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March 04, 1959 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1959-03-04

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Ghe r4 x Batt Batty
Sixty-Ninth Year
- EDITED AND MANAGED BY SiUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
"When Opinions Are Free UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
Trutb Wiln Prevail- STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG. * ANN ARBOR, MICH. * Phone NO 2-3241
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This ncst be noted in all reprints.

I

"Don't Look Now But I Think We're Being Followed"

Y, MARCH 4, 1959

NIGHT EDITOR: BARTON HUTHWAITE

Administrative Considerations
Block Women's Apartments
HE BUILDING of |ary Markley dormitory could be used to supplement the grossly in-
may appear as a forward step to Univer- adequate legislative appropriations.
sity administrators and alumnae, but senior In tightening apartment permissions, stu-
women-to-be regard it somewhat less highly, dents will again be used to get the University
Late last week assistant dean of women Eliz- out of a spot. Academic space limitations will
abeth A. Leslie acknowledged that apartment not permit population expansion sufficient to
permissions will definitely be harder to get for fill up the dormitories with underclassmen and
the 1959-60 academic year. She indicated that at the same time permit seniors to experience
this comes as a direct result of the easing of apartment living.
the overcrowded situation in women's resi-
dences, which in more concrete terms, spells ALTHOUGH the dormitory system contrib-
out the advent of Markley. utes to a student's maturity during his first
Although the Dean of Women's Office main- year, by the time a woman is a senior she may
tains that policy has always been that under- have ceased to benefit from life there. Living
graduate women live in University-supervised in a situation where she is older than the most
housing for the full four years of residence, of her associates and where she has outgrown
actual practice during the past two years has the necessary regulations can provide a solid
been sufficiently less than this. "It seemed brake to her growth process; apartment liv-
only fair to allow seniors to live in less crowded ing would provide a new impetus.
quarters" than were available, Dean Leslie The step from the college to the real world
commented. Is one which each student will someday make.
Apartment living, by forcing students to cope
ACTUALLY, granting senior women apart- with responsibility could provide the neces-
ment permissions got tlfe University out of sary stepping stone, for although the apart-
a spot. It would have been impossible to turn ment dweller is essentially on his own, he (or
"temporary triples," which were the rage last she) still lives within the boundaries of Uni-
year, into "temporary quads." The maxim that versity regulations and academic pressures.
two objects cannot occupy the same space at Administrators are blocking this path to
the same time is too universal for even the development of responsibility. Gray ladies are
Dean of Women's Office to alter re-clasping the hands of senior women, leading
The tight women's housing situation would them back to the institutions from-whence they
have forced the University to restrict enroll- came, now that there is room for one more.
ment expansion, and thus, fewer student fees --JUDITH DONER
One or the Other

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LETTERS TO THE EDITOR:
A Look at the Future:
Block That Book!

C 09-t.
00#9"T'is "WS4jj44&Vv4 Fos-r 4ft

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LONG-DEMANDED CHANGES:

To the Editor:
SINCE IT IS generally acknowl-
edged that mammoth lectures
are the most practical, as well as
the most effectual manner of in-
struction; and since, furthermore,
it is well known that lecture rooms
packed to standing, with teaching
fellows grading the term papers,
and assembly line teaching by a
distant, aloof, just visible professor
is far from being a hindrance to
the pursuit of learning but is
rather a boon and harbinger to
the new intelligentsia, I should like
to make the following humble sug-
gestions:
First, the University can save a
whole pile of money by simply de-
creasing the number of courses to
be taught. To make this feasible
we must first give more credits for
the courses which remain. Many
more credits. Then we must make
certain that the remaining courses
are of the sort to inspire wide-
spread popularity. This would do
away with those already obso-
lescent courses which are being
taught to classes of twenty or
thirty. What could be more im-
practical? In true democratic fash-
ion we should give only those
courses which aumajority of the
student body would take. Courses
like "How to read Life Magazine
for Pleasure and Profit," or "Ten
Adolescent Difficulties and How I
Solved Them."
The next problem that presents
itself is where and how to teach-
pardon, ADMINISTER-courses to
several thousand back-scratching,
paper-rustling youngsters. The ob-
vious and forthright solution, of
course, is the football stadium.
Where else do students feel more
at ease? Where else is that sense
of tradition? Where else can a
student feel truly certain that he
need bring a class no responsibili-
ties, no acuteness but simply a
warm, ever-so-comforting sense of
belonging, an impression, well, an
impression of togetherness. And
perhaps a quart of cider to reas-
sure him throughout the hard cold
lecture.
Then we could fill old, antiquated
Angell Hall with filing cabinets,
Huge rows of filing cabinets each
overflowing with IBM cards, rail-
way tickets, receipts, old tests, pre-
mimeographed letters of recom-
mendation, records of grades,
teacher evaluations, term papers,
statistical surveys and the other
assorted excrema which is, after
all, the very framework and foun-
dation of our university. This
would introduce a new tradition,
for every homecoming weekend we
could all go around burning the
records and papers instead of the
floats. In this way ve could care-
fully preserve the yearly floats in
*all the filing cabinets and with
the money saved annually on paper
mache, we could buy new filing
cabinets.
This solves the need for a revised
physical plant and as we all know
our new, streamlined university is
nearly complete for buildings are
what make the university. As for
the method of administering class-
es, this is simple. They can be
blared out from the press box. A
gesticulating robot, on the fifty
yard line and dressed as a profes-
sor can convey an impression of
intimacy as well as a live professor
in Auditorium A. Attendance can
be taken by little scales inside each
seat which register when a student

is seated. In place of a blackboard
we can have an airplane smoke-
write the necessary lecture notes
on the sky. This would have the -
added advantages of enabling
homebound students Jto get the
day's lecture by merely glancing
from their windows.
Of course I realize that this plan
is still in its rough stages. There
are yet many unsolved problems.
But I think that on the whole it
is in accord with the general drift
of the University's educational
policies. Unsolved problems could
easily be handled by computers,
And I myself am still thinking . .
Wait, perhaps we could enlarge
the football stadium.
--Eli Zaretsky
AT RACKHAM:
Varied
Handel
THERE ARE better ways to
"Get away from it all" than at
a Hollywood fantasy every week:
Last night many people missed
a fine opportunity to settle back
in comfortable seats, assume the
gracious, well-mannered mood
cast by the orderly lights of Rack-
ham Lecture Hall, and listen to
the Baroque Trio's presentation of
what lives on two hundred years
after the death of Handel.
Any apprehension as to the
monotony of a mono-composed
two hours was emphatically dis-
pelled by the color variations of
the program.
The balance and blend of the
performers in the two trio sonatas
were so clear that each listener
had the power either to sit back,
concentrating on nothing in par-
ticular, or to choose and listen ex-
pressedly to one flute trill or
moving pattern in the cello. (This
choice ,however, was subtly influ-
enced and handled by the per-
formers.)
Possibly the one fault in en-
semble was at the cadence of
some movements, where the oboe
slightly over-powered and out-
lasted the flute.
Nelson Hauenstein and Florian
Mueller played solo sonatas with
harpsichord. Both performed with
such technical dexterity and mu-
sical finesse that the resulting
reaction was "how clear, and
fresh, and easy."
** *
THE "CHACONNE con Varia-
zioni" played by Marilyn Mason
aroused much interest in the pre-
decessor of the piano; many
people mounted' the stage at in-
termission to ascertain just how
so many different effects could be
obtained from a string-plucked
instrument.
These last three works; rec-
tatives and arias for soprano --
though the fault might lie partly
with the period's instrumental
demands upon the singer - were
presented in a somewhat more
strained manner than had been
any of the preceding music. There
was, in fact, a climax in "Flam-
mende Rose" that made one want
to say - though in asubdued, re-
fined manner - "Oof!"
--Delight Lewis

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4

Taft-Hartley Amendments Pending

A FEW MONTHS AGO Washington officials
announced that the recession had ended.
The joyous public felt that now prices would
go back to normal.
But for the state universities and colleges
the recession continues. All over the country,
college budgets are cut and the governing
boards are seeking ways to meet the payrolls.
They are trying to alleviate this problem by
raising tuition fees and state taxes.
The tuition problem began about 20 years
ago. At this time, the state universities still
operated under the philosophy of free educa-
tion. But the private colleges, who received half
their money from fees and the other half from
pndowments and gifts, were in trouble.
Lacking sufficient money in their treasuries,
they had to raise tuition fees and through
their contacts both by Journals and conven-
tions, they were able to convince the heads of
the tate-supported schools that they also
should raise tuitions.
The argued that the state schools would get
all the students and thus the private schools
would be in worse shape than before.
However, this type of approach has led to a
vicious cycle. First the private schools raise
fees, and then the state schools, and then .
BT THERE is a solution to this problem.
The states that haven't already done so

must reconstruct their revenue systems so as
to increase liquor, sales and luxury taxes. Those
states which have reached a saturation point,
such as Michigan, should start a graduated in-
come tax which would balance the regressive
measure of the sales tax, a device putting the
greatest burden on those who can least afford
it. But also, the income tax would also pro-
vide needed support for education as well as
badly needed revenue.
Money in the form of scholiarships, from the
federal government would be another solution.
Congress has already passed a bill giving states
25 dollars for each pupil who attends the first
year of elementary and secondary schools. In
the second year the states would receive 50
dollars, the third year 75 dollars and the fourth
year100 dollars for each student attending
school.
Other acts are also in effect. Agriculture de-
partments in some schools such as MSU and
some medical schools are receiving federal aid.
If the aid were to be expanded and extended
to all state-supported colleges and universities,
many of their budget problems would be solvd.
For those who oppose federal aid there are
two courses left. The states must either supply
the deficient funds or they must cease com-
plaining.
-RUTHANN RECHT

(EDITOR'S NOTE: This is the first
of a series of articles dealing with the
labor legislation currently pending,,
and with amendments to the Taft-
Hartley Act in particular. Tomorrow's
article will discuss the effects of the
Act on employers and unions.)
By RALPH LANGER
Daily Staff Writer
THE TAFT-HARTLEY Act, long
bitterly attacked by unions,
may find itself amended if Con-
gress passes either of the two
major labor bills now pending in
Capitol Hill hoppers.
Variously labeled by unions since
its passage as a "slave labor law."
and the "Lawyers' Full Employ-
ment Act," the Taft-Hartley Act
is under fire again. Both political
parties have proposed amend-
ments. The only difficulty is that
each party has different changes
in mind.
The Taft-Hartley measure is
actually an outgrowth of the old
1935 Wagner Act. A pro-labor
measure designed to prohibit un-
fair labor practices, the Wagner
Act declared illegalscertain actions
on the part of employers.
* * *
UNDER THE Wagner Act, em-
ployers could not "interfere, re-
strain, or coerce employees with
regards to organizing or becoming .
members of a union." It was also
illegal to aid or support the em-
ployee's unions or to discriminate
against employees because of
membership or activities in a
union.
These unfair employer practices
have been largely carried over into

the 1947 Taft-Hartley Act, which
also includes a list of unfair prac-
tices on the part of unions.
Between 1935 and 1947 labor
was firmly opposed to any modifi-
cation of the Wagner Act. They
adopted practically the same atti-
tude that resulted in management
refusing to change its views on
union recognition until compelled
to do so by the Wagner Act.
But labor itself provided the
spark that set off the conflagra-
tion of anti-union feeling in 1946.
During that year, strikes cost the
United States 113,000,000 man-
days-three times that of the pre-
vious year which was the previous
peak of work stoppage. Four times
during the same year nation-wide
strikes shut down essential indus-
tries.
Although all of the blame for the
strikes can't, of course, be laid on
the door steps of the union halls,
the public was aroused, dismayed
and appalled over the power of
unions which possessed the power
to shut down the country's vital
industries.
THE CONGRESSIONAL elec-
tions of 1946 were interpreted in
Congress as a public call for labor
reforms and the reform movement
culminated in the Taft-Hartley
Act. The Act passed in 1947, over
President Harry S. Truman's veto.
Government and public attitude
towards labor had thus passed by
this time through three rather dis-
tinct stages. The active hostility in
the early 1800's, during which

unions were regarded as conspir-.
acys, had given way to active en-
couragement of unionism with the
Wagner Act.
A further shift developed and
became visible when the Taft-
H rtley bill passed. The words in
j We 1947 law gave employees the\
right to "refrain from any or all
of such (union) activities . .
The Wagner Act had no mention
of a right to abstain and rather
had concentrated on the right of
employees to organize, bargain
collectively, and engage in activi-
ties for preservation of rights.
Unionism was no longer con-
sidered to be an unmixed blessing.

ti

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TODAY AND TOMORROW :
Amateurs or Artists?
By WALTER LIPPMANN

SEN. ROBERT TAFT
... opponents may finally succeed

V CONSTRUCTION CURTAILED:
'Postpone-Lack of Funds, Hits Building Program

T HE NEWS that Secretary of Defense Neil J.
McElroy may be resigning in a few months
raises a serious question about the prevailing
standards of public service,
It appears that when President Dwight D.
Eisenhower approached Mr. McElroy about ap-
pointing him to what is surely one of the most
difficult and most responsible offices in the gov-
ernment, they came to an understanding that
Mr. McElroy might serve for a very limited
period only. The reason for this seems to have
been that Mr. McElroy could take only so much
leave of absence from his business without sac-
rificing certain financial benefits for which he
is eligible.
When we remember that what is at stake is
the office of Secretary of Defense, it is necessary
to. ask whether Mr. McElroy should have laid
down or that the President should have agreed
to the conditions under which his appointment
was made.
For this limited period of service was just
about long enough to enable Mr. McElroy to
be Secretary of Defense. He is a bright and
intelligent man, but when he took office he had
no background of experience in the military
establishment and no important experience in
public life.
THE DEFENSE DEPARTMENT is an enor-
mously complex organization, and the great
issues on which the Secretary must pass are
highly technical ones in the field of strategy,
tactics, engineering, production, and research.
Moreover, the Secretary of Defense is the key
man in the relations between the armed services
and the Congress.
Eighteen months are perhaps enough for a
reasonably good introduction to the work of the
office. But, as Mr. McElroy's recent testimony
before the Congressional Committee showed,

to go back home and make more money. A
successor must be found who cans then look
forward to about eighteen months in office
before he goes home. Mr. McElroy expects to
leave the job just as he is about ready to do
it. His successor, if he comes from the outside,
may be able to learn about the job just as the
time comes for him to leave the job; if his
successor is promoted from within the Depart-
ment of Defense, he is more likely than not to
be a caretaker and not much more.
All this adds up to the fact that with so
much at stake, a very serious office has not
been treated seriously enough. This is against
the national interest which requires a highly
competent Secretary of Defense, and it is a bad
example of, how the public service should be
valued by our people.
BROADLY SPEAKING, there are two kinds
of opinion as to how the highest offices of
the government should be recruited. There are
those who belive that although there are ex-
ceptions to all such rules-the big offices can
be filled most successfully by men who have
made a success in private business. The theory
here is that there is no great difference between
public and private life, and that experience in
business is not really different from experience
in government. With the conspicuous exception
of Secretary of State John Foster Dulles, who
has combined a lifetime of public service with a
highly successful law practice, President Eisen-
hower has shown a predilection for successful
corporate executives.
The other school of opinion holds that the
public service is in itself a vocation and a
professional career and that it cannot be
treated, like Sunday painting or Sunday golf,
as an interlude for amateurs. Those who think
f-i wai r a a-Pifno.Sf,-rar ntl a il'i _

By ROBERT JUNKER
Daily Staff Writer
UNIVERSITY building projects
are few and getting fewer. Cur-
rently being built is the Univer-
sity's four-building 9ampus for the
Dearborn Center, financed by a
$6.5 million gift from the Ford
Motor Company, and scheduled for
September completion.
A mental health research build-
ing, partially financed by federal
funds, and thenCatherine Street
parking structure, financed by
University parking revenue, are
the only other projects currently
under way.
* * *
OF THESE, the state has funds
in only one project. With Univer-
sity construction at its lowest point
in many years, the University re-
quested $15,668,000 for general
building funds for the 1959-60 fis-
cal year and a capital outlay re-
quest of $3,681,370 for the Uni-
versity Medical Center.
Although the University re-
quested $19,349,370 for local con-
struction, the Governor, in his
message to the Legislature, has
recommended an appropriation of
only $175,000, that for electrical
renovations in the Medical Center.
The Governor has also recom-
mended a $146 million bonding
program of which the University
would receive $15,192,000 for gen-
erfal construction and $1,219,000
for a new pediatrics unit in the
Medical Center.

education, government 'and hos-
pital construction across the state.
* * *
FUTURE University construction
thus seems dependent on the citi-
zens' approval of a bonding pro-
gram if the Legislature approves
the Governor's recommendation.
Many projects given high pri-
ority bythe University in its re-
quests have been labeled "Needed,
postpone-lack of funds" by the
State Controller's office.
The University's highest priority
request, $2.5 million to begin con-
struction on a new music school on
North Campus, was not included in
the governor's recommendations.
Meeting similar fates were plan-
ning fund requests for the second
unit of the Medical Science Build-
ing, a new dental building, an edu-
cation school building, and a new
home for the architecture and
design college.
* * *
THE GOVERNOR approved only

five projects for the University--
the second unit of the fluids eng4-
neering building, a physics and
astronomy building, a North Cam-
pus heating plant, a mathematics
and computing center and an In-
stitute of Science and Technology.
The fluids engineering unit,
which would complete the first
section of the complex, opened
in September, will cost $2,180,000.
The unit is located on North Cam-
pus.
The Physics and Astronomy
Building, for which $2.5 million
was approved to begin construc-
tion, will cost $4 million to com-
plete. It will be built as an addi-
tion to Randall Laboratory.
Plans for the North Campus
heating plant and a start on con-
struction of a steam line to con-
nect the present Washington St.
plant with the new structure would
be financed by the $2 million
recommendation. Total cost of the
project is set at $7 million.

Approval Was also given to a
$175,000 request for planning
funds for a mathematics and com-
puting center. This building, which
will cost $3,560,000 to complete,
will house the mathematics de-
partment and facilities for com-
puting devices currently needed in
science as well as mathematics.
THE INSTITUTE of Science and
Technology, for which $140,000
was requested by the governor, has
now been reintroduced by Gov.
Williams who is seeking $3 million
to construct the unit and $8.5
million for operating expenses.
Legislation has been introduced
by Sen. Charles S. Blondy (D-
Detroit) to implement the Gover-
nor's bonding requests. Under his
bill, an authority to raise the
necessary finances for the $146
million building program would be
set up and would rent the build-
ings to various agencies to repay
the bond holders.

With current University build-
ing projects set to be completed
by September, construction funds
to replace obsolete facilities and
to handle future enrollment in-
creases are needed.
University President Harlan
Hatcher has stated the University's
position on capital outlay requests:
"To carry out responsibilities for
the essential functions of a pub-
lic university, adequate facilities
must be available as they are
needed."
DAIMY
OFFICIAL
BULLETIN
The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of The Univer-
sity of Michigan for which The
Michigan Daily assumes no edi-
torial responsibility. Notices should
be sent in TYPEWRITTEN form to
Room 3519 Administration Build-
ing, before 2 p.m. the day preced-
ing publication. Notices for Sunday
Daily due at 2:00 p.m. Friday.
WEDNESDAY, MARCH 4, 1959
VOL. LXIX, NO 108
General Notices
Scholarships, College of Literature,
Science, and the Arts: Applications for
scholarships for the academic year
1959-60 available in Rm. 1220, Angell
Hall. All applications must be returned
to that office by March 16, 1959. Ap-
plicants must have had at least one

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