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May 09, 1959 - Image 1

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I-

HARRY TRUMAN:
GREAT PRESIDENT?
See Page 4

S iars ir
Sixty-Eight Years of Editorial Freedom

:43 xit

CU, E
CLOUDY, WARMER

VOL. LXIX, No. 157 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SATURDAY, MAY 9, 1959 FIVE CENTS

SIX PAGES

Discrimination
In Fraternities

Williams, Legislators

Set New

Tabs

By THOMAS HAYDEN
In our time the Fraternity will have to decide whether we
want Negroes and non-Christians as brothers .
Y David R. Rood, former chairman of Alpha Tau Omega
Committee on the Study of Selectivity Clauses
The future of the fraternity system may depend on an effective
solution to the problem of racial and religious discrimination in
membership policies.
Some fraternity -men, many of them alumni, will insist like
one Tampa attorney, "the words "white Christian' should never be
deleted from the membership requirements of our fraternity."
But his type is fading away, local fraternity men explain. There
has been a gradual trend against discrimination which stretches over
the past century.
Will Disappear

In time, the fraternity man argues, fraternity discrimination will
disappear. For evidence, they point to figures which show that the
number of written discrimination clauses has dropped from 22 to four
over the past decade.'
But the trend away from discrimination has been anything but
"gradual" in some areas outside the fraternity world. A large number
of colleges and universities across the nation have taken steps to
speed up the "gradual" pace of the fraternities.
Ask Efforts
Others; including the. universities of Minnesota and Syracuse,
have insisted that local chapters use their best and most sincere
efforts to change restrictive national rules.
Still other schools, such as the universities of Wisconsin, Color-
ado, and Northwestern, have imposed specific deadlines for removal
of clauses.
Colorado President Ward Darley explained his reasons for clamp-
ing a time limit on fraternities in an open letter to the faculty,
staff, and students on Jan. 20, 1956. He said:
Removal Meaningless
"...it now appears that neither our educational efforts nor the
elimination of a discriminatory clause from the constitution of a
national fraternity means very much . . . evidence of the devious-
ness of at least one national organization in forcing our students to
get around our efforts has come to light. How far. such circuitous
methods may go with other organizations no one knows.
"But whether evasive practices are extensive or not, the realiza-
tion that they are easily possible and probably practised makes me
willing to admit that continuation of effort limited to the elimina-
tion of discriminatory clauses from a national, constitution is time
wasted - .
All the various forms of pressure have been suggested, at one
time or another, as solutions to the problem at the University. The
local administration, however, has consistently supported the fra-
ternity policy of educaiton as a means of eventual solution.
Back Education
Presidents,Ruthveri and Hatcher, in their statements in 1951. and
1952, both claimed the educational approach was the only fair means
of handling the problem. One student, William McIntyre, explained
the same position in the follow-
ing manner to the Student Affairs
BlsterCommittee in 1951:
living is the only means by which
r isthis problem can be solved. This
Iraq i A rm s' education can best take place in
an environment conditioned to
LONDON (M)-- Britain has de- meet this problem. As long as re-
cided to give military aid to Iraq strictive clauses remain, the en-
in an. attempt to stemn the Coin vironment is not conditioned to
munist tide threatening the Kas- meet the problem; bigotry Is re-
sem gvernent.enforced; tolerance is frustrated;
sem government. and the American college frater-
Brafnbwillsndasustntialnpity is continuing ,to carry a sore
number of bobs andcnuin sptwh i not being treated in
tanks, responsible sources said. the best way.'a
The decision was reached inside No Threat
Prime Minister Harold Macmil- The Interfraternity Council's
Ian's cabinet in answer to an Iraqi written philosophy since 1953 has
request for heavy armaments. been that the "most desirable and
A formal government statement effective method for the removal
announcing the decision is expect- of these clauses is the action of
ed in the House of Commons early the individual fraternity without
next week, perhaps Monday, any coercive threat."
authorities said. However, some parties maintain
.The decision marks the resolu- that fraternity progress has been
tion of a three-month argument nil; that fraternities have re-
among experts in London. Some, moved their clauses, only to bury
along' with colleagues in the them in their secret rituals or
United States, were inclined to elsewhere.
write off Iraq as a potential Soviet Some fraternity men will deny
satellite. Others argued that Iraq's this charge. Others who agree
army is the only thing standing that the movement of clauses into
between the Communists and rituals is a direct result of out-
complete power in Baghdad. The side pressure from administrators
latter group apparently dominat- See FUTURE, Page 2

Party Heads
To Confer
Next Week
LANSING OP) - Democrats and
Republicans, deadlocked for
months on a solution to Michigan's
cash emergency, met yesterday in
an effort to end the impasse that
brought a payless payday to 26,000
state employes.
'Democratic Governor G. Mennen
Williams described the hour-and-
a-quarter talk as "extremely en-
couraging." Rep. Rollo G. Conlin,!
Republican chairman of the House
Taxation Committee, said the con-
ference "might have jarred some-
thing loose."
The only tangible outcome, how-
ever, was agreement for legislative
leaders from both parties to meet
again next week. No definite date
was set. The legislature is ad-
journed for the weekend and no
settlement of the financial crisis
is looked for before the resumption
of sessions Monday night.
Williams Asks Talks
The conference followed a plea
for bipartisan talks from Governor
Williams who in an unusual move,

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* * * *

*

*

House Comm1ee0

Initiates

$250

Mullion

Budget

Cut.

West Ready
To Set Pact
On Germany
BONN, Germany (P) - Diplo-
matic informants said yesterday,
the West is' prepared to make a
deal with the Soviet Union that
would permit East Germans to
man the checkpoints on overland
routes between West Germany and
isolated West Berlin.
But the Westerners are ready to
push their way into Berlin, either
on the ground or in the air if the
Russians reject the deal, these in-
formants said.
The question of access routes to
Berlin is at the heart of the So-
viet challenge which motivated the
East-West foreign ministers con-
ference opening in Geneva Mon-
day.
The Western package plan to be
presented at Geneva deals, with
Berlin, Germanreunification and
a military security zone in Europe.,
The Russians have implied they
will not act alone to revise the
status'of Berlin unless the Geneva
talks fail.
Last fall the Soviet Union
threatened to give up its occupa-
tion controls in Communist East
Germ: y (the German Democratic
Republic) and turn over to that
satellite control of the routes used
by the United States, Britain and
France to supply their 12,000
thoops in West Berlin.E
The Western powers have said
they will not accept the substitu-
tion of the East Germans for the
Soviet Union in agreements on
Berlin,
This looks like an impasse, but
qualified diplomatic sources ex-
plained the West hopes to get over
it thus:
"The West will accept East Ger-
many border inspectors not in
their own right but as agents of
the Soviet Union provided either:
1) The Russians designate the,
East German personnel as their
agents or,
2) The Russians do not quit the
wartime occupation agreements al-
together.'
The Bonn sources expressed hope
the Russians might be willing to
compromise by hanging on to
token occupation rights in East
Berlin, despite their announced in-
tention of giving East Germany
complete sovereignty.
Under such a compromise, the
sources said, the British, French,
and American would accept East
Germans at the checkpoints but
with the understanding that dis-
putes would be carried to the
Soviet Union.

TEN PEERS:
Joint JudiciaryProtects Standards-

*

(EDITOR'S NOTE: This is the last
in a series of four articles dealing
with judicial bodies on the campus.)
By CHARLES KOZOLL
"Did you think about the effect
of your action upon the reputation
of the University?"
To the student facing ten of his
peers on Joint Judiciary Council,
this question emphasizes that the
University is judged according to
the actions of its graduates or
undergraduates.
U.S.Warns
Khrushchev
Of Tensions
WASHINGTON M--The United
States put Nikita Khrushchev on
notice yesterday that he must
help ease the war tension over
Berlin if he wants a summit con-
ference with President Dwight D.
Eisenhower.
This attitude was set forth in a
new United States note to Moscow
and in remarks by Secretary of
State Christian A. Herter as Her-
ter left for new East-West talks
opening in Geneva, Monday.
To set the stage for these for-
eign ministers' talks, President
Eisenhower let it be known he
would refuse flatly to meet Pre-
mier Khrushchev if Russia sought
to pressure the West by any of
three actions:
1) Signed a separate peace
treaty with Communist-run East
Germany.
2) Turned over the Soviet sec-
tor of Berlin to the East Germans
along with control of access routes
to the divided city.
3) Issued any kind of ultimatum
aimed at forcing a summit con-
ference as the only alternative to
peace.

For that reason, the University's
standards of conduct in certain
areas -are higher than those de-
manded by the general commu-
nity, Prof. John W. Reed of the
Law School, chairman of the fac-
ulty subcommitee of discipline
pointed out.
Leads to Gap
This higher standard leads to a!
gap between the written codes of
the University and the conduct
standards of the student body,
Allan Stillwagon, '59, chairman of
Joint Judiciary Council com-
mented.
In practice however, he contin-
ued, "The day to day philosophy
of the University in regard to dis-
cipline is much akin to that of the
students."
The administration doesn't
maintain a "police force" devoted
to searching for people who vio-
late the rules. When cases are
brought to their attention, they
are handled.
Against Police
If the administration had the
money, it is still qu'estionable it
it would create a force to con-
tinually investigate p o s s i b l e
trouble areas. The administation
is, however, aware of sectors
where infractions dog take place.
"Rules are most often applied
when a violation is brought to the
attention of the administration
by certain enforcement agencies,"
Stillwagon observed.
Generally the University recog-
nizes how students will act and
tries to mold their actual prac-
tices to allow for a degree of
equity.
Regents Have Power
While the power to make rules
resides in the Regents, they have
only acted once within the fairly
recent past and that was to ap-
prove thesprinciple of the driving
regulations, Stillwagon pointed
out. The Regents delegated their
power in this area to the faculty
Scommittee on student conduct.
Since the entire committee

hasn't met since 1947, the work
is done by the three member sub-
committee on discipline. In the
period they haven't changed the
standing rules, but they have re-
defined the existing codes in con-
junction with the council.
Come Before Group
Except for incidents where
"moral implications" are involved
or the Dean of Men's office feels
that an individual will be better
served by sending him to other
agencies, all violations involving
men are brought before the group.
Older male students who violate
driving regulations or have broken
a conduct rule are often handled
by the Dean's office and in cer-
tain instances by the faculty sub-
committee on discipline.
In situations where the Dean
feels that it would not be profit-'
able, from the student's point of
view, to send him before the
Council, the Dean can exercise his
prerogative to settle the case him-
self. Citing one such incident, As-
sistant Dean of Men John Bing-
ley recalled that recently he didn't
send a 27-year-old man to Joint
Judic because he thought the in-
dividual could be best helped
through a personal interview.
Fewer Women Appear
Fewer women come before the
Council, Assistant Dean of Wo-
men Gertrude Mulhollan pointed
out, because they don't violate as
many all-campus rules as the
men. Almost complete handling of
women's discipline problems with-
in their own judiciary system was
See JOINT, Page 5

Claims Ie
'Covers Up
CoslU.S Debts
Group Couples Cuts
With Harsh Criticism;
Explains Opposition
WASHINGTON P)-The House
Appropriations Committee yester-
day cut back President Dwight D.
Eisenhower's 1960 budget requests
a quarter billion dollars.
The Committee coupled its pro-
posed reduction with sharp criti-
cism of what it called an at-
tempted administration cover-up
of budget liabilities.
In its work on three previous
regular appropriation bills this
session, the Committee went over
the President's recommendations
by about 80 million dollars.
Undercut Requests
But in -sending the fourth reg-
ular appropriations bill to the
House yesterday, the Committee
undercut total budget requests to
date by voting to deny the Presi-
dent $252,348,200 contained in
budget estimates for a score of
independent federal agencies.
There was no assurance, how-
ever, that the appropriations bal-
ance would remain in favor of
Congressional budgeteers.
Shortly to come forth are Com-
mittee recommendations for fi-
nancing the defense establishment.
Advance indications are that the
Committee will recommend more
than the 40 billions asked by the
President.
Recommend Appropriation
In its action yesterday, the com-
mittee recommended appropria-
tion of $6,438,839,800 to finance,
during the fiscal year beginning
July 1, operations of independent
government agencies ranging from
civil defense to the Interstate
Commerce Commission.
The bulk of the money, slightly
more than five billionndollars, is
for the Veterans Administration.
The total contained In the bill
is $252,348,200 less than President
Eisenhower asked, and $406,703,140
less than the same agencies were
given this year.

*

Y
1'

GOV. G. MENNEN WILLIAMS
S.. asks cooperation
addressed a joint session of the
Republican-controlled legislature.
Governor Williams again asked
quick passage of the' Veterans
Trust Fund bill to provide an im-
mediate 43 million dollars in emer-
gency relief and proposed a halt
in Republican efforts to increase
the state's three cent sales tax
pending the outcome of the two-
party talks. Releasing trust fund
money would get state payrolls
moving again.
Suggest Taxes
Governor Williams and the
Democrats have suggested personal
and corporate income taxes as a
long-range solution to Michigan's
money woes. The Republicans have
held fast for a penny increase in
the sales tax and will not agree
to use Veterans Trust Fundmoney
without acceptance by the Demo-
crats of the sales tax boost.
At the root of Michigan's money
troubles is the fact that the state
has been spending more than it
has taken in.
The legislature has failed to levy
the taxes to meet the various bills
it has authorized.

'r-
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f

. Ni11VV . vs v .. v.... - - - __

I

I

ed in cabinet discussions.
Government leaders appear to
have decided, too, that the value
of arms for Iraq outweighs the
effect the step may have on Pres-
ident Gamal Abdel Nasser of the
United Arab Republic, bitter ene-
my of the regime of Iraq's Gen.
Abdel Karim Kassem.
Britain has long been the chief
supplier of arms for the Iraqi
army. Experts say about four-
fifths of Iraqi military equipment
was made in Britain.
Supporters of the British grant
are said to have asserted that re-
fusal would have forced Iraq to
turn to Communist countries for
military supplies.British inform-
ants say the United ,States agrees
with this point of view.
Jet Crashes
In Northville

MARCEREAU HURLS VICTORY:
Wolverines Batter ildc

Wellesley College Head
A ddresses Convocation
S "The hardest thing a person must do is answer his own ques-
tions," Margaret Clapp, president of Wellesley College, began yes-
terday.
Speaking on "Honor Bound" at the 36th annual Honors Con-
vocation at the University, the Pulitzer Prize author told the audi-
ence that they should not ask themselves, "Who is being honored
today," or "Wh'at is being honored today," but instead should con-
'sider the question "What should
be honored here today?"
And then she proposed an an-
swer: "In the long generations
ahead, it is manners, ability, and
aspirations that determine our
a ts, I2 5outcome, and these are the things
we should honor."
However, in this case, the word
'manners' must be rehabilitated,
she explained. "We have allowed
the word to sink to the meaning
of petty politenesses, such as
'Don't talk with your mouth full,'
or 'Say sir to your elders'."
But the real meaning of the
word is "the way in which some-
thing is done or takes place," and
learning manners is "the central
subject in any college or Univer-
sity," she continued.
Prof. Clapp noted, however, that
graduate schools, employers, and
other individuals want to know a
person's aspirations and native
ability as well as his manners.
In discussing the essence of the
word . "ability," she pointed out
that " nature is prodigal with her

Military Aide
Q uarles,,Dies,
WASHINGTON (R) -Donald A.'
Quarles, Deputy Secretary of De-
fense who might have become
head of the military establishment,
died in his sleep yesterday.
He was 64 years old, a onetime
communications industry official
much admired for his quiet effi-
ciency.
The unexpected death raised a
series of .governmental and per-
sonal problems.
Secretary of Defense Neil Mc-
Elroy had told President Dwight
D. Eisenhower he wanted to leave
his pentagon job late this year, if
the President found it possible.
Quarles had been mentioned
prominently as a possible suc-
cessor.
McElroy indicated to newsmen
that the death of his deputy would
be a factor in reconsidering his
intended retirement.
Quarles was an intense worker.
McElroy said his deputy "worked
harder than most any one I ever
saw, he was at it day and night."
The immediate problem, McEl-
roy said, was not whether he
would go ahead with his plan to
resign but the question of replac-
ing the "really irreplaceable"
Quarles.
McElroy said Quarles was re-
markably fitted for his Pentagon
job with an . understanding not
only of administration but with a
scientific background.
Quarles was born in Van Buren,
Arfl., July 30, 1894. He was a
graduate of Yale University.
City Council
Votes Hearing

II

1
Ugh!
"Listen to this tale of
romance.
Tale of Indian warriors
bold-"
Who left their wigwam un-
protected.
During the Michigamua cere.
mony yesterday afternoon, the
wallets of four 'gamua's were
stolen from that organization's
"wigwam" in the Union Tower.
John Gerber reported to the
police that $179 was stolen from
the four-all of whom used to
be active in campus affairs.
They were John Gerber, Dan
Belin, Dave Martinsen and Ross
Childs.
World News
Roundu
By The Associated Press
HAVANA - Prime Minister Fi-
del Castro said today reports of
Communist infiltration in his gov-
ernment are false "and an in-
famous attack against our revolu-
tion."
* * *
WASHINGTON - Postmaster

By TOM WITECKI
Michigan's baseball team exploded for nine runs in the sixth
inning and went on to whip Northwestern, 12-5, in a Conference game
at Ferry Field yesterday.
The win was the Wolverine's third against four defeats and put
the team just one game out of third in the Big Ten race. Coach Don
Lund's squad will be shooting to better the .500 mark this afternoon
when they meet Wisconsin in a doubleheader at 1:30. Nick Liakonis
and Gordon Rinekey are scheduled to start for the local nine.
An added attraction to today's twinbill will be Michigan's cele-
bration of College Baseball's 100th Year. Ray Fisher, coach of the
Michigan team before retiring last spring, is slated to throw out the
opening pitch.
Wolverines Rally
Yesterday's rally was the biggest of the year for the Wolverines
as they sent 13 men to bat against three different Wildcat pitchers.
Michigan was trailing 4-1 when John Halstead started the sixth

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