Sixty-Eight Years of Editorial Freedom
ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 19, 1959
Additional $45 Semester. Fee
Proposed by Rep. Bowerman
means that the bill needs to pass University vice-president and
both the House and the Senate by director of the Dearborn Center
two-thirds majorities and then be William Stirton said the Univer-
approved by the voters in the Ap- sity could not comment on Bower-
ril 6 elections. man's bill until they studied it
Support Needed further - but that the Univer-
Bowerman said that he was sity had opposed last year's bill.
"not too confident" that it would "We feel," Stirton said, "that
be passed, but it might if it re- students should not be made to
ceived some Democratic support pay for the buildings involved in
The bill, he said, will be acted their education - thatnis a state
upon on Tuesday." obligation.
House Turns Down
Boost in Sales Tax
LANSING (AP)A four cent sales tax plan to add 100 million dollars
a year to state revenues was turned down yesterday in the House-as
However, Republican backers kept it alive for a second passage
try on Tuesday or later next week.
The vote was 52 in favor and 50 against, with 74 affirmative
votes required. Republicans supported the proposal, with one excep-
tion. Democrats were solid against
The resolution would submit to
a statewide referendum the ques-
tion of increasing the existing
three cent sales tax to four cents.
M The proposition would go on the
April 6 general election ballot.
Rep. James F. Warner (R-Ypsi-
lanti), chief sponsor of the plan,
I said state finances are in "dire"
shape And that something has to
be done to boost revenues.
Warner said, "we are only try-
a ing to live up to the constitution
and letting the people express
themselves" on what course should
Tax Too Burdensome
Democrats opposed a fourth cent
on the sales levy as unduly bur-
densome on low income groups,
discriminatory in favor of corpora-
WOODROW GINSBERG tions and as hard on aged pen-
... discusses small cars sioners. ,
The only Republican present
" * who failed to stick with his party
was Rep. Rollo G. Conlin (R-Tip-
ton); taxation committee chair-
" a .man and mainstring of a recent
r Zt ctz s 18-months study of the state's tax
He said he was willing to sup-
Cy - w port a referendum on raising the
constitutional ceiling on the sales
tax but not one on actually em-
By KENNETH MELDOWNEY bedding a fourth cent tax in the
Woodrow Ginsberg, director of
research for the UAW-CIO, saida
last night that the automobile New mnfeuesar o osdr
m anufacturers arenot consider Satellite
ing the impact on the nationalC
economy in car price increases. Cou d D tec
This is a factor that is causing
the European small car to cap-N
ture the proportion of the nation-
al market, he added. In 1959, at
]east 450,000 foreign cars will be WASHINGTON (P) - The high-
sold in the United States while flying Vanguard II satellite sent
domestic production is down, he out batch after batch of weather
said, information yesterday and one of
One of the reasons for the small its proud parents said it may
car popularity is the fact that its prove capable of spotting a nu-
price is up to $600 less than the clear explosion.
low priced cars of the so-called Another scientist said the elec-
big three, he said. tronic pictures it has transmitted
Beginning to Expand to ground stations have already
To help offset this, Ginsberg proved good enough to distin-
said, the caoffmanfacturers are guish between clouds and hor-
beginning to expand into the s zons.
small car field. John P. Hagen, Director of the
Emil Mazey, secretary-treasurer Vanguard division of the National
of the UAW-CIO, originallye r Aeronautics and Space Adminis-
schedu AWCIO , o r n a to tration said he thought the satel-
schedueoftllned speak, was unable lite could spot a nuclear explosion
beaeproflethassloand immediately send back infor-
One problem that is slowing the mation on it. He then added he
comeback from the recent reces- m dtownit. tn adedhe
sion, Ginsberg claimed, is that the wanted to wait on more data from
production- now is the same as in the satellite before saying just
am w~+--,._.. v;,,--------.. how small a cloud it could detect.
West Will Not Fire,
He Tells Newsmen
WASHINGTON () - President
Dwight D. Eisenhower said yes-
terday it will be the Russians who
start it, rather than the western
powers, if there is to be any shoot-
ing or use of force over Berlin.
In different form and with defi-
nite emphasis, President Eisen-
hower twice told a news confer-
ence that the United States and
her allies intend to fulfill their
duties, to safeguard West Berlin
and hold open the communica-
tion channels to it.
May Block U. S.
But he also said and repeated
in varied words that if there is to
be any resort to force, it will be
"the other side" using it to "block
our carrying out our responsibili-
In effect' the President was
dueling at long range with the
Soviet Premier, Nikita Khrush-
chev, in a cold war battle of "ifs."
Khrushchev said in a speech
Monday thatit "will mean the be-
ginning of war" if the Western al-
lies try to shoot their way through
after the Russians turn over the
Soviet occupation authority in
Berlin to the East German Com-
In any foreign ministers con-
ference, on the Berlin situation,
President Eisenhower let it be
known he intends to rely heavily
on the ideas and experience of ail-
ing John Foster Dulles, even if the
Secretary of State is unable to be
President isenhower said the
doctors hav assured him that
"there is nothing in his disease
that is going to touch his heart
and his head, and that is what
R, eds' Berlin
MOSCOW (R) - Diplomats said
yesterday they believe Premier
Nikita Khrushchev's latest pro-
nouncement on German issues
fixes the Soviet line for the visit
of British Prime Minister Harold
Macmillan arrives Saturday, to
stay a week or 10 days.
German unification and the
future of West Berlin are certain
to be top problems for discussion
and exploration during Macmil-
lan's contacts with Kremlin lead-
"Khrushchev has left little to
explore by his recent statements,"
an ambassador said. "But I'm sure
Khrushchev will be willing to re-
peat all this to Macmillan if the
prime minister asks him."
Envoys here who have ,een
keeping in close touch with Soviet
developments on the German
problem see little chance that
Macmillan can change Khrush-
One remarked: "It looks more
like MacMillan will serve as a
messenger, taking back (to west
ern capitals) his personalized ver-
iors of what Khrushchev has said
like Macmillan will serve as a
visit to develop an exchange of
ideas rather than policy negotia-
Committee To Bring
Proposals To Council
By JEAN HARTWIG
Student Government Council
took a motion for reconsideration
of organizations with bias clauses'
off the table at its meeting last
The bias clause rule was made
originally in 1949. The motion for
reconsideration was brought up
by Richard Taub, '59, Daily Editor.
The amendment also provided
the committee with the authority
to make recommendations con-
cerning the results of their study
of the regulation.
The Council also passed a rec-
ommendation that a special ac-
count be set up by the Auditor of
Student Organizations for the
proceeds of a mail solicitation for
the National Association for the
Advancement of Colored People
Legal Defense and Education
"The Student Organizations in
Support of the NAACP Legal De-
fense and Educational Fund, Inc.,
a group sponsored by various
local religious organizations, re-
c e n t l y published a letter to
students indicating their denomin-
ational preferences on the regis-
'The Council recommended the
special account, rejecting a pro-
posal to notify the sponsoring or-
ganizations of the soliciting group
of the violation against University
regulations involved in the action,
pending consideration of the spe-
cific regulations involved.
A letter from Dean of Men
Walter Rea concerning Alpha
Kappa Lambda was also present-
ed to the Council. The communi-
cation listed the men's group,
which is seeking recognition by'
SGC as a colony, as having "a re-
strictive clause with reference to
the religion of candidates for
After consideration by the SGC
executive committee, a recommen-
dation will be presented to the
Council concerning further action.
Riots Kill 50
PARIS () - The death toll in
rioting among the African popula-7
tion of Brazzaviller has amounted
to at least 50, the French news
agency said yesterday.
Despite reinforcements of French
troops, roving bands from rival'
African political parties attacked
each other for the second straight;
night. The battling continued
throughout yesterday. No Euro-
peans are reported among the1
RUSHEES GATHER-Nearly 401 prospective rushees showed up
for last night's mass rush meeting in the Union. After hearing
speeches by William Cross, assistant dean of men for fraternities,
and John Gerber, '59, Interfraternity Council president, they
watched a film describing fraternity life.
YoungSees Good Year
For Engfineering Grads
By BARTON HUTHWAXTE
A bright future was forecast yesterday for the engineer graduat-
ing this year.
Starting salaries for the June graduate will average about five
per cent more than those of last year, Prof. John G. Young, assistant
to the dean of the engineering school, said yesterday. "Our aver-
age this year is about $505 monthly as compared to $480 monthly
for the year 1958," Prof. Young'
Practice or Policy'
tudent Government Council'
recommended early this morning
that the words "administrative
policy or practice," be deleted from
the Council plan wherever they
SGC's actions are subject to re-
view if they deviate from Regental
policy, and administrative policy
The Council made this proposal
largely because members believed
that the term "administrative
practice or policy" is virtually im-
possible to define, while Regental
policy is clearly stated in the Uni-
As part of a series of 15 pro-
posals to the student-faculty-ad-
ministration committee established
by the Regents to reconsider the
council plan, the Council also sug-
gested that the composition of the
SGC Board in Review be revised.
New membership would include the
vice-president for student affairs,
three faculty members and three
students, including the SGC Presi
Composition of Board
At present the Board is com-
posed of the Dean of Men and
Women, the president of SGC and
one other student, and three fac-
ulty members. The vice-president
for student affairs would replace
the Deans, :
The request for membership
change also includes the 'stipula-
tion that the majority of faculty
members should not hold adminis-
trative positions. The faculty
members at present are: Dean
Earl Moore of the School of Mu-
sic, Assistant Dean Robert Lovell
of the Medical College, and Assist-
ant Dean James H. Robertson of
the Literary college.
SGC's recommendations were
based on the report of an evalua-
tion committee which had studied
the role of the Board in Review.
The report was presented by
Leonard Wilcox, '58L, a former
president of the old Student Legis-
lature, Eugene Hartwig, '58L,
Daily Editor in 1955, Carol Hol-
land, '60, and Bill Adams, '58
Grad., a former SGC president.
Adams served as an advisor to the
Done in Fall
Wilcox told SGC that the six-
teen page report of the committee
had been worked out early in the
fail and was not based on any-
thing that happened to the Council
since that time.
The other recommendations
made by SGC were adopted from
the committee report without
change. These include recommen-
dations that the jurisdiction of
the Board in Review be interpreted
as narrowly as possible; and a
provision that the SGC President
may be permitted to send a substi-
tute if he is unable to attend the
Board in Review meetings.
Only Deans Allowed
At present only the Deans of
Men and Women may send other
representatives of their respective
offices to the meetings.
The remaining suggestions are
concerned with procedural mat-
ters. A majority of them require
written particulars on why the
Board in Review is called and why
the Board takes the action it does
in line with jurisdiction.
Such requirements to date have
been either hazy or non-existent.
Other requests are that parlia-
mentary procedure be more closely
observed by the Board, that the
Board continue to hold open meet-
ings, and that at the beginning of
each meeting the chairman "read
from the SGC plan those portions
dealing with the purpose, compo-
sition, and jurisdiction of the
Board without comment."
The last is des~ignd to present
Opportunities "Very Good"
As to the number of jobs avail-
able, he termed the opportunities
"very good." "We still have more
jobs available than the number
of graduating students on hand
to fill them," he said.
New defense projects and a rise
in commercial business were cited
as the case for the upswing from
The need for more complex
communication systems boosted
the electrical engineer to the po-
sition of industry's most wanted
student. The electrical student
surpassed the aeronautical engi-
neer who has been in demand the
most during the past few years,
Prof. Young said.
Prof. Young, head of the engi-
neering school's placement serv-
ice, had some observations on
the engineer of the future.
The trend is for the broad and
deeply based student engineer
with less emphasis on specializa-
tion during his undergraduate
studies, he continued.
"The specialization will come
with graduate work or further
training with the hiring firm,"
Prof. Young commented.
(EDITOR'S NOTE: This is the
eighth in a series of articles concern-
ing the departmental honors pro-
gram of the litreary college.)
By RUTHANN RECHT
The junior year of both the his-
tory and political science depart-
mental honors programs is con-
cerned with an introduction to
The political science depart-
ment conceived its offering as a
full two-year program," Prof.
Lionel H. Laing of the political
science department said. As he
advises all honors students, Prof.
Laing is able to work their pro-
grams out for both years. For this
reason the students do not meet
with a'concentration advisor.
In the junior year, the students
attend a three-hour seminar in
which they become acquainted
with the literature as well as the
methodology of' the field.
This semester the group in the
seminar is studying the character
of federalism. Each student
chooses a country which has a
federal structure, writes a paper
and applies theory to it," Prof.
Laing said. In the discussiopIs,
they incorporate the knowledge
they have gained from their study.
In addition, the students do
projects which include different
experiences in the practical side
of political science. Last year both
See METHODOLOGY, Page 2
WASHINGTON ) - A Senate
labor subcommittee spurned major
labor law changes urged by Pres-
Abernathy Says Executive Makes Use of Lobbying
By ADELE BECKER
One of the executive's most effective instruments against the
opposition is the use of lobbying techniques, John Abernathy, adminis-
trative assistant to Governor G. Mennen Williams, said last night.
Using the term "political persuasion," Abernathy said, "the
Governor's office has no lobbying organ of its own. It depends upon
the members of the Legislature who support the Democratic ideal of
Williams to influence the passage of bills.
In the meantime the Governor supplements the legislators' with
his own devices, i.e. holding conferences with members of both parties,
and maintaining close personal contact with legislators. In general he
follows an "open-door" policy allowing for free discussion on all legis-
The leadership which the Governor favors is one of persuasion
rather than dictatorial methods, Abernathy said.
Ah rnafli ante n cthe rnnrriny.f.4n'r of all l1ffiklaon hbefore it
prc ;r 55 yf