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August 07, 1963 - Image 2

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Michigan Daily, 1963-08-07

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t£Dair jau &ily
Seventy-Third Year
EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
"Where Opinions Are Free STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG., ANN ARBO , MICH., PHONE NO 2-3.241
Truth will revail,
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.
WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 7,1963 NIGHT EDITOR: RUTH HETMANSKI
Protest Response
Betrays Bigoted Minds
MANY OF ANN ARBOR'S finest citizens house in these areas will, of course, run it
watched the march protesting a "token down and dig holes in the front yard; and,
fair housing ordinance," Monday night from since many Negroes have been arrested by the
their porches and front steps. police in the United States, all Negroes are
These people watched and while some were criminals and not to be trusted.
disgusted with the marchers "using children
to achieve their ends others were angered that THIS IS very logical for the person who does
a 130 persons would partake in such a left not think and doesn't want to think about
wing activity, as protesting for equal rights. the contradictions of these statements.
On the one hand, the white says that he
OF THE 35 or so people I spoke to along the doesn't wish to grant equal rights to the
parade path, only two favored the fair Negro because is is poor, illiterate and lives in
housing ordinance. runn down housing and, on the other hand,
One man, sitting on the front porch of his refuses to allow the Negro the opportunity to
old, but well-kept house said that he was all obtain a better job, receive a decent education
for the ordinance. " My home is over a hun- and live outside a slum ghetto.
dred years old and Negroes moving into the City council and the mayor can't be blamed
neighborhood are not going to hurt my pro- for the token ordinance that is now under
perty values." Besides, he figured, "if Negroes consideration. They can't be scorned for their
move into all the neighborhoods, property sham statements in support of equality for
values won't go down. Let them move where- all. The people of Ann Arbor have put these
ever they please." men into office and they are backed up to
The second man had a slightly different the hilt by the people of this bigotted city. In
reason for favoring the ordinance. "We have the words of one home owner, watching the
a neighborhood that is 75 per cent Negro, he demonstration, "whatever they do at city hall
noted. He argued that iwith a strong fair hous- is all right with me." This man had most likely
ing ordinance, his neighborhood could get rid performed his civic duty and voted in the city
ofng nrmbernofhirndpawthem coff onrdelections and now feels that his job is done.
of a number of them and pawn them of f on
others. THE PEOPLE of this city had better wake up
°NEGROES SHOULD have better housing, from their reactionary stupor and realize
but in their own section of town, where that action will have to be taken by them as
thybwould bethaier;ntanodladytownherewell as the people they elect to public office.
they would be happier," an old lady on her Thywl aet elz hteulity ssoe
front prh sid They will have to realize that equat is some-
ront porch saithing that can't be voted on in a referendum.
A man also sitting on his porch with a group The present beliefs of Ann Arbor residents
of his friends and relatives was all for fair' are all too often devoid of intelligent and prac-
housing, but complained that "darkies" tend tical meditation. They all too often run paral-
to run down a nice home and dig holes in the lel to those of Southern segregationists.
front yard. He spoke at some length on this
subject but every once in a While pointed to IN THE SOUTH the elective process has been
examples of Negro families, living a few houses employed to unjustly deny the Negro ade-
away who weren't dirty, who kept their house quate schooling, equal welfare benefits by the
In good condition and who didn't dig holes in states in which they pay taxes, and equal
their front yard. voting rights. The federal government has held
A group of people stood on the sidewalk that such denials are unconstitutional and
opposite the march. When one man was asked gone a long way at striking them down.
about the demonstration he said, "I'm from In Ann Arbor, the residents are thinking
Texas and I can't figure out what those whites along similar lines. Citizens wish to vote on
are doing in that line with those niggers." whether certain people have the right to live
wherever they can afford. They wish to vote
THESE ARE COMMENTS from a Northern on whether certain people have the same rights
city. as the so-called "majority."
These remarks are ignorant, unintelligent These people who now form the majority
and equal the ridiculous tripe that comes out may maintain their views that they have this
of the mouths of Southern diehard segrega- right to vote on equality for all. They may
tionists. block progress toward this goal. But they
Ann Arbor, "the research center of the are on the losing side since discrimination is
midwest," the seat of one of the leading uni- on its legal deathbed. Ann Arbor is not so
versities in the country is also the seat of different from the rest of the country. It is
staunch prejudice and ignorance. not secure from the racial protests and vio-
The Negro is dirty because his skin isn't lence that have been occurring elsewhere.
white; the Negro who can afford to live in a -ANDREW ORLIN
City Bus Service in Trouble

FRANCE:
Peace
Feeler.
By ERIC KELLER
THE Union Nationale des Etu-
diants Francais (UNEF) has
decided at its general meeting to
join the International Union of
Students (IUS) as associate mem-
ber.
This move was made last month
in Paris as UNEF reasoned that
the eastern student representa-
tives had deviated from the forma-
tion of blocks and that numerous
unions from the developing coun-
tries had recently begun to be
members of the IUS. UNEF feels
that the Communist influence on
the IUS has decreased substan-
tially to attract new members from
the developing countries.
UNEF is now a full member of
the International Student Congress
(ISC) which is made up by most
of the student associations from
Western countries, and is at the
same time asociate member of the
IUS. This double association car-
ries several implications of major
importance to other student as-
sociations.
IN 1950, UNEF had left IUS
along with the other Western or-
ganizations. At that time the Com-
munist governments had increas-
ed their pressures on the IUS and
had turned it virtually into a. gov-
ernment-sponsored student group.
The only groups left in the IUS
were the ones from the Eastern
bloc and a few neutralist nations.
The desicion of UNEF to join
IUS must have been prompted by
other interests than just sym-
pathy to the developing countries.
UNEF is the largest French stu-
dent association and its political
leanings are "moderate left." In
the past UNEF has been very ac-
tive in promoting measures which
later on became government poli-
cies. The most important policy
which was advocated by UNEF
long before the French govern-
ment had acted on this point, was
the support of "Algerie alger-
ienne," an independent Algeria.
It may be significant that this
decision was made at this point
of French foreign policy. It is
UNEF's way of indicating that the
to tie itself to the Western stu-
French student body is not willing
dent associations in an alliance
against other (i.e. Eastern) stu-
dent associations.
HOW MUCH of this feeling has
been prompted directly by the
nationalist French policy can
merely be guessed. But this move
may indicate even more than just
the power of "his master's voice."
It may well be that again the
French people will tighten its ties
with Eastern nations in defiance
of the "Anglo-Saxon" pressure on
continental Europe. Such an op-
eration may of course well be
termed a sympathy move to the
developing countries, as the as-
sociation with the IUS seems to
be.
It is in these countries where
this gesture will probably be felt
the most. Already many of these
Afro-Asian countries have student
associations which belong in some
form or another to both ISC and
IUS. As many of the student un-
ions in former French colonies are
modeled exactly after UNEF (e.g.
Algeria), these unions will prob-
ably follow the example of UNEF.
The strongly politically-oriented
UNEF thus may have done a se-
vere disservice to the cause of the
Western student associations.
However, this may also prove that
the IUS and the ISC will have to
cooperate more closely in the fu-
ture than they have during the last
decade. Both will try to serve

their members in the best way and
cooperation will be necessary if
a substantial number of national
student associations will start to
belong to both international stu-
dent organizations.
Each one originally had essen-
tially the same goals, namely to
promote international understand-
ing and cooperation of all stu-
dents of the world. If Commun-
ist pressure on IUS has really de-
creased, as UNEF maintains, this
double membership may indeed
point even to a positive develop-
ment on the international student
scene.

"We Off-Limits Boys Have To Stick Together"
r.a
- 0
1411

Ji

EE
LETTER TO EDITOR:
Protest Camper Treatment

To the Editor:
WE HAVE just had a very un-
pleasant and disgusting ex-
perience at one of the Michigan
State Parrs, and are writing to,
you to inform you of the situation.
We are seven University of Michi-
gan students or graduates-four
girls and three boys-working in
Ann Arbor this summer. Last
weekend we, planned a camping
trip to Island Lake Park, near
Brighton. The refusal by a state
ranger to issue us camping per-
mit on unfounded accusations of
immorality forms the basis of our
complaint.
When we arrived Friday even-.
ing all the camping sites in the
main area were full, so we cooked
dinner and planned to set up our
sleeping bags on the beach. The
ranger arrived at 10 to close the
sates and nicely informed us that
we would not be allowed to stay
where we were, and then helped
us to find a spot in another area.
He specifically told us that we
could return to the main area the
next day and could stay there if
we could find an empty site. We
did this the next day, and spent
the morning at the beach, return-
ing to our newly found site at
10:30 to cook lunch. A brick fire-
place was already laid, and, as-
suming that this was one of the
"designated places" where fires
were allowed, we used it. Shortly
thereafter, another ranger, Mr.
Tyson, arrived. He curtly inform-
ed us that no ground fires were
allowed, and that ours constituted
a violation, which we should have
known. He told us to change it as
soon as we finished cooking lunch,
which we readily agreed to do. We
tried to explain that we had as-
sumed the fireplace was "desig-
nated," that we had seen nothing
to prohibit such a fire, that we
had never been to a state park
where such a rule was in force and
thus did not realize our error. He
barked back that "you kids are all
alike . . . always answering back
. . . won't respect authority." All
of these accusations were un-
founded; we were trying our best
to cooperate and had no wish to
promote an argument. It was ob-
vious from the start that Ranger
Tyson had a graudge against us,
probably caused by some prejudice

that he had formed against "young
people."
* * *
WE CLEANED UP, rebuilt our
fireplace according to directions,
read the rules which had been
thrust at us by Mr. Tyson, and re-
turned to the beach. Several hours
later Mr. Tyson returned briefly
to tell us that he would not write
us a camping permit but the
younger ranger could if he wanted
to. They both returned later. It
was obvious that Mr. Tyson, the
younger man's superior, had him
over a barrel-he could not have
given us a permit now if he wanted
to; and still maintain good rela-
tions with his boss. They both
stated that they would not give
us a permit. We asked on what
ground they were basing their de-
cision, but they resisted being pin-
ned down. Mr. Tyson used the ex-
cuse of the fire, but both he and
we realized that this was a feeble
attempt-we had admitted our un-
intentional guilt and had corrected
the situation as soon as possible.
Then he tried "guilt by associa-
tion," making generalizations
about "you young folks" and tell-
ing us of one bad circumstance
that had occurred at the park.
We pointed out to him that he
was convicting us for the wrongs
of others, and was presupposing
things that he had no right or
basis for. We invited him to in-
spect us as often as he wished,
and, if he found us violating some
rule, to then make us leave. To
declare in advance that we could
not stay was clearly unfair. We
asked him repeatedly to point out
to us just what rule it was that
we were breaking, but this, of
course, he could not do, since we
were breaking none. When finally
cornered as to what basis they
were using for their decision, the
younger ranger replied, morality!"
What morality, we questioned. We
explained that we were 21, that we
all had our own apartments and
if we wanted to act "immorally"
we certainly did not have to come
to a state park to do so. We all
enjoyed camping, had gone with
our parents when we were young-
er, but now that was rather im-
practical since they lived in other
cities, but that they knew of our
plans for this trip and had no ob-
jections.

ALL OF THIS, claimed Ranger
Tyson, made no difference. He
simply did not approve of us oc-
cupying the same campsite-even
with no tent and each of us in
his own sleeping bag, far apart-
and continued to hurl unfounded
accusations at us. "Yeah, that's
when you start out," he charged,
referring to the seven sleeping
bags. "You've got to nip these
things in the bud," he declared,
again insinuating charges for
which he had no grounds. We ask-
ed the younger ranger why he had
told us the night before we could
camp here if, as he now said, it
was against "the rules." Why had
he not made us leave then, instead
of helping us find another site?
"How else was I going to get rid
of you?" he replied. This was, of
course, ridiculous, since if he had
told us to leave the night before
we would have had to. Obviously,
his outlook had been changed for
him by the suggestive allusions of
Mr. Tyson. Though convinced that
we were right, we had become so
disgusted with the whole episode
that we packed up our gear and re-
turned to Ann Arbor.
We were infuriated and deeply
disappointed in the attitude that
this ranger took toward us. We had
in no way misbehaved or done
anything to promote the accusa-
tions which he levelled at us. He
persisted in attaching labels to us
simply because he had had a pre-
vious bad experience with people
suposedly of our age. We are a
group of good friends who enjoy
doing things together, and who
had planned a weekend of fun and
recreation at a state park. Not
only was our weekend ruined, but
our respect for figures of author-
ity such as park rangers was dras-
tically reduced. We write this let-
ter in protest and in the hope that
it may lead to an investigation of
the situation, a serious questioning
of the holding of such a position
of authority by Mr. Tyson and a
clarification of the rules regard-
ing state parks so that all may be
allowed to enjoy these facilities.
-Robert Rosenberg, '64
-Sandra La Piner, '64E.
-Elaine S. Wender, '63
-Milt Lorber, '63
-Ellen Eisenberg, '63
-Allen Wagner, '63
-Martha C. Frye, '63

STRATFORD:
Modified
Rapture
(Second of a Series)
THE STRATFORD people have
extended their scope from time
to time, and now usually include
a Gilbert & Sullivan operetta.
This year, "Mikado," which gets
a curious production.
Something of a tradition, not
concerning production of G&S
operettas, so that one expects a
necessarily inviolable, has arisen
certain degree of carefully plan-
ned and seemingly spontaneous
diversions during the show, but the
producers at Stratford have mov-
ed toward a more literal, realistic
and controlled interpretation and
there's the quarrel.
There's little else to wonder
about. Sets, lighting, costumes,
orchestra are all good enough. Cast
is fine. Audience helpful. Soft
drinks cold. Theatre warm, but
airconditioning coming. Programs
useful and seats comfortable. Yet
the expected element of unexpect-
ed pranks on the- stage has been
left out. Only Eric House(Ko-Ko)
is allowed an occasional bit of
freedom and he doesn't do much
more than jump through a screen.
A Japanese screen during an en-
core.
*a * *
THE REST of the cast is kept
under control. So, it can be done
this way, too. It must be conceded
that the Stratford "Mikado" has
lots of good things. Everything
looks very well. "Mikado" is set
in a couple of places that can
hardly miss, a Japanese fishing
village and a garden. The Mikado
himself pops out of an oversized
sedan chair shaped like a Bosch
pumpkin. Pooh - Bah (Howell
Glynne) is first-rate. A sort of a
William Jennings Bryan in a Nixon
suit. Eric House, however, is the
star.
Some of "Mikado" can be given
a topical tinge. It is, after all,
something of a political satire. So
we get some comments on the
current scene-both political and
social. Something about people
who never would be missed. Poiti-
clans: both the golfing and shoe-
banging variety. Bearded guitar
players. Lady columnists. Depart-
ment chairmen. Directors of Hous-
ing. Vice-Presidents for . -. . one
could really get carried away with
this sort of thing.
THIS PRODUCTION raises ques-
tions about the future of Gilbert
and Sullivan. Perhaps, as time
passes, these operettas will be
taken more seriously, attempts at
updating the scripts may be de-
emphasized. The Stratford produc-
tion may be a sign of things to
come. One regrets, though, the loss
of something of the impromptu
entertainment often associated
with "Mikado." Otherwise, it's
fairly peachy. -K
-David Hessel
Powuv~~er
THE BREAKUP of the leading
integrated companies and the
divorce, divestiture, or dissolution
of the biggest producers and dis-
tributors, whether integrated or
not, is a luxury the country can-
not afford. Its "great concentra-
tions of economic power" in Amer-
ican industry are more essential to
the nation's defense than its great

concentrations of administrative
power in Washington.
The new interpretations of the
antitrust laws endanger the poli-
tical structure of the country. They
disintegrate the law, making it a
respecter of persons, which tends
to be no law at all. They upset the
balance of power between Congress
and the courts by judicial legis-
Cation, which is a usurpation of
Congress' role. Whatever "power"
they take away from business or-
ganizations will not revert to the
people but is automatically being
appropriated by government agen-
cies.
-Harold Fleming

ANN ARBOR RESIDENTS are on the verge
of losing public bus service 'again. The
Public Bus Company, the latest venture in this
costly field has already lost $1400 and is
expedted to drop $1300 more into the hole
before the summer is out. With these sort of
losses, the company cannot be expected to
survive.
The city has been in chronic bus trouble since
the late 1950's when the Greyhound Corp.
folded up its local line. In 1959 Arvin Marshall
started the City Bus Co. and using an in-
genious bus scheme managed to make the
service survive until last spring. Instead of
running full-sized buses, Marshall used small
trucks with a bus body. While they didn't
provide the most comfortable ride, these were
efficient and cheap. The company, through a
complicated leasing arrangement with the city,
received a break on paying state vehicle taxes.
HOWEVER, he couldn't pay his seven drivers,
members of the Teamsters Union, sub-
standard wages forever. The men, working
over 50 hours a week, demanded substantial
pay increases which, if granted, would have
bankrupted the company. Marshall then sold
out, after a month of frantic conferences with
city officials, to one of his drivers, Alvin Jones.
The drivers did not benefit from this manuever.
The old wage rates were retained.
The bus company entered the summer with-
out winter profits to tide it over the slack sea-
son. The company plans to weather this fi-
nancial drought by paying only the mortgage;
on the buses, borrowing money and letting
other bills go.
Editorial Staff
RONALb WILTON ......................... Co-Editor
PHILIP SUTIN ............................ Co-Editor
DAVE GOOD ...................Co-Sports Editor
CHAFLES TOWLE................ Co-Sports Editor

This sort of deficit financing cannot go on
indefinitely. Eventually, the company's debt
will force its demise. Already, it is pleading with
the city for help.
But the city can do little without a change
in the political climate. In 1957, voters agreed
to the city's buying the bus company, but
turned down a millage increase and bond
issue necessary to buy and run it. Under state
law, the city cannot buy a utility like the bus
company unless 60 per cent of the electorate
approves. The city is also prohibited from
subsidizing a private business.
Currently, city administrator Guy Larcom,
Jr. is looking for means of getting around these
legal limits and preserving Ann Arbor bus
service. Unless the public is willing to pay for
bus service, however, the future of public
transportation is bleak in Ann Arbor.
-PHILIP SUTIN
Co-editor
Politics
UNFORTUNATELY, the question of ratifying
the test ban agreement appears to be
developing somewhat of a political tone.
Republican Senators-namely Everett M.
Dirksen of Illinois and Iowa's Bourke Hicken-
looper-have voiced some hesitation about ac-
cepting the test ban. They have based their
stand on contentions that the treaty would be
a detriment to the United States' position in
the world.
They may be right, but it seems that they are
forgetting the main point of the test ban
treaty. The test ban is the first accord with
the Soviet Union in about 18 years.
Moreover, it is the first peaceful agreement
between East and West since the beginning of
the nuclear race. The test ban treaty could
open the door for total disarmament in the
future.
Hickenlooper and Dirksen have not indicated

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