Seventy-T bird Year
EDrrED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTs OF THE UiYErsrr OF MICHIGAN
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Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints. A
AY, AUGUST 10, 1963
NIGHT EDITOR: H. NEIL BERKSON
RomneyE conomy Drive
Deserts Michigan Needs
GOV. GEORGE ROMNEY has apparently
sold out the needs of Michigan and his
campaign promises. His startling announce-
ment Thursday that he will hold spending to
$580 million next year and his indications today
that he will not ask for an income tax in his
fiscal reform program may well draw cheers
from conservative, narrow-minded legislators,
but only can bring dismay to supporters of
vital state services.
Romney yesterday promised a budget which
his comptroller only a month ago said was
impossible without deep cuts in necessarily-
rowirl g state services, particularly mental
health and higher education. Even so, the $610
million budget was a minimal one, designed to
meet expected obligations, increasing services
slightly only to meet population pressures.
NOW TIE GOVERNOR claims he can pre-
sent a budget that Is 'possibly$30 million
cheaper. This will meet revenue expectations
without fiscal reforms or a changed structure
designed to bring in new revenue.
Further, it was reported yesterday that Rom-
ney is not going to ask for state income tax,
but only request that the Legislature lay the
ground rules on local option income taxes.
How is he going to maintain a dynamic,
growing state the voters elected him to expand
and still keep the state budget down?
What became of his promises for a reformed
tax structure, easing burdens on small business
and distributing the tax burden more evenly
and flexibly through an income tax?
What happened to Romney's eight plans for
fiscal reform that the state has been studying
so carefully these two months?,
ALL SEEMS LOST at the first sign of crisis
in the GOP ranks.
Comptroller Glenn Allen, Jr.'s budget is a
model of austerity. It covers only existing pro-
grams and slight increases to meet population
pressures in mental health and higher educa-
tion. It also figures in funding provisions of
the new constitution that require an added $17
million in state spending.
Romney, after first including this $17 million
in the original cut has conceded to the new
document and now is talking of a $580 general
fund budget and the $17 million--a total of
E $13 MILLION minimum can easily be
cut from higher education and mental
health, Allen points out. Further, programs like
traffic safety improvements could be postponed.
The governor also claims that $10 million
can be saved by more efficient state operation.
Only two months ago he declared that the only
savings that h Y found he could make when he
came into offi se was abandoning the governor's
limousine for the standard car. Romney has
yet to spell out how the state can save that
money and not cutback services.
Meanwhile, the state muddles through, un-
able to properly meet its duties, especially to
the young. Mental health still remains the
state's most crucial unmet services, getting only
an added $1 million in the Allen austerity bud-
get. Hundreds of mentally disturbed children
are on long waiting lists for state care and
criminally disturbed youths lurk in city streets
as juvenile courts cannot get them committed
to state facilities. The Boys Vocational School
at Whitmore Lake had to turn away 25 youths
sent by Detroit Judge James Lincoln last April.
HIGHER EDUCATION, desparately needed in
varying manners if today's youths are to
succeed, also goes untended. The University'is
experiencing a sharp increase in applications.
So are other state-supported institutions. Jun-
ior colleges are not growing fast enough to
train future technicians and give some limited
Traffic safety is becoming an increasing
state concern as the traffic death toll reaches
new heights. Some action has to be taken to
stem this useless killing.'
Romney has even seemed to have abandoned
his fiscal reform goal of creating a flexiblestax
structure in favor of aiding local government.
He has maintained his desire to stimulate
economic growth and ease burdens on lower
income groups, but without a flexible tax struc-
ture, the other two goals are nearly impossible
WHAT HAS CAUSED this tragic retreat?
Apparently, "Many Republican legislators
had warned him against a state income tax
and some had criticized him for not trying
hard enough to economize. Insiders say Rom-
ney 'got the message' recently," as one press
dispatch puts it.
Yet, when the opposition seemed much
stronger and Republicans did not have their
current executive-legislative unity, an income
tax-based, fiscal reform program nearly passed
the Senate. Moderate senators have been added
this year, seemingly making the job easier.
Exercising his vaunted leadership, Romney
could make a strong stand for a good fiscal
reform program and get it passed. The manner
in which he rode roughshod over the House
leadership to ' pass the Olympic bills shows
that Romney has the strength to get the job
done. Basic Democratic support for an income
tax makes passage easier.
But Romney seems to have chosen the path
of retreat and half-hearted measures. Fortu-
nately, it is not too late for no. definitive com-
mitment can be made until a specific tax
program is spelled out. Romney still has the
chance to prove whether he is a gallent warrior
or a noisy fraud.
VOA CONTROVERSY- *
I fian Democracy Challenged__"_"-- ". }}
STRATFORD, .Ont.-The plan-
ners of the Stratford Festival,
always careful t6 include one com-
edy in each season's Shakespeare
repertoire, decided last year to re-
peat "The Taming of the Shrew"
(given previously in 1954) rather
than attempt either "The Comedy
of Errors" of "The Two Gentle-
men of Verona," the only two
comedies not yet performed at the
Ontario theatre. This year, with
renewed courage, Stratford has
tackled "The Comedy of Errors,"
Shakespeare's slightest play,
"The Comedy of Errors" concerns
two Syracusans, Antipholus and
Dromio, who arrive in Ephesus and
are mistaken for their identical
twins, Antipholus and Dromio of
Ephesus. The confusion of iden-
tities is very nearly the whole
play; both confusion and play are
resolved only when the twins Anti-
pholus are brought together and
reunited with their long-lost fa-
ther and mother.
As might be expected of a play
that dwells for two hours on a
case of mistaken identity, the hu-
mor tends to be broad and the
play readily lends itself to staging
as- a farce.
THE STRATFORD production,
as directed by Jean Gascon, is a
very busy farce that usese ele-
ments- of commedia dell'arte to
heighten both the action and the
artificiality of the comedy. A band
of punchinellos armed with clap-
pers that serve as paddles and
noisemakers often aidordapplaud
the action; the Dromios, masked
like the majority of players, ar-
rive and depart with speed, stand
and speak in on-foot-forward,
toe-in-the-air attitudes, and shift
their feet in quick, dance-like
Director Gascon has also created
an unusually large amount of stage
"business" for minor characters.
Throughout the long first-act nar-
rative of old Aegeon (father of the
twins Antipholus), the local of-
ficials are conspicuous in moving
about, adjusting their chairs, tak-
ing notes and, aided by the punch-,
inellos, frequently interrupting the
old man's ramblings.
In a later scene, one of the
merchants, who walks as if both
knees were out of joint, walks
during every line he speaks. And
when no other business is under
way, an actor may arrive early for
the next scene, stand at the side
of the stage and adjust his mask
or juggle a stage property.
As for the Shakespeare text,
which moves right along under
cover of all the visual effects,
some of the lines are simply
thrown away by the actors while
others are rearranged to suit the
mood of fast-played farce. The
two long speeches of Luciana and
Antipholus of Syracuse that begin
Act III, Scene 2, are chopped up
into dialogue; the last lines of.
Antipholus speech are set to mu-
sic and sung by him at intervals
later in the scene.
The acting throughout "The
Comedy of Errors," is generally
production, lacking in the real
strong but, given the terms of the
depth one finds in nearly all Strat-
ford's stagings of Shakespeare.
Nevertheless, it is in quality of
acting, and in the ability to de-
liver Shakespeare with authority,
that the Ontario production clear-
ly bests the current Stratford,
play, an even noisier production
Connecticut, staging of the same
that also makes use of commedia
dell'arte conventions (including
punchinellos with paddles).
* * *a
KATE REID and Martha Henry,
as Adriana and Luciana, appear t
stand above the sea of confusio:
perhaps because they are the on]
major characters who do not wea
masks that submerge their ides
titles. The roles of the twins An
tipholus and Dromio are take
by James Douglas and Petb
Donat, and Eric Christmas at
Douglas. Rain, all of them in
mensely capable actors.
But the attention of the at
dience is continually drawn
those in gratesque character rol(
who have little to say and lots 1
do: William Needles as the dul
of Ephesus, Hugh Webster as th
quack Pinch, Amelia Hall as tl
kitchen wench Nell, and others, a
heavily masked, painted and cc
tumed (by Robert Prevost at
In all, the production is so fu
of comic invention and activi
that individual reactions to it wl
no doubt differ widely: those pe:
sons seeking an evening's enter
tainment may find the play live
and exciting, but those more fa
miliar with Shakespeare in gener
and Stratford's usually tastef
and creative staging of the con
edies will probabaly find th
year's "The Comedy of Error:
badly overdone and a vulgariza
tion of Stratford's own style.
TH ME NIVRS
* Students who
period are joini
scholars who st
before the 7 p.m
of the "regulars
of history of ar
pictures they ha
hasty perusal t*4
The pressure o
ing degrees, with
who are far be
centage of their
grade, or who
into at least onec
give the stude
size the vast amo
within a semest
and relate in af
to achieve an ovi
waiting until th
courses, as they
sessions to "get
too, makes a f
Relax, It MA Get Better
3ITY'S student population is in scheduling a lengthy study or reading period
which would give students the time to make
have not entered the Under- examinations meaningful.
y since the last examination
ng the -throngs of book-laden BUT FINAL EXAMINATIONS may be at their
ream there at 6:30 to arrive most ridiculous next semester, when the
. throng and to usurp the seats University launches a tri-semester program
." At the same time, students which is expected to become a fixture on the
t are lined up six deep before campus spene.
ave not considered save for a Final examinations will be reduced to two
'o days before the final exami- hours instead of the current three, and a few
students may have to take three finals during
)f examinations is felt in vary- a single, day. The policy represents a turning
a the burden on those students away from the European idea of end-of-year
hind, who shall experience a examinations, which encourages independent
l which represents a high per- scholarship among some students and total
grade, sometimes the whole neglect of studies among others.
have an especially charged There are two sides to the question. There
edule. Almost every student fits is something to be said for a system that em-
of the categories. phasizes finals, and thus makes great demands
on the individual initiative of students. The
examinations are intended to "do-or-die" final, however, presupposes a high-
ent an opportunity to synthe- ly mature student population, and is unfor-
ount of subject matter handled tunately too much to expect from under-
er. While studying for exams, graduates, many of whose high school exper-
have the opportunity to review iences have been generally mediocre.
fairly relaxed manner in order - On the other hand, a system with no finals
'erall picture of the work they or end-of-semester examinations which are
only as important as hourlies is probably more
e a farce of examinations by fair, as it gives grades on the basis of over-all
.e last minute to attack their performance. Until now, the University has
engage in last-minute cram vacillated between the two systems, and exam-
that grade." The University, inations policies have varied considerably from
arce of examinations by not department to department.
However, the University has apparently de-
cided to turn toward the more flexible system.
The decision is debatable and philosophers of
education will continue the endless discussion
of the validity of the final examination. But
Editorial Staff because the decision has been made and the
.................... ....Co-Editor policy established, students and their profes-
.................... Co-Editor sors must work toward a de-emphasis of the
......C.... o-Sports Editor
............. Co-Sports Editor final, and an emphasis on work during the
I ....................Night Editor semester.
By DEB DAS
of the University of Washington
THE SUDDEN CONTROVERSY
that appears to have flared up
in India over relaying Voice of.
America broadcasts from Calcutta
is clear proof-if proof was ever
needed--of the problems created
by the principle of free speech.
In its first flush of enthusiasm,
the Indian government had agreed
country in the Asian mainland
which has been able to sustain and
improve its democratic founda-
tions since independence without
threat of military dictatorship or.
AT THE CAMPUS:
"A GAME FOR Six Lovers," cur-
rently playing at the Campus
Theater, is a rather intriguing
film-and a "sleeper" it seems to
me, whose chief merit is a per-
vading lack of pretense about sex.
Six people: a pair of ex-lovers
(Miguel and Milena), a pair of
present lovers (Fifine and Robert(
and a pair of lovers-to-be (Cesar
and Prudence) become involved
in an elaborate game of free love.'
Musical chairs, so to speak, but
rather from the French word
"chair"s meaning flesh.
The event that brings the three
couples into this promiscuous con-
fluence is a conventional one: tie
reading of a dead woman's last
will and testament.
* * * .
AS A DEVICE, its use is crude
yet forgiveable. In fact it forces
the movie to keep extremely well
within the classical unities of time
and place-a set of conditions,
that is known to lend itself re-
luctantly to the fluid, facile art
of the cinema. But director
Jacques Doniol-Valcroze has ap-
proached his problem well. The
abundance ofzoom shots and
travelling shots in the film helps
turn our attention away from con-
fining time-space limits, and to-
ward the more intimate dimen-
sions of plot and character.
Noteworthy is the portrait of
of the sensually pompous cook
Cesar, whose traits are naturally
exaggerated for comic purposes
but never excessively so. The non-
comic pieces of acting are han-
dled in uninspired but faultless
fashion. And when all three of
the newly-formed couples are
frolicking in bed, there comes a
photographic climax: a swift
smooth tracking shot completely
around the house that is perhaps
orgasmic by nature of its motion
and is at least "embracing."
THE PICTURE ends on a
phrase-someone must lose in any
For once the short subjects that
were on view were also good. A
to let the United States construct
a two-million dollar transmitter in
Calcutta in return for four hours
of VOA broadcasting daily (mainly
to South East Asia) for a period of
five years. Now 'it, appears that
Indian opinion is not giving the
government easy passage over the
issue. The Communist Party is
crying imperialist wolf; the right-
wing Jan Sangh and the Socialists
have found it expedient to unite
on the principle of national in-
tegrity, and even the Freedom
Party, traditionally and hard-
headedly anti - Communist and
radical pro-Western, is abstaining
from commitment while it takes a
long hard look.
With the-ruling Congress Party
The Menonist left is wavering in
itself, things are not too serene.
its support of the Nehrunian cen-
ter; it is only the somewhat am-
biguous- but tough Desai-Chaven
right wing that seems to have ral-
lied forces (for its own reasons)
behind the official "Nehru" policy
--there are strong reasons to be-
lieve that they, and not Nehru,
were the active agents behind the
agreement in the first place.
THE ISSUE has become some-
thing of a hot potato in Indian
democracy; nobody wants to take
the responsibility for shelving it,
but everyone would be happy if it
was temporarily forgotten.
Why all this fuss over a radio
station-or, to put it more accur-
ately, an extension to already
existing radio facilities?
At the cost of taking a lot of
spice and action out of political
reportage, All-India Radio has re-
mained severely and colorlessly
non-partisan. It reported political
conventions, election results, plat-
forms, without any emotional
tremor; it leaned over backwards
not to mention Congress Party
policy; and the awkwardness with
which it would have to report of-
ficial acts of "Prime Minister Ne-
hru"' (which was news, after all)
was obvious to sensitive listeners.
THE SHORTCOMINGS of such
an approach to politics is obvious.
But its merits must not be for-
gotten. That India, the world's
largest democracy, is also the only
THE ANCIENTS who wished to
Tillustrate illustrious v i rt ue
throughout the empire, first or-
dered well their own states. Wish-
ing to order well their states, they
first regulated their families.
Wishing to regulate their families,
they first cultivated their persons.
Wishing to cultivate their persons,
they first rectified their hearts.
Wishing to rectify their hearts,
they first sought to be sincere in
their thoughts. Wishing to be sin-
cere in their thoughts, they first
extended to the utmost their
knowledge. Such extension of
knowledge lay in the investigation
major subversion is a fact-though
this is often ignored by Americans.
What must not be forgotten is
that the neutralization of radio,
often used as a means to influence
public opinion towards totalitarian
thinking in underdeveloped coun-
tries, may have contributed sub-
stantially towards/ this result. All,
the way in Asia, from Turkey to
Viet Nam radio is an exclusive
ideological weapon in government
hands. And-all the way-demo-
cracy has faltered, was threatened,
or- has been overthrown. It is not
difficult for an Indian (of what-
ever political viewpoint) to make
the necessary syllogism, and to
convert it to a premise for action.
There are many questions that
a responsible Indian will want
answered, whatever his sympathies
for the free world, before he is
prepared to decide on the question.
Why was the project kept under
wraps until the agreement was all
but initialled-why did the Indian
government not make an advance
effort to prepare and educate In-
dian opinion? What safeguards
are being taken to ensure that the
traditional control of a country
over its own public media will not
be surrendered to another power,
however friendly? India, for all
its newly-discovered basis of true
alliance with the free world, has
its own democracy to protect. An
effort should have been made, on
the part of the Indian government
if by no other party, to ensure
that proper appreciation of this
principle was maintained.
To the Editor:
THE PLANS for possible future
.expansionof the University are
especially appealing in their design
for beautiful and functional walk-
ways. In view of the present dis-
heveled conditions of the grounds,
it is refreshing to think of plazas
with fountains, grottos, esthetic
bridges, and that "crescent of con-
tinuous campus green."
I would like to add a suggestion
concerning a rather serious omis-
sion in the planned walkways. In
making their surveys, the John-
son, Johnson and Roy people ap-
parently did not venture on Thay-
er St. between classes, for this
great tide of traffic is entirely
overlooked in their master plan
for walkways. This is a most
pressing problem at present and
shows no sign of being alleviated
under the plans for expansion.
Part of the problem is made all
too clear by the firm path worn
across the lawn from North Uni-
versity St. to the Diag, a message
which the summer sidewalk pro-
gram entirely ignored.
Ideally, the block of Thayer St.
between Washington and North
University Streets should be clos-
ed to vehicular traffic entirely
and converted to one of those tree-
shaded, lawn-bordered walkways,
but the presence of a parking
structure and a hotel obviously
preclude that sort of arrange-
ment. I would like to suggest, as
an alternative, that no parking be
allowed on the street. This would
make it feasible to narrow the
street and widen the sidewalk so
that it can accommodate the mul'
titude of students who must rush
between classrooms in the Frieze
Bldg. and those in the Angell-
Mason-Natural Science Bldg. com-
It would also make life easier for
both pedestrians and cyclists if a
special lane could be set aside
just for bicycles.
-Mrs. U. R. Freimarek
PHILIP BUTIN ...
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