"Step Into My Office, Lad, And Tell Me All About It"'
EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG. * ANN ARBOR, MICH. * Phone do 2-3241
LETTERS TO THE EDITOR:
Cubanz Describes F
ten Opinion~s Are Free
Truth Will Prval"
I I ,l I ilr
Of Batista Regine
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.
(EDITOR'S NOTE: The following letter was received from Mario Huntad
a former University student now working in his native Cuba.)
To the Editor:
THERE ARE many things that can be told about the heroic revo
tion in which our people fought mainly with that desire of freed(
and self respect that, each democratic country should have. But I f
going to tell only the last moments of the Batista tyranny because
think those are the things that interest the American people at t
General Rautillo, Chief of the Army in the Oriente Proven
thinking that things were becoming more difficult for the dictatorsh
Y, JANUARY 8, 1959
NIGHT EDITOR: JOAN KAATZ
Banning Nuclear Weapons
Gives Reds Additional Advantage
THE UNITED STATES received a Christmas;
present in disguise last month with the
announcement that the nuclear test talks in
Geneva had been adjourned, with no definite
date set for their resumption.
The adjournment was a Christmas present
because an atomic test ban would have very
serious for the United States. It was in dis-
guise because not only the United States
government, but also a considerable segment
of the nation's population seems to favor a
nuclear test ban. Even the normally alert New
York Times called the adjournment, and the
disagreements between the United States and
the West preceding the adjournment, "dis-
heartening" and so the disruption is if a
nuclear test ban is what is actually desired.
T HEREARE two important disadvantages to
a test ban. First of all, there is a serious
question as to whether complete test safety
could be assured. Even granting that an in-
spection system could be developed that would
work for the present, the United States has no
assurance that new techniques may not be
developed which will make any present system
of inspection useless. The pressure of a nuclear
test ban is sure to bring pressure to discover
ways to circumvent it. The United States may
resist this pressure, for whatever "ethical"
reasons it may have, but it is not likely that
the Russian leaders would share the same reluc-
Even assuming that the Russians lived up to
the Wpirit of the ban land did not test any
Living with 1111
A HIGH-RANKING and respected adminis-
trator (some people do not think that the
two are necessarily synonymous) recently sug-
gested that the question of inter-collegiate ath-
letics is blown way out of proportion. He men-
tioned a specific Texas institution which has
apparently found the solution: they have a
high-powered recruiting program and accept
any athlete regardless of scholastic ability, but,
in brder not to let these creatures interfere
with their fine scholastic program they keep
their (illiterate) tahletes separated from the
student-body as much as possible.
Although the administrator admitted that
certain public relations problems were involved
with this type of program, he seemed to feel
that it had very definite merits. It produces
good football teams which keeps athletic di-
rectors and gung-ho alumni happy; it keeps
the athletes' minds uncluttered; it keeps the
faculty happy; and it keeps the students un-
BUT THE BIG problem involved is the ex-
pense. If the athletes are to be truely pro-
fessional, they may demand more pay, or at
least more elegant cages. Or perhaps they
nuclear weapons, the United States would still
be hurt by one important point: the military
positions of Russia and the West would not be
equally affected by a bomb test ban.
The nuclear test ban must be considered as
only one step in the direction of banning all
nuclear weapons. After the initial step has
been taken the pressure on the United States
to ban nuclear weapons altogether will increase,
BUT THE PROSPECT of a world without
nuclear weapons, idyllic as it may super-
ficially sound, would be disastrous for the
United States and the rest of the free world.
In Europe for example, NATO has never
been able to muster more than a fraction of the
total number of lussian divisions. Yet man-
power would be by far and away the main
measure of military strength if atomi" weapons
were banned. The reluctance of the Western
powers to put large numbers of men in uniform
during peacetime would place the West at a
serious disadvantage, which the Russians un-
doubtedly would exploit by replacing their
"missile rattling" with a vastly more ominous
The Geneva Conference will probably resume
in the near future, if only to avoid the stigma
of ending on a minor note. The United States
should take this breather to -e-evaluate its
aims in discussing a test ban. Using the talks
as a propaganda football is one thing, but
unfortunately, the United States seems to be
would face the same financial problems as the
professional baseball minor leagues.
However, the big expense would be the cost
of the vast public relations campaign, which
would be necessary. Clearly, if the public and
the press were to maintain their old-fashioned
Ideas about spontaneous school spirit or that
college sports are other than businesses, this
plan would never succeed.
Because with the old-fashioned ideas, the
firing of Notre Dame football coach Terry
Brennan and other similar incidents which are
continually happening would be indefensible.
But once people look at it objectively, they will
realize, with the help of the Gray-Suited
Prophets, that Sports is a brutal business in
which nice guys like Brennan or others do not
UT IT IS NICE that those in Ann Arbor
are able to take an objective look at the
situation. After all, there is no problem at th
UJniversity of people considering football as
anything but an integral ,part of the academic
.a CAPITAL COMMENTARY:
[AM~ S. WHITE
WASHINGTON-Behind a great
deal of loudly dramatic-and
ing over Senate filibuster rules and
so on, the opposing forces are mar-
shaling for the quiet, real, "gut"
battle of the new Congress.
This is the battle of the budget.
It is dull, yes; but it is the payoff.
President Dwight D. Eisenhower is
represented as determined to hold
Federal spending for the new fiscal
year, which opens next July 1, to
around $77,000,000,000. This is a
figure of conservatism-and even
of retrenchment. It reflects the
President's sharp turn, late in his
Administration, toward the old-
fashioned rather than the liberal
Republican view he used to lead.
AS IS USUALLY so in the bread-
and-butter issues, the coming
struggleis bipartisan rather than
strictly between the two parties.
The greatest single force on the
President's side - if he goes
through with his resolve to hold
down Federal spending-will be
the powerful right-wing Virginia
Democrat, Senator Harry Flood
Byrd. Byrd has the great virtue
of really meaning it when he clam-
ors for economizing.
Those who will contest with the
Prtsident, on this, that or the
other item of spending, are more
numerous than those who will
totally defend his budget. The
anti-budget group will include a
probable majority of, the Demo-
crats in both Houses and practi-
cally all the liberal and modern
But, though the higher-budget
forces have more people, the Presi-
dent and his backers have much
more power-if they will seize it
and use it. Congress, by the Con-
stitution of course, puts on the
taxes and controls the size of the
Nevertheless, any administra-
tion, any time, can always refuse
to spend, even if Congress has
made all provisions for spending.
What is the outlook, then? No firm
answer can possibly be given at
this stage, because the decisive
factor will be simply the factor of
Presidential determination and
Presidential will to fight.
* * * *
INQUIRY, however, among all
factions indicates this tentative
answer; thehPresident can hold
the line on the budget if he really
defends it-and if business condi-
tions continue to be good enough
so that there is no imperative busi-
nessman-demand for more govern-
ment spending to boost the gen-
Meanwhile, the Eisenhower Cab-
inet is significantly more conserva-
tive than it was in the last Con-
gress. The Secretary of the Treas-
ury. Robert B. Anderson, an erst-
while "Eisenhower Democrat" from
From the inaugural address of
Dr. Richard G. Folsom, new presi-
dent of Rensselaer Polytechnic In-
stitute: "We must set our own
educgtional objectives for this
country and not become panicked
into accepting without critical re-
view those of the Russians, the
Germans, the Latins, or of any
other country. Our objectives must
fit our own degree of cultural and
scientific accomplishments. Edu-
cation is not a race. It is a re-
sponse to a way of life."
Texas who is now an unqualified
Republican, is understood to be
increasingly in a budget-balancing
frame of mind.
He may well become, for these
purposes, another George M. Hum-
phrey-with a Southern accent.
(Humphrey, a traditional Ohio
Republican, was Mr. Eisenhower's
first - and extremely powerful -
Secretary of the Treasury.)
* * *
PERHAPS even more important-
ly, a true Herbert Hoover Eepub-
lican, Lewis Strauss, has ascended
to the Cabinet since the last Con-
gress. Mr. Strauss left the chair-
manship of the Atomic Energy
Commission to become Secretary
of Commerce. He succeeded Sin-
clair Weeks of Massachusetts who,
though certainly no burning lib-
eral, wasneither so able nor so
determined a'n economizer as is
Indeed, Strauss-an old and un-
anologetic associate of Mr. Hoover
.and the first absolutely authentic1
"Hoover man" to enter the Eisen-
hower Administration at the top-- !
may become the determining fac-
tor in the whole affair.
He hasnot come into the Cabi-
net merely to "get along." He is
quite rich enough not to have to
keep any job. And he has a pas-
sionate belief in fiscal solidity-
however outdated many may be-
lieve this concept to be. In short,
his influence will be cast, always
and without a tremor, toward
holding the line.
It would be an odd irony if this
old Hoover admirer-this trusted
friend of the late Senator Robert
A. Taft, Mr. Eisenhower's great
rival for the 1952 Presidential
nomination - should more nearly
than any other personify the
Eisenhower Administration in this,
its last phase..
decided to begin secret negotia-
tions with Fidel Castro - through
Monsenor Perez Lecauts, Arch-
bishop of Santigo and a personal
friend of Fidel. In these negotia-
tions. Cantillo promised to head
a coup d'etat in Columbia army
camp and to arrest Batista and
his friends while Fidel occupied
the city of Santigo.
However General Cantillo did
not keep his word and let Batista
escape with all his friends and
relatives. The rebels then did not
accept the military Jaunta headed
by Cantillo because of his false
promise and arrested him, placing
Colonel Borguin as Chief of the
Army until the rebel troops could
reach Havana, and take care of
the situation. Now those troops
are in Havana ad have taken
complete control of all the mili-
tary camps in Cuba including"Col-
umbia army camp, the biggest on
the island, and not only have ac-
complished the duty of freeing
our country from the most des-
potic tyranny in America, but
have done so, preserving order,,
and avoiding vengeance and mur-
der. Everyone who is guilty of
something or complicated in the
last regime has been arrested, and
will have a fair trial when things
quiet down. The new government
will be under the presidency 'of,
Doctor Urrutia, theperson desig-
nated by the revolution tq rule
Cuba till our sext, and for the first
time in six years, free election.
It is my opinion that the things
that just happened in my country
will be an example for Latin
American countries where dic-
tatorships have flourished too oft-
en in the past.
A last word to tell everyone
that Fidel Castro is not a com-
munist and we will never accept
a communist government. What
we will do is to respect everyone's
right to hold any opinion he
The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of The Univer-
sity of Michigan for which Tne
Michigan Daily assumes no di-
torial responsibility. Notices should
be sent in TYPEWRITTEN form to
Room 3519 Administration Build-
ing, before 2 p.m. the day preceding
publication. Notices for Sunday
Daily due at 2:00 p.m. Friday.
THURSDAY, JANUARY 8, 1959
VOL. LXIX, NO. 80
Midyear Graduation Exercises: Jan.
24, 1959, to be held at 2:00 p.m. in Hill
Auditorium. Exercises will conclude
about 4:00 p.m.
Reception for graduates and their
relatives and friends in Michigan
League Ballroom at 4:00 p.m. Please
enter League at west entrance.
Tickets: Three to each prospective
graduate, to be distributed from Mon.,
Jan. 12, to 1:00 p.m. Sat., Jan. 24, at
Cashier's Office, first floor lobby of
Academic Costume: Can be rented at
Moe Sport Shop, 711 N. University Ave.,
Ann Arbor. Orders should be placed
Assembly for'Graduates: At 1:00 p.m.
(Continued on Page 5)
AT THE CAMPUS:
E AN GABIN, well-aged but QI-
ente, presented an almost
flawless performance as "Inspectot
Maigret" in the film which opened
at the Campus Theatre last niht. =
The film, adapted from George
Simenon's book, "Maigret Sets a
Trap," is a murder mystery of high
intensity well performed by a
major cast from the Commedie.
Gabin portrays a detective who
does 'not know it all immediately,
but learns quickly and thoroughly.
His solution to four murders builds
and almost as immediately drops
its level of intensity. From the
middle of the picture on, a steady
accumulation of hints and da-
matic situations builds into an
al4ost overpowering climax.
PARIS HAS been haunted by a
murdered who knifes women at
,night; as the film opens he Is
shown, In silhouette, committing
his fourth such crime. Maigret and'
his Watson begin to solve the
crime by setting a careful trap:
hundreds of policemen and women
are statoned around the scene
of the crime and themurder s re.
The murderer appears and at.
tempts to take another victim; it
is then that various suspects are
located and interrogated. Perhaps
as important as the criminal ac-
tions, which are kept to a minI-
mum throughout the story, are
the psychological developments
and interactions which provide the
real interest and most of the ten-
* * *
JEAN DESAILY as the chief
suspect of the crime, offers a
finely conceived characterization
of a man who'Is still a boy, a sen-
sitive,immature, emotionally u.
De'sailly and Gabn produce In-
tense emotion in the viewer be-
cause of their powerful, yet very
different portrayals. Gabin is al-
ways cool, yet does not degenerate
to the smugness of Sherlock
Holmes. He expresses much
through facial expressions, gestur.
ing and other non-vocal means.
This is contrasted to Desailly'
very vocal, very Visually-active and
powerful interpretation. The en.
tire supporting cast was excellent,
and the film maintains a hig.
calibre of dramatic portrayal
Perhaps the weakest aspect of
the film was the photography
which showed little "Imagination
but much basic competence. This
passes largely unnoticed, however,
because the film captures the au-
dience's attention through its
A resurrected 1952 cartoon pre-
sents Tom and Jerry waltzing to
the music of Johann Strauss for
10 minutes. This provides an in-
"ellectually stimulating overture to
the major work or the evening.
TODAY AND TOMORROW:.-
hich Majority Rules?
By WALTER LIPPMANN
WITH ALL DUE respect to ;Sen. Paul Doug-
las, whom I admire very much the ques-
tion at issue in the Senate is not whether the
majority shall rule. The question is what kind
of majority shall rule. For there are many
sorts of majorities.
Sen. Douglas wants one more than half of
the Senators elected to rule, which would be
fifty Senators. But on most of the business of
the Senate one more than half of a quorum,
which would be tw'enty-six votes, can pass a
bill. Thus Sen. Douglas himself recognizes that
on a question of closing debate, a bigger ma-
jority should be required than for ordinary
The present rules of the Senate require
sixty-six Senators to close a debate, and ex-
cludes closure of a debate on a change in the
rules. The Johnson-Knowland amendment,
which will probably be adopted, requires a
two-thirds majority of those present and vot-
ing, wich can theoretically be as many as
sixty-six and as few as thirty-four, to close
W S I
debate. Sen. John Sherman Cooper has now
suggested that the majority be three-fifths,
which would, theoretically, permit closure by
as few as thirty Senators up to as many as
fifty-nine Senators, depending on how many
Senators were present and voting.
SEN. DOUGLAS is, therefore, begging the
question when he talks as if "majority rule"
were something simple and obvious to all men.
GMoreover, he ignores the nature of the Sen-
ate, which is the representative in our system
of a federation of states. In the Senate, what
does it mean to speak of "majority rule?" A
majority of what? A majority of the states or
a majority of the people of the United States?
In the House of Representatives the mem-
bers represent, more or less exactly, the voters
themselves, and a member from New York and
a member from Alaska or Nevada represents
approximately the same number of people, But'
this is not true of the Senate.
Thus when Sen. Douglas wants fifty Sena-
tors to be able to close a debate and to pass
a bill, he calls it majority rule which is "the
basic principle of our government." But sup-
pose the fifty Senators represent the twenty-
five smallest states, do they represent a ma-
jority of the people of the United States? Tak-
ing the figures for the census of 1950, the
twenty-five smallest states which have fifty
Senators, represent about 29,000,000 people, or
les3 than one-fifth of the population in 1950.
Against these twenty-five states there were
three states, New York, California, and Penn-
sylvania, which had 7,000,000 more people in
them than all the twenty-five combined.
For those of us who prefer the Johnson to
the Douglas amendment of Rule XXII, there
are two outstanding considerations.
Cln rh . t&4.. .,"ofa-. .. + *' . ,,; - A - --..,. rT.
Excitement Marks Opening of New Congress
By ARTHUR -EDSON
Associated Press Newsfeatures Writer
unuuback to work today -in an
Republicans arguing with Re-
publicans ... Democrats and Re-
publicans ready for filibustering
blows at the drop of a Senate
ruling. . . and although both Ohio
senators are Democrats, in gone of
the first statements of the new
session here was Sen. Stephen M.
"I have not asked Sen. Lausche
to escort me down the Senate
aisle. I will walk down the aisle to
take my solemn oath of office
without leaning on the arm, or
clasping the hand, of my dis-
tinguished Ohio colleague. This
despite Senatorial custom of the
Good heavins! Nobody likes no-
So, let's see if we can decipher
a few notes jotted down on the,
back of an old fight score card:
Arrived at the Senate early.
Peered down at the best evidence
Hustled over to the House. Still
buzzing over the fight that bench-
ed GOP leader Rep. Joseph W.
Martin of Massachusetts, after all
these years, for Rep. Charles A.
Halleck of Indiana.
Martin has been Republican
leader for so long couldn't re-
member who he succeeded. Looked
it up. It will make a wonderful
conversation opener. "Do you know
who preceded Joe Martin as Re-
publican leader in the. House?
Bertrand H. Snell of Potsdam,
Hustled back to the. Senate.
Senators beginning to gather.
Waving to relatives in the gallery.
Yoo hooing like school girls.
Host of former Senators back
at their old haunts. Spotted Owen
Brewster of Maine, Howard Mc-
Grath of Rhode Island, Scott Lu-
cas of Illinois, Herbert Lehman of
New York, Harry Cain of Wash-
ington and Ralph Flanders of Ver-
mont down on the floor.
And over their heads, In the
visitor's gallery, was another old
Senator. Fellow named Harry Tru-
man. Truman leaned on bannister,
a violation of Senate rules, but
usher said nothing. Couldn't figure
out if usher was a fraidy cat or a
SENATORS sworn in in batches
of four. New senators escorted by
old senators from same state, even
when they were of opposite par-
ties. Sen. Margaret Chase Smith
(R), for example, nlot only came
down the aisle with Maine's new
Democratic Senators, Edmund S;
Muskie. She also escorted him
around, introducing him to the
But Young stuck to his guns. No
Frank Lausche for him. He was
escorted by Sen. Lyndon B. John-
son (D-Tex.), who did double duty
by leading Sen. Ralph Yarbrough
(D-Tex.), too. "Good for Young,"
said reporter on the left. "We have
too much of that senatorial cour-
tesy stuff here."
Watched the two Alaska Demo-
crats dr'aw to see how many years
they would serve, two, fbur or six.
Ballots were in old fashioned wood
box that looked like a ukelele. Just
fine when, and if, Hawaii comes
RICHARD TAUB, Editor
B CANTOR ,............... Personnel Director
N WILLOUGHBY......Associate Editorial Director
N JONES ............ Sports Editor
TA JORGENSON ..... Associate City Editor
. ABETH ER$KLNE. , . Aeoclate Personnel Director
L RISEMAN................Associate Sports Editor
IOLE ANLD... ....... eSports Editor
'ID ARNOLD................ Chief Photographer
Sen. Ernest Gruening drew