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November 23, 1958 - Image 12

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Text
Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1958-11-23
Note:
This is a tabloid page

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Garrett Montague Fitzgerald

THREE recent books of more
than passimg interest have
come to this reviewer, touching on
the areas of non-fiction, novel and
short ,tory.
And Save Them for Pallbear-
ers by James Garrett (Messner,
$3.95, 320 pp.) arrives as one of the
most current additions to the
open - ended doctoral thesis of
Joseph Waldmeier of Michigan
State University who is devoting
himself to a study of the ideologi-'
cal novel of World War II.
The book stands as one of the
latest in a long and predictably

Selections Range from Novel
To Non-Fiction to Short Story

en'dless series of fictional treat-
ments of the theine of war as it
has settled in the minds and
artistic consciences of young
writers whose most dramatic life
experience has come through di-
rect participation in the practice
of organized violence. (In our time
it is notable that war iTovels are

produced almost exclusively by
young writers.)
James Garrett is a graduate of
MSU's department of journalism.
At seventeen Garrett joined the
Army and served for three years
as an Infantry rifleman in the
ETO.

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THE NOVEL, constructed around
the principal figure of Peter
Donatti, reflects both phases of
the author's background. The
story is interesting for its realistic,
direct approach to the realities of
a soldier's existence away from
and under fire.
The love story the author un-
folds comes close to engaging the
reader's sympathies. And the ide-
ology of the novel is clearly and
at times effectively implemented.
However, what reduces the im-
pact of a story with so many posi-
tive elements is a glibness in the
prose expression which could per-
haps be traced to the author's
journalistic training. The most
dramatic moments in the story of
Peter Donatti's ultimate surrender
to an innate compulsion which the
war had revealed to him are re-
lated with the passable minimum
of sincerity and originality of ex-
pression.
The author's descriptive pass-
aggs, unfortunately, might serve
well as models of reportorial style.
In a work of fiction which at-
tempts to create and carry through
a crisis believable people, stereo-
typical description of the type that
Garrett uses causes the narrative
to falter and, ultimately, to lose
its guise of reality.
ASHLEY MONTAGUE, who has
his fingers in many pies (his
last work was Man: His First
Million Years, a primer of an-
thropology) is the author of a
new work entitled The Cultured
Man (World, $3.95, 284 pp.).
This book is composed of two
parts: an inquiry into our Ameri-
can Cultural Status, in the form
of a long essay by Montague, and a
Donald Yates, formerly
with the University's Depart.
ment of Romance Languages,
is now teaching at Michigan
State University.

L1uren

S0op

'XicKJ i-s

1500-item questionnaire designed
to determine the reader's "Culture
Quotient."
The opening essay is excellent,
illuminated on nearly every page
by Montague's astonishingly broad
and well-informed insights. The
essay is of particular value in that
the author approaches and re-ap-
proaches from several angles the
requisite of humanity in the truly
cultured man,
rfH E SECOND section is more
fun. The author has selected
fifty areas of human knowledge
and has offered thirty questions
under each. These questions test
not only knowledge but attitude
as well.
As an illustration, under "Ana-
tomy and Physiology" he must be
able to identify the principal
blood-forming organ of the body,
the hardest substance in the body,
and define precisely "aorta," "hor-
mome" and "colostrum" as well
as to give the "correct" answers to
questions like "Do you smoke?",
"Do you take exercise?", "Are you
a civilized and moderate drink-
er?", and "How often do you see
your dentist for a check-up?"
Montague is the sole arbiter on
these "attitude" questions, and
one's score is weighted in accord-
ance with the author's arbitrary
standards.
There may be plenty of room
for argument on many of these
questions relating to personal be-
havior, yet Montague's standards,
on the whole, seem fair and rea-
sonable. Indeed, one might best
feel gratitude for the chance to
share the open perspective of a
genuinely cultured individual.
THERE ARE two available edi-
tions of Arthur Mizener's new
selection from the uncollected
stories and essays of F. Scott Fitz-
gerald.
The Princeton University L-
brary has at $5 a 226-page volume
which includes nine photographs
from the Fitzgerald scrapbook in
the Princeton Library.
Scribners has a similar issue at
$4.50 which carries the identical
contents save for the exclusion of
the nine illustrations. Compiler
Mizener, Fitzgerald's principal bio-
grapher to date, has given the
collection the title of one of the
mostinteresting essays contained
herein : Afternoon of an Author.
it is one of Mizener's purposes
to show how carefully Fitzgerald
worked over all of his published
material, and toward that end he
has reprinted in his collection only
pieces that have never before re-
ceived the grace of book publica-
tion.
It is his hope that in these
representative stories and essays
the constant talent and the con-
scientious cultivation of that talent
will become evident to the reader.
Indeed they do.
IT IS an interesting selection:
some of the early autobio-
graphical Basil Duke Lee stories
are here, several of the tragi-
comical essays written at the peak
of his notoriety in the mid 'twen-
ties, the short story "One Trip
Abroad"-little known, but im-
portant in that it captures at an
early moment that attitude that
Fitzgerald was later to expand
with great ambition into "Tender
Is the Night"-and here, too, are
three of the Pat Hobby stories
produced late in the author's
career. There are twenty selec-
tions in all.
Up until the publication of
Afternoon of an Author only
the four volumes of short stories
Tales of the Jazz Age, Flap-
pers and Philosophers, All the
Sad Young Mcn, and Taps at
Reveille, Edmund Wilson's col
lection titled The Crack Up, and
Malcolm Cowley's Selected Short
Stories of F. Scott Fitzgerald
were available to the general read-

ing audience. Today, all but the
Wilson and Cowley titles are out
of print.
This new volume answers a
definite need. It becomes im-
mediately a permanent and valu-
able addition to any library of
the works of Fitzgerald.
-Donald A. Yates
CHIGAN DAILY MAGAZINE

After

casual

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ART DISPLAY-Two observers discuss an exhibit at the Academie
Museum of Art at the University of Bonn.
Division of -Germany
Reflected in Education

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(Continued from Page 3)
universities such as Marburg
(1527), Konigsberg (1544), Jena
(1558), and Wurzburg (1582).
When, in the 17th century
mathematics and the natural sci-
ences came to the fore, the Age
of Enlightenment stimulated a
thorough change in the academic
structure. The advocacy of the
principle of freedom of teaching
and research opened the gates of
the universities to a new spirit and
new ideas. Seminaries-groups of
professors and students jointly in-
vestigating scientific subjects-be-
came the actual seat of academic
training within the various uni-
versity departments.
THE MONSTROUS upsurge in
all academic fields led to ever-
growing specialization in the 19th
century, and in the course of this
evolution institutions of engineer-
ing, agriculture, veterinary sci-
ence, forestry and commerce came
into being, having equal academic
status with the universities.
In the 20th century, German
scientific achievements won ever-
increasing respect and authority
throughout the world. From year
to year, more students, lecturers
and professors from all parts of

the civilized world came to Ger-
many to study and broaden their
education already completed
abroad.
Contrary to this prosperity of
intellesctuallife, many universities
had been destroyed or looted byl
the end of World War II, while
others had narrowly escaped the
horrors of the war.
Only five years later, the situa-
tion had again changed in one
part of the country: academic
studies were resumed and pursued
without obstructions, and every-
one could sense the enormous
scholastic re - orientation among
students and teachers alike.
HOWEVER, Germany has not
settled all of its intellectual
problems. Age-old questions such
as the conflict - between inward-
ness and worldly concerns, spirit
and power, true and false pro-
fundity puzzle the more thought-
ful.
Again, the relationship of Ger-
man to neighboring European cul-
tures, in particular the French,
offers a problem which though re-
cently posed anew, has not yet
quite been solved.
Similarly, the attraction and
(Concluded on Next Page)

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AST'S

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