x3, 1951 THlE MICHIGAN DAILY
'U' Constructing Radio Telescope
An 85-foot wide steerable radio
telescope - one of the world's
best for mapping radio waves
from the universe in fine detail-
is nearing completion by the Uni-
Workmen are now assembling
the saucer-shaped a l u m i n u m
solid "dish" reflector which will
eventually pick up radio signals
from the sun and outer space.
The 10-story high antenna
structure is scheduled for com-
pletion by mid-October accord-
ing to Prof. Fred Haddock, of the
electrical engineering department,
director of the project which is
being administered by the astron-
omy and electrical engineering
Some Construction Remains
Installation of a building to
house the intricate and precise
receiver which will chart radio
waves of only a few centimeters
logfrom distant galaxies still
remains to be done.
Prof. ,Haddock expects the tele-
scope to be in full operation no
later than early'spring.
When completed, the "dish"
will stand nearly 1,100 feet above
sea level and will operate day and
night, weather permitting.
To Take Many Tons
Approximately 160 tons of steel
and aluminum, 60 tons of lead
counterweight and 400 cubic
yards of concrete foundation will
go into the structure.
Prof. Haddock said short wave
lengths, such as the telescope will
provide, are important for picking
up faint signals from outer space,
some of which are beyond the
range of optical telescopes.
STUDY IN STEEL: The antenna of the University's 85 foot wide
"dish",reflector radio telescope dwarfs a scale model displayed by
Matt VNinsnes, associate research engineer. The 10-story telescope,
scheduled to be finished in October, will pick up outer space
In Silt, Clay
Twenty-two tons of silt and clay
occupied the time of a University
research team this summer as they
searched for fossil remains from
the four periods of glaciation dur-
ing the Ice Age.
The team from the Museum of
Paleontology headed by Prof.
Claude W. Hibbard . sought evi-
dence of changes in animals dur-
ing the last two of the four great
periods of glaciation which lasted
about one million years.
Meade County, Kansas and parts
of Oklahoma and Texas were the
sites of the excavations. These
deposits in the Dust Bowl area
mark the southernmost approach
of the glaciers which once covered
much of North America.
Study Fauna Changes
Prof. Hibbard and his team con-
centrated on the changes of verte-
brate fauna between the third and
The problem for the researchers
is that they "stillcan't distinguish,
with any certainty, between ani-
mals from the third and fourth
glaciations," Prof. Hibbard said.
But "this problem has never be-
fore been worked in any detail by
anyone," he noted.
"It's possible to tell the age of
a certain deposit by the animals
found there and, of course, you
can also learn the fauna's age if
you know the age of the deposits."
Find Mammal Fossils
So far, the researchers have
located deposits containing fish,
amphibians, reptiles, birds and
mammals. An important discovery
revealed that certain mammals
lived in the area when it was much
colder than it is today.
This is considered important be
cause other deposits from= north
to south have shown that as the
glaciers moved south, so did plants
and animals. As the glaciers re-
ceded these living things followed
Although the researchers were
primarily interested in basic re-
search in fauna of the Ice Age,
some of their discoveries are di-
rectly applicable to modern-day
The study has turned up infor-
mation about old stream and river
channels of water coming off the
Rockies. This, information provides
local government and persons in
this region with knowledge about
ground water supply-important in
the dry, semi-arid climate.
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The large diameter of the dish'
will allow close scrutiny of radio
sources from the moon, sun,
planets, galaxies, turbulent gas
clouds and radio stars, the profes-
'U' Extension Service Offers
Many New Courses This Fall
"Theatre Appreciation: The Arts
of the Theatre," "Introductory As-
tronomy," and "Introduction to
Logic" are all courses offered by
the University Extension Service
for the first time this year, Mrs.
Charles A. Fisher, supervisor in
charge of classwork.
They are included in a group
of seven credit courses which are
beginning this week.
Also those not interested in
credit may register.
Other credit courses in the ex-
tension program include "Money
and Banking," "Personnel Admin-
istration" and "Introduction to
"The Bible in the Growing Light'
of Archeology" is a new course
taught by Prof. Leroy Waterman.
The break-through in cancer re-
search can easily be made by a
young researcher who is "not
strapped by conservative ideas,"
according to Dr. John Bittner of
the University of Minnesota.
Speaking at the University's
fifth annual cancer retreat near
Baldwin last week, Dr. Bittner, di-
rector of the division of cancer re-
search at Minnesota, declared that
"too many of the older researchers
are too cut and dried in their work
Twenty-three University doctors
and specialists discussed funda-
mental needs in cancer research.
Dr. Burton L. Baker of the Michi-
gan center listed the need to de-
termine cancer-producing effects
of food, and the need to discover
faster laboratory methods for test-
ing cancer-causing substances as
two of the most vexing problems.
of the Near Eastern Department,
a Biblical authority, and sponsoredf
by the Extension Service.
Prof. Waterman cites the ap-
pearance this year of two new and
important volumes of the Dead
Sea Scrolls as a symbol of the
growing light which archeology is
shedding on the Bible.
The registration fee, which is
$13.50, may be made in advance at
1610 Washtenaw or at the business
"The Voter and the Michigan
Constitution in 1958" is the topic
of lecture series by six experts in
political science and public ad-
ninistration opening Thursday and
being sponsored by the Michigan,
being sponsored by the Extension
The lecture series will be held
at 7:30 p.m. each Thursday in 131
Business Administration building.
The lecturers will include: Prof.
A. W. Bromage, of the political
science department; Dr. Lynn
eley, supervisor of the Lansing
office, Institute of public Admin-
istration and John W. Lederle, Di-
rector of the Institute and Profes-
sor of political science.
Excellent opportunity for
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The telescope also will provide
a training and research facility
for faculty and students in the
relatively new field of radio as-
Total cost of the structure, sit-
uated atop Peach Mountain 16
miles west of here, will amount
to $300,00d; most of which is com-
ing from the Office of Naval Re-
This new telescope will be the
second erected on Peach Mqun-
tain. In August, 1957, a 28-foot
wide unit 'for solar observations
was built, and already it has pro-
vided "new and unusual" signals
from the sun, Prof. Haddock said.
THE HAGUE. NETHERLANDS,
RP}-The Netherlands and Belgium
have agreed to integrate training
of their air forces, the Dutch Air
Force announced yesterday.
A communique published after
a meeting of the defense ministers,
Andre Gilson of Belgium and Cor-
nelis Staf of The Netherlands, said
initial training will be a Belgian
responsibility at a -field in the Bel-
Completion of training will be
a Dutch responsibility.
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