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September 20, 1958 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1958-09-20

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"Gee, If Only We Could Have Closed The Courts"

w IMitbigatn iBat
Sixty-Ninth Year
EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG. * ANN ARBOR, MICH. * Phone NO 2-3241

..111...

"When Opinions Are Free
Truth Will Prevail"

Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.

sI

SEPTEMBER
J 1424.
.t

AT THE MICHIGAN:
'Houseboat' Provides
Light Entertainment
"HOUSEBOAT," the film showing -in a national pre-release engage-
ment at the Michigan, is one of those unremarkable films that
a reviewer can neither thoroughly condemn nor heartily admire. Color-
ful, innocuous, and graced with some handsome human beings, it is
at some moments tender, at other amusing, and at still others as bor-
ing as a visiting maiden aunt.
All of which is not to condemn the movie. A great many people
expect no more from a film than Cary Grant, Sophia Loren and two
hours of gaily painted oblivion. This reviewer prefers to put some-
thing into a movie and to receive something from it, to sharpen rath-

kTURDAY, SEPTEMBER 20, 1958

NIGHT EDITOR: THOMAS TURNER

Federal Aid to Loan Fund Welcome;
But Offers Only 'Pretended Cure'

4111

HERE IS something painfully depressing
about the apparently encouraging news
hat the University's student loan fund will
con be boosted by our benevolent Federal
egislators.
, The appropriation - its size is not deter-
nined - is one offshoot of the recently passed
our-year $900,000,000 aid' to education pro-.
,ram.
Obviously, the University -- and other edu-
ational institutions stand to benefit from the
ppropriations. The student here will surely
ind it easier to obtain a "long-term, low in-
Wiest loan. Federal funds will make it easier
n the University's billfold as well as the stu-
ent' s.
But the whole situataion rings rather dis-
rally of a group of beggars receiving daily
Ims from a belly-patting benefactor.
For although the educataion act affords
ame welcome relief to education's problems,

it actually offers no more than a pretended
cure.
IT IGNORES the fact that the nation needs
1) 140,000 classrooms, at conservative esti-
mates, 2) 30,000 qualified teachers, 3) pay
increases for the present teaching corps.
Further, it ignores the fact that over the past
twelve months there has been a 3.8 per cent
increase in numbers of students entering
school and that the first of the Pearl Harbor
babies are graduating from high school.
The act appropriates less than one million
dollars for what is termed "national defense
education." Yet another act -- legislated by
the same men - appropriates forty times as
much for what is called "national defense."
But education is the first line of defense in
this democracy; nothing could be plainer.
While the Federal funds may be encourag-
ing, Washingtoh cannot be proud.
-THOMAS HAYDEN

4 r.

Block Streets for Parking Spaces

Sam Aw Irb T Gar.,

v AN ACADEMIC year filled with problems
if an intellectual nature, it may seem trivial
worry about parking facilities for student.
tomobiles. But to those affected by the
k of space, the situation is a phenomenal
sance.
ast year more than 7,000 driving permits,
re. issued 'to students and police estimate
at at least a third more were being driven
students without permits. Of these a num-
r were and are never used during the week.
wever, these were usually kept within easy
lking distance of campus.
These aut'os in the vicinity of campus and,
acute shortage of parking places and lots
the campus area combine to create a criti-
situation. Hardest hit are those students
o live some distance from campus and .who
ve no choice but to commute. Many say they
st leave early in the morning in .order to.
id a parking place within walking distance
their classef.
['he city's new regulations about parking
ly on one side of the street during the night
I help to provide additional usable parkinTr
>ts but It is only a stop-gap measure and
t an end in itself..
N IMMEDIATE, fast program is needed to
provide a solution. Such a program might

well include blocking off some of the less fre-
quently used streets in the campus area. For
example ,if the first block of Tappan south {
of South University Street were closed at one
end, it would provide a number of badly
needed. places.
Further investigation would probably re-
veal a number of streets that could-be closed.
off to traffic and used solely for parking. BI
closing these streets, the University could ac-
complish the two-fold goal of providing park-
ing facilities and diverting noisy traffic from
around cassrooms and study areas.
The cost of such a parking system would be
insignificant - the cost of a concrete slab
laid across one end of the street and a few
signs identifying the lots.
With such a plan there will be some diffi-
culties, but the added benefits far outweigh
them. The City of Ann Arbor recognizes the
parking difficulties; City Council's attempts to
eliminate the storage of cars on the street1
show, that. But more steps are needed.
The city and the University have worked
together in the past to solve problems com-
mon to both: this is another opportunity to
grope with a joint but irritating nuisance.
-PHILIP MUNCK

CAPITAL
(EDITOR'S NOTE: William S.
White, The Daily's newest colum-
nist, i the author of the Pulitzer
Prize winning biography "The Taft
Story" and the best seller, "Citadel:
The story of the United states
Senate." Until he began writing
his three-times-a-week c o l u m n
this year, he was Chief Congres-
sional Correspondent for The New
York Times, having joined the
paper in 1945. Born' in DeLeon,
Texas, White attended the Univer-
sity of Texas, joined the Associated
Press in 1927, and soon transferred
to the, Washington Bureau where
he began his career asa political
correspondent.)
WASHINGTON - The Eisen-
hower Administration sees
the integration crisis as a fairly
long historical process now mov-
ing reasonably well in the second
of its three great phases.
The first phase was defined by
the Supreme Court's decision in
1954 outlawing school segrega-
tion. The third and last, in the
Administration's view, will be a
period of active adjustment in,
the South.
What is now going forward, in
phase No. 2, is a kind of domestic
cold war between Federal, state
and local leaders - a war Presi-
dent Eisenhower is determined to
keep as polite as possible. The of-
ficial directly responsible for car-
rying out integration, Attorney,
General William P. .Rogers, iden-
tifies this as the period in which
Southern public opinion is to be
brought to accept the inevitability
of racially mixed schools.
SOUNDLY or not, neither
Rogers nor the President is great-
ly dissatisfied with the- rate of"
this process of acceptance. Neith-
er, moreover, wishes to talk, or
even to think, just now in terms
of Federal force- either in the
courtroom or, through the use of
troops. The last thing the Presi-
dent wants is any repetition, any-
where at any time, of last: fall's
scenes of Federal troops on patrol
in Little Rock.

COMMENTARY:
Ne Domestic Cold War
By WILLIAM S. WHITE
The Administration, indeed,into an action at the risk of a very

TODAY AND TOMORROW:
uemoy Still Muddled
By WALTER LIPPMANN

has taken as fundamental a de-
cision as any since it came to
power. This is to put major trust,
not in law suits or Federal
threats, but in the presumed un-
willingness of the white parents of
the South to see the schools closed
outright for long or kept in tur-
moil long by resistance to. inte-
gration.
This will not please the extrem-
ists - but, in truth, the Admin-
istration seems willing to break
with them.
This approach, of course is
characteristic of the President.
Rightly or wrongly, he has always
put extraordinary reliance on per-
suasion as' his principal -- and,
sometimes his only -tool of na-
tional policy. Of equal signifi-
cance is the fact that Attorney
General Rogers, whose day by
day actions will be more practi-
cally decisive than the President's,
is deeply in sympathy with this
policy.
Thus the Federal government's
recently announced plan of com-
parative inaction - not to go to
court any time soon against
Southern resisters - rests first of
all upon a conviction that this ,is
both the right and the most ef-
fective position.
* * *
BUT THERE is also a sec-
ondary reason of much practical
weight. This is that there is great
doubt here that the Federal gov-
erinent would win a suit intend-
ed to tell a Southern Governor
that he could not lawfully close
the schools of his state.
Nobody in the Administration
concedes that such a suit would
necessarily fail. But many con-
cede that the question in some
circumstances might be an un-
comfortably close one. It, goes
without saying that the Admin-
istration would not gladly rush

damaging black eye.
The conclusion in the Admin-
istration is that a -far sounder
method of preventing the closing
of Southern schools would be to
marshal parental opinion against.
such closings.
So the fixed intention of the
Administration is to take a con-
fident line, now at least, that the
local communities will keep their
own schools open - or get them
reopened if they are closed by
authority of the Governor.
The Federal government will
carefully present itself as being
interested not so much in integra-
tion as in the larger concept of
obedience to the Supreme Court
as the only proper final Inter-
preter of the Constitution.
* * *
THIS IS the reason for the al-
most antiseptically calm speeches
Rogers is making these days con-
cerning the court's place in na-
tional life. He is trying to direct a,
special appeal to the South's tra-
ditional veneration for the judi-
ciary.
The objective of all objectives
is Virginia. That state's old Intel-
lectual and social primacy in the.
South is being underlined in pri-
vate by Administration officials.
Too, they are strongly praising
Virginia's leaders, Senator Harry
F. Byrd and Governor J. Lindsay
Almond Jr., for their powerful
warnings that the state will not
tolerate anti-integration violence.
Great distinctions are being made
by Administration spokesmen be-
tween these men and Governor
Orval E. Faubus of Arkansas, for
example.
In short, it is felt within the
Administration that if and when
resistance collapses in Virginia,
the heart of all Southern resist-
ance will collapse -- not every-
where, of course, but most every-
where.
(Copyright, 1958, by United
Feature Syndicate, Inc.)

er than to deaden the mind.
Which all depends upon one's
definition of entertainment. To
each his own, etc.
It does occasionally seem a
shame, however, that so much of
the talent which obviously resides
in Hollywood must be wasted in
the production of such celluloid
opium as "Houseboat." The ener-
gy expended upon tranquilizing
viewers in the film might well be
directed to a more uplifting artis-
tic cause.
a * * ,
"HOUSEBOAT" is a domestic
romance. Cary Grant, harried and
handsome, forcefully abducts his
three children from their aunt
and grandparents after the death
of his divorced wife, their mother.
He blunders fearfully in his at-
tempts to win their affections.
When the youngest ; boy runs
away from home and is retrieved
by Sophia Loren, the rebellious
daughter of a visiting orchestral
conductor, Grant is forced by his
children to hire the girl as a fam-
Ily maid. Curious situations ensue,
most of them involving Miss
Loren's real identity and the
houseboat on which the family
eventually lands and lives.
Predictably, Grant and Miss
Loren fall in love and in the
process upset both the children,
who had just begun to be con-
tented, and their aunt, who had
designs upon Grant herself. In
theĀ° long run, of course,. things
work themselves out to their logi-
cal (or illogical) conclusion;
everyone apparently accepts the
situation and settles down to be
happy forever.
THE ACTING is not outstand-
ing at all. Cary Grant and Sophia
are simply their comparatively
inimitable selves and the others
in the film - especially the chil-
dren - are only spasmodically
convincing in their roles.
Some of the photography is in-
teresting and some of the dia-
logue is humorous. If one can
seriously conceive of Sophia Loren
as a children's maid, the plot, I
suppose, might even seem logical
and likely and not a rose-colored
glamorization of a bachelor's
dream.
-Jean Willoughby
INTERPRETING:
Mainland
Issue Tricky
By J. M. ROBERTS
A MAJOR question about the
Chinese offshore islands is not
whether they belong to the Chi-
nese mainland; .but whether the
mainland belongs to the Commu-
nists.,
The Chinese Nationalists long
ago adopted the contention that
all the islands including Formosa
belong to the mainland. That -was
when they were in charge of the
mainland.
Now the mainland is controlled
by what much of the world looks
upon as usurpers. The claim is
made that the Nationalists should
keep whatever foothold they can
pending a reconquest or a coun-
ter-revolution.
The British press and British
Labor Party, serving a people who
are vastly more familiar with Far
Eastern trends than are Ameri-
cans, have been highly critical of
this conception.
The British-government goes
along with the United States for-
mally. But so-me of the very few
kind words Secretary Dulles has
received from the British press
recently came because of the
mildness of his UN speech Thurs-

day.
** * *
THE GENERAL British expres-
sion has been not only that Que-
moy is not worth -fighting for in'
any case, but that the Chinese
Reds' have a good claim.
This has been tempered in some
cases by the realization, believed
to have a strong bearing on the
government's formal stand, that
the Reds might also make a case
about Hong Kong..
In efect, the British ask why, if
the United States would not fight
in 1947-48 to save the whole body
of China, she should now make
such an issue over a vermiform
appendix.
The question would have more
validity if the whole world had
not been confused in 1947 by
Communist claims that theirs was
an internal, agrarian, patriotic
movement, instead of being a part
of international Communist ag-
gression.

REPRINTED-
Ike Violates:
Land's Law
(EDITOR'S NOTE: The follow-
ing is reprinted from "The Low-
down on Little Rock and the Plot
to Sovietize the South," a. pamph-
let written by Joseph P. Kamp.)
SOME INTEMPERATE South-
ern leaders have compared
Dwight Eisenhower to Adolph
Hitler, because the President or-
dered Federal troops to invade
and occupy a part of the sov-
ereign State of Arkansas. They
are wrong - this is fiot a true
parallel. Hitler had the Constitu-
tional right to use Nazi storm
troopers in any way he pleased.
Mr. Eisenhower has no. such
right.
The plain truth is that the
President's action was illegal and
un-constitutional, a violation of
his oath, an irresponsible and
reckless abuse of power, and thor-
oughly un-American.
If these words seem too harsh,
or disrespectful of the Presidency,
it should be made clear that this
is not a personal opinion. It is a
statement of the fact concurred
in - in similar language - by
President Eisenhower and Attor-
ney General Brownell.
THIS IS the real tragedy of
Little Rock. The American people
are being lied to, misled and de-
ceived about the whole issue, not
only by leading officials of their
government, but also by most of
the newspapers, the news maga-
zines and the radio commenta-
tors.
(Perhaps the only publication
of national circulation that has
dared to tell some of the truth is
U.S. News and World Report. As
a result, columnist Lee Mortimer
reports: "Some gov't. hotheads
want punitive action against edi-
tor Dave Lawrence.")
By using every trick of press
agentry, and every dishonest de-
vice known to journalism,. includ-
ing suppression of the facts, the
public, has been given the false
impression that. President Eisen-
hower is a courageous champion
of the Constitution ,dong his
sworn duty to uphold 'the law of
the land."
But nobody pointed out that
integration is NOT "the law of
the land."
And when military law was
substituted for civil law . . . no
mention was made of the fact
that this constituted military, dic--
tatorship. Arrests were reported
with emphasis to prove lawless5
ness . . . but nothing was said
about the order to the troops to
make "selective arrests" without
cause, in order to intimidate oth-
ers, or that prisoners were held
without charges being preferred,
or that they were denied their
right to phone lawyers.
When the President said at a
news conference that the issue
was not integration but "respect
for law," his declaration got
headlines . . . but it was never
suggested that the S u p r e m e
Court, and the Army should also
show some "respect for law."
DAILY
OFFICIAL
BULLETIN
The Daily Offiial 'Bulletin is an
offaicl publication of the Univer-
sity of Michigan for which The
Michigan Daily assumes no edi-

torial responsibility. Notices should
be sent in TYPEWRITTEN form to
Room 3519 Administration Build-
ing, before 2 p.m. the day preceding
publication. Notices for Sunday
Daily due, at 2:00 p.m. Friday.
SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 20, 1958
VOL. LXVIII, NO. 5
A cademic Notices
Elementary Computer Course Offered
A one-hour course on Elementary Com-
puter Techniques will be offered on a
non-credit basis by Prof. Bernard A,
Galler, Dept. of Math. The students
will learn to communicate with com-
puters using ordinary algebraic lan-
guage. The, machine will accept this
language and generate its own set of
instructions. Students will have the
opportunity to solve problems of their
own choosing by means of this lan-
guage. The course is open to anyone
with at least one year of college mathe-
matics but is designed primarily for
undergraduates. It will meet at 4 p.m.
Wed., 311 W. Eng. Bldg., starting on
SSept. 24. No registration is necessary.
There will be an organizational meet-

HAS SEEMED probable from the begin-
ing back in August that the attack on
emoy was timed in relation to the meeting
the General Assemblly in mid-September.
e event has confirmed this theory. For what
Red Chinese have done is to blockade
emoy, compelling us to decide in the pres-
e of the 'United Nations whether we will
Quemoy be strangled or will take offen-
3 action to break the blockade.
'he Red Chinese have carried out a very
iful maneuver which is possible because
emoy is so near to the mainland that it is
hin artillery range. Once they had collect-
the guns and the ammunition, they had the
lative. They could make Quemoy unten-
e without invading it, and they could con-
nt us with the grave fact that the defen-%
Quemoy is impossible without a large bomb-
offensive against the artillery positions
the Chinese mainland.'
gainst such an American offensive, the Red
nese had equipped themselves with two de-
'ents. One was a Soviet guarantee of help
case they were attacked. The other was
s meeting of the General Assembly in which
American offensive on behalf of Chiang
inst the Chinese mainland would arouse
rmous criticism. If nuclear weapons were
d in the American offensive, the effect on
standing in the world would be tragic and
ilculable.
-iUS we have been maneuvered into a posi-
tion where the question is not whether we
defend Quemoy against invasion but
ther we will make war against the Chinese

mainland. Was this maneuver foreseen, it is
fair to ask, when Secretary of State Dulles
persuaded the President to stake American
prestige on the defense of Quemoy? There is
reason to doubt it. There is reason to doubt
whether the President and Sec. Dulles and
their military advisors had fully realized that
Quemoy could be blockaded by artillery fire
from the mainland. There is strong evidence
that the commitment to defend Quemoy was
made before there was a plan to defend
Quemoy.
There is evidence tooof muddled thinking
as, for example, in the strange order directing
the 7th Fleet to escort Chiang's ships to with-
In three miles of Quemoy. For if Quemoy be-
longs to Chiang, then the waters within three
miles of Quemoy belong to Chiang, and there
was no legal reason why the 7th Fleet should
stand off at the three mile limit.
Thus, we have said that Quemoy, which we
mean to defend for Chiang, lies within the
territorial waters of Red China, which we do
not mean to invade. Our legal position is com-
plete nonsense, and discloses an alarming
confusion of minds.
WE ARE IN a very embarrassing predica-
ment, having promised to defend Quemoy
while the price of defending it is exorbitant.
The President had a lot to' say the other night
about how our position in Asia would be hurt
if we did not defend Quemoy. Has he realized
What will be our position in Asia and in
Europe and in Africa and in Latin America
if he goes to war for Quemoy?
What is needed is a cease-fire, which will
at least postpone the fateful decision and pro-
vide a little time for reason to assert itself.
The question is whether the Communist pow-
ers, who now have the whip-hand at Quemoy,
would agree to a cease-fire. Conceivably they
would, but then surely at a price. Perhaps, in
the Warsaw talks Ambassador Beam will learn
what the price is.
But of this much we can be reasonably cer-
tain. There will be no chance of an agreement
to renounce the use of force in the Formosa
area which does not carry with it measures on
our part to extricate ourselves from our en-
tanglement with Chiang. For, as his Ambassa-
dor in Washington told us just the other day,
Chiang will have nothing to do with the idea
of renouncing force.
1958 New York Herald Tribune ine.

5...:

POLITICAL AND OTHERWISE . .. By David Tarr
Discrimination: Still Here
MSMM~#EEEEE~2mgmOMEMEMMEEEEIEANEM.:rEENM~egg

..

cS L 3
Editorial Staff
RICHARD TAUB, Editor,
[AEL KRAFT JOHN WEICHER
torial Director City Editor
DAVID TARR
Associate Editor
CANTOR...... . .Personnel Director
WILLOUGHBY....Associate Editorial Director
A JORGENSON .......... Associate City Editor
ABETH!ERSKINE... .Associate Personnel Director
T JONES.. ........Sports Editor
RISEMAN.....,, ,.~Associate Sports Editor
)LEMAN.....,,........Associate Sports Editor
:D ARNOLD....................Chief Photographer
Business Staff

ALTHOUGH a yearly problem of
varying seriousness since the
end of the last world war, student
housing this fall was decidedly
more plentiful and generally in
better condition than ever before.
Doubling-up in the Residence
Halls has been eliminated and
vacancies are reported to exist to
an extent unexampled for many
years. An observer walking the
streets of Ann Arbor will notice
house after house still sporting
"For Rent" signs, despite a week's
influx of students.
* * *
SOME STUDENTS have re-
portedly been able to get lower
rent on off-campus housing be-
cause of the ample supply; and
perhaps most important, the gen-
eral quality of Ann Arbor housing
has markedly improved.
The situation has changed con-
siderably from several years ago
when students slept in cars the
first few weeks and spent long

ing a supply greater than the de-
mand; only then, the officials
argue, will the landlords feel com-
pelled to make necessary im-
p rov e me n t s in their housing
facilities.
Even if such a view does not do
justice to the many sincere Ann
Arbor landlords who work hard
and spend considerably to make.
their housing habitable, it does
highlight the problem of the con-
siderable sub-standard a p a r t-
ments w h i c h are not being
improved.
* * *
A MAJOR effort at improving
city housing conditions has been'
made by the city which began an
intensive inspection campaign in
the fall of 1954, hiring a full time
inspector the following January.,
Behind this relatively rosy pic-
ture however there is much about
which to be upset. Last spring
John Ryan, director of the Ann
Arbor Department of Building

member is that although housing
is plentiful this fall, their work is
not yet done. Perhaps the worst
of the offenses, such as the one
which resulted in a fire and took
the lives of a coed and her- land-
lady in 1954, have been elimin-
ated. But the long and more dif-
ficult process of improving hous-
ing that merely meets the mini-
mum legal requirements is still
ahead.
* * *
AND BEYOND the problem of
physically inadequate housing is
another that sooner or later city
and University officials must
come to odds with - discrimina-
tion. That there is considerable
discrimination against "foreign
students and American minority
groups is nothing new. But so far
nobody, except a few -courageous
people in positions where they
can do nothing, have spoken out.
University officials have been re-
luctant to commit themselves on

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