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March 28, 1970 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1970-03-28

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.4C Air4Igaun Daily
Seventy-nine years of editorial freedom
Edited and managed by students of the University of Michigan

Seeking academic sanctuary
cljrissiteele

.

420 Maynard St., Ann Arbor, Mich,

News Phone: 764-0552

Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors, This mnust be noted in all reprints.

SATURDAY, MARCH 28, 1970

NIGHT EDITOR: DAVE CHUDWIN

When string is necessary,
there is something wrong

WHEN IT TAKES striking, picketing
and disrupting, by over 10,000 people
to convince the leaders of an institution
to reconsider a decision, something is
woefully inadequate with that institution
and its structure.
Change) is essential for progress and
when an institution refuses to yield to
pressure for change, frustration inevit-
ably results.
The militant actions of the last week
in support of black demands for increas-
ed minority admissions is a good example
of what can happen in such situations.
Blacks have been urging increased mi-
nority admissions for years. In 19P8 such
a prograim was one of the general de-
mands made by blacks who took over the
LSA Bldg. (then the Administration
Bldg.)
THE CURRENT DRIVE for more black
enrollment began late in January
when blacks became'increasingly dissat-
isfied with the lack of progress in this
area. At the February Regents meeting
representatives of the Black Action Move-
ment presented an eloquent, convincing
case for achieving ten per cent black en-
rollment by 1973-74 along with necessary
recruiting, counseling and financial aid
services.
The Regents failed to take any action
on the plan until a month later. During
that time, BAM worked completely with-
in the system to get support and approval
for its plan.,
WHEN THE REGENTS met on March 19
they,. approved, with pious state-
ments on how concerned they were about
solving the problem, a program that was
totally inadequate to implement the
black demands.
The Regents set an "admissions goal"
of ten per cent black enrollment by 1973-
74 but approved 4 ending only enough
money tb possibly achieve the seven per
cent projection originally outlined by the
administration.
It was only at this point that BAM de-
cided on the escalated tactic of a class
strike. Strikes have a long tradition in
American history and are a recognized
form of protest.
The strike began on March 20 with
peaceful picketing of the Honors Convo-
cation and classrooms while BAM urged
Fleming to reconsider the Regents' de-
You can never tell
LAST WEEK Richard M. Nixon broke
the back of a postal workers' strike by
bringing in the National Guard to sort
and deliver the mail.
Hopelessly unreliable sources have in-
formed The Daily that the President, well
pleased with that solution, is now plan-
ning to send the Guard to the Univer-
sity to attend classes.

cision and to call the Regents into ses-
sion.
As Fleming's intransigence to commit-
ting adequate University funds to imple-
ment the black demands became appar-
ent, protesters supporting the strike be-
came more vociferous in urging students
not to go to class on Tuesday.
By the next day it seemed to many that
Fleming and the Regents were trying to
weather out the storm without taking ac-
tion. The result was mass disruptions of
classes that h a v e virtually closed the
University down.
THE POINT is that militant disruptive
tactics were adopted only after Flem-
ing and the Regents failed to take de-
cisive action on demands which nearly
everybody has agreed are reasonable and
just.
Time after time, in the history of this
University, students have reluctantly had
to take to the s t r e e t s to accomplish
meaningful change.
The 1966 student power demonstra-
tions, the 1968 Administration Bldg. take-
over and last September's bookstore sit-
in all resulted in positive changes in the
University and its policies.
But w h y are demonstrations, strikes
and boycotts the only way change can
be accomplished?
What this University needs are insti-
tutionalized methods of producing quick,
peaceful change.
STUDENTS, faculty and administrators
must create procedures that will per-
mit change without violence and disrup-
tion.
As a first step, the Regents should be
strongly urged to delegate more power
to the people who make up the Univer-
sity. The Regents are absentee landlords,
out of touch with the campus and the
students and faculty members who com-
pose it.
Their inadequate, misleading response
to the just demands of the blacks was
the main cause of the escalated disturb-
ances that have wracked this campus in
the last week.
While the Regents put at least some
credeice on the views of President Flem-
ing aid the faculty, they have generally
ignored student opinion in other than
crisis situations. This must change. Sim-
ilarly, the administration a n d faculty
must also consider students' wishes.
PRESIDENT ROBBEN FLEMING'S'fail-
ure. to gauge the depth of feeling on
this issue and his reluctance to issue a
forthright statement on the inadequacy
of the program approved by the Regents
is regrettable.
While Fleming is u n d e r tremendous
pressures from all sides, he should in the
future be more concerted a b o u t the
opinions of the student body rather than
using questionable tactics to 'save face
for the Regents.
The administration and faculty must
initiate change rather than wait until it
is forced upon them.
It has been a tragic week. But if some
method for changing the University
without violence comes out of the havoc,
it will have been well worthwhile.
-DAVE CHUDWIN

THE SENATE Assembly -meeting
had already dragged on for
more than three hours, trying to
bring to a close the emergency
session called Wednesday eveiing
to consider possible faculty action
in the strike over Black Action
Movement demands. The debate
h a d been long and frustrating.
Members were beginning to mum-
ble and talk among themselves.
They weren't t o o happy about
anything and they wanted to go
home. But the floor was open to
further comments.
A professor stood and was rec-
ognized. A young man with an
astect of almost boyish innocence
spoke softly and the group went
dead silent.
As John Kolars spoke his voice
trembled and tears stood in his
eyes. "I will teach my class" he
said. "I love that class and I will
teach it."
He went on-to describe his feel-
ings toward the strike and the is-
sues that faced the University. He
characterized himself as a liberal:
"Not really a radical, but a lib-
eral." He said he does not be-
lieve the University is a racist inl
stitution',- he said he would have
to resign if he believed that was
true. But he also described him-
self as deeply committed to ach-
ieving the ends of BAM.
He is also deeply committed to
negotiation and non-violence as
means of social change. There-
fore he feels he cannot condone
or support coercion in any form-
he feels he cannot support the
strike. Kolars showed himself
to be torn;by this dilemma - the
desire to support the demands of
the University's black and an in-
ability to support their tactics.
And he is achingly distressed by
what the present controversy is
doing to his world.
He has come to dread going to
his classes - each day wondering
what new assault will be mounted
against his continued teaching. "I
think I lhave something important
to say in that class" he said, and
went on to repeat as he did many

times what becomes almost a plea
"I will teach my class."
To demonstrate his dilemma
and his distress over the -ondi-
tion of the University Prof. Kolars
announced to the meeting that
from that time until the resolu-
tion of the conflict he will match
his time in the classroom with
time standing in silent vigil in
front of the Administration Bldg.
For each hour he spends teaching
he will spend another in protest.
He will be protesting intransigence
both on the part of students and
on the par tof the administration.
OTHER FACULTY members at
the meeting were not so commit-
ted to the BAM goals. Many were
opposed to the use of the strike
and, all appeared to be in opposi-
tion to the peripheral disruptive
tactics and "violence" which have
marked several days of the strike.
Many believed that the adminis-
tration and the Regents had tak-
en sincere and appropriate ac-
tion in responding to the demands
of BAM. S o m e of the faculty
members there were striking their
classes but most were not except
those who did so under duress.
But within this wide range of
views Prof. Kolars' comments
struck ap important common
note. The faculty in general seems
profoundly,. concerned by the use
of what they consider coercive or
violent tactics. And, what seems
to be closely tied in their minds
to that concern, they are anxious
to return to, work. They want to
get back to teaching and research
- to return to the academic life.
IN LAST WEEK'S New York*
Times Magazine an article by New
York University professor Irving
Kristol described modern univer-
sity faculty members as trying to
be the aggressive leaders of social
change. Kristol complains t h a t
faculties everywhere are trying to
foist off their own "collective in-
telligence" on an unwilling public.
He is highly critical of attempts
to unite faculty or administration
pressure to bring "benificent so-

cial consequences" calling s u c h
action "McCarthyism from t h e
left." He concludes h i s article
with a warning.,
"The collective responsibility
of the university is education.
That is its original mission, that
is its original purpose, that is
the only thing it can claim ex-
pertise or authority for. To re-
turn to' this original purpose,
with renewed seriousness, would
be an action at once radical and
constructive."
Whatever the situation at oth-
er universities, the situation Kris-
tol condemns so vehemently is far
from the case here. Like Kolars,
and unlike the faculty members
Kristol describes, most of the fac-
ulty seem primarily concerned for
the continuation of the academic
life. They do not want to become
the arbiters of social morality.
FOR SOME, the reason for such
a concern seems to be a surfeit of
involvement with student politics
and related problems. Thus the
comment from much harried Prof.
Joseph Payne chairman of Sen-
ate Assembly, who said on the way
home after the. evening meeting
that he wished we could "get back
to a q u i e t University where I
could do my teaching a.n d re-
search."
For others however, the desire
to restore 'the formal learning at-.
mosphere of the University is a
result of the present conflict. At
yesterday's LSA faculty meeting
many professors phrased their
suggested solutions in terms of
ending the strike - giving the
occasional vague impression that
bringing peace to the campus
weighed slightly heavier than
making sure a ten per cent en-
rollment of blacks was achieved.
Prof. Bernard Galler called upon
the college and the University to
take action against the disrupters
in order to "restore to normal"
the academic process.
And Gardner Ackley. former
chairman of the Council of Eco-
nomic Advisors and now a pro-,

fessor in the department of eco-
nomics, spoke in terms of the "de-
struction of the educational sys-
tem at Michigan." And he em-
phasized repeatedly the "desire of
the overwhelming majority of stu-
dents to learn and the desire of
the overwhelming majority of pro-
fessors to teach."
'OPPOSED TO the idea of edu-
cation in the minds of these and
other faculty members is the use
of coercive or disruptiv'e tactics.
'Nearly all the faculty members
who spoke both at the Senate
Assembly, meeting and at the LSA
faculty meeting refered to such
tactics under the general heading
of violence. They view with horror
the use of tactics which forcefully
disrupt their teaching. Such ac-
tion' does violence to their con-
ception of themselves as teachers
free to teach as they will. And, far
from Kristol's analysis, ithey see
the bringing of this political chal-
lenge to the academic sphere as
parallel to the reign of terror in-
flicted on the universities in the
fifties, by Senator Joseph Mc-
Carthy. Whenever faculty mem-
bers gather to discuss the present
situation this parallel is drawn:
the spector of left-McCarth'yism
is very much in the minds of this
University's professors.
The faculty insist that the edu-
cational process go on uninter-
rupted. Their own self-meaning
is found in that process and they
cannot see it ended.
THIS IS NOT to say that the
faculty is not concerned for the,
issues involved. On whatever side
they align themselves 'f a c u 1 t y
menbprs have shown they take
the matter seriously. with a great
deal of concern for what each
considers a just solution. In gen-
eral. this has meant an attempt to
substantiate the commitment of
the Regents to achieving a ten
per cent enrollment of blacks by
1973-74. Prof. Gerhardt Weinberg
reflected the views of many fac-
ulty memb'ers when he explained

at the LSA meeting that he be-
lieves the Regents were sincere in
their attempt to achieve that goal.
He went on to say however. that
action must be taken to restate
often, and in different and clear
terms the sincerity of the inten-
tion of the University to achieve
that goal. For that reason he, and
other members of the faculty
supported motions of both Senste
Assembly and the faculty meeting
intended to demonstrate more
clearly that intention.
THE FACULTY does want to
reach a ten per cent enrollment
figure and they believe that in
order to do so they will have to
sacrifice some of their own plans
and programs. And twice they
have demonstrated;in general mo-
tions l at least, their willingness to
do so. At both meetings there
were even serious offers to invoke
across the board cuts in salaries
in order to fund inoreased black
enrollment.
The faculty, when scratched, is
indeed liberal, or at least displays
all the symptoms of liberal guilt
on this particular issue. But it
seems that they must be scratch-
ed. It may seriously be wondered,
as one faculty member asked at
the LSA meeting, why the matter
didn't come up in a regular meet-
ing of the faculty a year ago or
more. And the answer seems clear:
The current controversy brought
this flurry of resolutions and dis-
cussion. It would not have taken
place otherwise.
THE FACULTY here, apparent-
ly unlike the faculties at some
other universities. seem to have
accepted a role of seeking refuge
from the political and social fray
in their work. While they de-
nounce vehemently the encroach-
ment, of coercive political tech-
niques on 'the sanctity of the
classroom, they should also recog-
nize that such encroachment will
be forthcoming when they allow
their sanctuary to harbor social
injustice as well as academic
freedom.

49

I.

LETTERS TO T HE EDJTOR

Support for the BAM demands broadens

To 'the Editor:
WE, THE UNDERSIGNE
at the Institute for Soci
search, express our support
intent of the original dema
the BAM regarding an incr
the number of' Black studer
supporting resources, and
press our continuing concerr
the conditions from -which
demands grow.
We have not joined the
for various reasons, but As
ternative demonstration ofs
we are making a contribu
one day's wages to the M:
Luther King. Jr. Memorial

Willard Rodgers
Sidney Cobb
Ernst Muellef
John Lillibridge
Jerald Bachman
Jerome Johnston
Stephen D. Withey
Terrence Davidson
M. S. Groncznack
J. van der Schalie
Jennie E. Partee
Stanley Seashore
Louis Dwarshius
Jane E. Gruber
Pat Williams

Sang 0 Rhee
Leslie Kish
KarenBran
Jean Harter
Irene Hess
Diana Danie
John Scott
Robert Hub
Katherine P
Allison Arsc
Lloyd Johns
Ursula Bran
Rama Tripa
Doiald N. P
Carol A. Ma
March 27

ISR mands of the Black Action Move-
ment will not be an easy task, we
believe that to ;eject them is to
D staff ignore not only the needs of
al Re- blacks, but to violate our highest
of the beliefs as human beings and as
nds of Christians.
ease in Ed Steeb Karen Sobocinski
its and Cheryl Gamble Larry Warsinski
we ex- Al Wahnefried Ronald Fiepke
Thomas Berry Candon McDonald
n about David Kiehl D. Brechtelsbauer
these Charles Schneider Carl Krueger
Martha McCaughlin Dale R. Banks
Shirley Wardell Adele Rittmueller
strike Kathy Lamos W. Kutschinski
an al- Bill Harpster Thomas Klammer
support Miriam C. Otte Karen Klammer
tion of March 27
artin
Fund. Dissociation
e
To the Editor:
don SINCE MONDAY we have held
classes off campus in support of
dle the Black Action Movement. We
bard still support BAM goals, but wish
. Rogin to dissociate ourselves from the
ott strike because it has turned in-
ton creasingly violent We believe that
dt
thi no ends are more important than
elz right means.
xwell It is our intention to return to
classes on campus as soon as we
ar confident that the class will be
hapel safe from disruption.
-Douglas C. Runnels
y of a Satti Khanna
nd the March 27
mem- Sociology
theran To the Editor:
kvenue,
e Black WE, THE UNDERSIGNED stu-
,e that dents, staff and faculty of the
reason- Sociology department, support the
imple- BAM demands. In support of these
sible. demands, we agree to strike by
Lo a 11 ceasing the teaching and attending
com- of classes and to limit our coopera-
he de- tion in the normal functioning of

this University\ until such time as
'the strike is terminated or the de-
mands are met.kFurther, we have
'agreed to contribute up to 10 per
cent of our daily average earnings
in support of the Sociology Strike
Fund.
Pete Archibald Leslie Howard
Fred Arnstein Roberta Keane
E. Daniel Ayres Rex Leghorn
Bruce Bostrom- Arthur Lerner
Irene Bratton Kenneth Levi
Charles Cell Frank Munger
Ron Cohen Rich Ogmundson
Robert E. Cole Jeff Pearson
Johnnie Daniel Theodore L. Reed
Jonathan L. Entin Barbara Rubinstein
Roslyn Feldberg Frank Salomon
Andrea Foote David Snyder
John Fox Russ Stolzenberg
John Ford Eleanor Strong
Sarah Granger Dave Tarumote
Susan Grad Charles TLilly
BarryGruenberg Joann Vanek
Howie Hammerman Laurie Vander velde
Michael Harrison Diane Wright
Harlan Himel March 27
English dept.
To the Editor:
THE FOLLOWING MEMBERS
of the English Department sup-
port the Black Action Movement
demands and striketand will honor

consultation, and a resource for
information; to neglect the serv-
ice we render may prevent the pro-
jection of adequate service to the
black students. However, we have
and will continue to manifest our
support.
In view of the above it is re-
spectfully submitted that the Uni-
versity Administration take the
necessary steps to insure that these
demands are met.
Janie Bowens Teresa Moers
Mary Jo Beck Lynn Allison
Shirley Mullen Arlene Fabrizio
Ruby Taylor C"i'rFinger
Robert H. Hauert Sandra McKinnie
Leonard Scott Maury Lacher
Joanne Lynch Gretchen G. Wilson
Ted Turkle Paul M. Sianibo
Nancy Hessler M. H. Samuelson
Diane Annola George Sproule
Carol Van Dyke Bill Dale t
Charlotte Yablonky John Finn
Jeanne Tashian March 27
Budgetary analysis,
To the Editor-
FLEMING'S "budgetary analy-
sis" printed in Tuesday's Daily
states that the Regents "were con-
cerned about funds to meet the
goal" of 10 per cent enrollment of
blacks by 1973-74. He then lists
the "complications" that he feels
explain why the Regents "did not
want to promise something which
they might not be able to deliver."
Martin Hirschman's a r t i c I e
(Daily, Feb. 26), parts of which
are reprinted in BAM literature,
made many specific proposals for
reallocation of funds. Consider-
ation' of these proposals is central
to the solution of financing the'
BAM demands.

involve a reordering of priorities
on a University-widek basis.
We also acknowledge'that each
department must accordingly
change its priorities: it is essential
that th rs be created workable/
schemes for minority-group re-
cruitment and continuing educa-
tional and financial support for
those recruited.
Bruce Arden Nancy Moler
Joyce Friedman Kip Moore
Ha'vey L. Garner Jim Mortimer
Eugene L. Lawler Paul Myslen'ski
John Meyer Tom Schufior
Michael H. O'MalleyPaul Scott
Bernard P. Zeigler William D.
William E. Linn Tajibnapis
Susan Bloch Robert Taylor
Norman Foe Raymond Ferrault
T.,nis Paul Geller l1arch 26
Erik D. Goodman
Sorority
To the Editor:
WE, THE UNDERSIGNED as-
sociates of a University of Michigan
undergraduate sorority, wish to
demonstrate our full support for
the Black Action Movement and
its demands, which we find to be
both feasible and justified. Sup-
port must extend beyond verbali-
zation; thus a donation will be
given to the Martin Luther King
Scholarship Fund. We urge oth-
ers who feel similarly to partlci-

44

-

IAN G. WRIGHT, Business Manager
PHYLLIG HURWITZ CRAIG WOLSON
Administrative Adv. Mgr Sales Manager
DAVID BELL.... .......Circulation Manager
VIDA GOLDSTEIN ..Personnel - Staff Co-ordinator
MARK WALFISH ........Personnel - Recruitment
AMY COHEN . .. ......................Finance
NIGHT EDITORS: Rob Bier, Jim Beattie, Dave Chud-
win, Stev Koppman, Robert Kraftowitz, Rick Per-
loff, Lynn Weiner, Sharon Weiner.

Lutheran C
To the Editor:
The following is a cop3
letter sent to the Regents a
administration:
WE, THE UNDERSIGNED
bers of the University Lu
Chapel, 1511 Washtenaw A
support the demands of the
Action Movement. We urg
you accept these fair and r
able proposals at once and
ment them as rapidly as pos
While we realize, as d
members of the University
munity, that fulfilling t

picket lines.
Thomas Appleby
Denni Baron
Sheridan Blau
Alice A. Bloom
Michael Brown
Robert Brown
I). Cathcart, Jr.
C. L. Chua
Richard M. Cook
Diana Elizey
Ed Engel
Lincoln Faller
Marvin Felheim
Lemuel Johnson
Ira Konigsberg

\ Bob Lucas
"John Marshall
Nicolaus Mills
J. E. Mullin .
Alan D. Perlils
John Raeburn
John Rodenbeck
David Robbins
Steve Schwartz
Gary Stein
Carol Strickland
Michael Ullman
Elizabeth Wissman
John Wright
Joanne Zak
March 27

i

pate in "this or
able way.

some. other suit-

N 'b 17 LE lai
re~r

CTY1
SHAT,

r

.

T 0 615 Tll

MO-
M0-1

.,-r I

MATM~

C-D{-A 1
l ~E~1~O)
WMCRO t'

tMN ?4
I z-

'4
Rf
C4
?v

To the Editor:
WE, THE UNDERSIGNE
ployees of the Office of S
Affairs, are greatly distur
the refusal of the Universi
ministration to make a s
commitment of at least 10 p
black enrollment by the1
1973. It is of paramount i
ance that the University A
istration take whatever nec
action to insure that this co
ment is met.
The refusal of the Univer
fulfill its role of servicing
people of .the State of Mi
will no longer be tolerated 1
dents, staff, and faculty.
The Administration has r
to allocate adequate fundi
a 10 per cent black enrollm
the fall of 1973. However, ad
funds are available if the t
sity's general fund budget
ties are reordered on a Univ
wide scale. It is ironical th
eral Departments, Schools
Offices have explicitly state

OSA NEITHER FLEMING nor the
Regents have made any attempt
to offer or deny Hirschman's facts.
D em- Why?
tudent --Alison Geballe
bed at --Gail Loewenstein
ty Ad- March 24
pecific
per oet
ercn Int'l Students
fall of
mport- To the Editor:
kdmin-
cessary AS FOREIGN and American
mmit- students who are committed to an
increase in dialogue and under-
sity to standing among peoples of all cul-
all the tures, we support the demands of
achigan the Black Action Movement while
by stu reserving the right individually to
support their tactics.. We urge the
Regents to act meaningfully upon
'efused those demands.
ng for
ent by -The Executive Committee
equate International Students
Univer- Association
priori- March 25

Wendy Arons Sally Lambertson
Sue Barofsky . Sue Lawrence
Jill M. Beasley Sandy McCullough
Carolyn Beauvais Mary McLoughlin
Cindy Bennett Diane Nakauchi
Dee Davis AnnParadiso
Pat Drab Suzi Perren
Andie Faldowski Juli Phillip
Sug Hilardes Sue Remien
Barb Kelly Kris Rowan
Carolyn Kilkka Barbara Taylor
Mary A. Krauseneck Josie Weirich
Pat Kuba Ann Zwemer
March 24
A&D
To the Editor:
AS 90 PER CENT of the stu-
dents and faculty of the masters
program in urban planning (A
& D) we support the just demands
of BAM. We further implore the
Ragents and President Fleming to
re-evaluate their. stand on the is-
sues and make this University
more relevant to the urban com-

I

unity.
Julie Antill
Jal Aria
George Carlson
Avery Chandler
William Costantini
Jerry Fawcett
Larry Hartman
Jeffrey Howard
Aviva Kempner
Jacqueline Kerr
David Moses
Mary Shields
Alberto Saldarriaga
Judith Silver
Ja(ek Skiofsky
Miriam Weixel

ruce Baldwin
ill Bunting
Alice Bushong
Serene Cohan
James Cope
Joel Epstei y
Charles Landey
Riehard Little
Michael Rice
Karen Sikkemia
Thomas Borton
Gerald Crane
No bert Gorwic
Kay Hoff
Robert Stevens
March 26

6-0M

0Mc'

B zZ -OQKc PWA DC!
PAT O M Mo l~ 'v ~sF6

t

versity-
at sev-
s, and
d that

v

t-'--'--'-"-"'1

ConephErer
To the Editor:

A l. f , \1

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