AGE TWO THE MICHIGAN DAILY
STATE BY STATE RUNDOWN:
Predict Democratic Gains in Elections
By JEAN HARTWIG
Ann Arbor theatre-goers will
have to curl up with a good book
this week, unless they are willing
to travel to Detroit for their
Wayne State University will
open its 1958-59 drama season
Friday when the curtain rises on
its production of "The Boyfriend"
at 8:30 p.m.
The lively English musical, that
captures the gay frivolity of the
roaring Twenties, will be the first
in a series of five presentations
representing both classic and con-
Backed by Research
First produced in London in
1953, the clever satire was written
by Sandy Wilson who has devoted
almost, a lifetime to research of
the 1920's era.
The story, which features a
combined chorus and cast of four
men and four women, follows the
mishaps of a young English girl
who is sent to a boarding school
in Nice by her father.
An innocent and sweet young
thing, she has never been per-
mitted to date members of the
To confuse matters, she con-
veniently meets a young delivery
boy on the eve of a school dance.
The plot becomes more and more
hysterically confused when each
pretends to the other that they are
poverty-stricken youths, while
each is really the offspring of
wealthy, noble parents.
The charm of the production lies
in its burlesque of the unorthodox
dance sequences and totally un-
related songs which were char-
acteristic of the '20s.
The complete schedule for "The
Boy Friend" is Oct. 17, 18, 23, 24
and 25. All performances will be
given in the Wayne State Uni-
Britain's well-known Shake-
spearean reader, Sir John Gielgud
is scheduled to present his original
"Ages of Man" interpretation at
Detroit's Masonic Temple Cathe-
dral next Sunday, Oct. 19. The ori-
ginal monodrama will be given at
8:30 p.m. and will feature excerpts
from Shakespeare's plays.
For local drama fans who prefer
not to wander from the city limits,
the television set will have to suf-
fice, at least for this week.
"The Jungle and the Square"
will be the topic for discussion on
the University's television produc-
tion, "Understanding Our World"
to be seen at 9 a.m. today on
Prof. Leonard K. Eaton of the
architecture school will contrast
the patterns of city squares of
Venice and Rome to the big city
of today, basing his views on his
statement, "The American city
dweller has become the forgotten
man, lost in a jungle of steel and
The University television series
"Accent" will focus on "Religion
in Postwar Europe" at 9:45 a.m.
today on WXYZ-TV Detroit.,
To Interview Educator
Franklin H. Littel, religious edu-
cator, representative in Germany
for the Franz Lieber Foundation
and guest speaker at the Univer-
sity's conference on Religion in
Contemporary Society will be in-
terviewed by Prof. Henry L. Bret-
ton of the political science de-
Concentrate on Beethoven
"Genius," part of the Universi-
ty's "Television Hour" seen at 10
a.m. today on WWJ-TV, Detroit,
will concentrate on a study of
Beethoven,ras an individual and
Prof. H. Wiley Hitchcock of the
music school will comment On the
life of Beethoven as is portrayed
in the composer's notebooks.
Beethoven's "Archduke Trio"
and "String Quartet, Opus 135"
will be played by string groups of
the music school.
By DOUGLAS B. dORNELL
WASHINGTON OP) -- Political
signposts across the country,
checked state by, state bY the
Associated Press, point to
strengthened Democratic holds on
both Senate and House after the
ballots are in Nov. 4.
If the omens are right - and
sometimes they aren't-the Demo-
crats seem likely to elbow Re-
publicans out of at least five or
six Senate seats and possibly 10
They have a 49-47edge in the
Senate now. And that doesn't
count the seat they picked up in
the Maine election last month.
Lost Maine House Seat
The GOP also dropped a House
seat in Maine. It might lose an-
other 10 or 20 in the November
election, or even as many as 30 to
40 or more if there is a tremendous
The House line-up at the mo-
ment is 235 Democrats, 200 Re-
publicans, with v4cancies credited
to the parties which last held the
Nationally, Republicans are
talking% hopefully of Democratic
over-confidence -Vice President
Richard M. Nixon says this is a
big GOP asset-and telling them-
selves they can retrieve control
of the House, at least, if they
work hard enough.
But interest in the election is
low over most of the nation, And
neither Democrats nor Republi-
cans have been able to come up
with any massive national issues
capable of pulling voters irre-
sistibly one' way or 'the other.
Certainly there isn't any ques-
tion that Democrats will take all
the Senate and governor races in
They are going into the election
with a solid foundation of about
100 Southern House members
whose jobs are rock solid. Yet it
is a question whether they can
jar loose more than one or two of
the nine Republicans in the South
unless there is a heavy Democratic
tide running through the whole
Two Races Important
The campaigns sending up the
most fire and smoke elsewhere
are those for senator and governor
in New York and California. These
have colorations that may tint the
national political picture in 1960.
The experts give the Democrats
at least a shade the better of it
in all four contests.
A pair of ivy league multimil-
lionaires are out glad handing and
hobnobbing with the common folk
in the New York gubernatorial
campaign. Democrat Averell Har-
riman, who wouldn't say no to the
presidential nomination in 1960,
is trying for another term.
Nelson A. Rockefeller, the Re-
publican, is giving Harriman. a
tough fight. He is trailing a bit
now, apparently, but the remain-
der of the campaign can be vitally
The Senate race, likely to follow
the pattern of that for governor,
shows an edge now for Manhat-
eral, Edmund G. Brown. And
Knight is bidding for the Know-
land Senate seat against (Demo-
cratic Congressman Clair Engle.
Knight seems to be making a
stronger showing than Knowland,
so the Senate race is rated close.
Still, polls, registrations and. the
June primary point to a Demo-
cratic surge. '
No great upheaval is expected in
the California congressional dele-
gation, now 17 to 13 Republican.
But the Democratsnare likely to
pick up at least one seat and
might make off with three or
Electioneering in Missouri and
Massachusetts is ringing with
1960 overtones, too.
Followers of Sen. Stuart Sym-
ington want to build him up for
a Democratic presidential boom
for two years hence with a thump-
ing victory in his bid for reelec-
tion. It looks as if he will win
easily over a Republican lady
lawyer, Hazel Palmer.
Missouri House contests may be
a standoff, with Democrats and
Republicans each winning and
losing a seat.
Democratic Sen. John F. Ken-
nedy in Massachusetts is em-
barked on a re-election drive
geared to get him within five
miles of every voter. He is favored
over a comparatively unknown
Republican, Vincent J. Celeste.
In Arizona, Gov. Ernest W. Mc-
Farland is attempting to go back
to the Senate against the Repub-
lican who ousted him six years
ago, Sen. Barry Goldwater, It's
close, with McFarland slightly in
front. The state is expected to
elect another Democrat Robert
Morrison, as governor.
Anything can happen in Con-
necticut, a state of ticket split-
ters. But former congressman
Thomas Dood, Democrat, appears
to be well on the way to grabbing
the Senate seat of Republican in-
cumbent William Purteul. Dem-
ocratic Gov. Abraham Ribbicoff is
seeking reelection and seems
sure to win. He could take from
one to four new Democratic House
candidates with him if he rolls
up a big enough margin.
Races Look Safe.
Delaware, Vermont and New
Hampshire races look safe for the
A Democratic trend is apparent
in Indiana. Republican Gov. Har-
old W. Handley apparently has
dropped behind Democrat Vance
Hartke, in the battle for the Sen-
ate seat being vacated by Repub-
lican William E. Jenner. Demo-
crats are favored to pick off at
least one Republican House .seat
and perhaps three more.
In Maryland, the Senate battle
is a toss-up at this point. But
Democrats are genuinely optimis-
tic about putting Baltimore's
mayor, Thomas D'Alesandro in
the seat of Republican J. 'Glenn
The Minnesota Senate struggle,
between Republican Sen. Edward
J. Thye and Democratic Rep.
Eugene McCarthy looks too close
SEN. WILLIAM KNOWLAND
... looks in trouble
tan District Attorney
Hogan, the Democrat,
publican Rep. Kenneth
In House races, Democrats have
a chanct of picking off a Re-
publican seat in New York City
and one or two upstate.
Knowland, Knight Split
Out in Nixon's home state of
California, Democrats are glee-
fully watching the rift between
Senate Republican leader William
F. Knowland and Gov. Goodwin
Knight wanted to try for an-
other term. But Knowland nudged
him aside and is the GOP candi-
date for governor against the
state's Democratic Attorney Gen-
LOW SALARY SCALES CRITICIZED:
Teachers Insist Times Resemble Colonial Period
COtoR by bEix CNMAASGCPO
(Continued from Page 1)
trying to support. a family it's a
months yet, so let's take some fig- different story. That $120 a week
ures for 1957-58 and see how they won't go far. Many families, of
work out. course, get by on that much, or
Averak Decepeven less-but seldom do they have
Average Deceptive to when the wage earner has spent
The average salary for all class- four years in college and thousands
room teachers was $4,520 a year. of dollars preparing himself for his
But right off we're starting with a life's work.
deceptive figure. California and O nthe basis of a 40-hour week,
New York hire the most teachers, that $120 works out to an even
and they pay the highest salaries. $3 an hour. That's a nice round
That brings the average up. figure that sounds fairly impressive
One out of every four classroom -but here again the figure is de-
teachers last year received less ceptive. The teacher who works a
than $3,500. In eight states the 40-hour week is a rare bird, indeed.
average annual salary of the entire Most surveys show that teachers
teaching staff was less than $3,500. work anywhere from 50 to 60 hours
In three states--North Dakota, a week on school chores-teaching,
Mississippi and Kentucky -- one preparing lessons, grading papers,
teacher in three was paid less than taking tickets at basketball games,
$2,500 for the school year. The chaperoning dances, and organiz-
average for all of Mississippi was ing and supervising outside activi-
just over that: $2,525. ties.
Average $86 Per Week Below Manual Labor
If we use the national average At 50 to 60 hours a week, the
of $4,520, it works out to about pay scale drops to $2 to $2.40 an
$120 a week for the school year, or hour. That is considerably below
about $86 a week if the salary is the pay of the average plumber,
supposed to cover a full 12-month carpenter, bricklayer or other
period. skilled workman in the building
And from here you can take off trades, and even further below the
and fly in all directions. pay scale in most other profes-
If the teacher is a married wom- sions.
an helping her husband make both At the top of the salary scale sits
ends meet, that $120 might be con- California, paying its classroom
sidered a good salary. teachers an average annual salary
But, if the teacher is a man of $5,750.
Even so, California is having
trouble finding teachers.
This year, California needed
7,000 new teachers just to take care
of increased enrollment, and an-
other 8,800 to replace those leaving
Only Half Choose Job
But of 12,160 Californians newly
qualified for a certificate, only
about half decide to go into teach-
Most surveys indicate that two
of every three men teachers have
to work at summer jobs to make
both ends meet. The ratio for
women teachers seems to be about
one in eight.
That takes some of the gloss off
the three-month vacation. So does
the requirement in many states
that all teachers continue to im-
prove themselves professionally by
attending summer school.
Quarter Study in Summer
About 25 per cent of the nation's
1,200,000 public school teachers go
to summer school every year. Aver-
age cost for the normal summer
load of six semester hours of work
One former teacher summed it
up with this story of his own ex-
perience: One year he went to
summer school and worked nights
in a restaurant to pay his way.
The next year he passed up sum-
mer school and earned $1,000 sell-
The third year he left teaching
altogether and got another job.
According to census bureau fig-
ures published in a 1956 report,
tetacher's salaries ranked 141ht
teachers' salaries ranked 14th in a
list of 18 professions that require
a college degree. They outranked
in this category only the salaries
paid to social and welfare workers,
librarians, clergymen and dieti-
clans and nutritionists.
From another angle, figures from
the department of commerce show
that the average annual earnings
of all persons getting wages or
salaries during the 1957-58 school
year was $4,302. As mentioned
above, the average annual teach-
er's salary was $4,520.
Corma Mowrey of the National
Education Association, citing these
figures to a congressional com-
mittee earlier this year, said that
to be truly professional, teachers'
salaries should increase between 50
and 60 per cent higher than the
average of all wage or salary earn-
On this basis, the national aver-
age for teachers last school year
would have been between $6,453
and $6,883, instead of $4,520.
Mrs. Mowrey struck at what may
well be the heart of the matter
when she told the committee:.
"Teachers' salaries will be at
about the right level when the suc-
cessful and leading citizens of any
community will encourage their
sons and daughters to consider
teaching among desirable .voca-
GOV. AVERELL HARRIMAN
...has slight edge
to call. Thye has been regarded as
a front runner. But the mid-
September poll of the Minneapolis
Tribune indicated McCarthy had
inched out ahead after trailing in
Nebraska Democrats are ex-
pected to run a bit stronger than
in recent years. But they aren't
expected to unseat Republican.
Sen. Roman L. Hruska, Gov. Vic-"
tor E. Anderson or any of four
Republican House members. '
In New Jersey, a hairline mar-
gin in a tight Senate race goes
to Democrat Harrison A. Williams
over Republican Rep. Robert W.
Kean. Kean is campaigning as an
Eisenhower Republican. Williams
is banking on labor support and
the recession to help his cause.
Bricker Seems In
The consensus is that Ohio Re-
publican John W. Bricker will get
a third Senate 'term and :the best
the Democrats can hope for, in
House contests is a gain of one
seat. The race for governor is hot
and tight and revolving around a
right - to - work constitutional
amendment. Democratic nominee
Michael V. Disalle is against the
amendment and seems to have a
thin lead over Republican Gov. C.
William, O'Neill. O'Neill embraced
In Pennsylvania, for the first
time since 1860 Democrats have a
chance of winding up with a gov-
ernor and two senators. The only
Senate race, for a Republican
seat, matches Democratic Gov.
George M. Leader against Rep.
Hugh Scott, former GOP national
chairman. Scott could win - but
Leader seems to be slightly ahead
'U' Polio Center
The Poliomyelitis Respiratory
and Rehabilitation Center of the
University's Medical. Research
Center was recently given a grant
of $99,113 by the March of Dimes.
The grant, which will be used
to continue the Center's study on
procedures to enablp iron lung pa-
tients ultimately to return to clear
normal lives, was announced joint-
ly by Dr. A. C. Kerlikowski, di-
rector of University Hospital and
Basil O'Connor, president of the
National Foundation (originally
the National Foundation for In-
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BEST !" t
-N.Y. Times NO 2-2513
Tonight at 8
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