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April 14, 1959 - Image 3

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1959-04-14

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UN Solution to Disarmament

The key to general disarmament
s a radically strengthened United
ations, visiting Prof. J. David
Singer in political science said yes-
This will be brought about by
he various political elites of the
nation states, Prof. Singer said. By
aking a moreactive interest in

These powers, he pointed out,
possess considerably more leverage
in the international situation than
they believe they have at the
moment, and serious, well-thought
out proposals by them would have
to be considered by the big pow-
Increase Public Activity
In addition to this, the definite
requirement. for the situation -is
the increased activity by the "at-
tentive public" to force present
political leaders to listen to the
Without such new forces as
those operating in the disarma-
ment scene, proposals will continue
to be "the same old things," Prof.
Singer said, and will be caught up
in the "same old fears" and ap-
prehensions of the powers.
International disputes, which
cannot be helped, 'cannot erupt
into armed conflict since the
world's armed power will be con-
centrated in the hands of the

neutral central power, the United
Nations, Prof. Singer said.
The organization may well be-
come the "cockpit" of the world,
he asserted, saying that such non-
military conflict was both natural
and healthy.
The United States, Prof. Singer
added, should welcome any peace-
ful competition with the Soviet
Union. The real bloc in this vision,
Prof. Singer said, is "elite public
opinion, which must be changed."
Cater to Public
Present political leaders, to stay
in power, must cater to the desires
of the general populace, which at
this time are both nationalistic
and parochial. "The suggested
change by the opinion-making
"attentive public," in becoming
more cognizant of international
affairs, will not have the preju-
dices or the need to bow to general
opinion and will make the climate
receptive to new ideas, Prof.
Singer predicted.

To Expand
Next Year
A Congressional appropriation
within the next month could mean
a Guidance and Counseling Insti-
tute for the University next year.
Under the National Defense Ed-
ucation Act of 1958, Congress is
authorized to make funds available
to institutions of higher learning
for programs to "increase the sup-
ply of qualified guidance and
counseling personnel and improve.
the competence of personnel now
working in the counseling field."
The University has submitted a
proposal for a long-term program
to the office of Health, Education
and Welfare, Prof. Stuart Huis-
lander of the education school re-
ported. The plan envisions a
"package program" operating on
a semester basis in which graduate
students could acquire the equiva-
lent of 12 hours of instruction in
guidance and counseling.
Course offerings would be geared
to the nature of enrollees, Prof.
Huislander explained, and the
sequence of courses will be "a
little different." The program
would feature practical work with
counselees at the University.
Huislander predicted the insti-
tute would probably. cost upwards
of $150,000 to run each semester.
The National Defense Education
Act authorizes these programs to
run for four years, "but how long
it operates will depend on each
year's congressional appropria-
tion," Prof. Huislander noted.
So far there has been so little

Speech Division
Trains, Teachers

(EDITOR'S NOTE: This is the third
in a series of articles dealing with the
Institute for Human Adjustment.)
Teaching the right approach to
speech instruction keeps the six
divisions of the !University speech
clinic occupied during a year-
round operation.
While the main interest of the
division is in training professional
people for the field, aiding both
children and adults suffering from
diverse speech problems has be-
come an important part of the
clinic's work.
Providing both intensive and
broadly diagnostic work for youths
from ages three to twelve, the
children's division offers daily
training in improving individual'
articulation. Participants attend
daily sessions where they work
with professional members of the
staff and speech students develop-'
ing instruction techniques.
Provide Training Funds
Funds to provide the training
necessary come from the Univer-
sity literary college while the larg-
est segment of the clinic budget
is sustained from the original'
grant of Mary A. Rackham.
In addition to working with
children up to 12 years old the

clinic provides service for those of
high school age and above. A large
number of these people come to
the clinic through the Office of
Vocational Rehabilitation.
Besides working with the adults
in individual and group sessions,
the clinic provides means for these
people to obtain on-the-job ex-
perience while undergoing half-
day training. Entry into this-pro-
gram is dependent on the ability
of the individual to adjust to these
two areas of work.
Place in Summer Training
High School age individuals are
usually placed in summer train-
ing tin order to avoid interfering
with their regular school work.
For boys and young men, the
clinic in conjunction with the
University and the speech depart-
ment operates a speech.,improve-
ment camp, "Shady Trails" located
in northern Michigan.
The camp operates with the idea
that to cure speech problems effec-
tive work must be done with the
individuals physical and emotional
difficulties. Through an extensive
program on teaching in addition
to carefully planned recreational
activities, the camp has attempted
to improve since its inception in

Other Colleges Pioneer
Sout Asia Program

a . speaks at 'U' '
politics these people can influence
the actual policy makers to change
their views, making the alteration
in the United Nations possible.
The fears of the major powers
as to what their enemies will do in
a ,disarmament situation and the
expectation of war that bedevils all
attempts at international concili-
ation will be eliminated because
superior power will be in the hands
of a neutral body, which will en-
force the agreements objectively.
Suggests Change
Prof. Singer suggested that the
major change in the United Na-
tios would be a concentration of
the world's present military power
in United. Nations hands.
In addition to concentrating
military power there, Prof. Singer
proposed that the powers of the
Security Council be curtailed and
the General Assembly be given
paramount power. The United Na-
tions then would be able to use
its power as an international
policeman, unimpeded by the veto.
The active organization of the
General Assembly in international
disarmament would be a commis-
sion, 'governed by majority rule
with the political power and the,
military means to enforce all arms
curtailments. .
Cannot Accept View
iPresent disarmaent techni-
cians, he noted, are unable to pro-
pose or accept a new view such as
this. Prof. Singer has recently in-
terviewed the "Big Four" repre-
sentatives on the disarmament
negotiations in New York at the
United Nations.
A new solution might best be
suggested by the representatives
of a neutral nation on the Afro-
Asian bloc, he said.

University of Chicago, Univer-,
sity of California at Berkeley, and
University of Pennsylvania have
offered in the past, South Asian
studies either as undergraduate,
programs or as graduate interdis-
ciplinary programs.
The program at the University
of Chicago is the newest of the
three, the South Asian Commit-
tee having been formed in 1957.
Students pursue essentially an
inter-departmental course of
studies which does not lead to a
specific degree in the area, but
which permits the student to co-
ordinate courses in the fields of
anthropology, economics, history,
geography, political science, and
so forth, which pertain to the
countries o South Asia.
Committee Develops Program
The Committee on South Asian
Studies was originally formed to
develop and co-ordinate research'
activities 'Within the University of
Chicago on South and Southeast
Asia; to recommend and prepare
teaching mterials and study pro-
grams on the area for purposes of
general education; to develop pro
grams of study for advanced stu-
dents wishing to specialize in this
area; and to provide facilities for
South Asian students studying so-
cial sciences and the humanities
at Chicago.
At the University of California
at Berkeley, students- pursue an
interdisciplinary program in the
area studies. The program has
been in existence for amout five
years, and it includes the coun-
tries of India, Pakistan, Ceylon
and Nepal.
Offer Hindi, Urdu
Berkeley offers three of the
area languages-Hindi, Urdu, and
Sanskrit--as well as the regular
anthropology, history, geography,
etc., offerings. About 20 courses
are offered as part of the program,
with eight faculty members teach-
ing courses specifically on South
Students enrolled in the South
Asia program at Berkeley are
working toward post-graduate de-
grees - 45 for the MA, and 12
for the Ph.D. The program is ad-

ministered by the Faculty Group
on Asian Studies.
The University of California
supports their program entirely,
although the University of Chi-{
cago has received grants from the
Rockefeller, Carnegie and Ford
Foundations for the development
of its program. A recent grant
from the Ford Foundation has en-
abled them to strengthen their
work in the field of Indian studies
Program Offers BA
The program at the University
of Pennsylvania deals with the
life and institutions of the peoples
in India, Pakistan, Afghanistan,
Ceylon and Nepal. The school of-
fers a regular undergraduate pro-
gram which leads to a degree in
South Asia Studies, as well as
graduate courses of study.
The courses are offered in all
of 'the traditipnal disciplines, as
well as in South Asia and Oriental
Studies divisions, which include
survey courses on the history and
sociology of the countries in the

money appropriated
short-term institutes
set up, he said.

that only
have been 1

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