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Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.
"-And in the Next Performance, I Will Negotiate
While Drinking a Glass of Water"
TURDAY, MARCH 14, 1959
NIGHT EDITOR: BARTON HUTHWAITE
A Step Towards Ending
Discrimination in Ann Arbor
DISCRIMINATION in housing is an easy
thing to shrug one's shoulders at. "Selling
to a Negro would cause trouble," a homeowner
says. "If I sell to Negroes people won't patron-
ize me," a realtor says. Builders say they can't
get loans if they sell to Negroes.
These people may be right, but more often
than not they have not really tried to find
out whether they really are. They have taken
the easy way out. That is a very human thing
to do. But it doesn't do anyone any good.
Discrimination is more important in Ann
Arbor than in most towns of its size. Fifteen
hundred foreign students are enrolled at the
University. Each year a number of them re-
turn home bearing impressions about Ann Ar-
bor which they will take as representative to
some extent of the United States. Nobody
gains, neither they nor American foreign poli-
cy, when they are refused apartments because
of race or nationality.
Ann Arbor has plenty of discrimination. Of
the 44 landlords giving the SGC Human Rela-
tions Committee clear answers, 12 would rent
to all non-whites, 14 would rent to Indians
and Orientals but not to Negroes, and 18 would
not rent to any of them. Granted, the survey
was conducted by telephone, the sample was
not large and was random rather than system-
atic, and sometimes the evidence was frag-
mentary. Still, the results are significant.
THE ANSWER to this problem will not come
quickly. It cannot. But at least work is being
done on it. The Human Relations Commis-
sion helps in individual cases of discrimination.
It organizes speeches and discussions, studies
the problem and makes recommendations.
Monday it recommended City Council action-
giving the Commission money, strengthening
it, or passing legislation against discrimina-
tion. It deserves support.
The recommendations deserve careful con-
Africa's Modern Dangers
OBSCURED by the Berlin crisis, but per-
haps ultimately more significant, are the
series of riots in Nyasaland, a small central
African country. The direct cause of the riots
is native opposition 'to the Central African
Federation, a power grouping of the white
dominated Rhodesias with the almost entirely
Claiming a plot against the nation's 3,000
whites by its three million Negroes, the British
massed troops and planes are ready to move
at the slightest indication of trouble. Two hun-
dred fifty of the most prominent Africans, in-
cluding Dr. Hastings Banda, the African lead-
er were arrested. The ensuing rioting has cost
Though on the surface, it's just another col-
onial disturbance, the rioting may have effects
much more lasting than the immediate vio-
lence. It could conceivably cause Britain to
throw in the towel in its efforts to prepare
Africa for independence. The Federation, claim
the British, was formed with the hope of,
among other things, improving the lot of the
Nyasaland blacks who were in danger of be-
coming what an English weekly calls a "rural
slum." The substantial labor force of resource-
less Nyasaland was to complement the re-
source-filled but relatively unpopulated Rho-
desia. Banda's violent disagreement with this
concept set off the riots. After similar ex-
periences in Cyprus, Kenya, Tanganyika, In-
dia, Singapore and half of its other colonies,
Britain may be ready to cease exerting such
substantial efforts to help its colonies mature
and merely set them free unprepared.
ANOTHER, and perhaps more immediate,
consequence would be a change of attitude
among the whites in the British colonies north
of the Union of South Africa. Already in the
Rhodesias there is great support for the "apar-
theid" policies of the Union. With the grow-
ing dangers of the Negro riots, they might
take more repressive measures, alienating what
little Negro friendship is left and creating in
Rhodesia the same uncrossable gulf now ex-
isting in the Union.
A FINAL POSSIBLE result could be the power
polarization of Southern Africa, along the
axis of the Zambesi River. White Southern
Rhodesia, fearing the power of the blacks
whom Britain promises eventually to free, may
draw quite close to the Union of South Africa.
Together with the Portuguese colonies of Mo-
zambique and Angola, where the least ad-
vanced colonial rule in all Africa is practiced,
a white bloc might be created. Ranged against
this would be a group of black territories in-
cluding Kenya, Uganda, Tanganyika; the Con-
go, Nyasaland and others. The indignation cre-
ated among the Negroes in these northern
areas by the treatment of their brothers to the
south could lead to serious international dis-
pute, even an international race war.
Africa today stands on the threshold of en-
tering full-fledged into the modern world. If
any of these things should happen, Africa
could be set back for many generations. A solu-
tion is needed for the problems \of Nyasaland,
as indeed for those of the rest of Africa; the
white man can 'afford to put it off no longer.
LETTERS TO THE EDITOR:
Readers Comment on SGC Review
INTERPRETING THE NEWS:
Testimony to Good Intent
By J. M. ROBERTS
Associated Press News Analyst
IXTY YEARS AGO the United States ac-
quired two territories in the Pacific, one
through war with Spain 'and one through
That was 31 years after the purchase of
Alaska from Russia.
The acquisition of the Philippines, 7,000
miles from the American west coast, and Ha-
waii, 2,000 miles, caused nervousness among
European colonial powers which were still
trying to consolidate their far eastern empires,
and a Japan which was just emerging as a
power in international affairs.
The United States, through its traders, had
already begun to expand its importance in the
Par East. Her voice was being heard ever more
loudly in the constant battle among the Euro-
peans for ascendency in China.
But the United States denied any intention
of becoming an imperial power, and kept her
Hawaii and Alaska are now states, or at least
H.awaii will be after completion of formalities.
The Philippines are an Independent repub-
lic. Not so long ago, when other Afro-Asian na-
tions at the Bandung Conference showed a
Communist-promoted tendency to malign the
United States, the delegates from the Philip-
RICHARD TAUB, Editor
MICHAEL KRAFT JOHN WEICHER
Editorial Director City Editor
DALE CANTOR ................. Personnel Director
JEAN WILLOUGHBY .... Associate Editorial Director
ALAN JONES ....................... Sports Editor
BEATA JORGENSON ........ Associate City Editor
ELIZABETH ERSKINE ... Associate Personnel Director
SI COLEMAN..... .... Associate Sports Editor
DlAVID ARNOLD------------------Cief Photornher
"YOU SHALL NOT malign our friend, mentor
and protector," they said in effect. The
resolution which would have classified the
United Stataes with the former imperialist
powers in Asia was toned down.
Hawaii was held off for years because of
American domestic politics, the fear of Com-
munist infiltration from Asia, and the desire
of some business interests to escape the re-
sponsibilities, expenses and possible restric-
tions which might be produced by statehood.
Not until the islands gave the Democrats
control of their Legislature did the Southern
bloc in Congress cease its bitter opposition to
what meant the admission, before, of two new
But finally Hawaii has come in with obvious
happiness on all sides, with perhaps the ex-
ception of a few nervous American business
men who have had things much their own
way in the territory.
The Communists will, of course, seek to ex-
ploit the event as proof of America's expan-
sive and imperialist intent.
The obvious happiness of the Hawaiians,
themselves, however, seems likely to stand as
a testimonial before all of Asia of the good
intent of the United States, and a welcome
sharing of her strength.
New Books at the Library
Howe, Irving - The American Communist
Party: a critical history 1919-1957; Boston,
Land, Emory Scott - Winning the War with
Ships; N.Y.,-McBride, 1958.
Leuchtenburg, William E. - The Perils of
Prosperity, 1914-32; Chicago, Univ. of Chicago
Lippmann, Walter - The Communist World
and Ours; Boston, Atlantic-Little-Brown, 1959.
Mason, Alpheus Thomas - The Supreme
Court from Taft to Warren; Baton Rouge, Lou-
isiana State Univ. Press, 1959.
Mulder, W., and Mortensen, A. R., ed. --
Amon gthe Mormons; N.Y., Knopf, 1958.
Spilt Milk *
To the Editor:
MILK has been spilt and we all
know that it is senseless to cry
over it. However, we represent an
interest that we do not wish to see
splashed with milk again.
You see, in light of two recent
issues, those of Sigma Kappa and
of deferred rushing, affiliated
women feel powerless and insig-
nificant in the face of student
government. In the first instance,
the University administration
ruled that the Student Govern-
ment Council had overstepped its
legislative boundries, in the sec-
ond, it will probably not act. How-
ever, there is a parallel between
the two issues in that they both
are of vital concern to the Greek
system. With these precedents,
could S.G.C. possibly be shaking
up another milk bottle? Could they
be striving for the ultimate dis-
solution of all sororities at the
University of Michigan?
If this is the case, then the
heart of the issue transcends bias
clauses and what is best for the
Freshman girl. The problem now
centers on the merits of having
any Greek system at all. Naturally,
affiliated women feel that what
they stand for is defensible. How-'
ever, before a predominantly nar-
row student government with no
check, outside of the administra-
tion, for the minority viewpoint
on this problem, how can their de-
fense amount to anything?
These women indeed represent
a minority. But if a minority never
evidences the fulfillment of its
principles; for instance, if it is
denied the right to exist, could not
this be called a "tyranny of the
majority?" And who is to say that
S.G.C. represents a majority any-
On a campus as large and di-
verse as this, with its compara-
tively small turnout at the polls,
it seems that S.G.C. could hardly
claim to stand for the "will of the
students" on any issue. This being
the case, all forms of campus liv-
ing with the size and stability of
Panhellenic should be adequately
represented on the Council, not
just with voice, but with power.
In fact, it might be worth while
in the near future to reconsider
the representation on S.G.C. A
more accurate cross section of
student interests made up of can-
didates pledged to their constitu-
encies seems sensible for Michi-
gan's pluralistic society. However,
right here and now, we are con-
fronted with the fact that a minor-
ity interest has been defeated by
a rather arbitrary majority ruling.
After all, Adolf Hitler claimed that
his decisions were made accoding
to the "will of the people." And
after all, minorities are often justi-
fiable, even right, and are worth
Before the present representa-
tion on S.G.C. spills another drop
of milk, let us hope that it will
consider not only a minority's
point of view, but also the fact
that on principle, minorities ought
to be protected. Otherwise, the
milk bottle may again be trans-
formed into a baby bottle by the
hanrk of+thp. aminitration ani
bent on being super-critical could
find plus a few.
This Gilbert and Sullivan show
is not a Broadway production to
lacks the polish and perfection of
such. Yet the performance was
punctuated with show - stopping
laughter and clapping. How did
this indicate to Miss Willoughby
that this was an unenthusiastic,
Anyone in the theatre Thursday
evening must admit that the audi-
ence was much-moved to mirth
and enthusiasm. Look with an eye
for flaws and these are what you
see. Go to a performance to be
entertained and you are best
qualified to judge the show on the
basis of its audience - appeal.
Which perspective did Miss Wil-
Small flaws in the show seem to
have clouded any sense of per-
spective an impartial member of
the audience should have. The re-
view thus became an enumeration
of the small wrongs without men-
tion of the greater rights -the
color, the gaiety, the lovely voices,
the sparling lyrics and beautiful
music of this show. I hope I can
erase the misconception of the
show as an unentertaining 'flop'.
It was an entertaining, thoroughly
-Elsa Ruedy, Spec
Not Again . . .
To the Editor: -
AS ELECTION TIME draws near
and the campaign comes to a
close, we submit that the student
body is not fully represented by
the present slate. In order to in-
sure a truly democratic S.G.C.,
therefore, we nominate The Right
Honorable TED BOMB. Mr.
Bomb's qualifications are well
known, as they have been much
publicized in the past. However,
we think the student body would
be interested in his platform which
is as follows:
1) The overcrowded conditions
in the fishbowl indicate the need
-for another animal shelter, on the
site of the old Romance Language
2) Since many students prefer
cultural activities to athletic con-
tests, this group should have the
option to secure dog race tickets
instead of football tickets.
3) University regulations against
drinking demand modification in
order that the Saint Bernard Al-
pine rescue service-be more effec-
Mr. Bomb pledges himself to a
strenuous effort to implement this
platform. Support TED BOMB for
S.G.C. president. S.G.C. has gone
to the dogs; one of them should
No Rush .
To the Editor:
AS I PICKED up The Daily today
I was shocked to read the
headlines, "Council Affirms Spring
Rush." This is a gross misstate-
ment. The Student Government
Council did not affirm spring rush
-It defeated a motion advocating
fall rush! Nothing about spring
rush was mentioned in the motion!
The previous motion stated a
trial period of two years (1957-58
and 1958-59) forsspring rush after
which time it would be decided
which of the two rushing periods
was most effective.
As the situation stands now we
have no rush at all. No motion has
been brought before the Student
Government Council concerning
further spring rushing. As the fall
rush motion which was defeated
stated only the year 1959-60, the
situation is now open. I wish to
repeat that spring rush was not
affirmed at the meeting of the
Student Government Council last
night, and for everyone who was
not present at the meeting, The
Daily has presented a misinter-
-Dawn BeMent, '61Ph.
(EDITOR'S NOTE: SGC President
Maynard -Goldman said that although
spring rushing was not mentioned in
the motion, it was the nature of the
motion that if it were defeated, rush-
ing for women would remain in the
By BEM PRICE
Associated Press Newsfeatures Writer
WASHINGTON - For many
people the prospect of Ameri-
ca exhausting its wild forests
where a civilization-battered man
can find peace for his soul is al-
With our exploding population,
however, the loss is possible, and
therein lie' the seeds of a dispute
which will affect countless future
There are those who would set
aside, as this generation's gift to
the future, between 50 and 55
million acres of wilderness in 11
western states and Alaska which
remain as the Indians found them
thousands of years ago.
Opponents hold that setting
aside these lands would, mean
locking up potentially valuable as-
sets, with a subsequent loss in
taxes and wages from private ex-
THIS IS NOT a new dispute. It
ilas been going on since the late
1860s when a national park was
first proposed. Such a park did
come into being in 1872. Argu-
ments over such use of public land
haven't changed much since.
In each of the last two sessions
of Congress, efforts were made to
pass a National Wilderness Preser-
vation Bill. Another effort prob-
ably will be made early in the
Fifty to 55 million acres appear
to be a lot of land until you con-
sider that the United States and
Alaska contain 2,309,683680 acres.
Of this total, the federal gov-
ernment owns or controls 477 mil-
lion acres, including 181 million
acres of forest land. About 58 mil-
lion acres of true, roadless wilder-
ness lands remain in the nation.
+ * *
AT PRESENT nearly all of the
50 to 55 million acres in the pro-
posed law is restricted by federal
administrative decree to recrea-
tional use only.
The chief fear of opponents
seems to be that once the wilder-
ness preservation principle is es-
tablished by law, more and more
land will be brought under its
While the opponents generally
agree that wilderness preservation
is desirable, they object to preser-
vation by an Act of Congress, -
which is much tougher to change
than administrative fiat.
These forests are administered
by the Bureau of Indian Affairs,
the Bureau. of Land Management,
the United States Forestry Serv-
ice and the National Park Service.
+ * r
FORESTS which would be pro-
tected lie for the most part in
the high and remote areas of the
west where timber cutting, oil ex-
ploration, ming and cattle grazing
probably would be arduous and
expensive. At least that is what
the advocates of the proposal
An opposition point of view was
given by Warwick M. Downing of
Denver, Chairman of the Oil In-
dustry Public Lands/Committee.
Downing said in an interview:
"THERE IS ample land in the
national parks and in a few iso-
The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of The Univer.
sity of. Michigan for which The
Michigan Daily assumes no edi-
torial responsibility. Notices should
be sent in TYPEWRITTEN form to
Room 3519 Administration Build-
ing, before 2 p.m. the day preceding
publication. Notices forrSunday'
Daily due at 2:00 p.m. Friday.
SATURDAY, MARCH14, 1959
VOL. LXIX, NO. 117
President and Mrs. Hatcher will hold
open house for students at their home
Wed., March 18, from 4:00 to 6:00 p.m.
Applications for the Detroit Armen-
(Continued on Page 5)
lated areas fo' all wilderness pur-
poses without directly setting
aside tremendous areas for lim-
Why the urge to place these
forest lands in escrow by law?
Howard Zahniser Executive
Secretary of the Wilderness So-
ciety, a nationwide group of con-
servationists, said in a report to
"THOSE who ave been study-
ing wilderness preservation needs
have come to the conclusion .. .
that all our land is destined to be
put to some human use. The pres-
sures of civilization are such that
none of the land . . . can be ex-
pected to escape.
"That recognition has led to the
further understanding that none
of our land can be expected to
endure as wilderness accidental-
ly . .
AT THE MICHIGAN;
T HE HUNGARIAN Freedom
fighters killed Yul Brynner
Set in the time and place of the
Hungarian Revolution, "The Jour-
ney" is a highly dramatized and.
unlikely story about a group of
foreigners who had the misf or-
tune to be in Budapest when the
Bad Guys came.
The Bad Guys are largely em-
bodied, at first, in the person of
one Yul Brynner. Brynner, com-
plete in black boots, leather jacket
and motorcycle cap, swaggers
through the picture alternately
shooting, drinking (mostly), phi-
losophizing, and making passes at
He is a Russian major carrying
out orders, but in search of truth.
Miss Kerr is a British lady who
is in love with a Hungarian biolo-
gist attempting to escape to Aus-
tria because the Bad Guys pulled
his fingernails, among other
His plight could be real but is
unclear for much of the first half
of the movie.
Miss Ker is, as always, effective
and real. Her characterization of
Lady Ashmore leaves little to be
desired. She can say much with-
out moving her lips and she
emotes her feelings well.
Brynner, on the other hand, is
Brynnerish. A barbarian (some-
times), he swaggers about, gulps
vodka, shouts, breaks glasses in
his teeth, and in one scene even
beats about with a big leather
belt. Shades of "The King and I."
But, throughout his rantings
and lovings and drinkings one
never seems to be able to forget
that he is Yul Brynner, boy pool
Two of the minor characters
deserve note, the innkeeper in
particular. He flusters here and
there but also arranges the escape,
such as it is. His light relief is
an aid to a somewhat unbelievable
The other minr character is
the typical - to propagandists -
American. This typical American
is a married woman, pregnant and
loudmouthed. She "'demands her
rights and gets little.
In all fairness' Yul should be
complimented on putting over his
part as well as he did. A lesser
man would have left the plot com-
pletely sterile. The Major wasn't
a real type character. He vacilated
from barbarian to philosopher too
quickly and too easily.
The freedom fighters who even-
tually kill him are portrayed as
hard-faced young people with
tommy-guns who ironically refuse
chocolate and demand guns. Per-
haps this is the way it was but
their cause is lightly felt in the
movie. Their eventual extinction
of Brynner is not satisfying.
The whole thing just doesn't
come off as it could.
MORE TROUBLES FOR NATO:
Ike's Statements Hinder European Defense
By WARREN ROGERS, JR.
Associated Press Staff Writer
WASHINGTON - Twelve words
from President Dwight D.
Eisenhower may add difficulty to
the Atlantic Pact's long-sought
goal of establishing 30 NATO divi-
sions in Europe.
But those responsible for assem-
bling the forces have a ready an-
swer for the question raised by
President Eisenhower's remarks.
It has been asked before.
The President told his news'con-
ference Wednesday: "We are cer-
tainly not going to fight a ground
war in Europe."
Gen. Lauris Norstad, the persua-
sive and personable Air Force man
who is President Eisenhower's lat-
st suensor as NATO supreme
nical development outran the or-
iginal NATO idea.
His argument is that the NATO
ground forces-now totaling 21%1
divisions, he has said-are a shield.
The retaliatory nuclear powers of
the United States, particularly its
long range bombers and its de-
veloping missile capability, are the
sword. * *
NORSTAD'S chief problem long
has been a psychological one. The
general attitude of America's
NATO Allies is that they are, to
begin with, sick of war after two
frightful experiences with it this
century, and if there is to be a
third world war, they feel it would
be fought primarily between the
United States and Russia.
Under, such circumstances the