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November 12, 1958 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1958-11-12

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he Sitrigan &ailg
Six y-Ninth Year
EDiTED AND MANAAD BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVLRSITY Qo MICHIGAN
UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD iN CONTROL OF STU-DENT PUBLICATIONS
STUDENT PUBLICATJONS BLDG. * ANN ARBOR, MIc.* Phone NO 2-3241

"When Opinion, Are Pree
Truth Wit] Prevail"

"It Sure Must Have Been Potent, All Right"
7
CAM....c

AT HILL AUDITORIUM:
Mexican Symphony:
Spirited Program
THE FIRST HALF of last night's concert by the National Symphony
Orchestra of Mexico was devoted to indigenous compositions. A
common characteristic one is primarily aware of is a restless busyness.
Never, even during the slower melodic statements is there momentary
respite from a background of rhythm-setting rustling or piping. Perhaps
this quality derives from the rather apparent dance origins of much of
the music.
Surely the most interesting of the three Mexican works was "Sen-
semaya" by Revueltas. Frantic program notes outlined the curious plot

Editorials printed in The ichigan Daily ex-press the Indiidual opinions of staff u riters
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.

WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 12, 1958

NIGHT EDITOR: LANE VANDERSLICE

Plan for Joint Budget Requests
Deserves Careful Consideration.

THE RECENT PROPOSAL of joint budget
requests by the state's nine educational
institutions may evolve into more expedient and
effective legislative action concerning appro-
priations . . , but the possibility exists that
division of this joint request will result in in-
sufficient administration of funds.
This proposal will allow the Legislature to
quickly dispose of the education appropriation
in one move, rather than contend with nine
different operating budgets and nine capital
outlay requests. However, either before or after
the legislators make the one-lump appropria-
tion, the school officials will have to responsibly
disperse these funds in proportion to individual
needs.
Although the matter will be dealt with by
school administrators, who are aware of the
educational needs, at this time it is still hard
to envision an efficient proportioning of the
appropriation.
IN THE PAST, the University, Michigan State
University and Wayne State University have
asked for large appropriations and conse-
quently have received greater attention from
the legislators than have smaller schools such
as Central Michigan 'College, Eastern Michigan
College or Ferris Institute. This greater atten-
tion to the larger school budgets seems to have
indicated more detailed legislative examination
of the larger requests, and quicker surveillance
of smaller school budgets,
The joint request may lead to a reduction in
the attention and response the larger universi-
ties receive regarding their individual needs.
If the division of funds is now taken out of
the hands of legislators who supposedly reflect

the popular interests and placed under the
jurisdiction of school administrators who essen-
tially represent their individual schools, the
pressures of each institution will figure more
prominently in proportioning of the appropria-
tion.
In this setting, the bargaining table may turn
into sessions of continuing disagreements, de-
spite the educators' attempts to be objective.
And should the legislature considerably reduce
the amount of the joint request, the task of
deciding which schools will receive the largest
cut in their budget will add excess difficulties.
It is a possibility that each year one or more
schools will lose a little sovereignty in deciding
the use of its funds, and have to bow to needs
of other schools . . . leading to a future possi-
bility that the school which bows to another's
needs one year may be continually suberservient
in following years.
THESE ARE TENTATIVE concerns which are
aroused from the vague form which now
envelopes the proposal for joint action. Follow-
ing further consideration of the plan for a
joint request, there may emerge a means for
disposing of this problem. If so, these dangers
may be unimportant.
However, included in these further consider-
ations must be the possibility of inefficient ad-
ministration of funds. This is not a question of
the ability of the administrators to deal with
the problem in an orderly manner, but rather,
a question of how the pressures of an individual
school's needs will, in practice, react upon
those proportioning the funds. The answer is
unpredictable, but the possible results must be
considered.
-JOAN KAATZ

LIPPMANN INTERVIEWS KHRUSHCHEV:
Reds Still Lack Confidence in U.S.

As Harvard Goes.. .

TRADITION HAS RECEIVED another blow.
Harvard University is going to have women
cheerleaders. And no matter whether the deci-
sion was a compromise or not, whether the
student body is behind it or not, whether the
girls chosen will make effective cheerleaders or
not, there will be women cheerleaders.
This is certainly a matter for the tradition-
minded and the tradition-following to put into
their meerschaum pipes and smoke. It may not
agree with their taste trained to the finest
straight tobacco.
Occasionally, those oriented toward the Ivy
League cult have pointed to this University as
the "Harvard of the Middle West." Some Uni-
versity people are proud of this fact, perhaps
they have even tried to strengthen the re-
semblance. Perhaps with this goal subliminally
entrenched on their minds, they have cheered a
resemblance in fields other than academic.
Perhaps this, and undoubtedly a respect for
conservative traditions in general, is the reason
why the University is without women cheer-

leaders despite many pleas from the student
body for a change.
BUT W^HAT unexcitable fans are going to be
aroused by somersaults on a trampoline,
particularly when it is much more interesting
to focus binoculars on the other schools' girl
cheerleaders?
Of our four victorious opponents this season,
all except Navy, naturally, had girl cheer-
leaders.
Why not take another leaf from the Ivy and
follow Harvard's change? We don't have to
initiate a "Kampus Kutie Kontest" or as a
Harvard Crimson editorial suggests "select the
girls after a Sadie Hawkins Day Race or, fairer
yet, after a qualifying essay in the sophomore
year"-making sure that "girls of the straight,
long-haired variety would be excluded, even
as bearded males are tacitly excluded from the
present squad."
Michigan may not have a Radcliffe, but it
may have enough cheerful coeds to make
quitting the tradition worthwhile.
-NAN MARKEL

INTERPRETING THE NEWS:

I

Reds Apply Pressure in Berlin

(EDITOR'S NOTE: This is the second
of four articles written after the
columnist's return from Moscow and
discussion with the Soviet Premier.)
By WALTER LIPPMANN
pHE INTERVIEW with Khrush-
chev prompts the question of
whether he seriously believed that
the United States was contem-
plating a war against the Soviet
Union. For while his attitude
towards West Germany and to-
wards Turkey was threatening, it
was also clear that he was not
thinking of attacking them first
with his military forces. I could
detect no doubt in his mind that
the United States would intervene
and no doubt at all that he re-
gards the United States as a mili-
tary power to be treated with the
utmost respect. His talk about
what he could do to Germany and
to Turkey, and indeed to Eng-
land, France and Spain as well,
was meant, to put it in military
terms, as the threat of an offen-
sive-defensive in case the Soviet
Union was attacked by NATO.
What, then, makes him think
that the NATO powers might at-
tack the Soviet Union? His an-
swer, paraphrased, is that if the
United States finds that it is
going to lose the Cold War, it is
likely to resort to a hot war.
That is not what he said, but I
came to think that it was what he
meant after an interesting passage
in which he talked about the
American fear and hatred of Com-
munism.
COMMUNISM, he said, is in-
deed a great danger to you as an
ideology and as a doctrine, but it
is not a danger to you as a mili-
tary policy of the Soviet Govern-
ment. The Communists do not
want to shed their blood or the
blood of others to extend their
frontiers. And each country should
defend itself against Communism
within its borders, if it sees fit
to do so. (This I took to be an
echo of the talks he had had with
the Egyptian Field Marshal in the
preceding days about Nasser's
treatment of his local Commu-
nists.) But, nevertheless, after
these quieting statements he said
rather solemnly, "we -the Com-
munists - will cause you, the
Americans, more "trouble" each
year.
How? The trouble for the West
will come from the continual "mul-
tiplication of benefits" received
by the people of the Soviet states.
At present, he said, the United
States is the richest and most pro-
ductive country in the world. But
it is living "the last years of its
greatness." Why? Because shortly
the U.S.S.R. will surpass the
United States in productivity per
capita. He was referring, it was
evident, to the coming Seven Year
Plan. When that Plan is achieved,
the people (of the poor countries)
will "be convinced by their sto-
machs." That is your danger, he
asserted, not our hydrogen bombs.
Here lies the answer to the
question of why he thinks we
might make war against him, It
is an article of his faith, which
descends from Lenin, that if the
Soviet Union forges ahead in

HIS CENTRAL THESIS, then, is
that the Soviet economy will in
the near future surpass ours in
productivity per capita, and that
this achievement will cause the
poor countries of the world to turn
to the Soviet Union as an example
and for material help. I asked
Khrushchev whether he believed
that the Soviet system could be
made to work in truly backward
countries since the system called
for a high degree of technological
competence and also of adminis-
trative efficiency.
He replied that 40 years ago
Russia was a very backward coun-
try, and look what Communism
had already achieved. I said., yes,
muchhad been achieved, but there
had been great Russian scientists
before the Revolution and Russia
was not a backward country com-
pared with many in Africa and
with some in Asia.
I did not feel that he was willing
to face this somewhat speculative
question, and he put an end to
this discussion by insisting that
Indonesia woulddo much better
if it adopted the Soviet system,
and that India could easily feed
itself without limiting its popula-
tion if it had the kind of govern-
ment and the kind of economy
which was capable of enterprises
like converting the vast jungles
of India into arable land,
* * *
THIS LED TO China, about
which Moscow comments varied
between awe and anxiety'at the
rapid progress of the Chinese
Communists. Several times before
I saw Khrushchev, I had been
told by Soviet citizens that the
Chinese rate of advance towards
Communism was more rapid than
the Soviet's. I asked him whether
with the long Soviet - Chinese
frontier, with the expanding popu-
lation of the Chinese and the
comparative emptiness of Siberia,
he was not concerned about the
future of Soviet Chinese relations.
He indicated that he had heard
that question before and he dis-
missed it with some impatience,
saying that those who took this
view did not understand the na-
ture of a socialist society. I had

East was based on ignorance of
the real military situation, espe-
cially upon the idea, which he
attributed specifically to General
Norstad, that NATO could go to
the aid of Turkey in the sense of
landing forces there in time of
war. Once again, he was referring,
of course, to the command of the
short range missiles, and this led
him on to say that all talk about
international inspection and con-
trol of missiles was "ridiculous."
Then he paused to say that the
Soviet Union had always believed
that it was possible to detect nu-
clear explosions, and that it was
in principle agreed to work out a
rystem of detection. At this point
he turned to me and asked, did
I have any suggestions as to how
Soviet - American relations could
be improved? To this I replied
that while there could be no solid
improvement until and unless
solutions were agreed to about
Germany, the Middle East and
Eastern Asia, a success at the
coming conference on surprise at-
tack would probably do more than
anything else that was possible to
relax the tension in America. I
reminded him that Pearl Harbor
had had a profound and lasting
effect on the minds and feelings
of Americans.
He replied that he understood
this. But the psychosis-that was
the word used in the translation-
is being kept up by American mili-
tarists so as to promote the manu-
facture of new weapons, and thus
to make profits. I might say in
parenthesis that in my experience
in Moscow the belief is a universal
dogma that profits are the com-
pelling motive in American arma-
ment. Khrushchev added with a
slightly mischievous smile that
even soap manufacturers like De-
fense Secretary McElroy seemed to
make profits out of armaments.
This American psychosis, he con-
tinued, is kept up because Secre-
tary of State Dulles and the mili-
tarists would not otherwise get
their appropriations from Con-
gress. Like a snake with a rabbit,
the American people are so scared
that they give the military all the
money they want.
* * *
AGAINST this background he
returned to the question of in-
spection and control in relation,
not to nuclear explosions but to
surprise attack and the reduction
of armaments. Why, he asked, do
you begin with inspection and con-
trols? Why do you not begin by
taking seriously our offer of a
treaty of friendship and non-ag-
gression? I said we wanted some
tangible evidence that an agree-
ment would be carried out.
He replied that the Soviet Union
could not agree to inspection and
control until confidence, which is
now lacking, has been established.
You want control first, he said, we
want confidence first. Suppose, he
argued, that you and another man
start to make friends, and the first
thing your new friend says to you
is: give me the key to your house.
You would think it impudent of
him, and when the United States
asks for the keys to our house, we
say "go to the devil." Your demand
for the keys of our house is the
way you might talk to a weak and

of the ballet for which the music
is written: a plot involving a
witch doctor, a serpent, and a
drought; but this need not con-
cern us here. Musically the work
consists of several parallel sections,
each building to a climax. One
could perhaps describe it as 'a
toccata on several motives. There
is a croaking ostinato in the bas-
soon, a syncopated drum-beat, a
rhythmic trombone figure consist-
ing of a repeated note followed by
a descending scale, and a moaning
melodio line first introduced by
the trombone. These are miost
amusingly combined
THE CONCLUDING work on the
program was the Fifth Symphony
of Shostakovitch. surely the best
composition of the evening. The
conductor, Luis Herrera de Ia
Fuente, seemed a bit less at ease
with this work than with those of
his countrymen.
He was apparently iinwilling to
be individual with the work, giving
a quite straight forward perform-
ance, though one with many good
points. The string phrasing was
generally excellent; in unfortunate
contrast, the tone was not. The
scherzo was taken slowly, but did
not suffer from stodginess, was,
in fact, quite humorous. The brief
solo passage for the concert mas-
ter was particularly fine. The last
movement was really good: the
several climaxes appropriately
loud, but always clear and precise.
As for the orchestra itself, it
would seem to lack musical sophis-
tication. This was evidenced in
many minor ways: the strings were
occasionally a bit imprecise, the
woodwinds breathy; the brass sec-
tion was on several occasions
rather bad. This orchestra is,
frankly, not one of the first rank
orchestras of the world: Its saving
graces perhaps are enthusiasm and
humor, which were particularly
in evidence after intermission.
-J. Phillip Benkard
DAILY
OFFICIAL
BULLETIN
The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of The Univer-
sity of Michigan for which The
Michigan Daily assumes no edi-
torial responsibility. Notices should
be sent in TYPEWRITTEN form to
Room 3519 Administration Build-
ing, before 2 p.m. the day preceding
publication. Notices for Sunday
Daily due at 2:00 p.m. Friday.
WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 12, 1958
VOL. LXIX, NO 49
General Notices
The next Flu Shot Clinic for stu-
dents, staff and employees will be held
in Rm. 58 (basement of the Health
Service) Thurs., Nov. 13, only. Hours are
8:00-11:45 a~m. and 1:00-4:45 p.m.
Proceed directly to basement, fill out
forms, pay fee (41.00) and receive in-
jection.
It is recommended that each person
receive two injections approximately-
2-3 weeks apart. This clinic will be open
for both first and second shots.
There will be several vacancies In the
Martha Cook Bldg. for the second se-
mester, Feb., 1959. Those interested may
apply to the Director. For appointment
please call NO 2-3225.
College of Engineering Faculty Meet-
ing: Nov. 13 (Thurs.), 4:15 p.m., Rm.
317, Undergrad. Library (Multi-purpose
Room).
International Center Tea: Thurs.,
Nov. 13, 4:30-6:00 p.m. at the Inter-
national Center
L~e ctures
Sigma Xi and the Museum of Pa-
leontology announce the Ermine Cowles
Case Memorial Lecture to be presented
by Alexander wetmore, Research As-
sociate, former secretary of the Smith-
sonian Institution, Washington, D.C.,
on "Birds of the Pleistocene in North
America," at 8:00 p.m., Rackham Am-
phitheater, Wed., Nov. 12. Public in-
vited. Refreshments served.
Ze{udim-Stdn icsin

Zen Buddhism -- Student discussion
with Alan Watts. exponent of Zen.
Open to all students at 7:30 p.m., Wed.,
(Continued on Page 5)

LETTERS
to the
EDITOR
Sportsmanship..; .
To the Editor:
AT AN INTRAMURAL football
game last Monday, I saw an
exhibition which thoroughly dis-
gusted me. In this "B" football
game, one house proved an un-
beatable foe. After several years
of poor sportsmanship, this 8.Q.
house called "Big Red" has sunk
to a new low. A strange arrange-
ment blesses "Big Red" with a
"B" team obviously stronger than
their "A" team.
This and the general attitude
of the team causes one to question
the basic philosophy responsible
for such tactics. I commend the
men of the opposing team, Allen-
Rumsey House, for their good
sportsmanship and exemplary con-
duct under such conditions. They
could serve as fine models for
"Big Red."
-Richard Rosenthal, '62A&D
Organization .. .
To the Editor:
N THURSDAY'S Daily there ap-
peared an article stemming from
comments by Dick Kimball, cheer-
leading captain, to the effect that
simultaneous response to the
cheerleaders at the games was
lacking. This is a problem to be
sure, but I have a different idea
than Mr. Kimball as to why it
exists.
Kimball states that one of the
main reasons for the lack of
response is 'the students are un-
familiar with the cheers. This
may be true, but how are they to
learn them when two of the cheer-
leaders are flipping, two jumping,
two kicking, and two just stand-
ing there clapping their hands?
It's like trying to learn French
from eight different instructors
speaking eight different dialects.
All the flips and gymnastics of
the squad are great. They add a
lot of class, but if they could do
them simultaneously, they would
have much more effect and the
crowd would find them easier to
follow. Kimball notes that "The
Locomotive Speller Cheer" gets
much more response than any of
the other cheers. He states that
the greater response Is due to the
fact that the students are more
familiar with that cheer. I think,
rather, that it is due to the simul-
taneous motions of the cheerlead-
ers accompanied by a steady beat
from the band.
If Mr. Kimball were to organize
his squad into a uniform group
that the crowds could follow, his
problem would be solved.
-Don Baker, '62LS&A
Et Tu, Brute . .
To the Editor:
S THERE a definite "pick on"
policy against some players on
the Wolverine team?
From where I sat in the press
box I thought I saw a bad pass
from center to Brad Myers which
set up a turning point in the game,
It was an impossible catch. But
your two accounts of the play in
the Sunday edition read.
'...when Brad Myers dropped
a low center on a punt play."
"A low snap from center , .
which Myers dropped . . ."
I checked two other accounts
of the play. The Chicago Tribune
told us: "A bad snapback from
center snuffed Myers' hope of
kicking . . ." The Chicago Sun-
Times reported the play: "A bad
pass from center gave Illinois the
ball . . ."

--Rev. Fred E.oL Crs
First Congregational Church

By JOHN M. HIGHTOWER
Associated Press News Analyst
WASHINGTON - Soviet Premier Nikita
Khrushchev seems to be setting the stage
for a major effort to force the Western powers
out of Berlin.'
The showdown this effort will produce may
be slow in coming, perhaps one to three years.
But it will probably carry the greatest danger
of all-out war between the Soviet and Western
blocs that the world has seen for a long time.
Those are the estimates made here yesterday
of the future significance of the latest moves in
Moscow and Western capitals over the fate of
divided Berlin. American officials take seriously
Khrushchev's Monday announcement that the
Russians intend to turn over administration
of East Berlin to the Communist authorities of
East Germany.
The timing of his declaration may have been
determined by interest in fostering soviet ties
with Communist Poland. Russian attempts to
settle German issues could be construed in
Poland as being designed to pave the way for
peaceful settlements and a demilitarized zone
along the Cold War front in Europe.
BUT THE BEST informed authorities here
said yesterday they had no doubt that in
the long run Khrushchev will undertake the
serious attempt to force the Western powers
out of Berlin and build up the prestige of the
Soviet dominated regime there by making the
East German government supreme in the city.
The United States, Britain and France have
occupied the city jointly with Soviet Russia

since the end of World War II, and U.S. and
British spokesmen last night turned down
Khrushchev's demand for an end to the occu-
pation. The State Department reasserted the
U.S. policy of fighting if necessary to preserve
Western interests in the city which is entirely
surrounded by East German territory.
Khrushchev's latest maneuver had been
foreshadowed by East German propaganda at-
tacks on the Western position in Berlin. How-
ever, some authorities here see it significantly
against a background of failures by the Soviet
high command during the past year of "Sput-
nik Diplomacy" to make any really important
or profitable gains in the drive to expand Red
power.
While it is true that the Soviets have built
up their influence in the Middle East at the
expense of Western power since 1955, for ex-
ample, it is also true that the most recent
crisis centering on the revolt in Iraq and the
landing of U.S. and British troops in Lebanon
and Jordan did not produce any great net gain
for Moscow.
THE SAME ASSESSMENT may also be made
of the outcome of the latest Formosa crisis
as it stands to date. The Chinese Reds, with an
involvement of Soviet military aid and prestige,
were unable to make the Chinese Nationalists
and the United States pull away from Quemoy
and Matsu by the use of force. The Chinese
Reds also failed to talk the United States into
pulling its forces out of South Korea although
they claimed they have moved out of North
Korea.
By contrast with these probings and pres-
sures, the East-West front in Europe has been
relatively quiet in the last decade.
In the view of many top authorities here, the
Cold War front in Germany has always been
the most dangerous area of East-West conflict

heard that answer
others in Moscow.
asked the others to
they meant, they
swered dogmatically
states will not and
war.
Khrushchev had

before from
But when I
explain what
usually an-
that socialist
do not go to
a different

line of argument. It is that in a
socialist society there is no eco-
nomic limit on productivity-as
there is in the case of our farm
surpluses, which amused him con-
siderably. China, he said, had only
begun to explore and to exploit
Its natural resources. There were
in the north of China vast reserves
of virgin land which could sup-
port a very much larger popula-
tion.
Be that as it may, Khrushchev
was in no mood to admit that
within the Communist world there
were any of the conflicts that have
haunted the rest of the human
race since the beginning of history.
Khrushchev has for the most part
a pragmatic and earthy tempera-
ment, and he is not much given

Senimore Says .T

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