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November 26, 1968 - Image 5

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1968-11-26

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Tuesday, November 26, 1968'

Draft law: Unfair to everyone

"In order for a voluntary army
to be feasible in the United States,
we would have to change the way
American children are raised,' a
manpower expert warns. "We
would have to educate them to
believe that fighting is better than
negotiating, that war is better
than peace."
Betty Vetster, executive director
of the Scientific Manpower Com-
mittee, speaking Sunday to an
American Institute of Architects
convention on "You, Your Coun-
try, and the Draft," also said,
"There is no way to make t h e
draft fair." Her conclusion, she
admitted, was unique, but was not
illogical. .
"Let us look for moment at
that segment of our citizenry to
whom the deferment of graduate
students or young scientists,
teachers and engineers was as-
sumed to be unfair-the un d e r -
privileged, the unmotivated, and
the unskilled.
"Will we have improved their
lot? Both the number and the
quality of teachers will decline-.
And yet good education surely is
the principle key to helping the

"The Department of Defense
operates the biggest single educa-
tional' enterprise in the nation.
But without the pressure of the
draft on the 19-year-old who is
neither in college, apprenticeship,
or a trade school, the major im-
petus to enlistment is lacking.
"We will further delay solution
of many of the problems of the
underprivileged. A massive inflow
of new funding cannot solve in-
ner city problems alone.
"By removing the most creative,
the most idealistic, the most hu-
manistic part of our populat 9n
from the environment which sti-
mulated their creativity and their
understanding, and by forfeiting
their professional contribution for
at least the years of their serv-
ice, we will further postpone the
aspirations of the underprivileged.
"It will, be difficult to explain
to them that the delay was ne-
cessitated by the need to be 'fair'
to them."
She also considered in depth
other implications of the draft
law. The 1967 Draft Act provided
deferments for all full-time un-
dergraduate students, but limited
graduate deferments to those that
were in training for occupations

SCommttee of LSA
hears ROTC views

necessary for the national health,
safety or interest.
Those occupations, to be deter-
mined by the- President and the
National Security Council, includ-
ed only those already designated
by law-medicine, dentistry, vet-
erinary medicine and osteopathy-
and no others.
One person in the audience ask-
ed why architects cannot get oc-
cupational deferments when Pres-
ident Johnson has declared that a
national housing shortage exists.
"Now youre trying to introduce
something the selective service did
not-logic," Mrs. Vetter replied.
She did say, however, that uni-
versities must take a major share
of the responsibilities for today's
draft rules. During the lgng de-
bate on the draft, not one pro-
fessional university group was
willing to stand up and state that
the product of its graduate
schools was essential to the na-
tion's "health, safety, and inter-
But the consideration of the
long range effects of the draft
weren't her only concern. T h e
more immediate effects of the
draft on the professional ateas
were also considered.
"The decision to suspend defer-
ment for graduate study as well as
for skills-shortage occupations
was made on the basis .that such
deferments were unnecessary and
were unfair."
Mrs. Vetter said that. graduate
school enrollment has also been
affected. "Some universities over-
admitted. Many students applied
to institutions of higher caliber
than they might otherwise h a v e
chosen, thus filling the spaces in
the best schools, but diluting the
quality of students at every level
below them.
"Before, February of this year,
one out of every 25 draftees was
a college graduate. In general,
graduates who faced military ser-
vice preferred to enter officer
training programs. However, most
officer programs have been filled
since early March, and the choice
has narrowed down to enlistment
in one of the other services for a
longer period of time, or induction
as a draftee.
"By August, one of every 7
draftees had a college degree. In
September, 1 in 5 was a graduate,
in October, 1 in 4; and as we move
into the spring of 1969, the pro-
portion of dratees who are grad-
uates and graduate students may
reach 90 per cent or more.
Po i Sci meeting
All political science majors
have been asked to attend a
meeting to discuss the restruc-
turing of the department.
The meeting is slated for to-
night at 7:30 in 231 Angell Hall.

The way up
(Continued from page 1)
"As long as we view ourselves as
a quality school," he concludes,
"we want people who are leaders
in their field."
The emphasis on reputation
raises . two substantial points:
What that reputation means and
where it takes the University.
Despite Hays' emphasis on na-
tional reputation or image, a num-
ber of professors don't put very
much faith in that image. And
they say the flavor of the aca-
demic marketplace and the de-
mand to keep up with the aca-
demic Joneses may be less than
functional for the University.
"There is a tremendous over-
emphasis on publications," P r o f .
Jack Walker of the political sci-
ence department says. "It's really
crazy. It's dysfunctional for the
Prof. Donald Stokes, one of the
political science department's big
names nationally, finds fault with
the system as well. "There a r e
some favorable aspects to the
academic marketplace," he says,
"but what has moved deans and
executive committees is quite un-
aesthetic - the moving up in the
standings in the academic league."
"The University has no con-
trol-a lot of people are oriented
nationally and care just about the
University aiding, their own re-
search." Walker adds.
"This is a research machine," he
concludes, "Everyone is very anx-
ious to keep up."
The greatest danger in this ap-
proach is., the hollowness of the
meaning of a high standing na-
tionally. More than one profes-
sor typifies it as a careless-but
very powerful--assessment of how
good a University department is.
"The determinants of reputa-
tion are terribly vague at best,"
says Prof. Suits, "and irrelevant at
worst. The whole business is ridi-
Butthe effect of that national
ranking is great indeed, so much
so that it sometimes determines
individual appointments because
of the effect they would have on
that standng.
"There a±'e cases when consid-
eration of the implications for na-
tional status of a new appoint-
ment has taken precedence over
the man's qualifications for the
job," Suits says./
"The University is not, "one
critic concedes, "a 'publish or
perish mill' like Berkeley," But it
does operate on a system where
"research clearly dominates," as
another asserts and Hays admits.
Further, it is not just a differ-
ence of values-the relative im-
portaPce -of research vs. teaching
--but depends upon a realistic as-
sessment of what reputation really
means, an assessment which, per-
haps, is yet to be done either by
the college or the University.

ADC sit-ns
come to
legal end
(Continued from page 1)
which allows search without a
warrant. Asked about this provis-
ion, Elden said that, to his know-
ledge, it had never been used in
his court.
There was speculation that the
probation could have serious ef-
fects on the planned student rent
strike and mother's utility strike.
Sources close to the mothers in-
dicated however, that there would
be other mothers, not on proba-
tion, to carry out the utility strike.
There has been no indication
from the court or the probation
office as to what "anti-social con-
duct" means.
As one student described what
he had been told by the proba-
tion officials "legally, of course,
all of the probation contract re-
mains in force." But, he said, "I
don'tranticipate they will make
any trouble about it."
Following their session with
Rinker, who explained the provis-
sions of the work programs, one
group of students was considering
refusing to complete their work
program after the Christmas va-
cation and serve the jail term.
They did not make any definite
plans at that time.
Others commented on ,the
"shrewdness" of the court in de-
signing the womens' projects so
that they would be helping t h e
mothers. All of the girls on the
work projects will be working, in
one way or another, with the ADC
mothers who they originally de-
monstrated in support of.
Difficulties may arise in this
area of the work project due to
the fact that several of the moth-
ers have now taken full time jobs
and two others are now students.
The probation department did
not anticipate this situation and
is presently trying to revise i t s
work schedule to accommodate
the mothers. Work schedules for
the other women's programs will
also have to be revised since sev-
eral of them were to involve day
care for the children of the moth-
ers during the time the mothers
were scheduled to work at St.
Joseph Mercy Hospital.
Other complications may result
from the refusal by several moth-
ers to have "college girls" take
care of their children.
Initial reactions to the men's
work program came yesterday
from Barry Cohen, '70, who work-
ed his first day for the Washtenaw
County Road Commission. He
cleared brush from the sides of
the road and intersections f o r
eight hours with a half hour break
for lunch. He and the others on
the project provided their own
transportation and lunch. He de-
scribed the work as "heavy man-
ual labor."

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accepted for publication. For more
information call 764-9270.
Da Calendar
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Computer and Communication Lec-
ture Series: Professor William Ogden,
Case Western Reserve Wniversity, "Con-
text-free Language and Inherent Am-
biguity," Michigan Union, Room 3C,
Coffee 3:30, Lecture 4:00.
Center for Russian and East Euro-
pean Studies: R. V. Burks, Professor
of History, Wayne State University,
"The Future of Eastern Europe": 200
Lane Hall, 4:10 p.m.
Opera: Puccini's La Boheme: Joseph
B'latt, Conductor; Ralph Herbert, Stage
Director; Lydia Mendelssohn Theater,
8:00 p.m.
General Notices
Broadcasting Service: WUOM Radio
(91.7 Mc.) 11 a.m. to it p.m. daily;
Tuesday 1:00 p.m. U-M Department of
Philosophy Lecture: -Dr. Wilfred Sel-
lars, Prof., Univ. of Pittsburgh, on
"Towards a Metaphysics of the Per-

son". Tuesday 5:15 p.m. U-M Feature
Story, with Jack Hamilton.
Wednesday 1100 a.m. The Eleventh
Hour (repeated at 7 p.m.) Ed Burrows
hosts an hour of news and conversation
about the arts and literature. Guests:
Gourmet Panel with Thomas Warbur-
ton and Peg Key.
Wednesday, 1:00 p.m. U-M Conference
on Aging Lecture: The Hon. William D.
Bechill, Commissioner on Aging, HEW,
Washington, on "Community Patterns
for the Care of the Aged". Wednesday
8:00 p.m. Opera Night: Puccini: "Ma-
dame Butterfly"; Prokofiev: "War and
Peace" (highlights).
The University of Michigan
1 Intramural Sports Department
Thanksgiving, Christmas and New Years
Close Wed., Nov. 27, at 6:03 p.m.
Closed Thurs., Nov. 28th thru Sun.,
Dec. 1.
Regular hours Dec. 2 thru Dec. 13th.
Sat., Dec. 14 - 8:00 n.m. to 5:30 p.m.
Mon., Dec. 18 -10:00 a.m. to 4:00 p.m.
Tues., Dec. 17 -10:00 a.m. to 4:00 p.m.
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Closed Sat. & Sun., Dec. 21 and 22nd.
Mon., Dec. 23 -10:00 a.m. to 4:00 p.m.
Tues., Dec. 24- 10:00 a.m. to 4:00 p.m.
Closed Wed., Dec. 25th.
Thurs., Dec.26 -10:00 a.m. to 4:00p.m.
Fri., Dec. 27 -10:00 a.m..to 4:00 p.m..
Closed Sat. & Sun., Dec. 28 and 29th.
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Closed Wed., January 1st.

Thurs.. Jan. 2 - 10:00 a.m. to 4:00 p.m.
Fri., Jan. 3 - 10:00 a.m. to 4:00 p.m.
Regular hours begin Mon., Jan. 6th.
K. J. Granibeau, Intramural Director
Student Accounts: Your attention is
called to the following rules passed by
the Regents on February 28, 1936:
"Students shall pay all accounts due
the University not later than the last
day of classes of each semester or sum-
mer session. Student loans which are
not paid or renewed are subject to this
regulation: however, student loans not
yet due are exempt. Any unpaid ac-
counts at the close of business on the
last day of classes will be reported to
the Cashier of the University and
"(a) All academic credits will be
Iwithheld, the grades for the semester
or summer session just completed will
not be released, and no transcript of
credits will be issued.
"(b) All students owing such ac-
counts will not be allowed to register
in any subsequent semester or summer
session until payment has been made."
Academic Costume: Can be rented
at oMe Sport Shop, 711 North Univer-
sity Avenue. Orders for Winter Com-
mencement Exercises should be placed
immediately, and MUST be placed be-
fore November 29.
Center for Russian and East Euro-
pean Studies and Dept. of Journalism
Lecture: John Scott, Special Correspon-
dent, Time Magazine, "The Soviet
Economy - and the Soviet Empire,"
Rackham Amphitheater, Monday, De-
cember 2, 4:10 p.m.
Foreign Visitors
The following individuals can be
reached through the Foreign Visitor
(Continued on Page 6)

..S"i S .... .. ... . . . . .
. .. ......-. .. :..: . . . .. . . . * * **... ............
L. S.

(Continued from page 1)
"Suppose," Cohen challenged
one ROTC student, "we offered a
degree in plumbing. Would that
be appropriate for the Univer-
Don Tucker, '71L, finally ad-
mitted, "Yes, I suppose we could
have a School of Plumbing."
Roger Keats, '70, also defended
the ROTC program. Keats com-
pared the quality of certain ROTC
courses to introductory psychol-
ogy courses and the laxity in
grading. "I never heard of anyone
who didn't get an 'A' in Psych
101," he said.
"I did," SGC president Michael
Koeneke volunteered. i
Cohen attacked the students'
testimony concerning the quality
of ROTC instruction. "Military
instruction is terrible instruction'
because it cramps the mind. And
I know, I taught in the military."
Ron Landsman, '70, a Daily
night editor who last, year in-
Court, denies
H ACcase
(Continued from page 1)
lan-wanted to hear the case, but
four members of the court are
needed to accept an appeal.
The search warrant question in-
volving the Fourth Amendment
protection against unreasonable
search resulted from a California
burglary case.
The high court, in recent years,
has upheld the power of police-
men to make searches. But, at the
same time, the court has compel-
led officials to justify their actions
and to limint the scope of their
quest for evidence when they
operate in a man's own home.

vestigated ROTC, said he had
found the academic quality of
the courses' offered "spotty at
best." He told the committee the
program emphasized "manipula-
tion ,of mechanical devices" and
"socializing people into army life."
Charles Esterl, '69E, another
ROTC student, said the issue was
one of "academic freedom." He
also challegend Landsman's sug-
gestion that ROTC is a "boot
camp" for college students.
Esterl said, "In ROTC a student
can get parts of his education
that aren't offered anywhere else
in the University."
Landsman countered his argu-
ment, saying that the "granting
of academic credit hardly amounts
to the stifling of academic free-
dom." He also called the pro-
gram's courses in leadership a
"farce nothing short of astound-
ing . . . Their concept of leader-
ship concerns only the appearance
of leadership."
He also criticized the Univer-
sity's failure to pass judgment on'
new ROTC instructors, since the
University's contract with all
three services includes such power.
Cohen ended the discussion by
stating, "Our discussion today has
not shown that ROTC courses are
of a low academic level."





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