-JEAN TENANDER

TA-E Rout t -PiK VOTE

ALBANY NEGRO:
Nobody Knows His Name

(EDITOR'S NOTE: Roger Ebert is
the editor of the Daly Illini, the
student newspaper at the Univer-
sity of Illinois. This article is re-
printed from the Summer Illini.
By ROGER EBERT
W ASHINGTON (Special)-Half
a block down Franklin Street,
off Pennsylvania Avenue, stands
a crumbling brownstone house
with a flight of greenish concrete
steps.
This structure houses, on its
third and fourth floors, the Presi-
dent's Study Group on a National
Service Program (known to its
members as the Task Force). The
first and second floors of the
brownstone are occupied by an
Army Translating Office and, one
suspects, mice.
When you stand on the green-
ish steps and turn around, you
have a distant view of the White
House grounds and, through new
spring foliage, the sparkling White
House itself, surrounded by tour-
ists. It could be that this is more
than coincidence; the idea of a
Domestic Peace Corps is said to
have originated with Bobby Ken-
nedy, and has been promoted with
vigor recently by his brother, the
President.
* * *
IT BEING 1:15 p.m. (still the
lunch hour in official Washing-
ton), we were greeted by the only
person then in the office: a dark-
haired, appealing public informa-
tion official named Ann Anderson.
Mrs. Anderson signaled us to
chairs while finishing the last of
her carry-out hamburger.
We identified ourselves as writ-
ers for the Roosevelt Torch and
The Daily Ilini.
"Out by 'Chicago," Mrs. Ande-
son said. "We've had some terrible
editorials from the Sun-Times.
Really. And the worst Sun-Times
editorial about us has been re-
printed in papers all over."
We shook our heads in consola-
tion and asked how things were
with the Task Force otherwise.
MRS. ANDERSON said 40 rep-
resentatives and 25 senators have
agreed to be sponsors of the Na-
tional Service Corps bill when it
comes before Congress later in
the year. "We think we have good
support in the Senate," she said.
"The House is the big problem-
especially the House Rules. Com-
mittee. In the House, we think we
have a 50-50 chance."
As Mrs. Anderson explained it,
the National Service Corps will
hopefully get underway in, the fall
with 150 to 300 corpsmen in the
field. At the end of the first
year of operation, it is hoped to
have 1,000 domestic corpsmen at
work, at a cost of around $5 mil-
lion.
* * *
"SOME OF our Southern critics
have expressed fears that corps-
men will be used to advance in-
tegration in the South," she said.
"But the community invitation
clause prevents that. Our people
must be invited in by a commun-
ity, and if the South doesn't want
us it doesn't have to take us."
She said situations "which
might develop into trouble-spots"
will be dropped by the corps."Just
like the international Corps," she
said, "we don't want to go where
we're not welcome."
How many people work here?
we asked.
About 25, more or less," Mrs.
Anderson said. "The number var-
ies. We're all on loan from other
government agencies."
THIS BROUGHT to mind the
recent attack on the Task Force
by a conservative congressman.
The congressman, pointing out
that Congress has appropriated
no money for the Force, said the
25 people on "loan" were a "sure
tip-off" that other agencies "must
be over-staffed." We tactfully
avoided this subject, however, and
asked how college students could

help in the corps campaign.
"Write to your congressman, I
suppose," Mrs. Anderson said, "and
support the idea at student meet-
ings. We can't solicit volunteers
yet, of course, because we're not
an official program. But we've
actually received hundreds of un-

solicited applications, and about
50 communities have contacted us
on possible programs . ."
And what do we tell those people
who claim the government can't
afford to appropriate money for
a National Service Corps during
a tax-cut year?
"The slum children, the mental-
ly ill, the American Indians, the
migrant workers, all the people
who need help," Mrs. Anderson
said, "will be there whether taxes
go up or down.
That seemed to make sense.
We nodded to the Army transla-
tors on the way out, and when we
reached the street Tom said: "It's
sort of inspiring, somehow. To
knowthe government does things
like this."
The sight-seers were still gawk-
ing in front of the White House.
LETTERS
to the
EDITOR
FEEL THAT Michael Hyman's
editorial of July 11 has omitted
some errors of reasoning which I
feel should not stand uncorrected.
The Negro is not searching for a
panacea; neither does he feel that
integration is such. However, the
objective, which you claim does
not exist, is this: the elimination
of discrimination. When a man is
considered to be inferior; when
he isidenied his constitutionally
guaranteed rights, when he is
harrassed and illegally pressured,
he cannot be expected to attain
his full potential as a man, and as
a citizen.
Nevertheles s, the Negro has to
a large degree, a fantastic degree,
contributed to ou society. From
the battlefields of our wars (even
though in segregated divisions)
to our music, our government, and
our culture, the Negro has con-
e tributed tarmore than he should
be expected to. Could Henry Ford,
Andrew Carnegie, and "other self-
made men" have been quite so
self-made if they had been
Negro? The "achievement" of
which you speak has, indeed al-
ready been achieved, and will con-
tinue to be achieved, in spite of
your "artificial obstacles."
The equal rights of every man
before the law is a goal with a
definite. objective, purpose, and
meaning. The, equal opportunity
for a quality education is a similar
goal, as is the equal opportunity
to compete for work in the highly
competitive labor market.
* *. .
YOU SAY THAT no government
can grant equality, that it must
come from the conscience of the
white man. This may be true, but
it does in no way serve as an ex-
cuse for continuing governmental
and legal discrimination. A man's
conscience is his own; it cannot be
controlled by others. But the ac-
tions of man are the province of
others when he interferes with the
rights of others. And the law is
clear; some may disagree; that is
their right as individuals; but
no-one has the right to depive
another of his rights. A man does
not have to win his rights, or at
least he should not; they are con-
stitutionally guaranteed for every
man. When equality before the
law becomes the rule rather than
the exception, then and only then
will the specter of bigotry be
banished.
I should like to ask a question,
one which you may well choose
to decline to answer: What do
you fear? Does indeed the guilty
weight of the past century weigh
on your mind? Or do you fear for
your own little rut, and not wish
it disturbed; are you the watch-
man for the status qo; the
guardian of the dead past?
The ideals of human equality
are at last becoming, in one giant
step, much closer to reality. No

gradualism or other attempt at
blocking the rights of free men
can be tolerated by any man who
values his own rights and citizen-
ship.
Sincerely,
Robert Sinclair Knapp

4

Hail

T A CHILIDREN'S concert featuring march
music last week in Philadelphia's Fair-
unt Park Robin Hood Dell, the finale was
ail to the Victors." As Assistant Conductor
illiam Smith told the audience that although
was not a graduate of this University, many
,hestra members were, the Philadelphia Or-
estra played, sung and shouted the song.
It was fun.
Perhaps at the next May Festival, in an extra
rformance...
RICHARD KELLER SIMON

TODAY AND TOMORROW:
{y Events Of The Times

THINGS ARE moving so fast in both the
Communist world and ours that it is hard
for -the observer to keep up with them. Yet
there is already sufficient reason to ask our-
selves whether, along with and no doubt af-
fected by the rupture inside the Communist
orbit, there is not also, long before most people
expected it, a profound change within the
Western system. We can begin to see dimly
that events are overtaking the standard con-
ception of Western unity as preached for the
past 15 years and preached again recently by
President Kennedy.:
The standard conception of Western unity
is that of a rally of beleaguered forces in a
lire emergency. It originated in the years im-
mnediately after the war when Western Europe
was devastated and disarmed, and there was
nothing but a meager supply of American
atomic bombs between the Red army and
Paris. In that climate of imminent peril, there
were conceived and constructed in a dazzling
lisplay of statesmanship the postwar institu-
ions of the Western world, the Marshall Plan,
NATO and the Common Market.
As is evident from the flourishing condition
)f Western Europe today, these postwar in-
titutions accomplished wonders. But they con-
ained within themselves an obvious, but un-
vowed difficulty which was destined to make
hem transitory. The difficulty was that the
Federal Republic of Germany is not "Ger-
nany," but the Western section -of a divided
Germany; the six countries of the Common
Market are not "Europe," but only one part
>f the non-Communist part of Europe. And
Editorial Staff
RONALD WILTON...................... Co-Editor
PHILIP SUTIN ......................... Co-Editor
DAVE GOOD... ..............Co-Sports Editor
"HARLES TOWLE................ Co-Sports Editor
UTH HETMANSKI ..................... Night Editor
EAN TENANDER ....................... Night Editor
ANDREW ORLIN...................... Night Editor
. NEIL BERKSON................... Night Editor
UARILYN KORAL.................... Night Editor

Walter Lippmann
non-Communist Europe is only a part of
Europe.
UNLESS I AM misreading the present course
of events, we are looking backward when
we base American policy on the revival of the
partitioned, divided and fragmented postwar
"Europe." There is much ground for thinking
that the main movement of affairs is away
froma closer organization of postwar Western
Europe and toward a loose association and
increasing intercourse with the whole of Eur-
ope. The exclusion of Britain, together with
Ireland and Scandinavia, from the six has been
followed by many signs of stagnation and even
fragmentation within the six.
if certain indiscreet, off-the-record remarks
of General de Gaulle have been correctly re-
ported, he-as so often before-has begn one
of the first to see a new development. He has
recognized that there is not much of a future
in the Paris-Bonn axis within a very small
Europe. In any event, as the recent visit of
the general to Bonn showed, the two countries
collaborate as well, but no better than most
neighbors. The West Germans are not only
but are looking also to Eastern Europe and the.
looking to Britain and across the Atlantic,
Soviet Union. The post-Adenauer Germans
like Erhard and Schroeder and Brandt are not
interested in the small postwar "Europe." They
have no passionate enthusiasm for a close poli-
tical integration of the partitioned Germany in
a truncated Europe.
N THIS CONNECTION, there is great im-
portance in the changing relations between
the Catholic Church and the East European
States. There is much evidence that in Poland
and Hungary and perhaps in the other Central
European States the church may be on the way
to winning freedom for its pastoral, and per-
haps even for its teaching, function. This is
certain to diminish the antagonism between
the peoples on both sides of the iron curtain.
The confusion and the disarray, the aimless-
ness and bewilderment, which are more or less
prevalent everywhere, are the concomitants of
the break-up of an established order. We are
living amidst the break-up of the established
order of the postwar world, and we are find-

By JEAN TENANDER
NOBODY KNOWS his name. No-
body knows where he is going.
Nobody really cares.
The Negro in Albany, Georgia,
does not know what path he is to
follow. He does not even know for
certain whether he has a choice
of paths. He is involved in the
struggle for equality but to what
extent any action he takes will af-
feet the overall pattern of Integra-
tion in the city he has no clear
idea.
The struggle is a blind one-
a spontaneous and a correct one
but a blind one. It is made blind by
everything that has already been
done to the Negro and by every-
thing that it is feared may be done
to him in the future. Past and
present injustices bind the Negro
tightly and although some of the
ties are breaking they break with-
out him taking full cognizance of
their meaning. The breaks are not
put into any context or marshall-
ed into any kind of formation.
They just happen and are left
alone.
WHAT DOES the Jailing of nine
sit-in demonstrators mean. Does it
mean the community is one step
closer toward school integration
or will its only effect be to in-
crease Police Chief Pritchett's ar-
rests of Student Non-violent Co-
ordinating- Committee workers.
Would it be better to be more cau-
tious or is direct action the solu-
tion. The Negro doesn't know and
he is presented with conflicting
solutions to his dilemma by those
he comes in contact with daily.
Perhaps the widest divergence
of opinion the Negro in Albany
encounters on what his proper role
in the civil rights battle should
be occurs when he is faced with
advice from the clergy. The church
and the family are the two forces
holding the Negro's life together
and therefore the minister's words
are not taken lightly. -
When a minister, whose face
is as familiar to a family as theirs
are to each other, urges that mod-
eration and negotiation are the
correct solution and that any other
course of action will lead back-
wards rather than forwards why
has the family any reason to dis-
believe him. It would not occur to
them to attribute any motive oth-
er than interest in their well being
to his advice.
PEOPLE WHO HAVE barely
enough money to feed and clothe
their children are not versed in
the anxieties and wories brought
on by the fight to preserve middle
class income and a middle class
social standing. They have nothing
to preserve, nothing to lose. Why
then should they suspect that per-
haps the well meaning clergy
might have colored their advice
with a little concern for the re-
tention of their own position. On
the other hand, why shouldn't the
minister who has finally managed
to establish a sizable parish hesi-
tate to lose it by advocating that

sit-ins, and kneel-ins will work to
advance the cause of freedom. He
is angered by the ministers who
urge their congregations to fol-
low the slow road of negotiation.
He claims they are not being true
to their people.
"This is a black brother, and I
was planning to worship in your
church this morning with a white
friend of mine," he drawled slow-
ly into the telephone to the First
Presbyterian Church last Sunday
morning. There was a long period
of silence while Wells murmured
politely. Then grinning he hung
up and said, "I guess we won't
worship at that Presbyterian
church." He and two Negro girls
and his white friend, a law student

difficulty of bringing up a fam-
ily under anywhere near normal
conditions. Those that remain
have little work to spend their
time on. A number of gangs have
sprung up in an effort to combat
the restlessness the boys feel. They
are not just friendly clubs for
poker games and trips to the
swimming hole.
Eddie Brown, an influential
gang leader, walks around with a
shotgun over his shoulder at night.
The scars on his hands testify to
numerous knife fights. It's not just
a pose either. Eddie and his boys
have on occasion served as body
guards for SNCC workers and if
there is police harrassment dur-
ing a mass meeting silent guards
will be posted around the building.
The boys in the gang and espe-
cially the leaders know every bit
of gossip that is going on in town
(in Harlem that is). They know
who did what, when and why. A
word to Eddie will return -in a
few days time, a tape recorder, for
example, stolen from the SNCC of--
fice.
** *
THE BOYS in the gang are not
children and they suffer acute an-
guish watching Pritchett push
their fellow workers or their peo-
ple around. They would like noth-
ing better than to use some of the
hardware they carry around with
them. The day that they may do so
seems to be coming closer and
closer. The Negro's patience is be-
coming extremely strained.
The Negro families in Albany
seem to be for the most part com-
mitted to the movement. The Al-
bany Movement was founded in
November of 1961 by a coalition of
the colored ministerial alliance,
SNCC, National Association for the
Advancement of Colored People,
and other Negro organizations. It
grew from there until today every-
one in Albany speaks of being eith-
er for or against the movement.
Although most families support
it verbally, here again it is hard
to tell whether they actually un-
derstand what a: commitment to
the movement means in terms of
its ramifications, not only on the
white community in Albany but on
white communities all across the
nation.
PERHAPS it doesn't make any
difference whether or not there
is an understanding of the total
picture. The things that are be-
ing done have to be done, and as
long as they continue to be done
equality is one small step closer.
On the other hand, if the Negro
community in Albany could be
made to see the tremendous power
they have at their disposal, if they
chose to utilize it, so much more
could be hoped for. It is hard to
lift events out of their personal
contexts and make them seem rele-
vant on a larger scale but in some
instances it is necessary.
It is not just going to a mass
meeting or taking part in a dem-
onstration. The mass meeting and
the demonstration are going on in
other places. There are others

ALBANY NEGRO
... nameless

working for C. B. King, the one
Negro lawyer in Albany, were ask-
ed to leave another Presbyterian
church in town later in the morn-
ing.
* * *
WHICH WAY does the Negro
choose. What will his choice mean.
What are the choices. These are
the questions few are even able to
ask let alone answer.
There is another more volatile
controversy tearing the younger
Negro in half. College age boys in
Albany have nothing to do. Few of
them can afford to attend colleges
outside the state and Albany State
College, a Negro college, is not a
very high caliber school. The stu-
dent government was disbanded
two years ago on the grounds that
"other schools across the country
are getting along without one so
we can too." This from a girl who
was permanently suspended from
the school because she took part
in anti-segregation demonstra-
tions. Several other students have
been either permanently or tem-
porarily suspended. The college's
administration will tolerate no
initiative on the part of the ,stu-
dent body and does its best to pre-
vent any discussion or action on
the part of the students in any
area even remotely connected with
civil rights.
If the Negro does not go here
he can apply to either Spelman

M *

Cold Lie

r

I'-~- -.5- 3

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