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November 07, 1967 - Image 3

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1967-11-07

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

TUESDAY,: NOVEMBER 7, 1967

THE MICHIGAN DAILY

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NATIONAL NEWS DEVELOPMENTS:

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Court Rejects Maryland Loyalty OathIi 2dvidflndG (Z1ir
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By The Associated Press

WASHINGTON The Su-
preme Court yesterday threw out
Maryland's loyalty oath for teach-
ers and other public employes on
the grounds that its requirements
are too imprecise.
The Maryland loyalty program
is the fourth such state program
upset by the court since 1964.
Others involved Arizona, New
York and Washington state.
The 6-3Wdecision written by
Justice William O. Douglas, left
serious doubt that any other state
program requiring loyalty certifi-
cates of teachers could pass high
court muster.
"We are in the First Amend-
ment field," Douglas wrote. "The
continuing surveillance which this
type of law places on teachers is
hostile to academic freedom."
Specifically, the majority found
fault with the requirement that
prospective state employes certify
they are not engaged "in one way
or another" in an attempt to
forcibly overthrow the U.S. or
Maryland government.
Douglas said the six judges did
not know whether this was in-
tended to cover innocent mem-
bership in a subversive organiza-
tion.
"As we have said in like situa-
tions," Douglas continued, "the
oath required must not be so
vague and broad as to make men
of common intelligence speculate
at their peril on its meaning.
Justices John M. Harlan, Pot-
ter Stewart and Byron B. White
dissented, with Harlan saying
they found nothing unconstitu-
tional about the oath. He attri-
buted to the majority "a process
of reasoning that defies analysis."
U.S. Rebuffs
Moscow Talks
WASHINGTON - State De-
partment officials said yesterday
there was no basis for reports
that the United States would send
* representatives to Moscow for
Vietnam peace talks with Nobel
Prize winners.
Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.,
civil rights leader and 1964 reci-
pient of the Nobel Peace Prize,
said last week he had accepted an
invitation to East-West talks on
the Asian war.
King said he understood that
representatives of North and
South Vietnam, and the United
States and the Viet Cong also
had accepted.
U.S. officials said there appear-
ed to be confusion over plans of
a Norwegian committee to send
a delegation to Hanoi, Saigon and
Washington to try to find a
starting point for negotiations.
The officials said the Johnson
administration would cooperate
in meeting with a delegation if it{
came here.
But they said they had no in-
formation on plans of King to
travel to Moscow and said the
civil rights leader had not been
in contact with the State Depart-
ment.
In Norway, Dr. J. B. Hygen of
the Nobel Peace Prize committee
said he had invited King but
added "thereare no definite plans
so far." Hygen's group is not con-
nected with the Nobel Committee.,
Guard, Army
' To Add 19,800

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authorized as a means of main-
taining manpower levels ordered
by Congress.
The additions in the Army Re-
serves would be absorbed in the
existing units. The new guard
units would be mainly of com-
pany or detachment size.
In its official announcement,
the Pentagon made no specific
mention of the riot control de-
mands which have weighed heav-
ily on the guard in recent years.
It referred only to the requests
for troops for state uses.
The guard had 2,900 units
planned previously under the
Pentagon's latest reorganization
program.
Congress Poll
Favors Ethics
WASHINGTON - A l t h o ugh
neither house of Congress has a
code of ethics yet, a Missouri con-
gressman reported yesterday that
a majority of senators and repre-
sentatives answering a poll said
they favor a code for newsmen
covering the House and Senate.
Rep. William L. Hungate (D-
Mo), said 150 of the 533 members
answered his survey, and 91 favor
a code of ethics for the press while
43 oppose it. Most of those answer-.
ing did not sign their names.
The questions showed that most
congressmen answering the poll
felt that radio, television and
newspapers do a reasonably accu-
rate job of reporting congressional
activities.
Radio came out ahead of tele-
vision or newspapers on a question
as to which of the media the mem-
bers consider reasonably or highly
accurate. But 52 per cent said
newspapers coverage is excellent or
good compared with 49 per cent
for television and 44 per cent for
radio.
Asked to choose one weekly
magazine, 82 members voted for
U.S. News and World Report to
33 for Newsweek which came in
second.
Asked to list the columnist they
read most regularly, the members
gave 29 votes to Evans and Novak,
20 to David Lawrence, 17 to Drew
Pearson, 13 to James Reston, 10
to Art Buchwald with others rang-
ing from William F. Buckley to
Ann Landers.
Moon Target
Of Surveyor 6
CAPE KENNEDY, Fla.-Amer-
ica's ATS 3 "pinball" satellite yes-
terday successfully parked over
Brazil as a moon-chemist robot
named Surveyor 6 was poised to
rocket toward a lunar plain so
rugged it has less than a 50-50
chance to land safely.
Surveyor 6, perched atop a pow-
erful Atlas-Centaur rocket, was
scheduled to head moonward dur-
ing a favorable launching period
between 2:22 a.m. EST and 3:17
a.m. today in an attempt to break
the even number jinx in the Sur-
veyor program. Surveyors 1, 3 and
5 successfully soft-landed on the
lunar surface, while Surveyors 2
and 4 failed.
After a 65-hour, 231,416-mile
flight across space, Surveyor 6 was
to softly settle on crater-pocked
Sinus Medii-a potential Apollo
landing zone located squarely in
the middle of the moon's visible
face as seen from earth.
Like Surveyor 5, which landed
Sept. 10 on the moon's Sea of
Tranquility, Surveyor 6 was equip-1
ped with a revolving TV camera
eye and a small chemistry set to

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JEL -W -W 'l A l t / % 1 IL-AL ! t S # Is ! am.

analyze the soil. Surveyor 5's ter- fees amounting to $48,000 from Negotiators for the two govern- , in
rain tester indicated that much Morris Shenker, a St. Louis crim- ments announced agreement on
of the moon's surface may con- inal lawyer who was Hoffa's chief the treaties last June 26 but since WASHINGTON (AP)-Hundreds of man John G. Krupa of attempting
sist of earth-like rock. Project of- counsel. then they have come under bitter towns and cities choose mayors to dilute the strength of Negro
ficials said Surveyor 6's target- The article spurred the inquiry attack, both in the United States and two states name governors voters.
Sinus Medii-was so rugged that by the ethics committee. The com- and in Panama. today following election cam- Hatcher contends thousands of
statistics indicate the moonship mittee said in its findings that Now Panama is engaged in spir- paigns often marked by emotional of Negroes have been dropped
had only a 47 per cent chance ofi payments to Long by Shenker questions of race and the Vietnam from voting polls and thousands
ha onya4 e etcac fpyet oLn ySekri ted~ pre-nomination political ac-' war. of phony names of whites have
landing safely. "had no relationship whatsoever to.e
Mr. Hoffa or the Teamsters tivities in preparation for the Two cities, Cleveland and Gary, been added.
PrUnion election May 12 of a president, Ind., have Negro Democratic can- Hatcher faces Republican Joseph
P o eR p e two vice presidents and the full didates for mayor while school in- B. Radigan in this campaign
The committee is accused in the 42-member National Assembly. tegration has been the major issue which has seriously split teeming
NEW YORK -Life magazine, latest Life article of ignoring and i'nBso' aoat ots.Lk onyssldDmcai
which last May accused Sen. Ed- failing to pursue the matter of Reports from Panama say it is in Boston mayoralty contest. Lake County's solid Democratic
ward V. Long (D-Mo), of receiving payments, which it said Long ad- virtually certain the treaties will Fear of election disorders in Gary party.
$48,000 from a St. Louis attorney mitted amounted to $160,000 since not be submitted for approval to prompted prpaibyvthe aua rge racesue
for Teamster boss James R. Hof- 961, hi first full year in the Sen- the present Panamanian assem- tina Gudms fo p e rviolence Krupa bitterly opposes the 34-
fa, today called a Senate ethicstbly which ends its term in Janu- year-old Hatcher. He has accused
committee investigation into the ary. And the U.S. Senate is not nam wil appear on the ballot in Hatcher of having leftist backers
matter a whitewashILexpected to consider the treaties San Francisco and Cambridge, and failing to disavow "Black
magazine has now added the Sen- Mass. Neither resolution, of course, Power" leaders. Hatcher has
The ethics committee, chaired ate ethics committee to its smear until Panama approves them. wil have any binding effect on denied both charges.
by Sen. John Stennis (D-Miss), campaign. The committee report The treaty texts have not been national policy. Hatcher and State Democratic
announced--Oct. 25 that it foundcapinThcomtereot HcerndSteD ortc
no evidence to support charges speaks for itself." announced officially, but have An election eve legal battle is Chairman Gordon St. Angelo have
been published in both countries. being waged over a charge by counter-charged that Hatcher's
that Long misused a wiretap in- They created a furor in Panama, Richard G. Hatcher, Negro Demo- race is the primary issue to Krupa.
vestigation of a subcommittee he where the Canal and its opera- cratic nominee for mayor of Gary, Meanwhile, Adj. Gen. John S.
headed. WASHINGTON - Three trea- tion for years have been a major that his own party's county organ- Anderson set up a command post
Life had accused Long on May ties relating to operation of the issue in every political campaign. ization was juggling election rolls in the Valparaiso Armory new
26 of misusing the probe in an ef- U.S.-owned Panama Canal ap- In the U.S. Congress, more than to keep him from winning. Gary to oversee deployment of an
fort to help Hoffa, imprisoned parently have been shelved legis- 100 members of the House of Rep- Court suits filed by Hatcher and undisclosed number of National
president of the Teamsters Union. latively in both countries, prob- resentatives attacked the agree- the Justice Department accuse Guard troops around Gary to pre-
The magazine said Long received ably until late 1968 or early 1969. ments. ILake County Democratic Chair- vent possible rioting.
-------------_____--.------ W ith race looming as a major
issue in Cleveland, too, a big voter
turnout is expected there in a
Congress Continues Pork Barrel Spending ntesbtkesnd hisrwhemre-
ontest.btwe nd NegrohDeoRat
publican opponent, Seth C. Taft.
Taft seems to be aided by the 61
Despite Demands for Federal Economy peret votealtogh ofregise
BS Ie BR&R OTB BT CO~ m ei' cent white majority of regis-
tered voters, although registered
Democrats outnumber Republicans
WASHINGTON (P)-The politi- cause, with few exceptions, the tax surcharge and Congress de- requested totalted $734,637,000," by five to one, giving Stokes an
cians beloved pork barrel flour- freeze only delayed some work. manded presidential spending cuts the report said. "The present es- edge.
ishes at the rate of $1.3 billion this The freeze, imposed Oct. 6, was of first: timated cost of these projects is But Stokes has mustered surpris-
year, despite much huffing and two weeks duration-then was ex- -Johnson requested construc-1$735,502,000-an increase of one- ingly strong support from white
puffing in Congress about econ- tended while Congress passed stop- tion starts on onie nine new ro-Itenth of 1 per cent, This is a truly voters, while Taft-despite his
omy. gap resolutions continuing current remarkable record." strong protestations that race
spending and awaiting the day ap- tdestnumbercompared All told, the public works bill up should not be an issue-is vir-
WhentheShaneeIndanswithrecnt ear. iAlltol, th pulicwors bll p !tually assured the support of a
camped below Kaysinger Bluff in propriation bills finally would be wnIfor Senate-House conference ac- 1
Missouri's Ozarks, pork-barreling passed. -The -House knocked out four tion called for $4.7 billion in fiscal large number of white Democrats
might have involved no more than The reaction of Sen. Jack R. of the nine-then added 16 new 1968. By coincidence, that is ex- jumping party lines because they
a chief's ordering a fishing bank Miller (R-Iowa), was typical: ones of its own. The Senate put actly the amount the President wil not vote for a Negro.
cleared of brush to enhance his "I'm certainly ready to go back back all of the starts killed by the proposed in January. The surtax Stokes won big in the Democra-
Ilae fbuht nac i Imcranyrayt obc House-and added 25 of its own. rpslnwi prcn. tic primary Oct. 3, defeaigting in-
standing with the braves, to my people and say I'm sorry, proposal now is 10 per cent.
u--Instead of providing only nine Tcumbent Mayor Ralph S. Locher
Toaya 20-mllonexmpe fbut some of our public works pro- -nta fpoiigol ie The $. billion includes the $1.3by1,0voe.H rcied 7
Today a $200-million example of jects are going to be slowed down," new starts, the bill now calls for billion that wuld be cla a by 18,000 votes. He received 17
jet-age pork-barreling is being "Thesyd'd per cent of the white vote as well
built where the Indians once fished he said. They'd understand-as - E50 pork, plus funds for the Atomic as 96 per cent of the Negro vote.
in the shadow of the, bluff. It in- iong as Iowa isn't picking up the conomy Spes Energy Commission, antipollution Since then he has picked up the
volves a power dam, artificial lake whole slowdown tab. If it's spread Talking economy and voting projects, Interior Department rec- endorsement of the party organ-
and recreation facilities, around to all the states, I'll agree something else is an established lamation works and other civilian ization, a vote of support from
to it. practice on Capitol Hill. Last year construction. organized labor, the backing of the

city's two major daily newspaper,
and even the support of some na-
tionality groups.
A near-record turnout of Bos-
ton's 286,000 registered voters is
expected to choose their mayor for
the next four years with the pos-
sibility it will be a woman for the
first time in the city's 337 years.
School committeewoman Louise
Day Hicks, a 48-year-old grand-
mother, has based her drive for
election on promises of $10,000
salaries for police and firemen,
and taxes on suburban commuters
who work in the city but live out
of town. She also opposed busing
Negro children to achieve racial
balance in the Negro neighborhood
schools. Her slogan has been "You
know where I stand."
Her opponent, Massachusetts
Secretary of State Kevin H. White,
scoffed at his opponent's pay in-
crease promise as "fiscal fantasy."
He contended the salary boosts
would make Boston's current tax
of $117 per thousand soar to $150.
White proposed modification of
a state law which allows the Mas-
sacrusetts Board of Education to
withhold state funds from com-
munities which have racially im-
balanced schools. He and Mrs.
Hicks were in partial agreement
that the law should be changed
toprohibit busing, with White pro-
posing busing be banned in grades
one through four. His opponent
has court action pending for a
decision that the law is unconstitu-
tional.
National Implications
Kentucky Democrats and Re-
publicans prepared to get out their
organizational vote Tuesday in a
governor's race which could have
national implications.
A Republican victory might in-
dicate a continued voter trend
against President Johnson's poli-
cies, .which have been denounced
by Republican candidate Louie B.
Nunn, who has also attacked the
eight-year record of the current
Democratic faction.
A triumph by Democratic can-
didate Henry Ward might indicate
the electorate's purported resent-
ment of Johnson is not as deep as
some polls show-or at any rate
it is subordinate to state issues.

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Such projects now under way or
in the planning stages-bridges,
dams, harbors and levees-will
cost the American taxpayer $15.2
billion by the time they are fin-
ished years from now. And Con-
gress, while huffing mightily about
economy, is in the final stages of
approving new work that is con-
tributed an ultimate $4.1 billion to
that total. In the fiscal year which
started July 1, spending on the
44 public works projects planned
or in progress will add up to $1.3
billion. That compares with such,
other big items as $4.6 billion for
space, $2.1 billion for Medicare
and $2.26 billion for the Office of
Economic Opportunity-the anti-
poverty program. It is a political
fact of life that aicongressman
will be praised for bringing public
'worksprojects torhis district and
that praise usually pays off in
votes.
Alphonse-Gaston
In October, while President
Johnson and Congress were en-
gaged in the Alphonse-Gaston act
of "you cut spending first," the
administration hit the legislators
in their most sensitive spot-the
pork barrel. A freeze was put on
new civil works construction.
It covered nearly $66 million in
contract awards and bid adver-
tisements-122contractsdinmore
than half the states.
There was no loud outcry be-I
~ 1

Applying Screws
But Rep. Charles S. Gubser (R-
Calif), accused the Johnson ad-
ministration of "using popular
programs in order to put the
screws to Congress" in the admin-
istration's battle for a tax in-
crease. Some other congressmen
also muttered about administra-
tion arm twisting. The construction
industry was not visibly alarmed.
"We believe most of the projects
we're concerned with are so essen-
tial that they won't be seriously
affected by the freeze," said one
lobbyist.
Public works projects are im-
portant bartering material to con-
gressmen-even between the two
houses. It is a case of you vote
for mine, I'll vote for yours. #
Consider the sequence this year,j
when the President asked for a;

the President asked for 25 actual
starts and 27 planning starts. Con-
gress added 33 construction starts
for a total of 58. It added 44 plan-
ning starts for a total of 71. The
starts are minor amounts, but
millions became billions when
small starting-up costs balloon in-
to fullfledged construction.
The U.S. Army Corps of Engin-
eers, which argues each pork case
--pro or con-before congressional
committees, has been acused of
giving unrealistically low esti-
mates to win approval for pro-
jects.
The Senate Appropriations Com-
mittee ordered an inquiry into the
charges. Its staff studied the 51
projects scheduled for completion
in fiscal 1968. "The total estimated
cost of these projects at the time
the first construction funds were

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III
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Opening TOMORROW at Trueblood Theatre!
The 1967-68 Ann Arbor Civic Theatre Drama Season
with:

A MAN FOR ALL SEASONS

By Robert Bolt

1111

Wednesday-Thursday-$1.50-$1.75
Friday-Saturday--$1.75-$2.00
Box Office Now Open

i

This week at
Th, IEAR;K

SAVE! SEASON TICKETS STILL AVAILABLE!

- III

8:30 P.M.

1421 Hill Street

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WASHINGTON - Secretary of
Defense Robert S. McNamara
yesterday authorized a 19,800-l
man increase in the Army Re-
serves and National Guard that
would include more state troops
for possible use against riots.
About 125 new units would be
created ip the state-administered
National Guard. McNamara said
they were being added "in re-
sponse to state requests for units
to accomplish state missions."
An Army spokesman said this
referred mainly to handling civil
disorders, but also included aid
in disasters and other special
assignments.
The increase in troops was

Wednesday-A HOOT!
A continuous variety of folk singers throughout the evening
Thursday-FRITHJOF BERGMANN
SPEAKING on the Nature of Freedom
Friday-THE LAURALEI
singing English, Scottish, and Appalacion Ballads
Saturday-THE WEST AFRICAN GROUP
(with Fobi, Solomon, Horacio, Chief Koko, and others)
doing typical African music-including the TALKING DRUMS,
xylophone, and Folk music.

t
E
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presents

VOICE-SDS
MEETING TONIGHT-8:00
UGLI MULTIPURPOSE ROOM

ARTHUR FIEDLER

Conducting The

YOMIURI NIPPON

U of M: END
WAR RESEARCH

SYMPHONY ORCHESTRA

COMING
SOON
(you should live so long)
A Jewish Style
DELICATESSEN
T HE
SpIg .

Soloist:

Miss Hiro Immamura, Pianist

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* C
tVAr I
X-odam,6 .domik-

IN HILL AUDITORIUM

Friday, Nov. 10, at 8:30

SOPH SHOW

"Once Upon A
SMattress"

BY A STRIKING AND ORIGINAL TRAGI-COMEDY
STUDS TERKEL

Program: Overture to "Semiramide" (IRossini) ; Piano Concerto No. 2 (Chopin) ;
"Classical" Symphony (Pro/zofieff); Selections from "West Side Story" (Bern-
stein); and Suite from "Gaiete Parisienne" (Offenbach).
TICKETS: $6.00-$5.50-$5.00-$4.00-$3.00-$2.00

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iIII

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