THE MICHIGAN DAILY
shamas candle is used to light the T o O f
ethers. benedictions are repeated
in Hebrew and English praising ~ "
God as Israel's deliverer.
Represents Eternal Light
The candles ar e usually placedI
in a "Menorah" which represents By CHARLAINE A
the eternal light found burning "For as little as
above the ark in all synagogues students will be abl
and temples. Today it assumes dif- original prints by s
ferent elaborate forms as does the artists through Dec
ceremony to celebrate this holiday. Museum of Art,"
Religious law dictates that no Hamme, publicity see
work be allowed by the light of Museum, has annour
the Chanukah candles, so games Composing the "Pri
and riddles became customarym "
e to purchase
t. 14 at the
cretary for the
int for Christ-
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..-mas exmibit, approxlmateiylyuu0
pastimes. matted prints include etchings,
The practice of giving money or woodcuts, colored lithographs and
presents was also developed as an posters by such artists as Toulouse-
addition to this holiday. The Lautrec. Matisse, Leger, Utrillo,
Sformer custom of games has died Dufy and Picasso, and are selling
out in large part except in religious from $4 to $35.
schools among younger children. "The exhibit is a non-profit
Give Presents 1 enterprise." Mrs. Hamme ex-
Giving of presents has become
a major part of the holiday with
the younger set deriving a great
deal of pleasure from their ability
to receive presents on each of eight
nights of the festival.
In recent years, synagogues have
attempted to bring the family ele-
ment into the observances by
stimulating both children and
parents to celebrate the holiday'
together. Decorating for Chanu-
kah has become common in many
Jewish homes along with family-
type celebrations, especially where
there are younger children.
On the campus, through the
B'nai B'rith Hillel Foundations
which are found at most major
colleges and universities, the holi-
day is celebrated in varied man-
ners depending upon the number
of students and the religious in-
terest of the participants.
Through the auspices of the
I University's Hillel Foundation. at-
tempts are made to conduct Cha-
nukah celebrations in all of the
campus living units. A large per-
centage of the predominately Jew-
ish fraternities and sororities
have a candle-lighting ceremony
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plained, "to familiarize students!
with the well-known, high quality
prints that they can purchasej
at reasonable prices. We are hav-
ing it before the holidays to enable
them to purchase the prints for
A similar print sale held a year
ago last spring aroused a great
deal of student interest, she said,
and influenced Museum officials to
hold such a sale before Christmas
Mrs. Hamme explained that the
prints in the show are not the
kind of prints one speaks of when
referring to a "print of an oil
painting." The latter is a repro-
duction of an art work that was
once done in another medium,
while true print making includes
the processes that the artist em-
ploys in duplicating his drawings.
"The woodcut, one of the dupli-
cating processes," she explained,
"is the oldest of the graphic arts.
It was practiced in the eighth
century in China to illustrate
Buddhist principles. The first
European woodcuts were for tex-
"The process involves drawing
a picture on wood," Mrs. Hamme
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Yours for the asking at
sntimuc i gainingc'consider a'during the eight day period. continued, "those parts which are
headwayIn the womes dormitorieS, not to print black being cut away
When the High Priest died, groups of interested students with a sharp tool.
Judah, eldest of his five sons, con- gather in the lounges to hold the The process of etching is the
tinued the struggle and was able ceremony and possibly conduct exact opposite of the woodprint,"
to defeat the Syrian legions. He programs for themselves and their Mrs. Hamme furthered. "In the
was called the "Maccabee" which Gentile neighbors. The same gen- woodprint the ink covers the
e ral type of situation is found raised portions of the block, but in'
continued to the present h within the three men's quads with etching, the ink goes into the
After defeating Antiochus, Ju- Hillel serving to provide Me- lines that have been eaten away
dah Maccabee went on to cleanse norahs and candles when needed. by an acid bath."
the temple from the Syrian pollu- The University Carilloneur has
tion. As a political symbol, Mac- often played Chanukah music
cabee adopted the lamp as a sign during the week of the observance.
of the victory celebration which Ideally, he plays 30 minutes of
was called "The Feast of Taber- holiday music from Burton Tower
nacles." He also made the illumi- on the Saturday of the festival.
nation of the lamps mandatory At Hillel itself, various groups
during the period following his active in the foundation partici-
military success. pate in a candle lighting ceremony
Opposed Fire Worshippers each night. They also combine to
According to certain historians present a large campus-wide cele-
of the period, the festival didn't bration.
assume great importance in Pales-
tine, but rather gained its start
in Babylonia where Jews practiced
it in opposition to certain fire wor-
shippers who disliked the kindling+
of the festival lights. C ristm as iDALTON
Continuing throughout the Dark
and Middle Age periods, Chanukah Coordinates
took on a festive type of religious sh l c e rish!
significance. The basis of cere-
mony has always been the light-
ing of candles during the eight
nights of the festival. One candle
is kindled on the first night and SWEATERS
an additional one is added until
on the eighth day all are lighted. AKTS
One other candle, known as theISKIRTS ,
"Shamas," is a special one and is BLOUSES
used to light all of the other eightE
candles. During the time when the DRESSES
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