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March 10, 1959 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1959-03-10

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The Good Earth

Sixty-Ninth Year
EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
"When Opinions Are Free UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATION$
Trth Will va STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG. * ANN ARBOR, MICH. * Phone NO 2-3241
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints. .
TUESDAY, MARCH 10, 1959 NIGHT EDITOR: SUSAN HOLTZER
Criticism of 'U' Budget Information:
A Neat rolitical Dodge

LETTERS TO THE EDITOR:
Campus UN Gives
False Impressions

r

EVEN WITH broad stretch of the imagina-
tion, it is difficult to believe State Rep. Ed-
ward Hutchinson's claim that the Legislature
wants only "a detailed financial statement,
and not control over the educational pro-
grams" of Michigan's colleges and universities.
Rep. Hutchinson is part of a growing group
of legislators which increasingly in the last
several years has criticized the University and
MSU for inadequate reports of appropriation
disbursement.
Although the Legislators' criticisms are often
inconsistent, they are so prevalent that Elmer
Porter, Senate appropriations committee chair-
man, has confidently claimed, "We'll get in-
formation this year or they won't get any
money."
IT IS NOT CLEAR, however, just what in-
formation the legislators want..With the ex-
ception of individual faculty salaries, Univer-
sity administrators claim all. information is
available for the asking.
Agreement is lacking even on what facts
are received in Lansing. Who is to be believed
when Rep. Arnell Engstrom, who chairs the
House Appropriations Committee, says the
University and MSU provide all*the informa-
tion the committee needs, and Sen. Porter says
just the opposite? Perhaps the Senator would
benefit from a caucus with the Representative.
The legislators can take issue over specific
salary information, but their other requests
need elucidation.
Even. Rep. Hutchinson has contradicted his.
own claim to non-interference in the school's
affairs by another remark: "I-want the Legis-
lature to dictate, in broad terms, how (the
schools) shall use their funds." This is far from
just wanting a detailed financial statement.
ONCE THE Legislature gains any explicit
power tt direct educational funds, adding

or eliminating specific items would be easy.
It could result in planning the state's higher
educational program in the halls of the capitol
rather than in the offices of deans and faculty,
members where considerably more qualified
individuals may be found.
It is disquieting to read another of Sen.
Hutchinson's remarks and consider what he
and some like-minded legislators would do to
Michigan's schools. He said that the schools
reportedly are favoring "professors with cer-
tain political philosophies."
"There are certain professors who have run
for public office and have gone back to the
campuses to do research or something. We
couldn't find out what they were doing."
SIMPLE PRACTICAL considerations are an-
other objection to legislative direction of
funds. It would require a staff much larger
than that of any department, agency or legis-
lative committee in Lansing to analyze and
wisely alter a budget as big and complex as
those of Michigan's schools. The Legislature's
approach more likely would be to eliminate,
here and there, items that do not particularly
appeal to certain legislators.
Centralized and detailed control over uni-
versity funds is apparently the basic objective
of the Legislature. But beyond this, the issue
has become a political scapegoat mixed with
an element of sincere concern over misuse of
funds and poor economy at the schools.
In a year of extreme monetary difficulties,
vocal criticism of financial accounting has
served to divert public attention from the
amazing lack of leadership in a Legislature-
which should be finding new immediate and
long-range revenue sources. It is a dodge that
not even all the legislators can stomach.
-DAVID TARR
Associate Editor

NORMALITY RETURNS:
AEC, Lawmakers Resume Warfare

JUST INQUIRING. . . by Michael Kraft
TIMINGS at the University of Michigan, Is a the traditional town-vs.-gown conflicts. Typical
wonderful thing. Even the lowest freshman perhaps was last week's article in a national
has ittl trublemissngmagazine which charged colleges are becoming
Take Sunday's panty raid for example. The playgrounds. Raids only add to the feeling that
w_ i-o The all.d
Immediate reactions from veterans of other thyre wel equipped-.
raids, including last spring's, last fall's, etc., But perhaps most ironical was that just the
etc., was "what a he-- of a time. There's still day before the raid, an informal survey by
snow on the ground." United Press International, seeking student and
But nothing like variety . .. since previous faculty reaction to the article, found one major
raids have stemmed from pep rallies, demon- theme running throughout almost every com-
strations against food, and just plain romantic inent. The article may be true at other schools,
Ann Arbor spring evenings, perhaps it was time but certainly not at Michigan.
for a snowball fight to start things rolling. Only at Michigan, can timing be so appro-
Where things of this sort stop, it's really hard priate.
to tell. In this age of garbage disposals, news.-
papers have little staying power. BUT FOR THOSE who do not enjoy raids and
that sort of thing, there is a brighter side.
BUT AS ONE rather disheartened University At last Markley is a full-fledged women's dorm,
B employe said, "if I was in the Legislature having undergone its first siege, and the girls
and hadn't already been wondering about what behaved "beatifully."
goes on in the colleges, this would certainly And perhaps Markley can provide a solution
make me wonder." And currently, during the to the raiding problem that has long plagued
weeks before the April 6th election when Legis- University officials. If they can find all the
laiors obviously aren't going to do anything bricks destined for Markley but now supporting
concrete about the state's lack of money, they'll book shelves in hundreds of campus apart-
have plenty of time for wondering about what's ments, they could build a wall big enough to
tappening to the few funds they can apprpi- retain the residents of West and South Quads.o
ate. Such a wall will serve two purpioses. It'll keep
But seldom does word of the latest college the raiders fenced in and it'll provide an outlet
prank, especially at a "serious" school like when they feel exhubriant. They can beat their
Michigan, stop at the state's borders. heads against it and everyone will feel much
The anti-college reaction is notconfined to better when they stop.
p NTERPRETING THE NEWS-:d
More MiastConfrsion

By PHILIP POWER
Daily Staff Writers
NORMALITY, that is, a state of
open war, has returned to re-
lations between the Atomic En-
ergy Commission and the Joint
Congressional Committee on
Atomic Energy. The two groups
had gotten along with anything
but harmony and mutual trust
during Adm. Lewis Strauss' ten-
ure as chairman of the Commis-
sion. And it is quite probable that
Admiral Strauss' inability to get
along with liberal members of the
Congressional committee, which
is supposed to supervise his com-
mission, played some part in his
decision to resign.
It had been expected that John
A. McCone's appointment last
summer as chairman of the com-
mission would have a pacifying
effect on the Congressmen who
had been especially vocal in their
criticism of Admiral Strauss. Hos-
tilitie3, however, have been re-
sumed lately.
* * *
For McCor e, the casus belli in
this case was his irritation with
the "arbitrary and perfunctory"
way in which the committee, like
many other Congressional com-
mittees, conducts its business. For
the committee, the renewal of
hostilities was due to its feeling
of disappointment with McCone's

ideas about the optimumt rapid
development of nuclear reactors in
the United States for industrial
purposes.
THE COMMITTEE was further
piqued by MVIcCone's assertion that
"remarkable progress" has been
made in this field during the past
few years. The liberals on the
committee, mainly Democrats,
hold that the commission has
"failed miserably" in this regard,
largely because it has left the job
up to private industry and has
been unwilling to bring in the re-
sources of the federal government.
McCone wants to make the cost
of electric power generated from
nuclear reactors competitive with
that generated by other means
within ten years. He had hoped
to win the support of the com-
mittee by announcing that the
government would pay half the
cost of building prototype reac-
tors. Before, it had financed only
research and fuel.
The commission plans to spend
$115 million in the coming fiscal
year for six new prototype plants.
-'his As, however, only about one
third of the average spent in re-
cent years, and the new projects
are not all gain, as some others
have been suspended.
* * *
SUCH A reduction in outlay

may be due to pressure from the
Budget Bureau rather than from
the cgmmission itself. But, re-
gardless of the cost, the develop-
ment of industrial and practical
atomic sources of power is too im-
portant a task, for the country's
position both economically and
internationally, to be sacrificed to
incompletely validated fears over
a balanced budget and inflation.
The cost of developing atomic re-
actors is clearly out of proportion
to the strictly business profit they
might bring in. Their importance,
both as scientific projects, and as
a sign of this country's progress
in the internationally prestigious
field of atomic energy makes it
imperative that progress be accel-
erated. It is exactly in situations
such as this, where business is
unable, because of lack of suffi-
cient profit, to support the cost
of development of a new process
which has national importance,
that the government should
rightly step into the breach.
In the past, the government has
virtually ignored its important
responsibility in the field of atom-
ic energy. It is to be hoped that it
will take the rather obvious hints
offered by the Congressional com-
mittee and develop a constructive,
forward-looking, effective pro-
gram.

To the Editor:
THE ACCOUNT you published
Sunday of the mock UN ses-
sion is fair and objective. But all
your readers who did not attend
the meeting did not get the same
impression that the few who did
attend: that this whole show was
a big propaganda effort of the
Arab countries. They admitted it
privately and one of the delegates
even told me, rather naively: "I
would have been a fool not to use
such an opportunity to make
oropaganda." I can understand
very well why Arab peoples can be
so emotional when Algeria is con-
cerned; some Frenchmen are. But
this is the best way toprevent any
possibility of an agreement; and
your readers should know it.
Still, the debate has been very
useful in proving beyond evidence
how difficult it is for France to
be understood. The French posi-
tion is this: it is obvious to every-
one that a peaceful solution in Al-
geria is imperative as quickly as
possible. But it is not simply by
shouting the magic word "inde-
pendence" that all the terribly in-
tricated problems of Algeria will
be solved. What France is trying
to do now, is to find the best way
to give the Algerians (all of them)
the status they want; to make
them sure that the rights of the
large French minority (one-tenth
of the population) will be respect-
ed; to maintain the economic re-
lations between the two countries
-and not because Algeria is es-
sential to the French economic
balance (ask Mr. Pinay's opin-
ion!) but on the contrary because
today, independent or not, Algeria
simply cannot live without French
aid.
The other Arab states seem to
ignore entirely the Algerian situ-
ation; they are evading the true
problems by talking about geno-
cide (?), 6onquest, illiteracy .. .
These monotonous incantations
of insults and menaces seem de-
signed to prevent any rational
and democratic solution of the
problem. Only the Tunisians and
the Moroccans know the real
problems of North Africa; that is
why the only way to advance to-
ward a settlement of this dread-
ful war is to use the good offices
of those countries. President
Bourguiba and His Majesty Mo-
hammed V are working in this di-
rection. A meeting between Gen-
eral de Gaulle and the Sultan is
now in preparation. This proves
once more that France is working
to solve herself her own problems.
The Algerians (some of them at
least) know that their noisiest
friends are their worst enemies;
that is why they are thinking now
of moving the siege of their "pro-
visional government" away from
Cairo. The day this will happen,
peace in Algeria will be in sight.
-Jean Carduner
Dept. of Romance Languages
Health Service . .
To the Editor:
IN WRITING this letter I feel
that I am expressing the opin-
ions of many other students on
this campus - concerning the
"wonderful" institution named
Health Service. Having had the
need for medical treatment sev-
eral times this year, I went to
Health Service, and found myself
leaving there with the same need.
As a matter of fact, the informa-
tion I was led to believe and the.
treatment I was given were detri-
mental, not helpful, or should I
say healthful!
I could cite many examples of
DAILY
OFFICIAL
BULLETIN

(Continued from Page 3)
agement, Trust Administration, Bond
Merchandising, Operations and Admin-
istration.
City of Detroit, Detroit, Mich. Grad-
uates: June, Aug.
The Kroger Co., Livonia, Mich. Loca-
tion of work: Midwest and South.
Graduates: June, Aug. Men with a de-
gree in Liberal arts or Business Ad-
ministration for Training Program.
Roche Laboratories, Orchard Lake,
Mich. Location of work: Great Lakes
Div. Graduates: June, Aug. Men with
any degree, science background would
be helpful, for Medical Service Rep-
resentative.
YWCA, Lansing, Mich. Graduates:
June, Aug. women with any degree in
Liberal Arts or Education.
Summer Personnel Requests:
S. S. Aquarama. If you are 21 or over
and want to work 7 days a week on a
pleasure boat, contact the Summer
Placement Bureau. Tues., or Thurs.,
from 1-5 or Fri.from 8:30-12 noon.
Nurses. Camp Sherwood, private camp
for boys in Boyne City. Mich., needs a
Registered Nurse for this summer.
Personnel Requests:
Atlantic Research Corp., Alexandria,
Va., Thermo-Chemist, Research Engr.,
Chmists, Mech. Engr., Materials Engr.,
Pyrotechnic Engr., Research Aerody-
namicist, Exp. Physicist, Propellant
Process Engr., plus other Engineering
and Chemistry openings.
Dewey and Almy Chemical Division,
of . R. Grace & Co., Cambridge, Mass.,
Staff Asst. to Dir. of Research. Devel-

similar treatment: one that I
know of occurring last week, to
my roommate. She went in with
a sore throathoping to find some
relief, besides the conventional
salt pill that Health Service hands
out like gum-drops. She told the
physician she was allergic to peni-
cillin, and asked for something
else - in particular. aureomycin.
The doctor told her she had a
"virus infection" and could do
nothing for her! So she then had
a sample of blood taken from her
finger under very unsanitary con-
ditions to no avail. Her "infec-
tion" became worse, and so now
she's going to a private M.D. in
Ann Arbor - where something is
being done for her!
I would just like to know why,
in this world-renowned university,
such actions are permitted to go
on. It certainly seems to me, with
the wonderful medical center we
have here, that something could
and definitely should be done! I'm
sure if an health inspector or a
doctor went into Health Service.
unannounced (posing as a pa-
tient) he would -certainly find
that something was wrong.
How about a little action some-
one!
-Name Withheld by Request
Bruckner
To the Editor:
AFTER attending the concert of
the Pittsburgh Symphony Or-
chestra and reading the review of
Mr. Gordon Mumma which ap-
peared in The Michigan Daily,
I should like to make the follow-
ing observations. In essence I do
not wish to dispute the reviewer's
criticism of the inadequacy of the
performance; I agree that there
was much to be desired in the
playing of the Bruckner sympho-
ny. But I do disagree with the
conclusion that Bruckner's music
should, therefore, be consigned to
oblivion in the United States.
Bruckner's music, in my opinion,
contains some of the most moving
passages in symphonic literature.
Because of its length, complexity,
anddepth, it still remains vastly
unappreciated in this country. If
America's orchestras are largely
unable to cope with the undertak-
ing, this is all the more reason for
increased playing and interest in
Bruckner's symphonies.
I am sure that there are and will
be many who never will count
Bruckner among the greatest of
composers, but I feel his music
has so much to offer that it would
indeed be a great tragedy to see it
disappear completely from Ameri-
ca's musical life.
-Donald Thomas, '60
AT THE STATE:
Fractured'
.Flat Filma
" HE SHERIFF of Fractured
Jaw" is billed hs a very funny
movie made only for people who
like to laugh. It should cure most
of them of the, habit. Those who
go expecting a comedy will be
disappointed, but those who go
for a pleasant waste of two hours
will pleasantly waste two hours.
The story is the oft-told narra-
tive of a naive, meek man who
goes out to the wild west and
through odd pircumstances be-
comes a hero, Marries the beauti-
ful girl, saves the town, etc. But
this movie is not primarily an ad-
venture, but rather a satire on the
familiar theme, much as "Many
Rivers To Cross" was a satire on
frontier movies. "Sheriff of Frac-
tured Jaw" is more conventional
and hence less humorous.

THE MOVIE is generally trite,
although it could be called toler-
able. The hero (even Englishmen
can be western heroes) is an Eng-
lish scion who goes to the wild
west to sell guns and save the
family fortune. The two perennial
rival ranches think Tibbs (Ken-
neth More) is a gunman, which
he is, in one sense. And so the tale
continues, until the Indians, with
the guns More sold them, save the
day for all.
In recent years westerns have
sought to distinguish themselves
by adding suspense, drama, pa-
thos, etc. "Sheriff of Fractured
Jaw" tries humor."The humor is
partly situational - the English-
man suddenly finding himself
sheriff of a western town split by
the two rival factions; partly iron-
ic - the Indians seem to/ be the
"good guys;" and mostly corny -
the town undertaker, for example.
* * *
BUT AS A WHOLE all this hu-
mor is for naught. It is too diver-
sified and sporadic to really make
the grade as a comedy. There are
no wholly humorou rcharacters,
either situational, like the late
Lou Costello, or subtle, like the
two aunts in "Arsenic and Old
Lace." The humor does not flow,
and its absence leaves a rather
dull thud.

' ".

r

r

e

. CAPITAL COMMENTARY:
3.Businessmen Fail at Pentagon
By WILLIAM S. WRITE

By J. M. ROBERTS
Associated Press News Analyst
THERE ARE so many divergent forces at
work in the Middle East that every new de-
velopment brings confusion as to its own mean-
ing as well as adding to the uncertainties of
the whole.
A British spokesman, discussing the new re-
bellion in Iraq Sunday, obviously was oblivious
to the humor and yet very accurate meaning in
his own 'words. He said the situation was
"clearly very confused."
On the surface, the rebellion of army fac-
tions in the Mosul area is pro-Nasser and
against the influence of Communism on the
Kassem revolutionary government in Baghdad.
In this connection the term pro-Nasser refers
to Arab Nationalism of the international type
the Cairo leader supports. Yet there is Arab
nationalism throughout the Middle East which
is not pro-Nasser.
The Baghdad government appears to be
more -nationalist than communist, yet in com-
petition with Nasser for Arab leadership in the
traditional Iraqi fashion.
International Communism, which for a time

against western interests, now continues to do
so in issues directly involving Middle East and
Western conflicts, but undercuts it on more
direct Communist interests.
For instance, while supporting the Baghdad
government, the international Communists
continue to stir up trouble with their promises
of a national state for the Kurds, who live in
a. belt extending from northeastern Turkey
across northern Iraq into Iran. The Kurds,
always a dissident element in the countries
where they live ,are thick around Mosul, cen-
ter of the new rebellion.
THE REBELLION, however, appears to be
an army manifestation, and 'may explain
reports current eight months ago, at the time
of the Kassem revolt against the monarchy,
that northern troops remained loyal and might
take things into their own hands.
Kassem has apparently relied upon the Com-
munists to help protect him from Cairo. The
new rebels prefer Cairo to Moscow.
One of the difficulties in assessing all of
these situations is the internal conflicts which
arise between the Communists as well as the
Nationalists of the Middle East.

THE CHERISHED legend that
any and all large public affairs
are best directed "by businessmen
with businesslike methods" is col-
lapsing before our eyes.
The notion's bankruptcy is being
shown in the very agency which is
the largest buyer and affords the
greatest opportunity for a certain
managerial skill. But it is a skill
quite different from that required
in business, and this is where the
the /rub comes.
This agency is the Department
of Defense. In spending forty bil-
lion dollars a year it dwarfs our
biggest private corporations. And
on its proper functioning rests the
physical survival of the United
States.
The second of the big business-
men to head Defense in the Eisen-
hower Administration, Neil McEl-
roy, has given notice that he is
unlikely to last out the Adminis
tration's own tenure. He is under-
stood to feel that he must fairly
soon return to private life unless
he is to sacrifice an income run-
ning to six figures for the $25,000
pay of the Secretary of Defense.
MR. McELROY has been one of
the country's great business suc-
cess stories-soap and allied pro-
ducts in his case. So, too, was his
predecessor here, Charles E. Wil-
son, the former president of Gen-
eral Motors.
Much has been soundly said that
handing the Defense post about
from one corporation executive to
another is a poor way to run a

most clearly illustrating why busi-
nessman methods will not work in
most governmental affairs.
The great trouble, in a word, is
not simply a too-rapid turnover in
the business heads of Defense. It is
that these are not the right heads
in the first place.
THE RELATIONSHIP between
running the Pentagon and running
an industrial concern is more ap-
parent than real. The fundamental
problems of industry are produc-
tion and sales. The proper method
is prudence for ultimate profit.
The fundamental problems of the
Defense Department are the uses
of production. These uses are not
and cannot be prudent; indeed
they are essentially imprudent--
that is, daring and full of costly
innovations.
What are required are unavoid-
ably wasteful and consciously com-
petitive and overlapping produc-
tion systems, the ultimate goal of
which is not profit or even order
as such but simply military
strength.
By law we cannot, and we should
not, have a Secretary of Defense
who is a professional military man.
All the same, the Secretary of De-
fense must have at bottom the
same single overmastering con-
cern of any field commander: to
have plenty of weapons to shoot
and trained men to shoot them in
the most efficient, but not neces-
sarily the least costly and most
prudent, way.
It is at this vital point that no
typical big businessman, however

private enterprise, they are like
all professionals everywhere. It is
the art that comes first-and last,
too-and in this case it is the art
of war. Not even the most sound
of normally businesslike considera-
tions must get into the way of
this.
The real job of a Secretary of
Defense, in short, is this: (1.) To
get the services the money they
really need, or resign ,in the at-
tempt. (2.) To crack down on them
constantly when they try to in-
trude beyond their own profes-
sional sphere. (3.) But to stay out
of their way on matters of strategy
and tactics and the employment of
weapons, which these professionals
have devoted lifetime careers to
learning.
It is a .job not for a businessman
but for a master politician. A poli-
tician who can lead and persuade;
keep a hard grip upon policy but
a very relaxed grip upon opera-
tions. Good politicians are no
more and no less noble than busi-
nessmen. It just happens that they
don't care much about money but
are endlessly interested in power
and policy. This is the kind of
drive that is needed at the civilian
top in the Pentagon.

'+i

I

A.

-/- - - - -K'm mime

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