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August 07, 1963 - Image 3

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X AUGUST 7, 1963

THE MICHIGAN DAILY

PAM TnAEF,

V, AUGUST 7, 1963 THE MICHTEAN flATLY PAr~V TUUIK~

S.AJ *S1ann flj

7A

±rench Students Picket for More Funds
rom Government to State Universities

From the Student Mirror
PARIS-Pickets guard the en-
trance to the Sorbonne. There
are no grim faces, but friendly
smiles. It would, be quite point-
less to try and act as a strike-
breaker, for not only the stu-
dents but also the professors are
on strike. And that is not only
at the Faculte des Lettres, but
also at all the other faculties and
colleges of the capital as well a$
the most of the provincial uni-
versities. During the afternoon
there is a gathering of some
three thousand students and a
considerable number of profes-
sors, some of them wearing their
gowns, in the court-yard of the
Sorbonne. Mindful of the excess
which took place at the begin-
ning of March, the police had
already cordoned off the whole
area an hour before the start
of the rally--for every student
there was at least one copper on
duty. A helicopter circled above
the Quartier Latin. But thistime
, the whole operation proves to be
unnecessary. In contrast to the
noisy demonstration of sympa-
thy for the mine-workers, this
new rally runs its course calmly
and with the necessary serious-
ness.
What is it all about?
Its purpose was to draw the at-
tention of the government once
again to urgent needs of French
universities and colleges. Today
they comprise 300,000 students --
by 1970 it will already be 700,000.
If nothing happens, the situa-
tion will be catastrophic in a few
years' time, as far as lecture halls,
laboratories, and also lodgings and
university restaurants are con-
cerned.
More Building
It is not that nothing is happen-
ing-everybody who has seen- the
buildings which have been erect-
ed in Paris for students during
the last few years can convince
himself of the contrary. But the
situation is threatening to get out
of hand.
The forecasts which had led to
the setting up of the "4me Plan"
for the universities have already
been overtaken by reality. Part
of the credit provided for in the
plan was only granted to an extent
of 50 per cent; but the best thing
is that no use at all was made of
these credits!

Thus, for instance, only 50 per
cent of the credit amounts award-
ed for the Oeuvres Universitaries
(restaurants, student towns, etc.)
in 1961 were used.
More Rooms
In Paris (80,000 students) last
year, 50 rooms in all were built for
students with the help of state
money. The 25,000 students in the
Faculte des Lettres have at their
disposal just on 800 places in the
Sorbonne library. The present-day
buildings of this honorable insti-
tution were erected during the
1890's for 4000-5000 students (at
that time the girl students, who
make up the vast majority at the
Faculte des Lettres today, had not
yet appeared on the scene).
As far as the accommodation
problem is concerned, it has been
worked out that, if the construc-
tion of student lodgings continues
at its present "tempo," there will
be 40,000-50,000 students without
a roof over their heads in five
years' time.
'Trade-Unionism'
The facts and figures are not
intended as an accusation against
France; they are merely the back-
ground against which the French
students' demands must be seen.
Thus in France today, no one seri-
ously disputes the spirit of "trade-
unionism" among the student
movement any longer-even the
extreme right-wing circles admit
its justification. The unanimity
shown during the strige of April
25, and especially the participation
in it by the professors, has proved
the seriousness of the students' re-
quests.
Despite this basic agreement,
anything but unity exists among
the French student body. On the
contrary, the variances are re-
flected in almost all of the total
political color scale of the 5th Re-
public, namely from left to right-
-Extreme left: the Union des
Etudiants Communistes (UEC);
the number of members is difficut
to establish;
-"Moderate left": the Union
Nationale des Etudiants de France
(UNEF), with 80,000 members the
largest and at the same time the
oldest French student movement
(since 1907); trade union struc-
ture; in the "Charte de Grenoble"
of 1946 it defined the student as
the "young intellectual worker";
--"Center": the "Federation Na-
tional des Etudiants de France"
a -w ~ r

(FNEF); arose out of the confu-
sion of the April revolt in 1961 as
a "non-political" movement; in
the 2 years of its existence, the
FNEF has mustered around it 50,-
000 students and has thus become
a serious competitive organization
for the UNEF;
-Right-wing: "Etudiants de la
Restauration Nationale": conserv-
ative; visible inclination towards
the ideal of trone-et-autel; more of
folk-lore significance;
-Extreme right: the "Fdra-
tion des Etudiants Nationalistes"
(FEN); a kind of student offshoot
of the OAS and, like it, secret; it
compensates its scanty stock of
members (estimated at about 5,-
000) by the daubing of walls.
If we disregard the extreme
right-wing organizations which are
not to be taken seriously, there
remain the three first-named un-
ions which more or less correspond
to the three large political "fam-
ilies" making up the France of
today although, apart from the
case of the Communists, there are
no official connections between the
student organizations and the par-
ties.
On the other hand the UNEF,
in complete contrast to Guy Mol-
let's Socialists, does not fight shy
of workin gtogether with the Com-
munists. It demonstrated this atti-
tude by admitting three supporters
of the UEC into its bureau at its
most recent congress in Dijon at
the beginning of April.
No Politics
And finally the FNEF, which
was constituted in 1961 with the
assistance of the government, has
since then fittingly emancipated
itself and it does not, for its part,
fight shy of taking a stand against
the government whenever this is
necessary. Only it does not do this
systematically like the UNEF
which, even after the conclusion of
the Algerian war, has not aband-
oned its opposition to the govern-
ment so that the Gaulle-ist paper
"La Nation" complained after the
UNEF congress " . . aucune en-
tente n'est, semble-t-il, possible
entre la Ve Republique et 'UNEF,"
to which the UNEF president
proudly replied: ". . . donc tout
syndicalisme est incompatible avec
elle, puisque P'UNEF est une des
branches du mouvement syndical
francais!"
Nevertheless, the relationships
appear to be getting better: for
several months now, the UNEF
has been receiving its subsidies
again (these had been suspended
by the state because of the Union's
attitude towards the Algerian war)
and only recently a UNEF delega-
tion was received by the minister
of education, Christien Fouchet.
Fast Work
In the midst of the present-
day polemics, one should not for-
get all the work which has been
done by the UNEF in the past:
before World War II it was al-
ready helping to found numerous
Oeuvres Universitaires and until
1955 it played an active part itself
in their management. The fact
that every student today is able
to have a thoroughly reasonable
meal for 1,20 NF (30 cents) in the
2apital's 20 restaurants universi-
taires is to a large extent the re-
sult of good work by the UNEF
Although it did not make an ap-
pearance as an organization dur-
ing World War II, it was in fact
the students who paid the biggest
toll of blood among all sections
of the population during the Re-
sistance. This procured for them,
and thus for the UNEF, great po-
litical importance after the Libra-
tion and during the whole of the
4th Republic.
Aid Students
The parties, and in particular
the left, took up their requests. As
early as 1948 the UNEF achieved
the extension of the Scurit So-
ciale to all students, and in the
middle of the 1950's it attained
further essential improvements in
the material situation of the stu-

dent, especially under the govern-
ments -of Pierre Mendes France
and Mollet whose sympathy it en-
joyed. The demand for a study
salary which had been raised ever
since 1946 was not however fulfill-
ed although several bills went as
far as the National Assembly.
But then the Algerian war be-
gan to overshadow the political
scene. With it the UNEF began to
take on a political character which
in the end led to a break with the
government when in 1956 the stu-
dent union came out openly in fa-
vor of the FLN and maintainedj
lively contacts with the Algerian j
student movement UGEMA which
was forbidden in France.

It was understandable that many
of its members found themselves
unable to declare their agreement
with this policy. In 1957, 17 mem-
ber unions of the UNEF broke
away and founded a new move-
ment with the name of "Mouve-
ment Etudiants de France" (MEF).
However, after May 13, 1948, this
"non-political" wing re-joined the
UNEF.
The situation after the second
revolt in Algiers in April, 1961 was,
different. At that time, the UNEF
went in for "anti-Fascism" to such
an extent that many students once
again felt the need for a non-
political movement. The result was,
as already mentioned, the founda-
tion of the FNEF. It immediately
began to receive the credits which
had formerly been allocated to the
UNEF. The cadres had already
been in existence before the 1957
"rebellion," and a short time later
the movement already had a mem-
bership approaching that of to-
day. Among them, of course, there
were also many members of the
"Algerie francaise" (including to-
day's president), but the FNEF
remained true to its non-political
basic principle and today the Al-
gerian question no longer has any
significance, at least not among
the student body.. .

Morse Notes
Value Conflict
In Learning
Students often encounter a con-
flict in values: where schools ex-
pect them to work, American cul-
ture recommends they "enjoy life,"
Prof. William C. Morse of the edu-
cation school said.
"The conflict results in poor
attitudestoward learning."
Parents' attitude toward disci-
pline has also changed. "Now par-
ents are worried they're going to
hurt the child. Their method,
therefore, is to talk," Prof. Morse
said.
No Strong Authority
Since parents no longer present
as strong a source of authority,
students look for this more on the
"peer level" today, Prof. Morse ex-
plained.
This strong peer influence cre-
ates a problem for teachers. Prof.
Morse maintains they must have
authority to deal with "symbols of
defiance," such as non-conforming
clothes and haircuts, before they
reach the whole class.
Some advocates of corporal pun-
ishment have claimed that juve-
nile delinquency increases when
discipline is too lax. Delinquency
does tend to rise when discipline
is inadequate but it also increases
when control is too harsh. The im-
portant thing is for discipline to
follow a pattern, Prof. Morse said.

HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS:
Michigan Governors Donate Documents

Personal papers of a number of
outstanding Michigan political fig-
ures have been added to the Uni-
versity's Historical Collections this
year.
F. Clever Bald, director, said two
important collections were received
dealing with the career of Sena-
tor Arthur H. Vandenberg. These
include 54 items of correspondence
of Senator and Mrs. Vandenberg
with A. Brooks Smith, 1932-51, 29
volumes of scrapbooks on the sen-
ator's career and correspondence
with him collected by Ralph H.
Smith.
Of great importance are the pa-
pers of John B. Swainson, Bald
said. These 170 feet of records for
the years 1954-63 contain his cor-
respondence, speeches, notes and
other papers covering his career as
state senator, 1955-58, lieutenant
governor, 1959-60, and governor,
1961-62. These papers are not yet
open for research.
Personal Papers
The Historical Collections is now
the depository of personal papers
of some 20 Michigan governors.
Two former chairmen of the
state Republican party deposited
collections of their personal pa-
pers: Lawrence B. Linderiner gave
one box of papers covering the
years 1957-61, and Mrs. Owen J.
Cleary contributed 10 feet and two

volumes of her husband's papers
dealing with his service as secre-
tary of state, as Republican party,
chairman, and as an educator for
the years 1945-59.
Former Ann Arbor Mayor Wil-
liam E. Brown gave his personal
papers for the years 1945-62.
19th Century Politics
A collection throwing light on
19th Century Michigan politics are

Four volumes of scrapbooks of
the late Willard J. Maxey were al-
so received, dealing with his serv-
ice as director of Michigan De-
partment of Public Welfare.
Additions
Several important additions were
made to already established collec-
tions of political figures. These in-
clude two Charles M. Ziegler scrap-
books, 12 boxes of Representative
Martha W. Griffiths' papers, 15
boxes of Representative Neil Stae-
bler's papers, four boxes of G. Men-
nen Williams' papers, and addi-
tional files of correspondence of
Frank Murphy.
Papers of figures like Vanden-
berg and Swainson are kept intact
in the historical collections for
use by researchers doing work on
PhDs or writing articles or books.
The historical collections, located
in the basement of the Rackham
Bldg., operates as a non-circulat-
ing library.

I

Across
Campus

JOHN B. SWAINSON
... correspondence

r~i" :""~t"-"" : "r "" ~~t.V"}:R " ":"JJ" """, "AtJ:"r -.~ rA~"1:rt"" .VMR"RrNY""R Y .1
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ENDING TODAY *
~FLIPPER" and
"Tom and Jerry
Festival of Fun"

The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of The Univer-
sity of Michigan for which The
Michigan Daily assumes no editorial
responsibility. Notices should be
sent in TYPEWRITTEN form to
Room 3564 Administration Building
before 2 p.m. two days preceding
publication.
WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 7
General Notices
Attention August Graduates: College
of Lit., Science, and the Arts, School
of Education. School of Music, School
of Public Health, School of Business
Admin. Students are advised not to re-
quest grades of I or X in Aug. When
such grades are absolutely imperative,
the work must be made up in time to
allow your instructor to report the
makeup grade not later than 11 a.m.,
Aug. 21. Grades received after that time
may defer the student's graduation un-
til a later date.
Recommendations for Departmental
Honors: Teaching depts. wishing to
recommend tentative Aug. grads from
the College of Lit., Science and the
Arts, for honors or high honors should
recommend such students by forward-
ing a letter (in two copies; one copy
for Honors Council, one copy for the
Office of Registration and Records) to
the Director, Honors Council, 1210 An-
gell Hall, by 3:00 p.m., Tues., Aug. 20,
1963.
Teaching depts. in the School of Edu-
cation should forward letters directly
to the Office of Registration and Rec-
ords, Room 1513 Admin. Bldg., by 11:00
a.m., Wed., Aug. 22, 1963.
student Government Council Approval
of the following student-sponsored ac-
tivities becomes effective 24 hours after
the publication of ! this notice. All pub-
licity for these events must be withheld
until the approval has become effective.
U. of M. Friends of SNCC, Freedom
Jazz Festival, Aug. 9; Ann Arbor Free-
dom Rally, Aug. 28.
Voice Political Party, Voice Retreat,
Sept. 13-15.
Day Calendar
8:30 a.m.-American Institute of CPA
Staff Training Program-Mich. Union.
4:10 p.m.-1963 Summer Session Spe-
cial Lecture Series, "Where We Stand:
A Review of the American Position on
Critical Issues-Oscar Handlin, Prof. of
History and Director, Center for the
Study of the History of Liberty in
America, Harvard Univ., "The Meaning
of Freedom": Aud. A, Angell Hall.
4:10 p.m.-CIC Far Eastern Language
Institute Lecture-Prof. Frits Vos, Lei-
den Univ., "Korean Literature": Aud.
B, Angell Hall.
8:00 p.m.-Dept. of Speech University
Players Summer Playbill - School of
Music Opera Dept., Josef Blatt, conduc-
ORGANIZATION
NOTICES
German Club, Coffee Hour, Aug. 7,
10-12 a.m., 2-4 p.m., 4072 FB. German
Conversation, Music, Singing, Refresh-
ments. Herzlich Willkommen!
* * *
Mich. Christian Fellowship, Aug. 7,
7:30 p.m., Union, 2nd Fl. Terrace. Speak-
er: William Hoover. Social to follow.
Univ. Lutheran Chapel, Book Review:
"That the World May Believe," by Hans
Kueng, Aug. 7, 9 p.m., 1511 Washtenaw.
Midweek Devotion at 10 p.m.
* 4 w
U. of M. Friends of SNCC, Freedom
Jazz Festival-A.A. Jazz Quartet and
others, Aug. 9, 8 p.m., Newman Center,
331 Thompson; A.A. Freedom Rally,
Speech by John Lewis, chairman of
SNCC, Aug. 26.

tor, Puccini's "Madame Butterfly":
Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre.
8:30 p.m.-School of Music Concert-
Stanley Quartet: Hill Aud.
Opening Tonight at 8:00 p.m.--The
U-M Players present the Opera Dept.,
School of Music in an English transla-
tion of Puccini's "Madame Butterfly."
Performances through Saturday night
in the air-conditioned Lydia Mendel-
ssohn Theatre. Box office 12:30-8 daily.
Tickets $1.75, 1.25; Fri. & Sat. 25c more.
Doctoral Examination for Edward
Russell Lady, Mechanical Engineering;
thesis: "Low Heat - Flux Boiling,"
Wednesday, Aug. 7, 2146 Fluids Engi-
neering Bldg., North Campus, at '3:00
p.m. Chairman, J. A. Clark.
Doctoral Examination for Robert
Frederic Lawson, Education; thesis:
"Reform of the West German School
System, 1945-1962," Wed., Aug. 7, 4024
University High School, at 4:00 p.m.
Chairman, C. A. Eggertsen.
Placement
POSITION OPENINGS:
Sun Oil Co., Philadephia, Pa.-Tech-
nical openings: Chemists; CE; ME; EE;
Research Microbiology; Applied Plant
Physiology; Product Dev.; Product
Planning; Tech. Economics; Commer-
cial Dev. (Mkt. Dev.); & Design Engi-
neering Non-Technical openings: Eco-
nomic Planning-MA Business or Fi-
nance-no exper.; Computer Program-
ming-BA or MS Math-2 yrs. exper.;
Mathematician-Op. Res.-BS or MS
Math plus Business course-no exper.;
Architecture-BA Arch., no exper.; Wage
& Salary Admin.-BE Bus Ad., Person-
nel Ad., etc.-5-10 yrs. exper.; Motor
Product Sales-any BA-sales bkgd. or
aptitude.
Rohm & Haas Co., Philadelphia, Pa.-
Various openings for the following:
BS/MS Chem.; BS/MS Chemical Engi-
neers; and BS Mechanical Engnr.
Library of Congress-Many openings
including: Cataloger (music); Cataloger
(arts); Editor-Trainee & Information
Clerk for Copyright Office; Searcher-
Cataloger for Descriptive Cataloging
Div.; Asst. Head, European Exchange,
Sect, for Exchange & Gift Div.; Libra-
rian for Map Div. (Atlas Cataloger);
Bibliographer for Science and Tech.
Div.; Slavic Reference Librarian for
Slavic & Central European Div.
Aetna Portland Cement Co., Bay City
Mich.-Seeking Plant Engineer. Prefer
Mining, Mech. or Electrical Engineer
with 1-5 yrs. exper., preferably in en-
gineering, operations, or maintenance.
United States Sugar Corp., Clewiston,
Fla.-Immediate opening for Mechan-
ical Engineer. Prefer recent grad with
1-2 yrs. exper., but will also consider
potential graduates from this year's
graduating class. Opening is at the
Bryant Sugar House located on the
outskirts of Pahokee. Good oppor. for
advancement.
Harper Hospital Detroit, Mich. - 1.
Executive Secreatry, woman, no short-
hand required (dictaphone)-age 30-35.
Will be Exec. Sec. to Director. 2. Ad-
ministrative Assistant-man or woman,
to manage Out-Patient Dept. Must
have ability to deal with hospital per-
sonnel as well as patients and their
families. Degree in Sociology or Welfare
blgd. helpful. Some patient referral to

the papers of the Brackley and
Horatio Shaw family. Much of the
correspondence in these papers
concerns the legislative service of
Brackley Shaw.
Eighteen volumes containing the
decisions of Judge George Arthur
Malcolm of the Supreme Court of
the Philippine Islands were con-
tributed by Mrs. Malcolm as the
beginning of a substantial collec-
tion covering his distinguished ca-
reer in the island republic.

Prof. Oscar Handlin of Har-
vard University will speak on "The
Meaning of Freedom" at 4:10 p.m.
today in Aud. A. His talk is last
in the series "Where We Stand: A
Review of the American Position
on Critical Issues."
Stanley Quartet...
The Stanley Quartet will give a
concert of Haydn, Beethoven and
Bartok at 8:30 p.m. today in Hill
Auditorium.
T heology.. .
There will be a discussion on
"Catholic-Protestant Theology" at
8 p.m. today at the Newman Club.

other agencies or clinics involved. Age
30-45 with some exper.
Navy Dept.-Civilian job opportuni-
ties as follows: Engineers (all types);
Librarians; Mathematicians; Digital
Computer Systems Analysts; Chemists;
Technical Editors (Math, Engrg., &
Physics); Physicists; Operations Re-
search Analysts; etc.
Pittsburgh Plate Glass Co., Shelby-
ville, Ind.--Seeking experienced plant
Industrial Engineer (Dept. Head) who
has a strong interest in methods. 3-5
yrs. exper. The factory produces a
variety of Fiber Glass Products.
* * *
For further information, please call
General Div., Bureau of Appointments,
3200 SAB, Ext. 3544.
r d'ctLon in modern 'oornt
DIAL 5-6290
HURRY-LAST DAYS
YOU COULDN'T
ASK FOR
friendlier females
or a funnier picture
a storyif
passion,
bloodshed,
THIS
in fast
that
ITURE
ONLY M
ADULTS

University Players

resent
Opera Dept., School of Music
Puccini s
MADAME
BUTTERFLY

OPENING

TONIG.HT
performances 8 p.m. thru Saturday
in the air-conditioned Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre

r i

IF YOU W
LAUGH..
wildest rio
that everr
way to th

ANT TO
. See the
tof fun
roared its
e screen!
OHNRD

11

in English translation
by Prof. Josef Blatt

~ ..

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