THE MICHIGAN DAILY FRIDAY, APR
laber Cites Import of Move To Repeal Loyalty Oath
During the second weekend in
April, representatives at the US-
NSA's regional assembly in De-
troit, including five from the Uni-
versity, also adopted a resolution
condemning the provision.
Jo Hardee, '60, executive vice-
president of SGC, recognized the
action of the council and the re-
gional assembly on the oaths. But
she described the president's and
vice-president's appeals as a "na-
Robert R. Kiley, president of
USNSA, and Reginald H. Green,
vice-president, issued their appeal
for amendment or repeal of the
provision to several United States
Senators. These include Sen. Jo-
seph Clark (Pa.), Lister Hill
(Ala.) and John Kennedy (Mass.).
Senators Kennedy and Clark are
co-authors of a resolution to
amend the provision. Sen. Hill is
chairman of the Committee on
Labor and Public Welfare, the
Senate group considering revision
proposals for education legislation.
Kiley and Green recommended
total repeal of the requirement for
Federal grant applicants to file
disclaimers stating that the ap-
plicant "does not believe in, and
is not a member of and does not
support any organization that be-
lieves in or teaches" the overthrow
of the government.
They also favored either repeal
of the loyalty oath requirement or
clarification of the oath's wording.
Kiley, Green Condemn
In condemnation of the require-
ment, Kiley and Green, speaking
for more than 1,000,000 students
in USNSA member schools, said
"it is non-operational in the sense
that it will not prevent subversive
persons from securing assistance."
Second, they objected because
"perfectly 'loyal students or fac-
ulty members" might be prevented
from participating under the act.
They cited conscientious objection
to oaths or "serious apprehensions
as to the possible interpretations
of the section" as motivating fac-
The loyalty oath provision was,
condemned on a third ground:
Appointments to senior and
junior editorships of the "Michigan
Technic," a magazine featuring
the graphic arts, were announced
Charles R. Hildebrandt, '59E, will
head the staff as editor-in-chief.
Associate editor will be Barry
Peebles, '60E. John Mertus, '61E,
will act as managing editor; Ron-
ald Tesarik, '60E, as business man-
ager and Grace Koepcke, '6Ed.,
as director of personnel and pub-
Appointed as junior editors were
Kenneth Dec, '61E, production
manager; Mary Ellen DuVall, '60E,
illustrations editor; Bryan Whip-
ple, '61E, copy editor and Darien
Pinney, '61E, cover editor,
Mervin Roberts, '62E, was named
advertising manager; Louis Seniu-
nas, '61E, circulation manager;
Roger Barnes, '61E, articles editor
and Max Legatski, '61E, features
"To institutions committed to aca-
demic freedom, the section is a
particularly flagrant example of
federal control of education."
Fourth, such requirements "tend
to set a climate of opinion, to in-
hibit discussion, and to cause un-
necessary caution in the support
of perfectly valid organizations
Object to Implications
Fifth, they objected to the "in-
sulting and unjustified implica-
tion" or requiring members of the
"academic community" to sub-
scribe to disclaimers or loyalty
oaths. This is not required of re-
cipients of other federal grants,
Kiley and Green pointed out.
In addition, they stressed that
the provision "is likely to prove
cumbersome and expensive" to ad-
While they "do not object to a
clear affirmative statement of
loyalty," they "doubt that such a
statement would serve any useful
purpose'' in screening applicants.
Facet of Act
The loan provision is one facet
of the $400 million National De-
fense Education Act, which was
passed last September.
The University applied for $125,-
000 in loan funds under the act.
Approximately $35,000 was appro-
priated in February. ,
On March 4, SGC sent a note
to the University Regents and
President Harlan Hatcher con-
demning both "the letter and the
spirit of the loyalty requirements."
The College of Pharmacy pre-
sented awards to 23 students yes-
University scholarships offered
by the College of Pharmacy and
carrying a stipend of $250 were
awarded to: Louis Fras, '61P,
Thomas Goldman, '61P, Ronald
Jones, '61P, Donna Klink, '62P,
Jerry McLaughlin, '61P, Shirley
Miekka, '59P, Frank Pignanelli,
'40P, Mary Roach, '60P, Harding
Ruggles, '62P, Charles Van Aken,
,OP, and Mary Walker, '62P.
Miss Miekka also received the
Borden Scholarship Award and
the Lehn and Fink Prize. The Rho
Chi prize was won by McLaughlin
and Sharon Stelter, '62P.
The Merck Awards were pre-
sented to Katharine Lindfors, '59P,
and Edward Osborne, '59P. Wil-
lard Harrison, '59P, and Jerome
Char, '60P, won the Rho Chi
Margaret Blatchley, '59P, was
given the Central Pharmaceutical
Journal Pharmacy Administration
Prize; Thomas Lyon, '59P, won the
Charles H. Stocking Award and
Joanne Yagelo, '59P, was given the
Women's Auxiliary of the Michi-
gan Branch, American Pharma-
ceutical Association Award.
Dwight R. Tousignaut, '59P, re-
ceived the Bristol Laboratories
Award. The Lambda Kappa Sigma
Award was won by George Fish-
man, '59P, and the Julia E. Eman-
uel Scholarship for Girls was pre-
sented to Maureen M. Frank, '59P,
and Elaine Green, '59P.
To Head SBA
The student body of the Law
School selected Robert Wray, '60L,
as president of the Student Bar
Association in elections yesterday.
Thomas R. Bierle, '60L, and Bill
Barnard, '61L, were chosen for the
posts of SBA vice-president and
In other Law School elections,
the class of 1960 selected Kent
Whittaker for its president. The
new Junior Class elected Harold
Barron as president.
A youthful Ann Arbor resi-
dent Jumped off his bike yester-
day at the corner of North
University and Ingalls Streets
with tears in his eyes.
A number of University males
drove or walked blithely on.
Seeing his plight, a University+
coed stopped. The little boy, it
seemed, had gotten something
in his eye and couldn't see,
much less ride his bike.
She hailed another woman on
the street, who, fortunately,
was a registered nurse. The boy
and his books were whisked off
to the hospital by the nurse.
The coed rode a boy's bike for
the rest of the day so it wouldn't
The boy's eye is fine now and
he has his bike back .. .
And they call 'em the weaker
By FAITH WEINSTEIN
"I don't want to read Macbeth
as a lyric poem. It is a drama, and
I want to show the dramatic action
in it," Prof. Albert Cook, exchange
lecturer from Western Reserve'
University said yesterday,
Some critics look at Macbeth
for its lyric quality and that
alone, Prof. Cook pointed out in
his lecture "Dramatic Action in
Macbeth." After all, a play is
something which is put on a
In Macbeth, he continued, the
action pivots entirely around the
central character. "There is no
match for Macbeth in this play as
Octavius is for Antony, or Iago
for Othello," he added. The only
comparable character in the play
is Lady Macbeth, who is a "reverse
image" of her husband.
Created Evil Hero
Shakespeare -created in Mac-
beth, Prof. Cook continued, "a full
scale, self-searching hero, who is,
at the same time evil." The hero
suffers all of the mental anguish
of a good man turning bad, some-
thing which is extremely hard to
portray on the stage, he said.
Macbeth and his wife are "people
of exceptional spiritual sensitivity,"
he added, and Macbeth himself
changes from a basically good
man, hesitant to do evil, to a "kind
of surrealistic steeling" of himself
at the end.
Shakespeare shows Macbeth's
anguish through a series of sym-
bols, such as blood, the witches,
and time, in the abstract. Macbeth
fears the witches and the "bloody
babe" not so much out of fear
itself, as because they are images
of his own evil, Prof. Cook said.
To support his idea that the lyric
speeches have deep dramatic sig-
nificance, Prof. Cook analyzed
three speeches from this: the as-
sassination speech, the invocation
to the witches, and the speech on
his wife's death, beginning "to-
morrow and tomorrow and tomor-
He pointed out that Macbeth's
attitude towards life goes through
three distinct stages in these
speeches. At first, he said, Macbeth
feels that all nature is disrupted,
and stirred up.
In the second speech nature has
frozen in space from his point of
view, and by the third, nature, and
time no longer have any meaning
Prof. Cook is associate professor
of English and Comparative Liter-
ature, at Western Reserve Univer-
France's New Artistic Advisor Exhibits
Interest in American Theatre Programs
By JUDITH DONER
The newly appointed artistic
advisor to the French Minister of
Culture charmed those who met
him in his too-short three day
visit to the University.
"A fort-night ago, I was called
to Paris and appointed to assist
Andre Malraux," Michael St. Den-
The twinkling, grey-haired
Frenchman is in the United States
to set up a drama division at the
Julliard School in New York City
to compare with the School's mu-
sic and dance divisions.
Cites New Departure
"It is a very new departure to
have a ministry dealing with cul-
ture," St. Dennis remarked. "It
should give a new activity to art
in France, particularly in the
He pointed out that the minis-
try was created both because there
is a general movement for cultural
exchanges between East and West
and because the cultural tradition
of France, in itself, Is important
to the country.
"Theatre is supported in every
European country, especially in
European Russia," St, Dennis
said. "Yet it is not doing well any-
where in Europe."
Value Maintenance Difficult
Modern economic conditions
have made it difficult to main-
tain cultural values in most
places, and France has not been
an exception, he continued.
"We are perhaps the oldest
people as far as modern theatre
goes, but the Germans are ahead
of us now," St. Dennis acknowl-
edged. "They have rebuilt maybe
a hundred theatres since the war,
every one of which is endowed.
"Notice that in your own coun-
try there is a lot of private sup-
port coming in through founda-
tions," he insisted.
St. Dennis reported that the
French government has made
quite extensive plans to improve
the French theatre, including the
rejuvenation of.the Comedie Fran-
caise. A new experimental theatre
under the direction of Barrault
has also been organized.
To Support Centers
Five theatre centers in the
French provinces will receive gov-
ernment support and a complete
reorganization, of the opera and
the opera comique is underway.
Asked his view on contemporary
French playwrights, St. Dennis
pointed to the writings of Eugene
Ionesco as "typical of a state of
"Most modern dramatists in
France are really concerned with
the very nature of man and with
the reasons for his existence," he
pointed out. "This is difficult to
understand if one does not under-
stand the state which Europe was
in after the war."
"To me, Ionesco is much more
simple than he seems at first."
Bill; Due VU
Must Be Paid
The University will withhold all
academic credits, grades and tran-
scripts of grades of students who
have failed to pay accounts due
to the University by the last day
Student loans which have not
been paid or renewed are subject
to this regulation, but student
loans not yet due are not.
All unpaid accounts will be re-
ported to the Cashier of the Uni-
FRENCH DIRECTOR - Michael St. Dennis, who formerly direct-
ed the Old Vic Theatre School, visited the University this past
weke. He was recently appointed artistic advisor to the French
Minister of Culture.
Reporting that there is no
drama department of a practical
kind in French universities, St.
Dennis declared, that he is "very
struck by the work that the uni-
versities in the United States have
He maintained that "without
the universities, the American
public would not see very much
of live dramatics."
Commenting that the directing
and staging in educational theatre
is quite professional, he submitted
that the level of acting outside
New York is not at all profes-
"But this ,is natural," he insist-
ed ,"since the time and purpose
of the educational system does
not allow for professional' train-
He pointed to the off-Broadway
theatre, calling it "very comfort-
ing to see that young actors can
try their hand so near Broadway."
"I would like to see Julliard
bridge the dangerous gap between
Broadway, and the country at
large," St. Dennis mused.
St. Dennis directed the Old Vie
Theatre School in London during
the post-war years until it was
disbanded in 1952. American
theatre-goers will remember him
as director of the "Oedipus" which
Lawrence Olivier starred in both
abroad and in New York.
Today and Sunday
from 1 o'clock
Proudly We Present
"'A UNIVERSAL EXPERIENCE
APPROPRIATE T O THE
SCREENS OF THE WORLD
... 'Pather Panchali' is a picture of India of
a sort we have not yet had-not even in Jean
Renoir's 'The River' nor in Robert Flaherty's
'Elephant Boy.' This is a communication of
human experience out of the heart and
fiber of Bengal.. .It is the creation of.
-Bosley Crowfher, N. Y. Times
"A truly great, original picture."
QR Archi. Winston, Pat
Stunningly beautiful, a major work
- of art." -rnt
Directed "y Salypajira
iesrentod by Edward Harrison
Tonight at 7:00 and 9:00
(Bizet musical background)
VIVIANE ROMANCE JEAN MARAIS
SHORT: The Count (Chaplin)Y
Saturday 7:00 and 9:00
Sunday at 8:00
Schoedsack and Cooper's
FAY WRAY BRUCE CABOT