WEDNESDAY, N0VEMBEpL 1,1967
TO USE BERMUDA BASE:
THE MICHIGAN DAILY
Senate Group WARY OF EXTREMES:
I( IC Plan . In ,nf Son Sdtuis seeks Troop
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By WALLACE IMMEN
The Committee on Institu-
cional Cooperation approved an
energetic list 'of plans for the
coming year at its tenth anni-
versary conference at the Uni-
versary Monday and yesterday.
Among new research suggest-
ions is a proposal for joint studies
'of ocean tides and biology using
surplus facilities associated with
the Kindley Air Force Base on
the island of Bermuda.
Because the base's buildings
were not designed for educational,
uses, a team of specialists, in-
cluding Prof. James T. Wilsorn
of the Institute of Science and
Technology, will make an evalu-
ation tour next week and report,
to a conference group on Ocean
Studies, set up recently by the eleven schools could handle sep-
CIC. arately, the organization has also
The CIC would have to negot- become active in helping to de-
iate with the Department of De- velop cooperative research pro-
fense for use of the Bermuda site grams as well. Although most of
to set up what would be the its work is centered on activities
first inter-institution center for for students and faculty of CIC
ocean instruction and research, schools many are now open to
The committee is composed of
one representative from each of
the Big Ten universities plus the
University of Chicago, but only;
nine were able to attend the an-
nual meeting. It was still "highly;
successful," according to Admin-
istrative Dean Robert Williams,;
who is the University's repre-
sentative to the CIC.
Originally established to de-
velop educational programs which
are larger than any one of the
In the academic realm, two'
representatives from the Univer-
sity were also approved at the
meeting for a committee to con-
sider a unique cooperative edu-
cation program in Polar Studies.
Profs. William Benninghof, cura-
tor of the Botanical Gardens, and
William Farrand, of the geology
and minerology department were
approved to work with the study
group, whose goal would be a
Soviet Space Craft Makes Soft Landing
In Preparation for Future Manned Flight
program for specialized instruc-
tion in polar geography, geology
A report by Prof. Charles
Hucker, director of the 1967 CIC
Far Eastern Language Institute,
noted that the program is receiv-
ing a record number of applica-
tions and has a very low drop-
out rate, which was attributed to
The summer sessions will be
divided into an undergraduate
and a graduate program in the
future to handle more than its
204 capacity this year.
The continuation of a Slavic
language and area study Insti-
tute was also approved unani-
mously and will handle about
300 students at next summer's
conference at the University. En-
rollment in this program is open
to students from any university
and from foreign institutions.
Advanced training programs are
also being stressed this year. Prof.
Robert E. Doerr of the dental
school has prepared a study of
post-graduate dental research
training which could extend to
all of the schools.
Supported in principle was the
Poland Project, a $9.5 million de-
velopment plan for improving
training in Poland. Three CIC
representatives visited Poland re-
cently, but no pledges of money
to make up the more than $4
million addition to the fund were
made by the CIC at this time
because of other commitments.
The $9.5 million is being supplied
through United States govern-
ment gold holding in Poland.
Policy Role Res
ate Foreign Relations Comittee PRAGUE, Czechoslovakia-The
will resume discussions today on perspective of an East European
a modified resolution to serve Commsnitis unie:trea
notice on the administration that communst is unique: he takes a
Congress expects to be consulted critical view of both East and
on future commitment of U.S. es
troops abroad. He is very critical of the much
While a committee majority is more dogmatic Chinese Commun-
said to favor the general ap- ists and, to a lesser extent, of his
proach of the resolution, there Soviet comrades. And, of course,
proacs of dtseresolutior thee he has a critical outlook on
has been disagreement over the Western capitalism.
exact wording, committee sources Part of the reason for this real-
said. ism is that he is in contact with
Some members have expressed muh ormdeaeC mnit
concern thata naedcr- much more moderate Communists
.a Senate declara- in Italy and France who have a
tion, even though it would not wrigkoldeo h a
on'ievden~thngastwPrsienot working knowledge of the ma-
be binding on the Prhsiet, chinations of the bourgeois state.
might cast doubt on his ability And Eastern Europe is undergo-
to act quickly to meet an emer- ing a Marxist kind of rennais-
gency. sance. The basic doctrines are be-
The current version would spec- ing examined, often modified,
ify a need for congressional ac- sometimes discarded completely,
tion in committing U.S. troops, by men accustomed to critical
except in case of an attack on thinking, like Adam Schaff of
U.S. forces. Poland, Ivan Svitak of Czecho-
Further Discussion slovakia, and others.
Sen. J. W. Fulbright, chairman Egan Busch
of the committee, told newsmen Dr. Egan Busch, editor of Me-
after a closed-door session yes- zinarodni Politica, a magazine of
terday that the resolution will political commentary published by
be brou ht un for further diic ,,.1I- ,-.--
European Communists Realistic
About World Political Struggle
EDITOR'S NOTE: Steve d'Arazien
is CPS's Vietnam Correspondent.
This is his first dispatch, filed
from Prague on his way to Saigon.
By STEVE D'ARAZIEN
Collegiate Press Service
Busch says American anti-
Communism is not "a religion,
more like an anti-religion or a
j creed. To be perfectly frank, I
would say for many years Com-
munism was a creed, not a politi-
cal opinion, in the Soviet Union.
But Communism is supposedly;
I based on science.
"America has such an emotional
reaction to Communism that she
hasn't a chance of understanding.
Anti-Communism grew in two
big steps. After World War I it to deal with the situation Is for
did not differ from the reaction
in Europe. But after World War
II, anti-Communism in Europe
developed in a classical way. But
not in the United States," he
How do East Europeans feel'
about China? "The American fear
is not a realistic assessment of
China," Busch says. "For fifty
years you have been poisoned by
prejudice (against the Soviet
"When the menace proves to be
not as expected, you find another
fear. Here people are upset about
China, but not frightened.
"I believe that if America has
normal contact with China, she
couldn't do what she is doing.
the two blocs to cooperate in
helping the third world. "We
must get together and develop a
program. The Chinese have a pro-
gram for the world. We don't,"
Meanwhile in Czechoslovakia,
young people are demanding more
freedom and are looking to the
West for new models. Tension
between militant young people
and moderate party members like
Egon Busch is increasing. With
loosened restrictions on travel,
young East Europeans are travel-
ing all over Europe, talking to
Provos in Holland and New Left-
ists in England. One thing, in any
event, is certain: not much can
remain the same for long in
As Busch sees the world, the
essential division is, as the Chi-
nese assert, between rich nations
and poor, between citified nations
and agrarian nations. But he does
not agree with the Chinese that
the way to eliminate the differ-
ence is through violence. "The es-
sence of revolution is change, not
violence," he emphasized.
Unfortunately the distance be-
tween the rich and poor is in-
creasing. He believes the best way
MOSCOW ()')-In an apparent
dry run of a Soviet spacecraft in-
tended for cosmonauts, the Soviet
Union brought down to a soft
landing yesterday one of two un-
manned Sputniks which had'
docked and separated in orbit un-
der computer guidance.
The successful landing could
clear the way for a second at-
tempt at a manned rendezvous
and docking aboard a Soyuz craft.
Cosmonaut Vladimir M. Kova-
rov was killed last April when his'
Soyuz 1 crashed during an at-
tempted landing after orbiting for
24 hours. A twisted parachute was
officially blamed for the tragedy.
Announcements at the time did
not say Kovarov was attempting
a linkup in orbit with another
Sputnik but this was widlely re-
garded as the purpose of his mis-
There was no immediate indi-
cation when the Soviets would
attempt to duplicate the success-
ful Cosmos 186 mission, this time
with a cosmonaut aboard. They
have yet to achieve a manned
Such a feat, possibly surpassing
the ones U.S. astronauts pioneer-
ed, could lead to the building in
Sspace of huge orbiting platforms.
These platforms are expected to
further space studies and provide
bases for such long flights as a
trip to the moon.
A moon rocket, assembled on
a space platform, would require
less thrust to overcome Earth's
Evidence that Cosmos 186 was
an unmanned test of a Soyuz
came from their similar orbits,
similar radio signals, and the So-
viet insistence on landing it, us-
ually not done with an ordinary
The unmanned Cosmos craft,
which was launched Friday, land-
ed at an undisclosed location at
11:20 a.m. Moscow time - 3:20
a.m. EST-on its 65th orbit upon
command from a ground station.
The other Sputnik, Cosmos 188
launched Monday, continued the
new orbit it went into after the
two separated some 20 hours ear-
186 performed all missions suc-
All systems on board, it said,
have demonstrated "a high level
of reliability in solving tasks rad-
ically new to cosmonautics." It
did not identify these new tasks.
The "automatic" rendezvous and
docking of the two Suptniks, guid-
ed by their computers, was his-
tory's first such unmanned ma-
Two weeks ago a Soviet unman-
ned spaceship parachuted an in-
strument package through the at-
mosphere of Venus. It radioed in-
formation on the planet to Earth.
Soviet television showed the
two ships locked together with#
the rotating Earth in the .back-
ground, then showed Cosmos 188
as it slowly separated and floated
off into space.
The bomb-shaped Cosmos ships
were equipped with wing-like so-
The commentator said Cosmos
186 was the "active'" partner and
sought out 188, the passive ship.
The linkup occurred on the first
orbit of 188 and the 46th orbit of
The two craft locked together
head on, then separated on com-
mand from an Earth control
g ul 1 P-the Czechoslovakian Communist
cussion today. Party, is such a Communist.
At yesterday's session, the He says thata"Never has a for-
committee: eign policy issue had so much
-Reported favorably a bill to importance here as does the Viet-
establish a career service, similar nam war."
to that in the State Department, With the exception of normal A $
for the United States Informa- diplomatic relations (which have
tion Agency not been broken), the Czech gov-
-Approved a tax agreement ernment is not receiving any
with Trinidad and Tobago but prominent Americans in any offi-
deferred action on one between cial way. When United States'
the United States and Brazil. The Chief Justice Earl Warren was in
latter would provide U.S. firms Prague recently to lecture on the featuring
setting up plants in Brazil the American constitutional system,
same investiment tax credit now he was greeted by the minister of
given for domestic industritrial justice, an unusually subordinate H How to M ak eNe vosts of
expansion. official to welcome a man of
-Deferred action on President Warren's stature. And when Rich-
Johnson's request for a $200 mil- ard Nixon was in Prague he gotYour AdvertisingDtr om
to the Asian Development Bank. No Official Contact
Fulbright Resolution "Individual contacts are being T HU RD A '''KN O V\I 2
Fulbright sponsored the origi- made," Busch says, "but there is *
nal resolution on commitments, no official contact at all. It is
stating that the executive branch almost a subconscious process." 4:15 P M
has too often acted on its own Busch says Czech political an- 4 P
in giving and pledging U.S. help alysts see Republican nomination
to other countries, of a Vietnam dove in 1968. He
His version would have declared says this is the logical response
it to be the sense of the Senate to the fact that United States
that a national commitment is prestige is at an all-time low in
one that has the approval of Europe and that America should 420 MAYNARD ST.
Congress through a treaty, res- realize that "no act taken by De
olution or other official action. Gaulle has helped (French) pres- All organization publicity and advertising chairmen
Some committee members be- tige as much as the pullout of Al- are urged to attend!
lieved the Fulbright approach was giers, especially among the under-
too sweeping and proposed other developed countries. And Algeria
language. was regarded as a part of France."
I AO- MA E
SPECIAL FORCES LIFESAVER
lier. They had flown for 31/ hours First Infantry Division soldiers and artillerymen relax while cleaning the howitzer that was the life-
linked together. saver in the defense of a Special Forces camp at Loc Ninh, South Vietnam yesterday. Viet Con as-
The announcement said Cosmos sault waves were forced to withdraw when the 105mm gun was fired point blank at them.
marks the commencement of the
a program of informal discussion
congressman marvin esch
UNION - LEAGUE
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