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July 31, 1963 - Image 1

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1963-07-31

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See Editorial Page



Partly cloudy,

Seventy-Two Years of Editorial Freedom


U.S. Sees Chinese Move




House, Administration
Act on Railroad Conflict
WASHINGTON (P)-Congress and the administration continued
efforts to unsnarl the rail labor dispute yesterday amid conflicting
claims of new proposals by both the railroads and the unions.
Secretary of Labor W. Willard Wirtz met for about two hours with
the carriers yesterday and a Labor Department spokesman said he
probably would met with both sides today. The spokesman said "some
progress" was made "but not
enough to warrant any undue op-

Children Block Construction

By Red Korea Ambush

-Associated Press
KOREA--Army jeep lies on side of road after two American
soldiers riding in it were killed and another wounded in a grenade
and machine gun ambush by North Korean troops at dawn Mon-
day. The attack took place south of the demilitarized zone.
New Judiciary Committee
To Handle Special Cases
The new judicial committee establshed by James A. Lewis, vice-
president for stiudent affairs, is, a body set up to act in situations where
immediate disciplinary action is necessary, John Bingley, director of
student activities and organizations, said yesterday.
Although the chairman or vice-chairman of Joint Judiciary
Council sits on the committee, the committee's jurisdiction falls
=entirely outside the area of the

Set Defense
Against Raids
On Border
Search Frontier
For Communists,
Seek Counter Plans
States yesterday linked the out-
break of sneakyattacks in Korea,
which have killed three Americans
and a South Korean policeman, to
a Chinese campaign to increase
tension in Asia.
State Department press officer
Richard I. Phillips told a news
conference "an intensive alert and
search operation is now underway"
along the United States-held sec-
tors of the 150-mile long Korean
truce line.
Counter Measures
Phillips said, "counter measures"
are being discussed here and with
the United Nations command in
Korea. He would not say what they
For a second day Phillips said
the incidents "remind us that
peace in Korea is kept by UN
strength and determination to re-
sis Communist aggression.
High United States officials said
that North Korea is now "lock,
stock and barrel in the Chinese
camp and evidence of that fact is
that Peking now has a puppet
pulling the eagle's feathers.
Pressure in Viet Nam
Chinese pressure on North Viet
Nam is also held responsible here
for a high level. of violent inci-
dents reported in South Viet Nam
over the last several weeks. Ameri-
can military adviser outposts have
been the target of attacks.
The reported buildup of Chinese
military strength along the Indian
border also was cited by Phillips.
Second Day
Referring to the second day of
North Korean attacks on United
States 8th -Army troops, Phillips
"At this point, these attacks ap-
pear to be a reflection of the
North Korean activities in con-
nection with the 10th anniversary
of the Korean Armistice (on July,
"However, I would not want to
exclude the possibility of their be-
ing linked to wider developments
in Asia."
At present there are about 50,-
000 United States military men in
South Korea, including two com-
bat divisions deployed beside South
Korean units along the 150-mile
width of the peninsula facing the
Red Korean army.
The South Korean forces are be-
lieved to total about 500,000, in-
cluding some air force and navy
personnel. The South Korean army
is organized into 18 divisions. Also
remaining in South Korea as UN
forces are token units from Tur-
key and Thailand.t
Models and charts illustrat-
ing the Central Campus plan
and the preceeding Medical and
North Campus plans will be onf
display 4-5:30 p.m. and 7-9:30 t
p.m. today in the League ball-F

Meany Testifies
AFL - CIO President George
Meany, testifying before the Sen-
ate Commerce Committee at a
night hearing, said "I don't be-
lieve the two sides are too far
He urged the committee to re-
ject President John F. Kennedy's
proposal to shift the dispute over
work rules and the employment of
freight and yard firemen to the In-
terstate Commerce Commission.
The House Commerce Commis-
sion, considering the same propos-
al, heard earlier yesterday from a
rail union' spokesman that the
companies had made a new pro-
H. E. Gilbert, president of the;
AFL-CIO Brotherhood of Locomo-
tive Firemen and Enginemen, said
"I don't know what's in it. I only
know it arrived at our office. It's'
the first proposal to come from
them in four years."
Deny New Offer
But a management spokesman
denied that the railroads had
made any "substantially new" of-
fers. He said chief negotiator J.
E. Wolfe had merely given Wirtzj
a statement of management's po-
sition on the four-year-old dispute
that could lead to a nationwide
rail strike next month.
A Labor Department spokesman
said later that both sides, at1
Wirtz' request, had exchanged si-
multaneous proposals Monday

night on the
jobs and that

issue of firemen's
both "appear to be

Nuclear Ban
'Dirt Fraud'
TOYKO {AP-China yesterday
called the three-power partial nu-
clear test ban agreement a "dirty
fraud" and proposed a world con-
ference to discuss complete pro-
hibition of nuclear weapons.
The Chinese said they could not
join the test ban treaty initialled
by the United States, Britain and
the Soviet Union since it provides
a "fake peace" rather than a
"genuine peace."
Instead, they called on all na-
tions to declare they will prohibit
nuclear weapons and destroy nu-
clear arms already on hand.
Official View
The official Chinese view was
made in a Peking broadcast by
the New China News Agency and
monitored here.
The Chinese, at odds with Pre-
mier Khrushchev's policy of peace-
ful coexistence, had been expected
to turn thumbs down on the test
ban treaty.
The agreement, initialed last
week in Moscow, calls for Britain,
refrain from "causing, encourag-
the United States and Russia to
ing or in any way participating" in
any other nuclear explosions. It
appeared to preclude the treaty
participants from helping allies,
such as France and China, in nu-
clear weapons development.
USSR Attacks China
Union's propaganda organs struck
Meanwhile in Moscow the Soviet
out in many directions in their
campaign on behalf of the nuclearc
test ban treaty. -
Most prominent among the tar-
gets: _.1,
The leaders of China, French
President Charles de Gaulle and
American nuclear scientist Edward1
The Chinese were bitingly criti-1
cized for suggesting that a better
civilization could be built on the1
nuclear bombed remains of a
capitalistic society.-
Denounce de Gaulle
De Gaulle was denounced in a
Pravda dispatch which criticized<
him for having "permitted him-1
self a slanderous comparison be-1
tween the socialist system of the
U.S.S.R. and Hitler Germany."
Teller was attacked by the news-
paper Sovetskaya Rossia (Soviet
Russia), which said Teller Was
firing "cold war" shots at the1
test ban treaty because he "is
above all concerned for his own
pocketbook and for the interestsI
of his 'friends' in the United<
States war industry corporations."t
Columnist Joseph Alsop also
tried to question the motives for
which the Soviet Union pressed
for the agreement. He claims eco-
nomic development in Russia hast
dropped in recent years.I

-Associated Press
ARREST-A New York resident is seized by police at a Brooklyn
hospital construction site after he provoked a fight by picketing
civil rights demonstrators seeking more jobs for Negroes. Negroes
tore up his signs before the police stepped in to break up the fight.
Venezuela Offer's Plan
For Action on Portugal
UNITED NATIONS (P)-Venezuela submitted amendments yes-
terday to water down an Asian-African resolution in the Security
Council directing Portugal to set its African territories on the road
to independence.
Diplomatic sources said the amendments were satisfactory to
the sponsors and they predicted the resolution would win the neces-

U Integration
Worker Views'
SNCC Action
"The South has to be changed
no matter how radical the meas-
ures may seem," Susan Wender,
'65, Student Nonviolent Coordinat-
ing Committee field secretary, said
last night.
In response to questions from
the group, Miss Wender told about
SNCC actions in the South, and
in Albany, Georgia in particular,
where she has been working.
Miss Wender stated the objec-
tives of the Albany Movement as:
equal job opportunities for all,
the desegregation of the Albany
Library and Bus Terminal, and
the provision of equal facilities
for Negroes. In discussing the last
of these, she mentioned that in
the Negro neighborhoods of Al-
bany, the streets are not paved,
there are no sidewalks,' there is
inadequate street-lighting and
very poor sewage facilities.,
Problems of Worke r
In reference to the problems of
SNCC field secretaries in Albany,
Miss Wender said, "We have no
one to go to when we have troub-
les." The local police are opposed
to the movement, and the repre-
sentatives of the Justice Depart-
ment, in other words, the FBI
agents in Albany, work "hand in
hand with the Albany police."
So SNCC field secretaries have
to work out their problems on
their own. In Albany there is no
branch of the National Associa-
tion for the Advancement of
Colored People, and no branch of
the Congress on Racial Equality.
SNCC is the only national-organ-
ization represented in Albany.
Two Facets
Miss Wender also mentioned
that there are two facets to the
work being done in the South by
SNCC. The first of these is voter
registration, in which the field
secretaries try to get the eligible
Negroes to go and register to
vote. Field secretaries educate

Illegal Activities
Bingley explained that in cer-
tain cases where students are in-
volved in illegal activities, such as
morals cases, disciplinary action
has to be taken immediately. In
these cases there is no time to
wait until the council's commit-
tee refers the case to the proper
body. There are also instances,
Bingley noted, where students in
graduate or post-graduate work
are involved in cases requiring dis-
ciplinary action.
Serious Cases
"In these situations it is often
more advisable to handle the cases
outside the council," Bingley said.
Serious cases involving students
much older than those on the
council can be dealt with more ef-
fectively b ythe OSA committee he
He said that in previous years
situations involving immediate dis-
ciplinary action had been dealt
with individually by his office.
"But I was unwilling to continue
taking the sole responsibility for
such instances and therefore feel
the committee serves a much need-
ed function."
Besides the committee there are
several other sources of judicial
authority outside the jurisdiction
of Joint Judiciary Council.
Housing units, residence halls,
fraternities and sororities organ-
ize their own judiciary system in
conjunction with the council.

different" from their previous
Buthe didn't say to what de-
gree they differed or what the
proposals contained.
Another rail spokesman denied
Gilbert's claim that the railroads
had not made any written propos-
als since 1959. "Proposals have
been submitted in writing to the
railroad u n i o n s many times
throughout the dispute," he said.
AEC Requests
Less Control
Of A-Materials
Energy Commission appealed to
Congress yesterday to permit pri-
vate ownership of special nuclear
materials, and thus break the gov-
ernment's monopoly on them.
Robert E. Wilson, an AEC mem-
ber who has long favored the
change, presented the proposal to
the Senate-House Atomic Energy
Committee. Rep. Chet Holifield
(D-Calif), who presided, called the
proposal "the most sweeping
amendment to the Atomic Energy
Act since 1954."
Holifield, chairman of the legis-
lation subcommittee, said: "My
mind-and I believe I speak for the
full subcommittee- is open on
this question." He added the group
would give it "the most searching
review and scrutiny."
Wilson said the present sys-
tem is costly to taxpayers and
has hampered development of a
private atomic energy industry.
Pointing out commission pro-
cedures would protect national se-
curity and public safety, he stated:
'We are confident that our reg-
ulatory controls alone can serve
effectively to give adequate pro-
tection against dangers from un-I
authorized use of nuclear explo-
sives, special nuclear materials, or
radio-active fission products."

sary seven votes when the 11-
niation council meets today.
Last-Minute Decision
The amendments were worked
out by Norway and the United
States on one hand and the Af-
rican nations on the other. A de-
lay in arrival of instructions from
Washington resulted in a last-
minute decision to have Venezuela
present them rather than Norway.
Sessions.of the council on these
two issues were requested by the
32 African members of the UN in
the wake of the recent heads-of-
state meeting of African nations
in Addis Ababa.
Proposed Changes
These were the important
changes made in the resolution in
the amendments submitted by Tu-
lio Alvarado, the delegate from
1) Deletion of a paragraph
which would have had the council
declare the situation in the Por-
tuguese territories a threat to in-
ternational peace and security.
2) The council would deprecate
instead of condemn Portugal for
refusal to abide by previous coun-
cil and general assembly resolu-
3) The council would direct
Secretary-General U Thant to
furnish assistance as he might
deem necessary to gain implemen-
tation of the resolution, and to
report back by next Oct. 31.


Deba te Cults
In Latin Aid4
Officials of the Administration
in Washington are divided in their
feelings toward the 50 per cent
cut in the Social Progress Trust
Fund program, thought to be the
core of the Alliance for Progress,
through a decision by the Senate
Foreign Relations Committee.
The fund promotes and finan-
cially backs programs in housing,
schools, sewage system and hospi-
tals. It is administered by the
I n t er - American Development
Bank. The fund is in particular
favor among Latin American coun-
tries because it allows the receiver
to channel the funds and benefits
to the masses directly.
One official is quoted as saying
the blow to the alliance will be
disastrous and it would be diffi-
cult to expect Latin American
trust after such a reduction.
Treasury Secretary Douglas Dil-'
lon is reportedly preparing a letter
to J. William Fulbright, commit-
tee chairman (D-Ark), indicating
that the proposed reduction would
have serious consequences and re-
questing a committee hearing

NEW YORK ()-A children's
blockade temporarily prevented
trucks from entering a construc-
tion site in New York City yester-
day in a continuing demonstration
for more building trades jobs for
Police picked up 18 youngsters,
some only 2 years old, and carried
them to police cars. None was
booked or held.
Seven older pickets at the Brook-
lyn site, where a hospital is being
built, were carried kicking and
screaming to police vans after they
climbed on the loading platform
of a crane.
In all, 38 persons. were arrested
at the Brooklyn site and in Queens.
There have been nearly 700 arrests
in the past three weeks as dem-
onstrators sought to have 25 per
cent of the workers on publicly
financed construction non-whites.
Patterson Speaks
In Washington, D.C., Mississippi
Atty. Gen. Joe T. Patterson told a
civil rights hearing:
"I firmly believe that the pres-
ent United States attorney general
(Robert F. Kennedy), with the ap-
proval of the President of the
United States, is far more respon-
sible for the racial violence and
troubles we are having throughout
this nation than the ruthless lead-
ers who are sponsoring and pro-
moting racial unrest."
He accused Atty. Gen. Kennedy
of sending Justice Department
agents into the South to incite ra-
cial violence.
Reuther Addresses League
Walter P. Reuther, head of the
United Auto Workers, AFL-CIO,
said in remarks prepared for the
National Conference of the Urban
League in Los Angeles that the
patience of millions of Negro
Americans is at an end. He called
for speedy enactment of Kenne-
dy's civil rights program.
In Farmville, Va., more than 60
civil rights pickets marched in
front of downtown concerns pro-
testing segregated businesses and
closed schools. The demonstration
is the sixth i nas many days at
Farmville, county seat of Prince
Edward County where public
schools closed in 1959 to avoid de-
In Gary, Ind., pickets from the
recently formed National Associa-
tion for the Advancement of White
People demonstrated at a hospital
that had signed an anti-bias agree-
ment with civil rights groups,
"Equal rights for whites," said one
of their signs.
In Clarksdale, Miss., Aaron
Henry, state president of the Na-
tional Association for the Advance-
ment of Colored People, and 51
other Negroes were arrested in
the largest protest against segre-
gation in this delta city of 21,000.
The Negroes, carrying placards,
were jailed instantly by Clarks-
dale police as they began parades
at two different locations.
Market Spurns
Pleas To Stop
'Chicken War'
BRUSSELS () - Western Eu-
rope's Common Market yesterday
turned down American pleas to
lower the customs duty on poultry.
This turn in the "chicken war"is
widely regarded in the United
States as a tip-off to the Euro-
pean attitude toward vital Ameri-
can farm exports, and United
States reprisals are predicted.
Foreign Ministers
The refusal came after hours of
debate among foreign ministers
and their representatives from the
six Common Market countries-
France, West Germany, Italy,
Holland, Belgium and' Luxem-
They have had the issue before
them for four months, and Ameri-
can officials were saying that this

Football Game
One Italian delegate, bored be-
cause his country neither imports
nor exports much chicken, told
newsmen in the corridor of the
Palais Des Congres:
"It's like a football game in
there--a football game without a
It was expected that within a
week the' United States would'
counter by raising its own tariff
against some Common Market
product. The problem is to find
a product of comparable import-
ance-about $50 million worth of
trade a year.
American Reprisal
American officials would also
like tn make the reprisal snetacn-

Royalists Claim Yemen Victories

By The Associated Press
BEIRUT - Royalists yesterday
claimed fresh victories against
Egyptian and republican forces
in Yemen's seemingly renewed
civil war. They declared 333 Egyp-
tians have been killed in battles
during the last two weeks.

Monique' Offers Suspense, Good Drama

Saudi Arabia's state-controlled
Mecca Radio relayed the claim,
broadcast by a secret royalist sta-
tion in northern Yemen. The in-
formation could not be verified
independently, however.
* * *
NEW DELHI-Prime Minister
Jawaharlal Nehru exhorted his.
countrymen yesterday to "be pre-
pared for all eventualities" creat-
ed by a Communist Chinese build-
up along the Himalayan border.
* * *
LONDON-The House of Com-
mons finally approved lasthight a
bill giving peers the right to shed:
their lordships, become ministers,
and seek election to commons. A]
self-made ex-lord might even be-
come prime minister.
TOYKO-Foreign Minister Ma-
sayoshi Ohira will leave for Wash-
ington today to confer with Presi-3
dent Kennedy and other govern-,
ment leaders on Kennedy's pro-3
posed measures to check the out-
flow of gold and dollar. Ohira
told newsmen he will carry a ner-

debt limit through November 30
was approved yesterday by the
House Ways and Means Commit-
Leaders are expected to seek a
vote next week in the House.
Without congressional action, the,
limit will drop to $285 billion on
August 31.
* *. 4
BETHLEHEM, Pa. - Democrat
Fred B. Rooney, 37-year-old state
senator and protege of the late
United States Rep. Francis Wal-
ter, was elected yesterday to fill
Walter's unexpired term in a
special election which was a sur-
prisingly heavy voter turnout in
Pennsylvania's 15th congressional
Scout rocket yesterday propelled
an instrumented probe toward a
point 8,000 miles in space and the
Air Force reported shortly after
launching that the package was
well on its way.
* * *
WAFrwTwNfTCN - Pai Thnpv

The suspenseful, French-based murder mystery, "Monique," will
open at 8 p.m. today at Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre.
Prof. William McGraw directs this, the fourth of the University
Players' summer playbill. It will run for four days.
French Novel
"Monique" was originally a French novel by Pierre Boileau and
Thomas Narcejac based on the award-winning novel, "Diabolique."
It was adapted for the stage by Dorothy and Michael Blankfort.
"This is not a run-of-the-mill murder mystery, but a quality
play-unusual and of high caliber," said Prof. McGraw. He de-


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