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December 02, 1967 - Image 1

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1967-12-02

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See editorial page

( I p

Bjil* iau

:4E itii

High-3 s
Chance of snow flurries
this evening

Seventy-Seven Years of Editorial Freedom.


Residential College Seminar Probes A


Students regularly break away
from the campus grind for a brief
vacation. They go as far as Ber-
muda or California for a sun-tan,
i NewYork for a movie, or New
Orleans for the Mardi Gras.
Earlier this month, seven resi-
dential college students, their
teacher, and several staff mem-
bers decided to skip school and
take a three day weekend trip.
They forked out $16, piled into
University station wagons and
headed for the towns of Berea,
Hazard and Whitesburg in East-
ern Kentucky.
Their purpose was to take a
hard, first hand look at the pov-
erty in the hills of Appalachia.
They had been studying the sub-
ject in their freshman seminar by
reading such books as Steinbeck's
"Grapes of Wrath" and Harry
Caudill's work on Appalachian
poverty. "Night Comes to the
Explains seminar teacher Prof.
Jens Zorn of the physics depart-
ment: "We wanted to-show that

the problems dramatized in the
books were, in only slightly altered
form, still with us today."
The students examined an area
that boasts ten of the nation's
twenty most impoverished coun-
ties. And in Eastern Kentucky a
quarter of the residents over 24
can neither read nor write.
The students were introduced
to the area through Berea College
which is located in Berea, Ken-
tucky, about 100 miles south of
Cincinnati. Nearly 90 per cent
of the 1400 students at Berea are
from the Appalachian area. The
student body is unusual because
admission favors students from
large, low-income families.
There is no tuition at Berea
but, students are required to work
in the laundry or bakery, to do
maintenance work or to make
furniture. and wooden games sold
by the college. They are paid up
to 85 cents an hour.
The University students toured
Berea and , joined a campus
square dance. Afterwards several
of th'e BereA men invited some of

the University girls out to Mama's
Pizzeria, the only place open past
10 p.m. on Fridays.
"The girls, playing sociologist,
tried to find out what it was like,
to be from Kentucky and at Berea,
while the boys, presented with
exotic possibilities, were on the
make," said Zorn. (Berea women
have to be in by 10 p.m. Friday,
11 p.m. Saturday and 8 p.m.
The communication barrier be-
tween the people of Appalachia
and the University students was
never really penetrated during the
weekend. "One thing I regret, and
I think it was unavoidable, was
that we couldn't just talk with
people on a farm somewhere," Pete
Jepson, '71, said. "Instead we had
to go around looking at the more
obvious features like strip mining,"
he continued.
Saturday morning, the group
drove over twisting, gravel roads
to view some of the strip mines
which scar the majestic landscape
of the Cumberlands.
"The strip mines must be seen

to be believed," said Zorn. "The
vegeation. earth, and rock which
cover the seam of the coal- is re-
moved and simply dumped over
the side of the mountain. The ex-
posed coal is then taken out with
mechanical shovels or, if it seems
more convenient, removed from the
head of the mountain with giant,
seven-foot augers.
"The heavy Kentucky rains dis-
so}ve an appreciable amount of
sulfur from the bituminous coal,
and the resultant dilute sulfuric
acid insures that cover will not
soon grow on the ravaged moun-
tamn side. The lack of life on these
abandoned strip mines is appalling.
Thel e is no algae in the standing
water, no bugs on the ground. no
squirrels, rabbits. birds, nothing,"
Zorn continued.
It is ironic that some of the
Eastern Kentuck towns are named
after benevolent biblicalchapters,
while others are named by mining
companies that have prompted
much of the economic hardship of

The 35 billion tons of soft coal
lying in the hills of Eastern Ken-
tucky could support the entire
state, but extraction of coal has
mainly benefited absentee land-
lords like United States Steel, Re-
public Steel and the Ford Motor
While mining operators remove
coal nearly tax free from Ken-
tucky, some Appalachian counties
are unable to scrape up enough
taxes to run schools for a full
Consider Vicco, a town of about
200 named for the Virginia Iron
and Coal Company. While the
company netted 61 per cent profit
in 1964 the inhabitants "sit and
watch the traffic go by," accord-
ing to Zorn.
The residents of Kentucky pay
to repair for the damages of strip
miting. Strip mining recessitates
reclamation, reforestation, road re-
pairs, water pollution control and
flood control 'projects which cost
(See FRESHMAN, page 8)

RESIDENTIAL COLLEGE STUDENTS and their instrutor spent a three day weekend taking a close
look at poverty in Appalachia. The area they visited, in Eastern Kentucky, contains ten of the na-
tion's twenty most impoverished counties. The trip related to course work in the College's Freshman
Seminar where the students had been reading works dealing with poverty in America, particularly
in rural areas.

ACLU Files Suit To

Test Cutler




Draft Reclassifications
NEW YORK -A')-The American the classification of persons in- to 1A of the Rev. Henry Bu
Civil Liberties Union filed three volved in activities that were not field director of the U
suits in federal court today to in the national interest. Christian Movement int
overturn a memorandum by Lt. The ACLU filed suit in federal N.J.
Gen. Lewis B. Hershey, director of court here on behalf of the Rev. Others are to be filed ft
the Selective Service System seek- Paul Gibbons, of the United Lowell Huey, 21, a junior
ing reclassification of ministers Church of Christ and chaplain for University of Utah, an
and students who demonstrate the United Ministry at Cornell Kirkland Peffers in Wasl
against the war in Vietnam. University, John Kimball, a grad- A seventh suit is to be fi
Other suits were to be filed in !pate student at the Massachusetts week in behalf of the Re
New Jersey, Utah and the State Institute of Technology, and Law- O'Connor, associate Catho
of Washington, the ACLU said. rence F. Kramer, a sophomore at lain at Cornell University
At issue -is a memorandum sent Cornell. The National Council oft
by Hershey to local draft boards Another suit will challenge re- es was listed as a cospons
Dct. 26 advising them to review classification from 4D clergyman suits involving the clergy
-------_ --- The Rev. Dean Kelly dir
religious liberty of the N'
WTrh e i d s e the council was not taking
tion in the case, but was qi
Hershe Finds Few ==
ing the punitive action ca
the reclassifications.
6*tThe ACLU's action paral
Drarft arurns taken by several members
gress last month. Among
WASHINGTON (P) - Draft telephone interview. "I'm a little tors questioning the Hers:
chief Lewis B. Hershey says he disillusioned, but I must say I'm ective was Sen. PhilipP
isn't getting as many draft cards happy to be disillusioned about '(D-Mich.).
as he expected from Vietnam war this." On Nov. 14 Hart sent
protestors - but he is receiving He cited as an example the to Attorney-General Ra
plenty of drivers licenses. - "basketful, about a thousand draft Clark questioning the leg
About three of four cards he cards" that leaders of the Oct. the Hershey memorandum
receives from protestors turn out 21 protest march on the Pentagon letter Hart stressed that
to be drivers' licenses or other claimed they were turning in. and state laws already pro
nondraft cards, Hershey said yes- Only 297 persons actually turn- the punishment of crim
terdayp ed in valid cards, the Justice De- fenses and that the select
"I suppose I'm a trusting soul," partment said, after it sorted vice system is not a puni
the 74-year-old Selective Service them out. ganization.
System director said. "When I90 Per Cent Fake' "The issue is whether a
read in the newspaper that some- '90ier Cike Hswhthy s
body said he turned in his draft " There have been times when; fcr i Hereymsh
card I sppos he id.90 per cent were not real cards"~ allowed to undertake the
'Disillusioned' Hershey said. "They turn in all the courts in determining
kindsof thngs."dent's guilt or innocent
"But it was surprising to me, kids of things then determining sanctio:
the low number of real draft Hershey said he could provide of Hart's aides said.
cards, that were turned in," add- no nationwide figures on the J
ed the lieutenant general in a number of legitimate cards turn- Justice Department off
. that ~time a ~Q tn

acher Jr.,
or Henry
r at the
d John
iled next
v. David
dic chap-
or of the
rector ofl
CC, said
ga posi-
aused by
els stepsj
of Con-
hey dir-
A. Hart
a letter
am s e y
gality of
n. In his
vide for
inal of-
tive ser-
tive or-
ould be
erole of
g a stu-
ce, and
ns," one
icials at


To Punish -Navy -Protester
ext. of Culer Statement Request Names
EDITOR'S NOTE: The following propriate units for consideration believed that discipline for such
statementandetterawer rlead of possible disciplinary action. misconduct was appropriately the
by the University administration
last night regarding possible aca- The Vice President for Student province of the academic author-
demic disciplinary measures against Affairs further commented that ities.
three University students involved
in a Oct. 11 protest against visit the procedures to be followed in I am calling the recent disrup-
Navy Rear Admiral S. N. Brown. determining possible disciplinary tion to your attention, because one
action were matters within the of the students who has been iden- ' Releases OSA Letter Requesting
TEXT OF THE purview of the academic units. tified as having been involved is
Th TATEMENT:m Karen Daenzer, whom I under- Disciplinary Action Against Daenzer
Teattached letter from the TEXT OF THlE LETTER: stand is enrolled in the Literary
Vice President for Student Affairs Confidential College. By KEN KELLEY and JIM HECK
was sent to the chairman of the To Assistant Dean James W. Shaw: I am hereby requesting that this Vice-President for Student Affairs Richard L. Cutler dis-
Administrative Board of the Col- The attached documents de- matter be brought to the attention closed yesterday that he asked the administrative board of
lge of Literature. Science, and scribe a situation which I believe of the Administrative Board, and
the Arts on Oct. 30. An identit should be called to the attention that appropriate academic dis- the graduate school to take disciplinary action against
letter was sent to the dean of the of the Administrative Board of the cipline be applied. The fact of the VOICE-SDS members Eric Chester and Sam Friedman for
ereknce was made to othert di- Literary College. Last sping, at disruptive behavior and of this participating in an Oct. 11 demonstration against visiting
viduads. the time of the Hart-Ford Sym- student's participation in it can Navy Rear Admiral S. N. Brown.
The "documents" referred to in posium, the disruptions which be established by any of the par- Cutler also confirmed a Daily story yesterday that he
the letters are communications were created by student protesters ticipants in the luncheon meeting. sought the literary college administrative board to take
from the College of Engineering,, were judged to be inconsistent with I look forward to hearing from disciplinary action against SDS Chairman Karen Daenzer,'70
describing the incident in question. University traditions, and with the you at an early date concerning
In commenting on his trans- right of free speech. At that time any action which the Administra- who was one of 40 other students in the October demonstra-
mittal of the letters, the Vice the Graduate School, and several tive Board or the respective de- tion.
President for Student Affairs said academic departments, interpreted partments may take in this con- Cutler released a copy of a letter he said he had sent
that the complaint from the Col- the actions 'of the participating nection. to the literary college boarde------- - -
lege of Engineering was referred to students as justifying academic Sincerely. Oct. 18 which asked that "ap-
the LS&A Administrative Board discipline. The Regents, through Richard L. Cutler
and the Graduate School as ap- the President, indicated that they October 30, 1967 propriate academic discipline4L.1
be applied," against . Mrs.
SEEKS BA LANCE oDaeer.The board refused At Illinois
SE KAL N E to take up Mrs. Daenzer's case. Iii.ji
Cutler said a second letter iden-
tical to the one sent the literary I
'U' onvert OXford Uit college board "was sent to the Await Trial
dean of the Rackham School ex-
cept that reference was made to By JIM HECK
other individuals." (Chester and Forty-seven University of Illinois
Into Co-ed ous11eXt FFriedman) students will go on trial Monday
Both Chester and Friedman for their actions in an Oct. 25 Dow
learned Cutler had asked the grad- Chemical Company sit-in. Seven
By LEE W'EITZENKORN dation next year to make room for academic standpoints." He feels uate school to take disciplinary others have already been expelled
Oxford housing will be open to male residents. that by becoming co-educational action during a discussion with for their partic ation in the in-
both men and women beginning Lynch said Oxford may house Oxford housing would overcome the Vice-President yesterday af- cident.
next fall, Director Kevin Lynch anywhere from 30-140 men in the some of the social isolation it in- ternoon. Dean Stephen Spurr-of The demonstrators were protest-
said Monday. Although planners fall, depending on the space avail- curs because of its distance from the graduate school said last ing the presence of Dow recruiters
hope eventually to achieve a 50/ able. At present, only one men's the campus. He added that "hous- night, however, that he has not on the Illini campus. Dow is the
50 ratio, the integration of men house is envisioned. The Oxford ing should be representative of told the administrative board of sole producer of napalm for the
into the housing units will depend complex is divided into ten units. both groups." the graduate school the names of Vietnam war.
on the space available as women Lynch said the changeover was Student sentiment also played the two students. Three hundred students and fac-
gradually move out. None of the based on a "need for more housing a part in the changeover, he com- Spurr said the board is cur- ulty met earlier this week to pro-
420 women now living in Oxford space for men and is considered mented, rently only considering whether test the expulsion of the seven
housing will be denied accommo- to be beneficial from social and Many residents of Oxford are or not it wants to start disciplinary undergraduates. At their protest
looking forward to having men in proceedings against students who held in the south lounge of the
the housing units. "I think it participated in the demonstration. Union, the demonstrators charged
T~~~~ dMcr~r oarn Jnmn~r RnSr caid Zi tinnr d Ctlrc,


,Special Panel
To Report
On Researeb

ed in because those sent to state
draft officials or other agenciess
are passed along to the appro-
priate local boards without going
through his office.
Hershey said many of the phony
cards apparently come from "kidsE
in a group" who put something in
the bag so they won't look bad to
their friends.
"A lot of them participate in
these protests until it starts to
nch." was Hershey's opinion,

posed the Hershey order-which
they considered to be an alter-
ation of the draft law.
However Michigan's Selective
Service Director, Col. Arthur Hol-
mes, indicated he will follow Her-
shey's directive until he receives
further notice.
If the local board, Holmes said,
"decides a student's deferment is
not in the national interest, it can
draft him When a student im-


, , .s u
A special faculty committee on referring to penalties for multi- pedes the duties of the local draft
research policy will probably re- lating or throwing away draft board we do not consider him in
lease a preliminary report by the cards. the national interest."
end of this month, committee
chairman Prof. Robert C. Elder-
field of the chemistry depart- , * 1 g
ment said yesterday. Bel* ooze
The 15-member committee, ap-
pointed last month in the wake
of controversy over classified mil-
itary research at the University,
was charged with the respon-
sibility for studying the propriety
of such research.
Elderfield said the committee
hopes to have the report ready
before President-designate Roben
W. Fleming takes office Jan. 1.
While preliminary in nature, the
report will come later next year.
The committee has not yet
eached any decision on the con-
clusions of the report, Elderfield
continued. "I wouldn't want to
hazard a guess," he commented.
The committee has been meet-
ing twice weekly since Nov. 14.
Vice President for Research A.
Geoffrey Norman, Prof. Anatol

Comes to *outh J'

"When the new Village Bell gets
a sign it won't be neon," says
owner Clint Castor, Jr.
"It'll be like a sign you find on
Wall Street or on a bank," he
Indeed, judging from the crowds
at yesterday's -opening, and the
success of its parent, the Pretzel
Bell, the new restaurant should
turn a tidy profit in years to come.
The Village Bell features tradit-
ionally high-priced Bell food with
slight variationp in the menu. "At
the P-Bell you wind up paying 50
cents extra for dessert, and 15
cents for each cup of coffee," says
Castor. "Here, for say $4.35, you

cocktail and beer drinking crowd.
Descending a spiral staircase to
the lower level, the dinner pa-
tons enter a larger,130-seat din-
ing area with dim lighting, car-
peted floors and ceilings, and brick'
arches for room dividers - a sort
of Roman Catacombs with eats.
Castor says he has no plans
for graffitied tables, memorabilia
on the walls, or free beers for
those celebrating their twenty-
first birthdays.
Castor plans to alternate eating
and drinking hours in the down-
stairs room. There were some
hitches yesterday in phasing out
the afternoon beer-quaffing crowd
to the- dinner clientale, but Castor
expects to resolve the conflicts
- 'hort-v.

vwould ne great, commentea ac-
queline Radlow, '70. "Coed dorms
make it easier to meet people."
These opinions, however, are not
unanimous. The opposite view was
voiced by Margaret Dearing, '70,
who said, "I like it as it is now. A
coed dorm involves more restric-
tions, such as dress, which would
overshadow any social advantages
which might - come about from
coed housing."
UGLI To Stay
Open to 5 a.m.
The Undergraduate Library will
remain open until 5 am. Dec. 10-
18."Mrs. Rose-Grace Faucher, dir-
ector of the UGLI announced yes-
The decision for the extension

opurr saa ne menuionea vuer s
letter in general terms at an
October meeting and expects the
board to decide at a January
meeting if it wants to take up
proceedings against the two stu-
Neither Spurr nor Assistant Dean
James Shaw, head of the literary
college board, would disclose Cut-
ler letters.
Cutler provided the press with
a Xerox copy of his letter to
Shaw (which appears at left).
Shaw said he was willing to dis-
close his letter from Cutler to
confirm that the copy was authen-
tic. However Cutler specifically
denied Shaw permission to dis-
close the letter last night. Cutler
refused to comment on why he
wouldn't let Shaw disclose the
Cutler indicated he sent his two:
letters on a "complaint from the

the action taken against the seven
was "unilateral" and the students
were given "no chance to defend
The students received notifica-
tion of their dismissal Nov. 22. The
statement said the students "were
immediately dismissed from the
University of Illinois for their par-
ticipation in the Dow sit-in."
Meanwhile at the University of
Wisconsin, three students were ex-
pelled yesterday when they claimed
their trial before an administrative
committee was "completely pre-
judiced and in conspiracy with the
central administration." The three
students were charged with "illegal
conduct" during the violent Oct. 18
demonstration against Dow.
The Wisconsin Student Senate
voted 20-3 last night to reinstate
the three expelled students, but
Dean George Young of the law

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