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January 13, 1959 - Image 4

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1959-01-13

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Sixty-Ninth Year

O pinions Are Pres
ruth WIll Prev&U"

Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.
Political Dangers Mark
Opening of Legislative Session

"By the Way,Did You Get My Message of November 4?"
i -
6 4 - -

A HOUSE divided against itself cannot
stand," Abraham Lincoln once said, and al-
though the circumstances are completely dif-
ferent, the saying can be applied with some
truth to this year's session of the Legislature,
scheduled to open tomorrow.
As an aftermath of this fall's elections, Mich-
igan's House of Representatives has been split
evenly between Democrats and Republicans,
and the jockeying for control of the House and
its committees started almost immediately aft-
er the election.
The great danger here is not that Republi-
cans will wind up with control of the House,
which Democrats may catalogue as the great-
est danger, or that the Democrats may gain
control, the Republican fear.
THE DANGER is that factional disputes and
hurt feelings arising from deciding House
leadership may impair the workings of the
Legislature in its big job this year - reformu-
lation of the state's tax structure.
Certainly the dangers here are many. Re-;
publicans, stung by defeat, may withdraw into
what has been termed their "hide-bound"
conservativism, shifting the tax reform task
from the difficult and into the impossible cate-

To The Edito

gory. If the Democrats are defeated, they
may make excessive demands for tax reform,
and thus kill any chance of a reasonable -
and workable - plan. Even if a grudging com-
promise is reached, the grudges may hinder
any positive action toward tax nreform.
It does not seem possible that any one poli-
tical leader will be able to lead a non-partisan
approach to the question. Gov. Williams, the
logical choice, has perhaps been too long iden-
tified with partisan politics to be effective in
this case, although any attempt by him would
be helpful. Rather, it seems as if the House
leaders are going to have to work this out
by themselves.
THE TAX committee's study has been too
long and too complicated for it to be done
over again in any major respect. The broad,
comprehensive recommendations are there, for
the legislature to modify in any way it sees
fit. But with the state in a financial mess, the
opportunity to consider and approve a compre-
hensive plan is too important to pass by.
It. can only be hoped that the House wil have
enough political acumen to realize that this
is not the year for political squabbles.


\ \

T'+R~ +,)A '*I~4 t ? . r --.


The State of the President

A STATE OF THE UNION message describes
the nation; it is evidence, also, of the
State of the President.
The address delivered Friday by President
Eisenhower drew a weary picture of a tired,
defeated man, too beset by trepidations to risk
anything new, striking or out of the ordinary.
For there was nothing new, nothing even un-
expected in the President's outline of America's
coming year. There was nothing even parti-
cularly exciting. President Eisenhower, appar-
ently, is content with the same old ideas, and
a continuation of the same old movements.
Throughout the speech, there are graphic
demonstrations of President Eisenhower's basic
timidity in the face of new and challenging
world situations - of the fact that he appar-
ently refuses to face things as they are.
It seems inconceivable that the President
places "economy" above the challenges of So-
viet progress. And, indeed, President Eisen-
hower himself would certainly not agree that
he had done so. Yet he did.
He spoke with evident pride of America's
record of "progress .. . in no more than four
yearaof intensive effort." He did deign to ad-
mit that "we clearly recognize that some of
the Soviet accomplishments . . . are indeed
brilliant." But he warned the nation against
"feverish building of vast armaments ..'.
"We must remem'nber," President Eisenhower
said, "that these imposing armaments are pur-
chased at great cost." And he went on to stress
the need for maintaining the proper outlook,
for not going overboard. Don't get too excited,
he declared.k

UNFORTUNATELY, Soviet advances are so
far outstripping America's efforts, in every
field of international importance, that many
experts estimate we will be completely out-
classed in scientific fields within ten years,
unless the United States drastically increases
its work in these areas.
The emphasis on economy, also, seems to
have completely eliminated one aspect, at least,
of America's continuing Cold War. For one
of the topics most conspicuous by its absence
from the State of the Union address was the
economic war that has been declared by the
Soviet Union.
Granted, the President could not cover every
facet of America's position in the world. But
that he should have seen fit to ignore this area
is difficult to justify.
The western world is even now unwillingly
engaged in a vast economic competition with
Russia and Communist China.
MORE AND MORE, the Communist world is
pushing its way into areas of the world
where originally the United States held the
economic upper hand. This country is in great
danger of losing many of its borderline allies
through the simple factor of their economic de-
pendence on the Soviet Unlon. Yet the Presi-
dent did not feel this wa important enough
to merit the nation's attention in his most im-
portant address of the year..
Over and pver, President Eisenhower stressed
"economizing," "inflation," the need to "weigh,
judge and select. "'One cannot help fearing.
that his selectivity and Judgment are not all
they should be.

WASHINGTON -The six years
WT that have gone since Dwight
D. Eisenhower was first inaugu-
rated as President of the United
States have seen hitm turn the full
circle from liberal Republicanism
to traditional Republicanism.
Few administrations in history
have seen such alterations in at-
mosphere as the atmosphere of
this administration has changed
from its springtime of 1953 to its
present autumntime.
In January of 1953 President
Eisenhower took office in a scene
of "crusade," of high purpose, of
stirring and almost youthful hope
and enthusiasm. The rascally
Democrats had at long last been
thrown out-after "20 long years,"
as the Republican slogan of pro-
test put it.
then was on doing things, on
taking chances, on recapturing ini-
tiatives which he said had been
lost by the Democrats in domestic.
and foreign policies alike. The tone
was one of a rolling-up of sleeves,
of "making America over"-though
hardly in the sense that the Roose-
velt brain-trusters had meant half
a generation before.
Now, in January of 1959, the
President's emphasis is simply on
holding the line, on saving money,
on running a tight, safe, but en-
tirely unimaginative ship of state.
The man who was then the fresh,
new hero of the new Republican-
ism-"Eisenhower Republicanism"
it was called-is quite another kind
of hero now. At last he fully repre-
sents the old Republicanism -
whose first, last and middle names

hower Turns Traditional

Correction* ,,,
To the Editor:
IN THE Jan. 10 issue of The
Michigan Daily, it was reported
that I had given the name of
Javier Palacios as the son of a
high ranking Cuban Army officer,
I have never met Mr. Palacos
prior to your article and know
nothing of his father's political
or business associations in Cuba.
Since your article appeared, Mr.
Palacios has contacted me and
corrected my supposed statement.
Yotu article of correction in
the Jean. 11 Daily still has me as
saying the statement. This is en-
tirely incorrect.
In the future, I sincerely wish
you would correct your articles and
not just restate the untruth in
another one.
-Raquel Marrero, '59Ed
Pre-judgment .. *
To the Editor:
ON THE editorial page of your
Saturday issue, I was amazed
to read a headline stating that
"Castro's form of liberty offers
little hope for Cuba." Reading fur-
ther ,that editorial seemed to be
the worst case of pre-judgment
published in The Daily in a long
whi'e. I refer Miss McCarthy to
some early American history. Dur-
ing the seige of Boston by Wash-
ington and his troops, a thousand
loyalist were forced to flee to
Halifax because of the mob rule
that reigned in the city.
Coercive loyalty oaths and tar-
and-festherings were rampant af-
ter the British troops withdrew
from American territory. And five
years after the final victory over
Cornwallis' troops, a Daniel Shay
led a rebellious mob through
Massachusetts taking over gov-
ernment arsenals, shooting up the
courts and legislature of that state,
and completelymdisregarding the
laws of that time. With Miss Mc-
Carthy's logic the United States
was certainly bound for dictator-
ship and chaos "that always fol-
lows" an idealistic campaign such
as the Cuban and United States
Fidel Castro's quick restoration
of order and declaration for trials
for the military and bureaucracy
of Batista's government, compared
with Washington's retreat to Mt.
Vernon and Jefferson's declaration
that every country should have a
revolution every twenty-five years;
makes us realize that we should
have much more faith in Cuba's
revolution under Castro's leader-
ship than most Americans seem to
have. And I feel that we should
wait to judge Castro's liberty, and
not reach rash opinions only a
week after the final military vic-
y-Mike Reynolds, '61
To the Editor:
WHY DID a few SGC members
default the proposed rebirth
of the student exchange program
with the Free University of Berlin?
Can it be that SGC cannot af-
ford the relatively small sum it
would cost to send two of our
students to Berlin In exchange for
one German student? Certainly
the cost cannot be too great for a
University of our size and repu-
tation, or is it?
Could it be that our student
body is indifferent to the exchange
of foreign cultures and enlighten-
ment concerning the Communist
regime, which we could receive
from a German student represen-
At least a few mature students

are caution, caution, and caution.
Though the old Republicans had
fought the nomination of Mr.
Eisenhower in 1952, it is clear now
that it was only a battle they lost,
and not a war. Indeed, they have
now won the war, if belated is their
For the President has come
around to their way of thinking on
nearly every issue before the coun-
try. Many indications of his pro-
gressive conversion had long been
discernible. But it is in his State
of the Union message to Congress
that the full, profound implica-
tons become apparent for all to
THIS IS the wide, real issue that
faces the new Democratic Con-
gress;dthe President has now com-
mitted himself, in a rarely plain-
spoken way, to a highly conserva-
tive and thus highly "Republican"
finale to his Administration. His
old rival, Senator Robert A. Taft of
Ohio, is long dead. But the mind
of this Administration is now to a
great degree the mind of Taft.
There is an odd strength in the
erosive effect of political regular-
ism on those who may seek and
reach office as rebels from that
regularism. No better example of
this has been seen. The longer the
President has been in the White
House, as one looks back upon it,
the less he has been influenced by
the modern Republicans whom at
the outset he had been thought to
typify. Why is this so? -
First, whenever the going has
been hard the President has in-
creasingly turned-as a command-
ing general will usually turn in

crisis-to the senior colonels, so to
speak. And the senior colonels in
the GOP are the old-fashioned Re-
publicans. The ablest of the lib-
erals, in the hierarchy of the party,
wear the major's gold leaf, at best,
and, more often, only the lieuten-
ant's bar.
Second, the regular and Old
Guard Republicans whom Mr.
Eisenhower defeated in his first
nominating convention refused to
treat the defeat for a moment as a
final one. They picked themselves
off the floor, and, bore in again.
They set out at once, with Taft
giving the cue, to support the Pres-
ident, to a point-but slowly and
subtly to guide an Administration
they could not entirely lead. Old
Guard Republicans have at least
one powerfully useful instinct-a
sense of discipline.
* * s
THEY WILL go a good way in
rebellion. But it is simply not in
them-as it is easily in their
Democratic counterparts among
the Deep Southerners - ever to
break finally and openly with who-
ever reaches the headship of their
party, no matter who he is.
This Old Guard, in a word, will
surrender (seemingly); but it will
never die. It has learned long
since to fight and then, if neces-
sary, to run away so as to be able
to fight another day. And this, as
the Eisenhower years have spun
out, the Old Guard has done.
The end of the story thus is that
they have won the last victory:
this Administration is closing as a
"regular" Republican administra-
tion. And the President seems too
set now to change again.,

on this campus would like 1114
opportunity to learn first handtor
conditions and emotions behind
the Iron Curtain. What better
opportunity is there than to be
able to enroll at the Free Univer-
sity of Berlin and study and live
for a year with professors and
students who have experienced
what most Americans have only
read about in their newspapers.
The Free University of Berlin re-
mains to this day a cancer eating
at the very heart of East German
Communism; it is an institution
founded on the wish and realiza-
tion of free academic thought.
I believe there are at least a few
students on this campus interested
enough to find out for themselves
the realities of German life under
a Communist regime. They could
send back films and articles and
act as our personal representatives.
We could also learn from the er-
man student they send us,
Could it be that the SGC mem-
bers who voted against reinstating
the exchange program feel that a
step toward mutual understanding
and enlightenment, however small,
is of little value? I should like to
-Wayne M. Garchow,'59
City Politics
To the Editor:
BECAUSE of an article concern-
ing a campus YR meeting
appearing in the January 8 issue
of The Michigan Daily, reporting
some of the views of one of the
Republican candidates for mayor,
we believe it is necessary to point
out that it was not the purpose of
that meeting to favor either of
the candidates for Ann Arbor
mayor, Dr. Fred House or 'Cecil
Creal. It is not the place of a
University political club to attempt
to influence city politics. Our func-
tion-in accord with the philos-
ophy of a university-is to attain
an understanding of politics and
present campus-wide programs of
the Republican viewpoint on pub-
lic issues.
We agree with The Daily's policy
of reporting first what they con-
sider the most newsworthy - a
charge of journalistic honesty -
and that Mr. Creal's statements on
Urban Renewal were of major im-
portance to the coming election,
However, the purpose of the YR
meeting last Wednesday night was
to discuss the organization and
function of a Republican City
We do plan to present both
Republican mayoralty candidates
February 11, five days before the.
primary election in Ann Arbor, to
discuss and present their views of
the issues of Ann Arbor city ad-
-Harry Scott, President
University of Michigan
Young Republicau
The Daily Official Bulletin Is D
official publication of The Univew-
sity of Michigan for which The
Michigan Daily assumes no edi.-
torial responsibility. Notices should
be sent in TYPEWRITTEN form t -
Room 3519 Administration Build-
ing, before 2 p.m. the day preceding
publication. Notices for Sunday
Daily due at 2:00 p.m. Friday.
General Notices
Effective Jan. 1, 1959, the Social So.
eurity tax for both staff members and
the University will be increased from
2'4% to 2%. In addition, the amount
of salary subject to Social Security
taxes will be increased from $4,200 to
$4,800 a year. The tax increase will be
imposed on all salaries and wagespaid
after Jan. 1, 1959.

Professors Chapter meeting Tues., Jan.
13, 7:30 p.m., E. Conf. Rm., Rackham
Bldg. After the business meeting Prof.
John Kohl will lead a panel discussion
on "Service Responsibilities of the Uni-
Selective Service Notice: Male non-
veterans whose academic program be-
gan and ends in February (mid-year
students) should file Form SS 109 im-
mediately in order to continue their
student deferment. Forms can be ob-
tained from the offices listed below:
Architecture & Design: 335 Arch.;
Business Administration, 150 Bus. Ad.;
Education, 1439 U. Elem. School; Lit-
erature, Science, and the Arts, Window
A-Admin.; Music, 101 School of Music;
Natural Resources, 2039 Natural Re-
sources; Pharmacy, 1525 Chem-Pharn.;
Public Health, 3520 Sch. of Publio
Health; Social Work, Window A -
Students from the above schools
should submit their forms at Window
A in the Admin. Bldg. for certification.
Sophomore and Freshmen Women:
Martha Cook Bldg. is receiving applica-
tions for Sept. 1959. There will be room
for 45 Soph. and 25 Fresh. women who
will be juniors and sophomores re-
spectively, Anyone interested please
phone 2-3225 weekdays between 8 a.m.
and 4 p.m. for an appointment.
Midyear Graduation Exercises: Jan,
24. 1959, to be held at 2:00 p.m. in Hill
Auditorium. Exercises will conclude
about 4.00 p.m.
Reception for graduates and their
relatives and friends in Michigan
League Ballroom at 4:00 p.m. Please
enter League at west entrance.
Tickets: Three to each prospective
graduate, to be distributed from Mon.,


'Reds Gan in Near East


Associated Press Correspondent
CAIRO - It is clear that the Arab world is
more gravely threatened today by Com-
munism than at any time in its history. West-
an diplomats ask: what can be done about it?
Most of them concede there is virtually no
hope of building up an effective Western-spon-
;red bloc in the Arab world to oppose Com-
The two most ambitious attempts by the
United States along this line - the Baghdad
Pact and the Eisenhower Doctrine - are dead
iorses as far as the Arabs are concerned.
Last Year saw a long line of pro-western Arab
ulers removed from power or reduced to im-
ptency. They included Nuri Said and King
Faisal in Iraq, Camille Chamoun and Sami
olh in Lebanon, King Saud in Saudi Arabia,
and Abdullah Khalik in Sudan.
It became apparent that no Arab leader
ould openly back the West and have a politi-
,al future.
ARAB REPUDIATION of the West can be
traced to a long series of conflicts, chief
among them creation of the state of Israel,
And it is probably unlikely that the West will
backtrack sufficiently to win back Arab good
will in the near future.
Oflr Si-0rhjau zzli

While the West has lost, the Communists
have made great gains. The Reds have moved
into key positions in Iraq, particularly in the
police, Judiciary. and propaganda fields. If
Iraq goes Communist, then Syria, Jordan and
Iran face serious problems.
With no hope of building up a pro-Western
Arab bloc, the West obviously must find some
purely native force to resist the Communist bid
for power. And the main force is Arab nation.
alism, whose leader is Gamal Abdel Nasser.
M OST WESTERN diplomats now concede
that Arab nationalism is the best hope of
the future, but they seem to want that na-
tionalism without Nasser-
But past events have proven that Baghdad,
Amman, or Riyadh cannot replace Cairo as
the capital of any effective area-wide move-
ment. The West might get some anti-Nasser
groupings but they would remain weak and
an easy prey for Communism.
Even without Nasser, Cairo is bound to be
the center of any effective Arab political move-
ment. It is not only the biggest and most mod-
ern Arab city but also the radio, newspaper and
film capital of the region. It is the only Arab
city with big modern universities and a siz-
able body of trained technicians.
THE QUESTION then arises: what can the
Western world, and particularly the United
States, do to strengthen Arab nationalism?
One opportunity for the United States seems
to be this: to encourage maximum economic
cooperation among the Arab states, and to drop
the emphasis placed on military and direct
economic aid.
There is enough Income from Arab oil and
agriculture to meet the development needs of
the region. But because the Arab world has
been choned into small. countries and econ-

Ann Arbor Still Under State Department Ban

Daily Staff Writer
tas Mikoyan can't visit the
Cniversity in Ann Arbor. Neither
could Soviet Deputy Minister of
Education Alexei I. Markushevick
nor countless other prominent
Soviet personalities.
Preventing these visits is a State
Department closed zone ban on the
area ... a restriction that can be
bypassed only by a long and time-
consuming process of requesting
special permission.
Last month the University's Re-
gents approved a proposal allow-
ing President Harlan Hatcher to
take steps toward the removal of
this ruling. Since that time the
Jniversity has contacted the
American Council of Education
which is officially working with
the State Department to remove
all education centers from closed
If this ruling is lifted it would
not only mean the relaxation of
mutual restrictions imposed by
this nation and Russia, but it
would also serve to culturally en-
rich the University program.
S * *
TRAVEL restrictions date back
to 1941 when the Soviet govern-
ment began curtailing activities

zonal restrictions, the State De-
partment proceeded to pair off
each closed city, state and auto-
mobile route in the United States
with one in the Soviet zone and
agreed to open any area upon the
reciprocal opening of the compar-
able Soviet area.
The Detroit area including Ann
Arbor is paired off with the Rus-
sian city of Sverdlovsk, an indus-
trial center east of the Ural moun-
tains. However, since the 1955
State Department action, Sverd-
lovsk apparently has been unof-
ficially opened as many foreign
travelers have been able to visit
the area upon request. Conse-
quently the University is asking
for similar action by the United
States government in this area.
BUT THE State Department
bans, justifiable on very thin
grounds, could be called a merry
game of exchanging restrictions.
The measure is apparently intend-
ed for security reasons on the as-
sumption that if the Soviet Union
believes it unwise to open major
industrial and research centers,
then the United States likewise
has similar areas which need "pro-
tection." However, there is little
evidence that the State Depart-
ment actually believes in these se-
curity reasons. In reality it is done

Geneva discussions on such minor
issues as closed areas would lead
to a definite agreement from
which some important mutual
trust agreements could emerge.-
More specifically, closed areas
containing research and educa-
tional centers in the United States
could conceivably gain immensely
from discussions with Russian
travelers. This does not necessar-
ily mean the divulging of trade
secrets, but it could serve to stim-
ulate new ideas.

An institution such as the Uni-
versity would also gain from lec-
tures and concerts by Russian
visitors. Students could obtain an
appreciation of a culture which
they know only in book form.
Perhaps it is time for the State
Department to re-evaluate the
action taken four years ago. May-
be lifting bans and aiding cultural
exchanges would be a good topic of
discussion for the Geneva agenda.

Editorial Staff
orial Director

City Editor

Associate Editor

ft -- -. ..-. --

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