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September 23, 1958 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1958-09-23

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"My Need Is Greater Than Yours"

Ghe ichganBatl
Sixty-Ninth Year
EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG. 4 ANN ARBOR, MICH. * Phone NO 2-3241

ben Opinions Are Free
Truth Will Prevail"

11211,,,,,.
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AT THE CAMPUS:
'Street of Shame
Generally Uinpie
THE CURRENTCampus' Theater "quality film" "Street of Shame,"
depends upon the drawing power of Machiko Kyo, Japanese star
of "Teahouse of the August Moon," and a lurid title to lure in unsus-
pecting freshmen and others not frightened by English and Japanese
dialogue. Those attracted solely by the title or by the previews are apt
to be disappointed; fans of Machuko Kyo's past performances un-
doubtedly will be.
"Street of Shame" could perhaps have been an above average film,
for its makers produced "Rashomon" and "Gates of Hell," two films

Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.

SEPTEMBER 23. 1958

f

NIGHT EDITOR: THOMAS TURNER

,, :,

calendar Committee Provides Frame
For Future 'U' Growth

HE CALENDAR committee wrapped up a
successful job at the end' of this summer
.h the presentation of its final calendar
ommendations to University President Har-
z Hatcher. The calendar committee had put
many hours since December, when it was
,rted, and the end result was a competent,
owledgeable job.
lincoln's saying might be adapted to read
ou can't-please all of the people all of the
ie," and the rephrasing would certainly
ply in the case of the committee's recom-
nded calendars. There will be some grum-
rg about the shortened examination, and
ier calendar innovations may be distasteful
some University members.
Undoubtedly displeasing to many, perhaps all,
iversity students will be classes scheduled
r Saturday afternoon and the noon hou.
is may mean the end of the "in by ten, out
two" schedule, and the end of that extra
ir of sleep on Saturday mornings. But this
Ls recommended by the committee only if,
d when, necessary.

STUDENTS, especially- lower classmen, will
just have, to ,accustom themselves to un-
usual, often-inconvenient class -hours, for the
University cannot easily ask the, Legislature for
more classroom space without making the most
efficient use possible of what already exists.
Students will have little justification for
their complaints, however,,for little unfavor-
able comment was received last spring by the-
committee when it invited interested persons
to comment on calendar proposals. But if
students look more closely, they might findI
that attention has been given to studentI
problems, notably those of Christmas and sum-
mer jobs. University students would have a
, week before Christmas to work anad get out
several days earlier in June to 'start summer
job hunting.,
In fact, the overall design. of the calendar'
is what may be hoped for in the future from
the University-provision for growth combined
with concern for the student. The calendar
committee is to be congratulated for providing
a framework for the .future academic years
which will help to achieve these objectives.
-LANE \VANDERSLICE

Red China and the UN

CAPITAL COMMENTARY:
Red China Recognition Likely
By WILLIAM S. WHITE

HE UNITED STATES is so anxious to win
the cold war that it is ignoring the purpose'
the United Nations.
'o lose a seat on the Security Council to a
nmunist nation is considered by the State
partment as a major setback in the cold
r Yet this country is making a fool of itself
he eyes of the rest of the world by not rec-
izing Red China.
'he unsoundness of, this position is empha-
d by the contradietion brought out by the
is in the Formosa Strait. In a recent state-
at to the United Nations General Assembly,
retary of State John Foster Dulles called
crisis issue "a simple one-armed ag-
ssion."
ggression, as it. Is used in the United Na-
is, occurs between nations, yet the United
tes, in allowing Nationalist China to hold
seat in the Security Council, holds the p0-
on that there is only one China.
IS TIME for the United. States to make up
s mind. Is there one or are there two
nas?
f there is only one China,- then the United
,tes in interfering with an internal affair of
ther country-just as it did in Lebanon,
ere the U.S. so nearly avoided humiliation.
[owever, in the area of foreign policy, a na-;
i should view the world as it is, not as it
uld be. Realistically this means the United
,tes should admit that if there is just one

China, Red China, which controls the bulk of
the country deserves the Security Council
Seat.
Even if there were two Chinas, a proposition
disputed by both the Nationalists and Commu-
nists, Red China should still get, the Security
Council seat. That seat is for China, not For-
mosa, and there is a good reason for this.
When the United Nations was formed, and
dedicated to peace, the Security Council was
designed to make the UN more realistic than
the now defunct League of Nations. The
founders were aware that without full co--
operation of the- major powers, the UN could
not work.
THEREFORE, the Security Council was or-
ganized with the major powers holding per-
manent seats and having the power of veto.
Even the veto is reaistic because if a major
power refused to follow the dictates of the
UN these dictates are worth little more than
they paper they are written on.
The League failed in part because a major
power, in this case the United States, was not
a member. Ironically, it is the United'States
again which is endangering the new peace or-
ganization, but this time by excluding China
as a world power. The administration, by pre-
venting a major power from having its say in'
the UN, is hindering the organization's chances
to fulfill its purpose-world peace.
-JOHN FISCHER

(EDITOR'S NOTE: William S.
White, The Daily's newest colum-
nist, is the author of the Pulitzer
Prize winning biography "The Taft
Story" and the best seller, "Citadel:
The Story of the United States
Senate." Until he began writing
his three-times-a-week c o l1u m n
this year, he was Chief Congres-
sional Correspondent for The New
York Times, having joined, the
paper in '1945. Born in DeLeon,
Texas, White attended the Univer-
sity of Texas, joined the Associated
Press in 1927, and soon transferred
to the Washington Bureau where
he began his career as a political
correspondent.)
WASHINGTON - There is a
spreading conviction here
that the end result of the Far
East crisis must be either major-
war or a success for Communist
China's almost psychotic cam-
paign to muscle her way into the
United Nations.
Since major war is a nearly un-
thinkable last resort, many are
reaching the conclusion that the
galling and terrible dose of Amer-
ican recognition of Red China
must be swallowed sooner or later.
This is reported not gladly, only
factually.
Recognition is the ultimate
course being increasingly asked by
some of our best friends among
the Western allies. A considerable
number of influential American
politicians ,particularly a m o n g
the Democrats, are looking sadly
and reluctantly and almost fur-
tively in the same direction.
"Furtively" is used because the
United States Government,
through both the executive de-
partment and Congress, is mas-
sively and repeatedly ,committed
against acknowledging the exist-
ence of a bandit regime.
Thosenow speaking privately
for a change in this policy are
unimpeachably anti-Communist.
And some of them, in both the
foreign diplomatic and the Amer-
ican political communities, are
actually quite conservative- in
their general political thinking.
To ask the United States to rec-
ognize Communist China is to ask
us to accept an unexampled dip-
lomatic humiliation-and an un-
doubtedly cynical accommoda-
tion. These are the people who
killed thousands of troops in Ko-
rea. These are the people who

made unrepented war on the
United Nations itself when the
UN was fighting for collective se-
curity in Korea. These - are the
people who conspired in the Com-
munist seizure and theft of part
of what used to be French Indo-
China. And these are the people
who long ago drove our National-
ist Chinese ally, Chiang Kai-shek,
out of mainland China' and now
distantly besiege him in his last
island refuge of Formosa.
* * *
ALL THIS is 'conceded by these
foreign friends - and by those
American politicians who now be-
lieve it must be faced up to -
who press this bitter thing upon'
us. Still, they point out that there
is a mania in the determination
of Red China to bludgeon the
world into giving it a quasi-
respectability by way of UN mem-
bership.
_They are convinced that Pei-
ping will set the world aflame, in
a nuclear flame of total world war
if necessary, before it will be long
denied this mark of "face." They
believe that even the Russians,
who are not notably sensitive
about such things, are becoming
Q Yuemoy Too
IRAN, GREECE, Berlin, China,
Korea, Vietnam, Guatemala,
Hungary, Syria, Cuba, Indonesia,
Algeria, Lebanon, Iraq, Quemoy.-.
In color and quality each sepa-
rate crisis differs from the others,
but they are identical in substance.
The. response of most of the cus-
tomers is an unchanging automatic
reflex of their fixed ideas: just
leave a blank for the place name,
and the same editorial could be
used everytime, the same recording
could do for every speech. The
Softs say: "Negotiate, concede, give
way!" The Hards-the few wpo
can make themselves heard-say:
"Resist!"
So with Quemoy. Day by day the
appeasing chorus swells. There is
really no need for Peiping and
Moscow to pump out propaganda,
because our Softs are saturating
the communications channels with
the Communist arguments and
slogans.
-National Review

alarmed at how far Peiping might
be prepared to go.
They acknowledge that recog-
nition would mean the end of any
kind of hope for Chiang beyond
the hope of remaining on For-
mosa with our support. They do
not admit, however - and this is
the whole, kernel of their argu-
ment -- that all this need mean
the loss to the West of Formosa
itself as an anchor in our securi-
ty line.
They are suggesting that per-
haps we could agree to neutralize
the small off-Formosa islands -
Quemoy and so on - but accom-
pany this with an all-Western,
and not merely American, procla-
mation that any Communist as-.
sault on Formosa itself would.
mean that we would all go in to-
gether, to the end, against that
aggression.
They suggest, in a word, that
the undeniably "heavy loss of
American prestige involved in
recognition need not mean any
net loss in American-Western
power. On the contrary, they say,
this kind of settlement would put,
our Western allies actually on our
side for the first time in the For-
mosa Strait. They are not with
us there now, by any means.
* * *
THIS IS THE sort of proposal,
wise or not, that is going to be,
increasingly heard in Washington
by the time the new Congress as-
sembles in January. How that
Congress may respond, should the
Administration itself shift ground
on recognition in the meantime,
no one can say.
One thing, however, may be re-
garded as absolutely certain: the
Senate's heretofore monolithic
objection to any kind of recogni-
tion will be significantly, though
not necessarily critically, weak-
ened. The very heart of that ob-
jection has been in a hard Re-
publican core centered around
Senator William F. Knowland,
the Republicandfloor leader.
Mr. Knowland, now a' candidate
for governor of California, will
not again be in a position to sup-
ply an adamant anti-recognition
leadership. The power equation
on the issue, in consequence, will
be measurably altered.
(Copyright, 1958, by United
Feature Syndicate, Inc.)

which fuse the best in Japanese
art with the Western motion pic-
ture technique. Unfortunately,
however, the producers seem to
have been undecided whether to
produce a Japanese art film or an
American expose and the result is
a product which does not please
many most of the time. With the
exception of one brief boudoir
shot, quad-men may as well stay
home.
As it stands, the film contains
some fine Japanese techniques
including an eerily effective elec-
tronic musical score. It is often
difficult to judge a foreign film
of this type when a few scattered
guffaws break out after an in-
nocuous subtitle. Although the
better films ordinarily rise above
this handicap, "Street of Shame"
usually does not.
* * *
THE MAJOR weakness of
"Street of Shame" arises from the
handling of its topic, life in .the
houses of legal prostitution in
Tokyo. It poses as a "message"
film, yet too often sniggers about
its subject in the style of a typi-
cal "B" movie.
The plot revolves around the
lives of several girls' in "Dream-
land", a typically garish estab-'
lishment. Each girl's situation is
but a stereotype of that of various
familiar American "dance-hall"
girls. One finds the girl who is
saving money to get married, the
self-sacrificing and aginghmoth-
er supporting her son, 'the wife
with a husband ill with T.B. and
a young child which needs its
milk, and Machiko Kyo playing a
tough young runaway.
THIS description,overlooks the
element of social protest-'inserted
rather. obviously for the most
part, but handled with savage ef-
fectiveness when the owner of the
INTERPRETING:
Diatribes
By J. M. ROBERTS
Associated Press News Analyst
HE WASHINGTON adminis-
tration has received Nikita
Khrushchev's latest diatribe,
opened it, read it, sent- it back
marked rejected, and is now pre-
paring to answer it indirectly.
Together with leaks of bad news
from the negotiations' with Red
China at Warsaw, the whole thing
is being widely assessed as in-
creasing tensions and worry about
war.
To cooler heads, however, it still
looks more like a part of the long-
term propaganda battle.
The United State reopened ne-.
gotiations with Red China not
with any real hope of obtaining
agreements, but in the desire to
find out what the communists are
really after. Whatever the results,
they can hardly be grounds for
surprise.
Neither is the tone of the re-
jected Khrushchev letter.
The language exchanged be-
tween Moscow and Washington
had been increasingly undiplo-
matic. The President's last reply
was exceedingly tough. He im-
pugned Khrushchev's motives and
accused him of trying to present
an "upside down" picture - in
other words, of lying. The type of
Khrushchev's reaction could easily
have been anticipated.
KHRUSHCHEV'S reply was,
however, more than a mere "you're
another." The points it belabored
regarding America's military posi-
tion far from home are old, but
they are also tried and successful

propaganda among people who see
imperialism in every act of the
powerful western nations.
The real need for answering it
despite its diplomatic rejection,
however, lies in the points it ad-
dresses to America's 'sturdiest
allies.
Those are the points having to
do with Washington's support of
Chiang Kai-shek's policies and the
refusal to- recognize the Red
Chinese regime.
All over the world, and especi-
ally in Britain, those policies are
being represented as ill-founded
and shortsighted.
One reason for this is that the
United States, so accustomed to
present its actions against a back-
ground of principle rather than
bedrock practicality, frequently
fails to search its own mind and
describe its motives frankly.'
There is an analogy between
supporting Chiang and his 600,000'
soldiers on Formosa and one of

Reviewers 0,
A meeting of those interested in
reviewing movies, music, drama,
art, or literature for The Daily will
be held at 7:15, Thursday, Septem-
ber 25 In the Student Publications
Building. old reviewers are also in-
vited to come.
house self-righteously protests the
effort to ban prostitution by de-
claring that the houses are a vital
supplement to the social welfare
efforts of the nation. The relent-
less economic hold with which the
house grips each girl is pictured
with slight variations. Machiko
Kyo as "Mickey" the toughest
girl in the house is no exception;
she runs away from home because
she can no longer stand her re-
spectable father who hides behind
a wall of money to wallow in de-
bauchery. Only the girl content
with money for its own sake an.
willing to exercise every deceit to
obtain it escapes to lead an "hon-
est" life.
The final shot of the first pa-
thetic attempts of a young girl to
earn her :way focuses the message
of the film. The effort, ill-timed,
is unfortunately too late.
-Dait Wolter
-

'1

LETTERS
to the
EDITOR

e

*tS'** J.,., -"c -rr .%CSWflr f,.Vr"'.-

JUST INQUIRING

, by Michael Kraft

How Sacred Football?

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) THOSE EVEN casually interested in aca-
demic. affairs, the variety of new courses
ig offered this fall joins the list of doctoral
ds titles to prove that specialization is firmly,
ained in the University's pattern 'of opera-
or those interested in other matters, a quiet
>al announcement at Friday's football prac-
provides evidence of the same thing. For
University now has a man working full,
e in the now specialized task commonly
rred to as "recruiting."
fter coaching the freshman football squad
23 years, Wally Weber yesterday turned his
I duties over to Don Dufek, assistant back-
I coach, enabling full time concentration on
handling of prospective Michigan football
yers. It has been suggested that the still un-
ounced replacement for retired baseball
ch Ray Fisher, reportedly Detroit Tiger,
ch Don Lund, will eventually fill Dufek's
kfield job.
EBER IS KNOWN as a man of many words
and the survivor of many banquets. Few
bt that he can fill the job of wining, dining
impressing prospective athletes and their

parents. Yesterday, sitting in his office instead
of pacing the practice field, he said his job will
enable a more full coverage of the "entertain-
ment and public relations" aspects of recruiting.
He also described the job as providing more
time for the "greater problem of evaluation"
that has -come with the Big Ten policy of
tenders which allow offers on the basis of need.
The competition process fir athletes is stif-
fened, because each prospective player can be
aided only to the amount of difference between
what his parents can contribute to his educa-
tion and what the average total basic cost is
at the Big Ten school. With each institution
allowed to make. 100 tenders of aid offers a
year, and with, football getting only part of
it the problem of evaluating an athlete's poten-
tial is increased: especially when other schools
may offer a larger portion of his need.
The way Weber's job is described down at
the athletic department, it's a question of need
. . the work of evaluating -and impressing
prospects is too much for several coaches to
handle haphazardly on a part time basis.
A couple weeks ago, Indiana announced they
were appointing a full time recruiter. As some-
one quipped, it's not a case of Michigan keeping
up with the Hoosiers, it's a problem of Michi-
gan and Indiana trying to keep up with the
rest of the Big Ten.
AND THAT'S precisely the trouble with Web-
er's new job, the specialization and concen-
tration represents the result of the mad athletic
merry-go-round. Of the 100 offers of athletic
aid Michigan may offer, -the football team
gets only part .. . how large is something they
claim is "our business" but it has been estimated
that last year, about 25 were receiving financial'
aid._g
One man to find some 25 boys represents an
almost ridiculous emphasis when compared to
the ratio between the non-existent academic
recruiter and the other 23,000 students.

Integration:.
To the Editor:
I AM sometimes quite disturbed
at the lack of real insight on the'
part of many people who are "on
the band wagon" for integtation.
The attitudes and opinions of
People who are not really close to
the situation (e.g. the editorial in
September 18 issue of The Daily)
are often as detrimental as those
of the radical segregationist.:
The spirit of the law- on'inte-
gration is to provide equal educa-
tional facilities for all people in'
the United States. The objective
of this law is a dream, and this
dream may partially become a re-
ality by integrating some schools,
but in other cases this means de-'
feats the goal because of bitter
emotional conflicts. If a person
were commanded to eat a pound
of fudge every day, this ;person
would resent the command and
would eventually grow to dislike
fudge. This is analogous to the re-
sentment that is growing in the
South.
-When people have been taught
to hate since they were born,
learning to love is not an over-
Blight process. Many people will
die with this prejudice firmly en-
trenched in their minds, and this
is why integration may easily take
55 years in some parts of the
country. Even if integration does
take this long, the segregated
people of this era will be no worse
off than the people in rural areas
that are deprived of educational
advantages because of sparse pop-
ulation, and their descendents will
enjoy acceptance as well as equal
facilities.
The real progress in integration
is not being made by'Northern'
aggressors but by Southern edu-
cators and ministers who are
close enough to see the real prob-
lei and the best solution. The
solution is through understand-
ing and educating, not through
war.
-Parker Beebe
DAILY
OFFICIAL
BULLETIN
The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of the Univer-
sity of Michigan for Which The
Michigan Daily assumes no edi-
torial responsibility. Notices should
be sent in TYPEWRITTEN form to
Room 3519 Administration Build-
ing, before 2 p.m. the day preceding
publication. Notices for Sunday
Daily due at 2:00 p.m. Friday.
TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 23, 1958
VOL. LXVI, NO. 6
General Notices
Student Organizations. Registration
"of student organizations planning to
be active .during the present semester:n
.should be completed on or before Oct.
10. Forms are available in the Office
of Student Affairs, 2011 S.A.B. Privi-
leaes such as the "use of the Organiza.
Lion Announcement colu'mn in The
Michigan Daily, use of meeting rooms
in University buildings, assignment of
S.A.B. facilities, etc, are available to

THE WORLD TODAY:
Administration Awaits Pressure

,

Editorial Staff
RICHARD TAUB, Editor
EL KRAFT JO
'rial Director

UN WEICHERR
City Editor

W ASIHINGTON-TheEisenhower
Administration is now waging
a war of nerves at home and
abroad.
Overseas, it's against the Red
Chinese. At home, it's against state
governors who are trying to pre-
vent integration of public schools.
In both cases it's administration
policy not to fire the first shot-
real abroad, legal at home - in
the hope pressure will win'the day.
President Dwight D. Eisenhower
has warned the Chinese Commun-
ists not to get so tough as to try
to take the Quemoy and Iatsu
islands by force.
* * *
THE GOVERNORS of Arkansas
and Virginia, acting under state
laws,, have closed public schools

state and federal governments--
appear to be looking at each other
over the barricades, waiting for
the next move.
This leaves the people of Ar-
kansas and Virginia somewhat be-
wildered as. to what to expect
next.
They're no more bewildered than
Washington newsmen, who've been
wondering the same thing and get-
ting no answers. That is, until last
week.
Atty. Gen. Rogers flew up to a
conference with President Eisen-
hower at Newport, R. I., last week,
and met with newsmen.
* * *
IT WAS THEN he unveiled the
Administration's wait-and-see at-
titude on the closed schools.

significance more fully appreci-
ated."
Governor Orval Faubus may al-
ready be feeling pressure from the
white parents of Little Rock but
he said this had nothing to do
with what he did last week.
This is what he did: he shoved
ahead-from October 7 to Septem-
ber 27-the date on which Little
Rock voters will ballot on whether
they want racial integration of
all the public schools. He's just
closed all the public high schools
in Little Rock.
* * *
THE LONGER Faubus waited
for the voting, the ,stronger the
pressure might become. But the
reason he gave for setting the
voting ahead was this: n

DAVID TARR
Associate Editor

CANTOR................Personnel Director
WILLOUGHBY.....Associate Editorial Director
k JORGENSON..........Associate City Editor
BETH ERSKINE. ...Associate Personnel Director
JONES ......................... Sports Editor
RISEMAN.......,......Associate Sports Editor
LEMAN..............Associate Sports Editor
ARNOLD...........Chie Photographer
Business Staff

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