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December 14, 1958 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1958-12-14

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Sixty-Ninth Year
EDITED AND 'MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNM-ERSITY OF MICHIGAN
UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD INCONTIROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG," ANN .ARBOR,'MICH. 9 Phone N~o 2-3241

ten Opinions Are Free
Truth Will Prevai"

Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.

Y. DECEMBER 14, 1958

NIGHT EDITOR: PHILIP MUNCK

Residence Halls Food Protests
Show Need for Policy Evaluation

NEVER LET IT be said that all women do is
talk, for during the past two weeks there
nas been action along with the words. Last
week the women of Stockwell all staged a
quiet food boycott, and Wednesday, Mosher
all residents left dinner in protest of the resi-
dence halls administrative policies.
Residence Halls administrative officials have
blamed tensions, the excitement of the holi-
days, and last minute papers for the food pro-
tests. But this seems to be pure rationalization
on their part, for the complaints are legitimate
and justified. Rooms are cleaned every two
weeks instead of one, meal tickets are issued
for a month instead of a week, residents are
not allowed to have guests during the week
days in the women's dormitories and the qua-
lity of the food has been persistently low.
Yet, the decline in service has not been ac-
companied by a decline in rate. Eight hun-
dred dollars is no mere pittance to pay out
each year for room and board. Rates at other
schools are lower and the service better.
Of course, it is true that the women in the
residence halls made their own choice; first,
that they wanted to come to the University,
and second, that they wished to remain inde-
pendent women. But the blame should not be
put on them, for the University wants and
needs students. And once in the residence halls,
t is practically impossible for women to move
out.
CERTAINLY it is unfortunate for the Uni-
versity to be in the news again about poor
food and demonstrating students. But the situ-
ation in the residence halls must be aired. And
when the administration says that it is unfair
to the University to have this appear in public
they are both ignoring and refusing to take
their responsibility.

The students had tried to do something
about the food situation in Stockwell early
this fall. Parents wrote and visited with the
Business Manager of the Residence Halls,
Leonard Schaadt ,and students protested to
him about the food. Had something been done
early this fall when the unrest began, demon-
strations would not be needed. The women who
participated in the protests should be com-
mended for being remarkably decent about
the whole affair.
ANOTHER OCCURRENCE of last week re-
lates directly to the residence hall situation.
Apartment permissions in the future will be
more difficult to obtain, the Dean of Women's
office announced. It seems that the Adminis-
tration is afraid that if apartment permissions
were to be handed out to all who desire them,
the residence halls would be empty next fall.
With the addition of Mary Markley Hall this
fall, there has been an excess of space in the
dormitories.
PERHAPS if all the women in the dormitory
system were to request to leave the system
in their senior year, the administration would
realize that the women in University housing
are not happy with their lot. Something should
be done to make dormitory living more profit-
able and enjoyable. Of course, not all women
would want the extra burden of buying food,
cleaning house, etc., but many would enjoy
being out from under the wings of the ad-
ministration at this time.
Maybe the Admiinstration should take a
lesson from Student Government Council, As-
-sembly and the League and sit down to re-
evaluate the purposes and administrative poli-
cies of the residence halls.
A-BEATA JORGENSON
Associate City Editor

Academics
M ove Ahead
By LANE VANDERSLICE
Daily Staff Writer
IN A YEAR marked by changes
in many academic fronts, prob-
ably the most important develop-
ment was the opening of the Un-
dergraduate library.
Althoughl hooted at by many as
another"Disneyland" the Under-
graduate library has been re-
sponsible for the most heartening
changes apparent this year. Book
circulation and library use-good
indications of intellectual interest
at the University-have increased
significantly.
The excellent selection of books
in all departments, the recently
opened audio room, and the varied
collection of art books put the best
of the world's knowledge and cul-
ture within the reach of the aver-
age student and make the in-
creased library circulation and
usage all the more important.
* * *
OTHER developments should not
be slighted however.
Introduction of an undergradu-
ate Asian Studies was important
this year, not only because it filled
a gap in an increasingly important
area, but because it was symbolic
of a movement that is also gain-
ing in importance: the reintegra-
tion of various disciplines in order
to better understand a complex
area.
And the honors program con-
tinued to expand, with a summer
reading program, special courses
for honor students and the an-
nouncement that all literary, col-
lege departments will have junior
and senior honors programs next
year.
* * * CROW

The

Year

i~n Review
Unversity Faces Budget Cut
By JOAN KAATZ
Daily Staff Writer
THE FINANCIAL TROUBLES that swept the nation during the year
1958 did not bypass the University. Legislators cut both the operating
and capital outlay requests and forced the "U" to manage on an "aus-
terity" budget.
In April the legislators cut $7 million from the school's request when
they appropriated $30 million for operations. This figure was one million
dollars less than the operating budget for the previous year. In May,
the state virtually ceased all new construction and cut $13,500,000 from
the University's $15,000.008 request for capital outlay.
The cut in operations prevented an enrollment increasean increase
in the number of classes and caused a reduction of 207 faculty members
from the staff. The capital outlay appropriation of $1,500,000 merely
allowed the "U" to complete renovations at the hospital, to finish

Change Admissions Policy

IN-STATE students who desire to attend the
University should be required to take an en-
trance examination.
As it now stands, an entrance examination
Is stipulated only when the admissions office
Is uncertain about a student's ability to meet
the University's requirements. Out of state
students however, must take College Entrance
Examination Boards.
The requirements for Michigan residents are
not sufficient. This is indicated each semester
by the number of in-state students who are
flunked out of the University. One hundred
fifty-six of the 193 freshmen who were asked
to leave school from the literary college last
June were from the state of Michigan.
Presently, a grade transcript, high school
class ranking, a principal's recommendation
and an application form which included a list-
ng of the admission candidate's extra-curricu-
lar activities are required from all prospective
University students.
There is no doubt that all the asked-for in-
formation is important and all of it gives Uni-
versity officials a more complete picture of the
student's background and abilities. However,
because the entire admissions process is one
which, in effect, compares candidate with
candidate, precisely the same standard of eval-
uation should be available for all students.

A CANDIDATE'S academic prowess is the
prime factor which determines whether he
is accepted to the University. But a better in-
dication of comparative intellectual ability than
high school grades and class rank is needed.
Some high schools are unquestionably bet-
ter than others. Standards of what is "A" and
"B" work often differ considerably. It is en-
tirely possible that an "A" student at one
school may be a "B" student at another and
vice-versa. The very markging system may
vary from school to school.
College Board examinations or a similar
type of standard test would provide the truest
analysis of a candidate's, intellectual abilities.
By giving everyone the same examination, there
could be little question as to the true apti-
tude or achievement of one candidate as com-
pared to another.
It is hoped that the Admissions Committee
which is currently studying the problem will
see fit to implement such tests for all can-
didates. Because the University has an obli-
gation to admit a high percentage of state resi-
dents does not mean that the quality standards
for those residents should be relaxed. The Uni-
versity should hasten to rectify its admission
requirements with all deliberate speed.
-JUDITH DONER

ALL OF THE NEWS in the Uni-
versity's academic world did not
represent advances. The AAUP
censure reminded the University
that further meisures must be
taken to strengthen academic
freedom; slow grindings in the
calendar area serve to point out
that bigness can often become un-
wieldiness.
But on the whole, the University
had a successful academic year,
and next year should be even bet-
ter, if the University heeds this
year's warnings while continuing
this year's standard of academic
achievement.
THE ECONOMY:
Forecast Br1
By BARTON HUTHWAITE
Daily Staff Writer
RECESSION - conscious Ameri-
cans viewed the coming of 1958
with hopeful optimism. The Ad-
ministration and high Republican
political officials had promised an
end to the business relapse that
had gripped the United States
since August of 1957.
But the Administration's words;
of encouragement were not real-
ized and business continued to
spiral downward until it reached
bottom in April of this year. Re-
covery'since then has been slow
but sure. Not until early this
month did economists officially
call an end to the recession.
* * *
TWO ASPECTS of the 1957-58
slump reassured economists of .the
American economy's flexibility.
First, consumers kept on buying
even though pay checks were a
little thinner and bank accounts
a little smaller. Their spending
rate at the bottom of the reces-
sion was less than one per cent
below that of the pre-recession
1957 peak. By February of this
year, economists said retail trade
was on the upturn, despite the
fact that unemployment was over
the five million mark and still ris-
ing.
Second, the economy's built-in
stabilizers helped to reduce the
hard-hitting effect of the reces-
sion. While production was drop-
ping some six per cent, the per-
sonal income of Americans slipped
only one per cent. Business in-
dexes show that total income, like]
retail sales, was on the rise be-
fore business generally stopped
going down.
* * *
DEMANDS for a sweeping taxi
cut failed to convince the Ad-]
ministration that the recession
was that serious. Administrative
action came in the form of more
military contracts and a step up
in existing public works programs.
Calls for big public works projectsj
were answered by eased credit,
hastened tax refunds and liberal-
ized home purchase terms. Con-
gress pledged a billion dollars to
bolster the home mortgage mar-..
ket, provided for an extension of
jobless pay and passed tax reliefi
bills for small business and econ-
omically weak railroads.
The Administration's unwill-;

partici
the Co
on the

Renewal Issue Continues
By PHILIP MUNCK
Daily Stat Writer
IN ANN ARBOR, the question of Urban Renewal is not a new one nor
will it be settled soon, but 1958 will be marked as the hottest year
the plan has seen.
The real fight over Urban Renewal began early in the summer when
the city planning commission presented a some-what farfetched plan.
Although a good plan, it went much too far, with an extensive scheme
of tearing down the whole area
and rebuilding it from scratch. The
Council unanimously voted it
down.
ight F uture _ The consequent creation of the'
Plans Standards Committee went
boom in the year 1959. Economists a long way in filling the gap be-
b tween the Council and planning
say there will be high and steadi- commission and the people of the
ly rising employment. renewal area. Composed largely of
There will probably not be a people in the area who would,
measurable cut in unemployment after all, be the most affected by
the program, the committee work-
until the end of the year. The five ed well and the new plan came out
million jobless can expect re- as essentially feasible and prac-
hiring to begin sometime during tical.

-Daily-David Arnold
TDS LISTEN-More than 300 Ann Arbor citizens flocked to
pate in a public hearing on Urban Renewal last month. When
ouncil chambers were filled to capacity; people were seated
floor below and listened to a radio broadcast of the meeting.

construction of the Medical Sci-
ence building and follow plans
through on the mental health re-
search building,
The reduced appropriation stems,
in part, from the state's dire finan-
cial condition. Last week Rep. Rol-
lo G. Conlin (R-Tipton), head of
the House taxation committee,
predicted that the state debt will
rise to $100 million by the close of
the fiscal yea in June.
Due to the difficulty the state's
nine tax-supported colleges and
universities have had in getting
funds, the concept of joint requests
both for operations and for capital
outlay emerged from the Council
of College Presidents meetings this
fall. Work on a joint capital outlay
request has already begun with
indications that the total request
will be somewhere around $25 mil-
lion dollars. A joint operating bud-
get will probably not emerge until
next fall.
THESE JOINT requests along
with the proposed change in the
State tax structure, as suggested
by the Citizen's Advisory Commit-
tee earlier this month, may pro-
vide the solution to the financial
troubles of tht state. However, the
,benefits to the University are still
somewhat unclear.
A joint budget request from the
nine schools would present to the
legislators a unified picture of the
current needs of higher education
in the state . . but theeadminis-
tration of a joint appropriation
may provide loopholes unfavorable
to the University's position. If the
Legislature should considerably cut
the joint request, then the problem
of which school will shoulder the
major part of the reduction may
cause some animosity among the
institutions. If this is the case,
then the extent of cooperation
aimed at by the joint effort may be
considerably reduced.
* * *
THE ROAD to acceptance of the
new tax structure is likely to be
harder than that of joint requests.
As Prof. Harvey Brazier of the
economics department, director of
the tax study, has said, the pro-
posal must be accepted as a bal-
anced program and not in parital
form. Each component is an in-
tegral part of the overall effective-
ness of the program.
But several of the proposed
changes are meeting opposition
from various interest groups . .
and acceptance will only come if
each of these groups realize that
although somie will suffer in vary-
ing degrees, general improvements
will justify it.
Should the proposal be accepted,
more money will then be put into
the State's General F'und which
helps finance the University. But
there is no indication as to what
percentage of the increased funds
will eventually be earmarked for
the "U."
The picture for the coming year
is thus somewhat confused and
unsteady. The potpourri of sugges-
tions have several definite merits
whether these merits will or
will not be realized can only be
told when the pattern of 1959 re-
veals itself.

SGC:
Definition
Of Power,
Role Near
By THOMAS TURNER
Daily Staff Writer
IN ITS FOURTH year of exis-
tence, Student Government
Council has met, far more inter-
est than ever before.
Most of this interest, however,
has been provoked by the many-
splendored Sigma Kgppa case,
which has by its coiplexity di-
verted theaCouncil from other val-
uable areas and by its pitfalls ut
the whole idea of student gov-
ernment in jeopardy.
Throughout the spring, SGC
went along its often-merry way,
concerned as a former member
says "largely with propagating it-
self." Projects were initiated by
the score, however, some to con-
tribute to the .campus welfare,
others to fall by the wayside,
BUT FOR many Council mem-
bers, and certainly for their cn-
stituency, the big item was the
Sigma Kappa case, to come up
this fall.
And come up it did, far bigger
than anyone anticipated. SGC
considered the sorority's resolu-
tion passed at the summer conven-
tion, and during a rather theatri-
cal session in the Union ballroom,
found the group still in violation.
The administration, t h r o u g h
SGC's Board in Review, asserted
its jurisdiction in the area.
SGC complied with Board in
Review directives to try and re
solve the jurisdictional dipute,
then went ahead and withdrew
recognition of the sorority which
it felt violated University rules
by not allowing its local chapters
to pledge freely.
The Board in Review met again,
and reversed the Council decision.
SGC HAS NOW filed an appeal
to the Regents, following faculty
endorsement of its stand, and pre-
sumably early 1959 will see a Re-
gent hearing of the whole affair,
What this means for the future
of SOC is not clear, but it does
not seem it will be all bad. For
the Regents, who may be a more
liberal group than those who
passed the Student Government
Council plan four years ago, will
have an opportunity to consider
the problems of student govern-
ment's power.
The cloudy area of SGC-admin-
istration jurisdiction split has
been exposed and will now have
to be re-defined.
And SGC itself, has been
prompted to consider what its pur-
pose is and/or should be, which
could be the most valuable result
of all.

the middle of
say.

1959, economists

* * *

PRODUCERS can probably look
for an upswing in sales in the near
future if the American consumer
continues his present buying
trend. The University Survey Re-
search' Center cited a marked in-
crease in the consumer's purchas-
ing confidence. It reported that
its latest, October, poll shows more
families saying their financial sit-
uation has improved. Consumers
have hopes for higher income and
a better year all around in 1959.
Economically, the a v e r a g e
American can expect a slightly
fattened paycheck and more work
for the new year of 1959.

THE COUNCIL showed con-
siderable fortitude in passing the
various resolutions despite the
seemingly overwhelming protest of
the minority opposition group.
Their decision was based partly on
the fact that the final decision to
have, or have not, Urban Renewal
would have to come in the spring.
The issue will depend now on
the upcoming city election where
the main question facing every
candidate will be the development
project.
All things considered, however,
it seems probable that by next
summer the city will have an Ur-
ban Renewal project well under-
way.

New Methods in New War

THE BATTLE was see-sawing back and forth
Both generals were battle-scarred veterans,
But this was a new type of war and no one
knew exactly how the war or even specific
battles should be fought: the two generals were
less prepared for the war than younger men
who, although they had no combat experience,
were familiar with the theoretical basis for
he struggle. The oligarchical powers behind
both generals, however-on one side it was a
group of political theorists and on the other
a group of industrialists-insisted on old-time
vodka-drinking, golf-playing generals,
So the war was fought on a mixed basis: new
methods could not be denied, but they replaced
he old piecemeal and the original framework
was retained, And the world prayed that nei-
,her general would become senile and misuse
one of the new techniques and blow up the

AND THE PEOPLE started to scare. They
were scared not only of senility in the gener-
als, but also of the increased dangers involved
with testing some of these new weapons. So the
people, with some support from educated liber-
als, raised a great cry and demanded that
testing of these weapons must stop; that the
weapons then in use should be laid down and
the swords be beaten into plowshares so that
an era of Peace might dawn. And the people,
not only of the warring. nations, but all over
the world insisted upon talks so persistently
that the generals sent their envoys to talk over
the problem. Some of the generals' envoys were
enthusiastic about the talks, others were skep-
tical; but it did not seem to make much dif-
ference either way, because the talks continual-
ly failed. Spurred by the people, the generals
did not give up. And the talks went on ... and
on ... and each "solution" turned out to be a
mirage.
And the reason for this was that both gen-
erals, the oligarchies which backed them and
the people of the world would not recognize
the basic principle of the new war: the starv-
ing masses of the "underdeveloped countries of
the world" would not be denied; any solution
to the war ultimately rested upon their relief.
--JAMES SEDER
New Books at the Library
Alsop Joseph and Stewart-The Reporter's
Trade; Reynal. 1958.
Auchincloss, Louis-Venus in Sparta; Boston,
Houghton Mifflin Co., 1958.
Carrighar, Sally-Moonlight at Midday; N.Y.,
Alfred A. Knopf, 1958.

'U' AIDS IN WORK:
Satellites, IGY Top Science Advances

--- -,-

fir fairgatt B&tth,

By RO9ERT JUNKER
Daily Staff Writer
MOONS AND MISSILES have topped the science advances of 1958.
Sputniks I and II were things of the past on January 1, but the
world had entered the space race, and other scientific advances, im-
portant as they might be, were relegated to the position of insignificance,
at least as far as publicity was concerned.
The United States' first satellite, the Army's Explorer I, went into
orbit Jan. 31 and marked the first American success in the all-important
world struggle for space supremacy. The attempt came four months
after Sputnik I, but the prestige of being able to compete, at least
partially restored some of the confidence the United States lost during
initial Russian success.
* s * *
THIS FIRST ATTEMPT was followed by a profusion of successful
and non-successful moons: Explorers through IV, Vanguard I and a
Sputnik III. The satellites were traced by means of United States Mini-
track stations, one of which is located at Peach Mountain, '15 miles
northwest of Ann Arbor.
This student-built station is on the mountain near the University's
radio-telescope and is manned by engineering and science students. The
Navy-designed unit produces data which is sent to the government for
information and correlation with that received from the other Mini-
track stations.
The International Geophysical Year, the ostensible reason for the
extensive space probes around the world, ends Dec. 31 and much of the
year's science work wa snnncted in cnnnection with it .vdnev J

Editorial Staff
RICHARD TAUB, Editor
L KRAFT JO
al Director

OHN WEICHER
City Editor

DAVID TARR
Associate Editor

E CANTOR ........ .... Personnel Director
N WILLOUGHBY.......Associate Editorial Director
N JONES ....... Sports Editor
'rA JORGENSON ......... Associate City Editor
ABETH ERSKINE....Associate Personnel Director
L RISEAN... ,..... .Associate Sports Editor
OLEMAN. ..Associate Sports Editor
[D ARNOLD............ Chief Photographer

AT W*V T.11 trfy A rrT A ,, A - or - -A-IA * - ., . a .-.- . --l

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