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February 27, 1959 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1959-02-27

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Sixty-Ninth Year
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This mcst be noted in all reprints.
Tightening Control of Students
No Solution to Impersonality

"Rest Easy, Sire-There Are No Signs
Of A Mass Uprising"

IN HIS RECtNT telling argument against
"mass-production" education, Prof. Algo
Henderson warned against the impersonality
of huge, monolithic institutions, where com-
munication between administration, faculty
and student body is merely a myth. Writing
in an academic bulletin, Prof. Henderson noted
that this is now a threatening trend in Amer-
ican education.
However, a counter-trend now seems to be
developing which represents perhaps a greater
danger to college students than the possibility
of being "turned loose," as Prof. Henderson
warns is happening in-other countries. The new
trend may well be stemming from the realiza-
tion among college administrators that they
are, in fact, increasingly losing contact with
their student bodies.
What seems to be happening is a movement
toward greater control over the actions of the
students, even while the minds of those stu-
dents continue to move away from such con-
THE "COMMUNITY" which Prof. Henderson
claims a university should be is a concept
that deals mainly and most importantly with
the intellectual and mental world of the stu-
dent. For if one is to presuppose that a col-
lege is for learning, then it is through learning
and intellectual pursuits that students should
find their ties to the faculty and administra-
tion. Through this contact, if it is as deep and
as full as it should be, will then automatically
come any moral and emotional leadership that
is needed.

Prof.) Henderson reminds his readers that
the "Big Men on Campus ... are still in their
formative years," and declares that a college
has an "unusual opportunity to give positive
direction to the molding of their purposes and
practices, in a manner that will carry over into
later life."
This is true, of course, and such "positive di-
rection" is vitally necessary. But the key word
is POSITIVE - and such direction cannot come
through force-feeding.
Through intellectual and friendly contact
with members of faculty and administration
alike, students should receive continuing guid-
ance. But they must be convinced, not coerced.
For if such guidance is, indeed, to "carry over
into later life," it must be somehow instilled
in the student, rather than merely forced on
top of him.
AT BEST, what is needed is, as Prof. Hen-
derson says, smaller institutions, smaller
classes, "the personal touch." But even in huge
universities there are still the "Student Lead-
ers" - and close, friendly contact is more vital
here than even in a small school. For if the
school cannot reach all the students, it can at
least attempt to have its ideas filter down to
them through other students.
Again, this process will not take place
through coercion. Only if the students are
thoroughly convinced will they be able to
convince others. Otherwise the whole system
breaks down to a series of commands, obeyed
unwillingly by grumbling "subjects," and dis-
carded as soon as possible.

i j. 2 MtlOM M ,0~
j Ba se
r A
4 4
Bri * te LaeshpR

rarely more than one bar in length.
by the Pittsburgh Symphony made
than insufficient attempts at pro-
motion, might be the better solu-
tion for Bruckner's music in the
United States.
The Pittsburgh Symphony was
not able to sustain the broad lines
and intense blocks of sound which
span the Bruckner Symphony.
Their range of volume was entirely
too narrow: they were unable to
play either soft or loud enough.
Melodic lines were often phrased
and broken improperly, and Mr.
Steinberg made entirely too many
cuts in the score. The final move-
ment suffered particularly in this
respect. Most of the tedium which
possessed the audience last night
was due to the disjointedness
rather than the length of the work.
For the most' part this disjointed-
ness was the fault of the per-
* * *
formed magnificently by Austrian,
German and Dutch Orchestras. It
is a part of the musical culture of
the Germanic countries. The mu-
sical ensembles of these countries
have sufficient experience with
the technical and interpretive
problems to surmount them.
To be fair to the performers,
however, it should be pointed out
that any attempt at a Bruckner
Symphony is a heroic effort, and
the Pittsburgh Symphony did bet-
ter at it last night than this re-
viewer has ever heard by an
American Orchestra.
Their performances of the
Beethoven "Egmont Overture,"
Mozart "Eine Kleine Nachtmusik,"
and Richard Strauss "Don Juan"
were unusually good. The en-
semble and intonation of this or-
chestra was excellent. The linear
voicing far surpasses most other
American ensembles (the inner
parts were properly audible).
--Gordon Mumma
The University of Kentucky last
summer decided that its freshmen
needed stimulating and decreed
they'd all have to keep C-average
grades. "Something must be done,"
said the' fadulty. Something has:
half the 'freshman class is now
on probation.

However last night's performance
it apparent that oblivion, rather
The Daily Official Bulletin is sa
official publication of The Univer-
sity of Michigan for which The
Michigan Daily assumes no edi-
torial responsibility. Notices should
be sent in TYPEWRITTEN form to
Room 3519 Administration Build-
ing, before 2 pm. the day preceding
publication. Notices for Sunday
Daily due at 2:00 p.m. Friday.
VOL. LXIX, NO. 104
General Notices
Summary action taken by Student
Government Council at its meeting
Feb. 25. 1959:
Approved minutes of previous meet-
Approved following appointments:
949 Regulation Committee' Richard
Taub, chairman, Mary Tower, Jo Hardee,
Scott Chrysler, Roger Seasonwein;
Student Relations Board, University
Development Council: Carol Holland,
William Fried, Cheryl Callahan, Richard
Schwartz, Janet Harper, Roger Season-
Adopted recommendation that meet-
ings of the Council Plan Clarification
Committee be open.
Approved recommendation of Inter-
viewing and Nominating Committee
that the terms of office for members of
the Early Registration Pass Committee
be extended to one year.
Approved transfer of $450 from Home-
coming Fund to 1959 J-Hop Fund to be
applied to deficit.
Heard plans for Union project to pro-
vide opportunity to hear administra-
tive and other views on issues of in-
terest to the campus.
Defeated a motionscalling for review
of each Newsletter by the Executive
Committee prior to publication.
Granted temporary recognition for
one year, to Democratic Socialist Club,
requesting the group to review speci-
fically Article 3, 6 before the Council
considers final recognition.
.Granted temporary recognition to En-
gineering Mechanics Society.
Grantedrecognition to Alpha Kappa
Lambda as a colony.
Received report from Delene Demes,
Early Registration Pass Committee.
Extended closing date for petitioning,
for Campus Elections to Monday, March
2, 6 p.m.
Approved motion to send to the Board
in Control of Intercollegiate Athletics
for their recommendations, and sug-
gestions onrthe.following statement re-
lating to the selection of student rep-
resentatives on threBoard d
In order to insure the broadest pos-
aible student representation to the
(Continued on Page 5)

Pittsburgh's Bruckner
Challenging Task
IT IS CERTAINLY praiseworthy that Mr. Steinberg proselytizes the
music of Anton Bruckner, and it is most noble that he should choose
the very neglected Symphony No. 6 written in 1881. The work has many
merits, though it is certainly no match for the three Bruckner Sym-
phonies which follow it. The first movement is built around a fascinating
interplay-of double and triple rhythms. The Scherzo movement is almost
unique because of a lack of melodic lines. Its motives are rhythmic and




More Than Education

the cultural exchange program for graduate
students in the United States and Russia may
prove to be an excellent piopaganda move for
both nations.
The expanded program includes those study-
ing for doctoral degrees in the fields of human-
ities, social science and physical science, the
latter being the latest, addition, and in the light'
of current educational and national emphasis,
probably the most important aspect of the
project. Significant however, is the expansion
itself, rather than the specific addition, for it
allows scholars from a much wider variety of
fields to observe and study first-hand another
nation's advances and techniques, when pos-
sible, its way of life and ideals.
Participants will be doctoral candidates, pre-
sumably to insure maturity and direction of
purpose, both in educational goals and attitude
toward life. Behind the restrictions probably
lies the theory that these students may be
better prepared to act as model citizens and
good-will ambassadors while studying abroad

than younger undergraduates. Thus, each na-
tion, in a sense, "plants" seemingly informal
propaganda agents in the supposedly fertile
ground of the intellectual atmosphere of uni-
IDEALLY, THE STUDENT from this country
studying in Moscow or Leningrad may, in his
everyday encounter with Russian students, dis-
play many of the facets of American life --
ideals and way of thinking - while observing
the same aspects of Soviet life as shown by his
Russian classmates. Such daily encounters
should provide the basis for a better personal
understanding of the other's culture, both on
the part of the American and the Russian stu-
dents. Hopefully, the plan allowing close co-
operation between even a few of their young
and presumably serious citizens may help break
down some of the mutual cultural misunder-
standings between the nations, This aspect of
the plan may well be of greater significance
in the coming years than any of its technical
or academic goals.

WASHINGTON - Until the en-
trance of the United States
into World War II the British for
a hundred years had called the
tune and provided the ultimate
leadership for the Atlantic com-
munity of nations.
During most of that century it
was the British fleet that shielded
the Anglo-American alliance in
every ocean.
But in the 15 years from Pearl
Ha-rbor until the other day, when
British Prime Minister Harold
Macmillan flew off from London
to Moscow, the American voice had
been decisive. The British voice
had fallen to a mere echo of Wash-
ington. For the great shield from
the end of World War II has been
the American strategic air arm,
and no longer the Royal Navy.
Now, however, Macmillan's mis-
sion to Moscow has quietly turned
upside down the diplomacy of the
Allied world. Today at least, and
possibly for a fairly lengthy to-
morrow, it is British leadership
that holds the initiative on the
Western side.
A SERIES of unrelated but pow-
erful historical circumstances has
put the London government and
not the Washington government
dominantly into the world's eyes.
One circumstance is the illness of
our Secretary of State, John Fos-
ter Dulles. Long and resolutely he
had piped the air to which the
British and all others on our side
had danced.
Another factor is the irresistible


growth in England of a belief that
the United States has been too
committed to a rigid policy in talk-
ing to the Russians. Somebody in
the West, it has been felt, had to
break the ice of the cold war.
And a third reason why Mac-
millan is in Moscow is plain, down-
to-earth domestic British politics,
Mr. Macmillan, as head of Brit-
ain's Conservative government, is
going to call an election oneof
these days to determine whether
he- can stay in power or whether
the Labor party is to come back
to control.
He is not compelled to go to
bat with the voters until 1960. It
is practically certain, however,
that he really intends to call an
earlier election. Any Prime Minis-
ter in the British system can do
this at any time, before the formal
end of his term, which he believes
most favorable to his side.
And when Macmillan does call
his election, he wants it to be im-
possible for Labor to say that he
neglecte. any opportunity to come
to honorabie terms with the Rus-
ment takes this position; we have
no objection to Macmillan's trip;
but we are not in any way partici-
pating in it. The British Govern-
ment, on its side, says the Prime
Minister is not "negotiating" any-
thing with the Kremlin, but is
only feeling out the ground.
He intends, when he has finished
in Moscow, to go to Germany and

France to talk to our friends
there. And it can safely be pre-
dicted that he will be in Washing-
ton talking to President Eisen-
hower before two more months
have gone.
So much for the background.
The net is that Macmillan in the
real sense is representing all of us,
even if this is not his intention or
Washington's intention. What he
has to propose upon his return
obviously will have vast meaning
to us all. So, what sort of man is
this upon whom so much depends?
The answer should not be
frightening even to those among
us who believe the British to be
tricky beyond words. For Macmil-
lan is a sound, solid, truly conser-
vative politician; no dreamer, no
happy "one-worlder" asleep to the
menace of imperialist communism.
* * *
HE IS NOT an easy man to fool;
half a generation ago he fought to
the end against Britain's appease-
ment of Hitler. He is a good, savvy
trader, man of extraordinary abili-
ty in face-to-face meetings. He
wants peace, of course, as do all
rational men. But he has never
confused peace with mere weak-
ness and surrender.
To talk to him is to discard
quickly the old American stereo-
type of the tea-drinking Britisher
moving about in his striped pants
with woolly good-will and bland
unawareness of the harsh facts of,
life. The British have sent nosnice
boy on a man's errand to Moscow.


Reds Hold High Cards

WE DO NOT as yet know what caused Mr.
Khrushchev to interrupt his confidential
talks with Mr. Macmillan in order to make a
public speech. But if the report is correct that
what he said about Germany and European
security had been written out in advance, then
his speech was a calculated diplomatic move-
presumably to let the world know that he is
not discussing with Mr. Macmillan any serious
change in the Soviet position.
The way Mr. Macmillan has been treated
in Moscow is not a good sign. For it is extra-
ordinary that Mr. Khrushchev did not wait
until he had finished his talks with Mr. Mac-
millan. Why he did not wait, he alone knows.
It may have been that for one reason or an-
other he did not dare to let the impression grow
that he was on the way to a negotiated com-
promise. This might be due to opposition with-
in the Kremlin, it might be due to opposition
within the Communist oribt. Or, Mr. Khrush-
chev's calculated breach of the confidential
talks with Mr. Macmillan may- be due to an
over-weening confidence that he is dealing
from a position of superior strength. We do not
know. But Mr. Macmillan is bound to, do his
best to find out in the talks which are still to
In the meantime, it is only prudent to as-
sume that Mr. Khrushchev believes that he
is in the superior position, and then to ask
ourselves if indeed he is, and if so, what can
we do about it.
MYOWN VIEW, for what it is worth, is that
there is in the Soviet attitude a mixture of
anxiety and confidence. The ruling oligarchy
Editorial Staff
7T11Y7A P .'n Ia YR_ d t'I ...

are, I think, deeply anxious about the posi-
tion in Eastern Germany and in Eastern
Europe, once the West Germany army is com-
pleted and armed with nuclear weapons. It is
not because they think that West Germany
can or will attackthe Soviet Union. It is be-
case they fear, not withot reason, that an
armed Western Germany will have a magnetic
attraction for the underlying rebellion and re-
sistance in Eastern Europe. The Kremlin is,
therefore, under great pressure to arrive at
some kind of modus vivendi in the two Ger-
manys within the two years that remain before
the West Germans are fully armed.
Along with this anxiety there is at the same
time great confidence, perhaps over-confidence,
that in dealing with the German question the
Soviet Union now holds the stronger cards.
The Soviets' hand is strong because they have
the diplomatic initiative. They can create
situations where - if it came to force - the
onus of firing the first shot will be on the West
and the actual occasion for firing will not be
good enough to rally the West'for a world war.
BECAUSE they have this initiative, they can
exercise pressure on the West. Unless they
overplay their hand, deliver a real ultimatum
and use military force to blockade Berlin, there
is much reason to believe that the West will
feel impelled to look further for a more nego-
tiable position on the two Germanys, on the
two Berlins, and on security arrangements in
Central Europe.
The weakness of the West is that it has
clung too long to its old formula for Germany
and because of that it has lost the initiative.
Every time the West reappraises and revises in
some measure the old formula, it seems to be
retreating - as in fact it is - and to be mak-
ing a concession to the Soviets. Thus any new
idea becomes appeasement and, if by any
chance the Soviets have first mentioned the
idea, it becomes surrender. This will go on


Michigan Hockey Team Refutes I

To the Editor:
TER READING the column in
The Daily by sports editor Al
Jones on the hockey woes at Mich-
igan, most of us on the team were
only amused by its content. How-
ever, we decided to write this letter
to dispel any of the supposed ru-
mors that Jones mentions in his
It just so happens that we get
along fine with our coach Al Ren-
frew. We like him and we respect
him. It is also true that we get
along fine with each other. In fact
there is probably no athletic team
at Michigan that keeps more
closely together than the hockey
We would also like to point out
that the hockey coach does not
have to prove himself to the play-
ers before he is accepted as part
of the team as Jones intimates in
his column. As players we have
come to know that just the oppo-
site is true. It is up to us to prove
ourselves to the coach for he is
the boss.
We are not able to say why we
did not have a successful season
this year but we do know that none
of the reasons hinted at by Jones
had anything to do with our losses.
Perhaps the most obvious explana-
tion for our defeats is simply that
in eleven of the nineteen collegiate
games we played we failed to score

Texas, and the rest of the country.
Now, not only are teachers being
required to swear allegiance to
their country and to deny any
communistic affiliations, but today,
Hail Progress! they must take
oaths proclaiming their belief in
God (annually yet, as if the belief
were a function of the seasons!.
Professors, beware! The future por-
tends: oaths to uphold the tenets
of the D.A.R.; oaths of abstinence;
fraternal, paternal, maternal, in-
ternal, external and quasi-urinal
oaths. I find, however, "arme Leh-
rer," to my dismay, no oaths re-
quiring mastery of the material
and teaching ability.
Marshall Berman, '61LSA
Library. ..
To the Editor:
WITH THE Spring library rush
coming, due to term papers, I
feel a need to express my disgust
with the selfishness of the students
using the undergraduate library.
During the last semester I watched
the habit of "saving" a place at
tables by placing a textbook or
notebook on it grow into some-
thing monstrous. When arriving at
the library at 7 p.m., I would find
all the tables "filled," and students
wandering around the library look-
ing for seats. Around 7:30 or 8:00
these so called "filled" seats would
ha ,, v ,it-d hy a studentwho had

lost anything, they would blame
the library. The library has finally
been forced into a position where
action is necessary and, as I under-;
stand, it will soon take action.
THE LIBRARY, being a service
unit on campus, is strongly in-
fluenced by student opinion, as was{
demonstrated by the lengthening
of hours last semester. Therefore,
I suggest that if students want
seats available, and not turned into
personal property for the privileged
few, that they write or speak to
the staff at the library, and let
The Queen's Re
W'b y ."

Kremlin Quarterback
Associated Press Newsfeatures Writer
FOR OLD SPORTS FANS, the actions of Nikita S. Khrushchev are
distressingly familiar, To us, he looks like the crafty T-formation
quarterback of the diplomatic league.
Here comes the British Prime Minister, Harold Macmillan, eager
for any morsel of hope that might ease international tensions.
Mr. Mac meets Mr. K. Everything is hunky-dory, smothered with
whipped cream.
Macmillan turns his back, to look at a nuclear research inAtitute
70 miles from Moscow, and wham! Khrushchev hits out with a two-
hour speech that rejects the West's proposal for a foreign ministers'
conference on Germany.
Mr. K. is all smiles. ,Macmillan's reaction has been summed up
----__________ variously: Soured. Stunned.
Well, that's exactly what hap-
pens when you run into a tricky
um ors theunfortunates who are
unacquainted with sports, it should
them know that a change is neces- be explained that a good quarter-
sary. back is a master of guile, a magni-
If books were picked up at 8 ficent pretender, a craftsman who
am., 12oon, anpd 6p., the sometimes gets results by pre-
a.m., 12 noon, and 6 p.m., the tending he's pretending.
problem would be greatly reduced. Perhaps an illustration here
One table could be left open for would help. One of the better
those private books and notebooks quarterbacks is Johnny Unitas,
picked up, plus any others that who led the Baltimore Colts to the
students wished to leave. This way 1958 professional championship.
the students wouldn't have to An admirer was saying after one
carry their books back to the Aam in
dorms. If we want these seats "game
available, w utltorfe- "o could see Johnny was fool-.
available, we must let our feel- ing around, as if he wasn't paying
ings be known to the library, and much attention to his work, but
support their actions. I wasn't worried. I said to my wife,
-David Harrell, '16 'Oh, oh, look out for the bomb' "
-the long pass that means a
touchdown - "And, sure enough,
gmnent . . . on the next play, there it was,
pretty as anything."
Whether or not this is the
proper way to conduct foreign af-
fairs, of- course, is something else
again. Historians of the future
may have the answer.
But it does look as if Khrush-
chev has this for his motto: Al-
ways expect the unexpected.
To an observer in Washington,
used to politicians in a plentiful
assortment, the contradictions are
particularly apparent.
Take his size and age. Khrush-
chev's 190 pounds are crammed on
a 5 foot 4 frame, which would
send Dr. George W. Calver, the
capitol physician, scurrying about
with a new batch of reminders:




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