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March 28, 1968 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1968-03-28

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'~ 4


Seventy-Seven Years of Editorial Freedom

T .-r--, r

Where Opinions Are Free, 420 MAYNARD ST., ANN ARBOR, MICH.
Truth Will Prevail

NEWS PHONE: 764-05521

Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This mu-st be noted in all reprints.



Milwaukee Rights Marches
Need Revitalization

TIE CURRENT status of the drive for
fair and open housing laws in Mil-
waukee might lead the average observer
to wonder, just what, if anything, the
marches accomplish, and if they are
worth continuing.
Even the marchers themselves are be-
ginning to realize their demonstrations
have devolved little more than a self-
sustaining effort. Two weeks ago, the
Milwaukee Youth Council, which organ-
izes the marches, voted to discontinue
the marching policy that had seen more
than 200 days of consecutive marching
since the demonstrations began last
August. The marches had become' small,
30-40 people, and some felt it was not
worthwhile to continue them. The deci-
sion was made to go on however, but the
movement is slowly grinding to a stand-
The marches are worthwhile, and it is
vital that the marchers continue to
march, that the spirit which remains be
kept alive in the Negro section of the
nation's most segregated city. Keeping
the fire barely burning is enough to jus-
tify the continued efforts.
BUT THERE must be more. The civil
rights leaders of the city must con-
sider an escalation of their efforts. These
words may strike terror in the hearts of
those already predicting the worst sort
of race relations in the summer to come;
but the time has come once more to bring
the plight of the minority to the atten-
tion of the majority in a dramatic and
forceful way.
Late last August, thousands of open
housing marchers attempted to cross a
bridge leading into Milwaukee's over-
whelmingly Polish- south side, -and were
met by hoards 'of angry whites, slinging
stones and slurs. The violent confronta-
tion which took place brought about a
ban on marching, which was successfully
defied. It also helped focus the attention
of the nation on the sad condition of
human rights in Milwaukee.
But unlike in the case of the riots in
No Comment
LEAVING HIS prepared text, President
Johnson said in a speech Monday, "I
sometimes wonder why we Americans en-
joy punishing ourselves so much with our
"This is a pretty good land. I am not
saying you never had it so good. But
that is a fact, isn't it?"
The 4,000 AFL-CIO men to whom John-
son was speaking applauded madly for
several minutes.
Second class postage paid at Ann Arbor, Michigan
420 Maynard St., Ann Arbor, Michigan, 48104.
The Daily is a member of the Associated Press,
Colegiate Press Servie and Liberation News Service.
Daily except Monday during regular academic school
Daily except Sunday and Monday during regular
summer session.
Fall and winter subscription rate: $4.50 per term by
carrne. ($5 by mail); $8.00 for regular academic school
year ($9 by mail).

Detroit, Newark, and other cities across
the country, the Milwaukee conflict did
not stimulate any lasting -nor creative
proposals for improving the lot of the
city's Negro citizens.
THE INCIDENT is remembered of
course, but the issue has been buried.
The open housing marches are now often
confined to within the bounds of the
ghetto itself, and certainly are not call-
.ing the attention of the white com-
munity to the problem. And Milwaukee
remains the most segregated city in
Opportunities for constructive work
towards, improvement of race relations
in Milwaukee are being overlooked by
both sides. The chance is now passed to
mount a mass campaign within the black
community to support David Waltham,
candidate for mayor in the April 2 elec-
Waltham is an open advocate of fair
housing, while incumbent Henry Maier,
seeking re-election, has not backed any
substantial progress in human rights in
Milwaukee. A strong campaign might
have been able to bring about, if not vic-
tory for the almost certain-to-lose Walt-
ham, at least substantial pressure for
THUS, SOME other way must be found
of attracting the attention of the
white community. A change in the nature
of the marches, increased political or-
ganization, and a refiring of the spirit of
the black community must be under-
taken in Milwaukee.
All of these are good possibilities. In-
creased pressure in all of these areas
can provide the front for the total offen-
sive that will be required to win the
Overt agitation last summer in Detroit
stimulated the Michigan Legislature to
draft a strong open housing bill. But
only alert political maneuvering, pres-
sure, and follow-up turned the defeat of
the bill in the last session into a strong
chance of victory for the open housing
bill now in the Legislature.
Obviously, violent confrontations are
not the solution. Well-planned civil dem-
onstrations and disruptions are answers.
Political and economic pressures are an-
swers. The Milwaukee Negroes cannot
let theMilwaukee whites forget that the
problem requires a mutual solution.
An editorial in yesterday's Daily erron-
eously reported that the student union
proposal was a plan for restructuring
student government. The union, accord-
ing to Ruth Baumann, '68, former SGC
vice president, would actually be a po-
litical party, independent of any student
We regret the error.

'Grass' Is as High
s an Elephant's Eye
EDIToR'S NOTE: The following was contributed by a former University
student who wishes to remain anonymous.
SAN FRANCISCO-With the state tax on cigarettes up to a dime a
pack, it is nice to know that marijuana prices are still quite low.
The import of Acapulco Gold and Panama Red is reaching in-
credible proportions; and with the market so voluminous, dealers are
stuffing their linings with that green goddess we sometimes refer to as
You may be wondering why the grass ring is prospering here.
Basically there are two reasons, both of which may prove decisive
in efforts now brewing to legalize marijuana.
The first involves the decline of acid in the city which-was evident
during the waning hours of last summer when the Haight St. scene all
but collapsed, leaving behind but a few hundred hard-core hippies.
Those that remained kept White Lightening (a form of acid) popular,
but many had their doubts as to its effectiveness. Demands for good
grass increased, and dealers began to breathe again.
Shipments increased but so did the problems of concealing hundreds
of kilos from the law. Newspapers told of daily raids and arrests, some
of which uncovered unbelievably large quanties of grass (in a raid in
January, over 250 kilos were confisticated from two unfortunates. A
kilo is about 2.2 pounds). Yet the few who were busted were but
scattered incidents, and the important factor was that most grass
reached its destination unscathed.
NOW THAT all this marijuana was in the city, who was going to
buy it? The truth is that many people from a large cross-section were
keeping the market alive.
Doctors, lawyers, hoodlums-every distinguishable cult was in-
volved (the police are supposedly pure, but I have every reason to believe
that some of them share the sentiments of the grass pushers). The
paper carried stories of whole high schools turning on to pot, and
obviously the general public was not irritated by these reports.
I tripped onto the scene quite accidentally through conversations
with a fellow ex-student from the University, who lives in the old
beatnik section of town, and a San Franciscoite who graduated magna
cum laude in English from U.S.F. and. is now working towards his
The latter, now a prominent member of the grass ring, has lately
been extremely cautious in his dealings; it seems that the police make
raids in waves and it just so happens that one such wave is still in
progress. My friend's buddy was busted only two weeks ago on a pos-
session charge.
But along with those arrests comes the simple fact that marijuana
is gaining daily in acceptance and, thus, popularity. Business is booming.
An average contact can obtain a kilo of pure gold for $60-100, sell 10 to
15 dime ($10) bags from the quantity, and still have enough left to
share many highs with friends as will as end up with change in his
FOR THE INTERESTED reader who is planing to visit here in the
near future and may feel that smoking is a heavily concealed racket,
I would suggest going to one of the famous dance halls (the Fillmore,
Avalon, Winterland, and Carousel) and observing the number of
turned-on people in the crowd. Just last weekend I was at the Avalon
breathing the .heavenly fragrance of grass from two clean-looking
youths passing the time between sets by blowing a few joints.
A good friend of mine was here but three weeks ago and heard a
native claim, "There is more LSD dropped in San Francisco in one
night than in the rest of the country combined."
Although somewhat behind the times in thought, I can readily
foresee that such may become the case with marijuana in the months
to come, with each passing day, the once-farcical dream of legalized
pot becomes more and more of a reality.

Domino Theory


Bomb Builds Pacifists

Associate Editorial Director, 1967-68
DURING the 1950's the smartest
topic for discussion among
social scientists writing on cur-
rent social ills was the effect of
the 'The Bomb' on the attitudes
of mass society.
The genesis of the attitude was
the events on a desert flat out-
side Los Alamos, New Mexico, one
June afternoon in 1945-the first
unleashing of atomic power for
destructive purposes. Weeks pass-
ed and the world saw its effects
on two large industrial cities; the
years passed and the world saw
itself moving towards the brink
of destruction in an arms race
between the two most powerful
Americans, since the time of
Emerson and Thoreau, have call-
ed for the eventual pacification of
all humanity and an end to the
study of war with its potential de-
struction of mankind. But not
until therealization of the totality
of atomic destruction - coupled
with the irony that there would
only be losers in such a confron-
tation-and the apparent inabil-
ity of world leaders 'to resolve dif-
ferences through negotiations did
Americans and others realize the
only way to save humanity was to
call for complete military disarm-
A generation raised by liberal
parents with advice from Dr.
Spock. was taught that any in-
creased military activity which
sought to intensify or prolong in-
ternational hostility brought the
world closer to the irrationality
that breeds nuclear war. This at-
titude caused politicians and dip-
lomats to pay lip service to ideals
of disarmament. Although noth-
ing substantial ever came out of
the Geneva discussions, the ef-
forts were supposedly an intan-
gible incremental closing of the
communications gap among na-
IN EUROPE, where youths were
able to see first hand the effects
of the insanity and nationalism
and militarism, the desire for
peace manifested itself earlier
than among American youth. The
American' youths discussed the

issues of disarmament, but let
themselves be satisfied with the
meager, marginal accomplish-
ments of state department dis-
armament talks, Europeans, how-
ever, were busy demonstrating
against the presence of nuclear
submarines in their ports and
popularizing the three - pronged
trident-symbol of British nuclear
disarmament - which has since
been adopted as the symbol of
pacifism throughout the world.
During the '50's and early '60's
there were few events around
which this latent segment of pa-
cifists could coalesce. Confronted
with the corporate liberalism of
the industrial military complex-
a complex that gave lip service to
the ideals of peaceful coexist-
ence' and went through the mo-
tions of understanding at Geneva,
reciprocal visits by world leaders,
and the abortive Paris summit
talks-the pacifist youths could
find no point at which to attack
the system.
All the overt militaristic United
States interventions during the
'50's were so brief that they were
accomplished before public opin-
ion could be aroused.
The marines were in and out
of Lebanon before anyone knew
why they were supposed to be
there in the first place; in Gua-
temala, a little military and CIA
arm-twisting was all that was
needed to tip the balance in favor
of the pro-U.S. regime; the Bay
of Pigs was such a failure that
the administration quickly with-
drew their efforts and tried to
cover up any connections withr
the fiasco; and the Cuban missile
crisis, although drawing criticism
for its incendiary nature, was over
in little more than a week.
In the meantime events were
accumulating that would lead to
the situation which would activate
the voice of the pacifist segment
of the population.
THIS IS ONE reason for .the
intensity of protest among the
younger generation against the
Vietnam war. It is not just a mat-
ter of protest against a particular
handling of a foreign 'situation,
but against the very philosophy
that Johnson holds in his coun-

cils regarding overall foreign
The President is of another
generation which doesn't under-
stand the feelings of those favor-
ing world peace. His tutelage in
foreign affairshas been at the
hands of a State Department still
reeling from the cult of Dullesian
'brinksmanship' and Johnson re-
portedly has always had a special-
ly high regard from the decisions
made by the Joint Chiefs of Staff.
No wonder, therefore, he fails
to see the essence of the anti-war
protests. While Johnson is dis-
mayed at the lack of unity behind
his handling of the war; he fails
to realize that the new genera-
tion protesting, not just his han-
dling of the Vietnam war but any
war, whether fought in the name
of anti-communism or apple-pie.


Letters to the Editor

La Guerre
To the Editor:
most obviously, as Mr. Okrent
pointed out, (Daily, March 5)
about a disillusioned revolution-
ary. Director Resnais, through
clumsily explicit jabs at the revol-
utionary movement and middle-
age Marxists, continuously re-
minds us that Diego has lost his
youthful enthusiasm for the cause.
If Resnais had stopped here, with
a fair movie - a French version
cue Juan?) and a tired revolu-
tionary, he would have directed
a fir movie - a French version
of "The Spy Who Came In .From
The Cold." His instinctive genius
led him to something more.
In Diego's meeting with his fel-
low Marxists, for example, Resnais
subtly hints at the habitual na-
ture of these meetings and, by
implication, Diego's way of life,
by detaching the dialogue-which
is blandly recited by off-screen
voices - from the four men. The
droning, repetitive tone suggests
Diego's feelings that he has heard
it all many times before.

the vigorous passion of youth
with the more refined passion of
middle-age. Resnais' filming of
Diego's love scene with the young
revolutionary, Nana, in its sim-
plicity and stylized eroticism sug-
gests an immediate and exciting
passion. Diego's love-making with
Mary Ann, a woman his own age,
is as beautifully filmed,, but is
much more complex. Mr. Okrent's
description of it as a ballet is
perceptive, for its beauty results
from the perfect coordination and
cooperation in movement of two
lovers who have been together for
many years. Their passion is
deeper than youth's, but less
Diego's meeting with the young
revolutionaries is the crux of the
film, for it is at this point that
Diego realizes that for him the
war is over. Although they too
mouth, a line of cant, the young
French are better revolutionaries.
They immediately sense the true
connection between Diego's de-
tainment at the French border
and the police tail on Nana-a
connection which Diego has over-
looked. They attack the methods

of the older revolutionary and
Diego finds himself defending his
way of life with the same we-have-
died and time-will-tell clinches
which disgust him, coming from
his friends.
DIEGO'S TALK with the young
revolutionaries makes plain, to us
and to himself, his dilemma: he is
too old to become a revolutionary
of their sort and yet he no longer
believes in the methods of his
own people. Youth will take over
the movement, but what will be-
come of the revolutionary who
realizes this must happen and yet
cannot adapt? Resnais does not
answer the question directly: he
leaves us with Diego driving to-
ward Spain and sure arrest, and
Mary Ann flying to Madrid in an
attempt to rescue him. But it is
significant that if Diego is saved
it will, be because of Nana, the
young revolutionary, who un-
covers the plot to capture him
and warns his friends. Nana,
youth, may save Diego at the end
of the film as she did, by pre-
tending over the telephone to be
his wife, Nadine, at its beginning.
-William E. Sobesky, '68


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The Businessman's Lament: 'Where Did I

Second of Two-Parts
THE ATTITUDE of businessmen
toward the college graduate
Is almost parental. After they hurl'
the usual invectives about the
decadent ways of those "long
haired, unwashed kids," they
break down and ask, "where did
we go wrong?"
Unfortunately business can't
force students -to seek the cozy
security of corporate employment
that was once the natural berth
for any college grad. Certainly
many students are still becoming
"organization men," but business-
men are bewildered by the growing
number of students who are totally
rejecting what they call "the pro-
fit motive."
"Perhaps its my youthful ideal-
ism," Thomas Smithson, '68L,
says, "but I want more direct
results for my efforts. I'm sure
there are businessmen with in-
tegrity who want to improve social
"But in my mind, the issues

is. But his attitude is strong; his
conviction unrelenting. For him,
business just "isn't where the ac-
tion is."
Vice President for Student Af-
fairs Richard L. Cutler tried to
explain student attitudes in
Forbes magazine last year:
"The kids today bring with them-
a doubt that the system, not hav-
ing solved these problems in 20
years, may indeed not be able .. .
"And because the system is so
much identified with the busi-
ness community, the doubts
they have about the liability of
th system are reflected in cer-
tain of their attitudes toward
business . . .
"Industry has failed, I think,
to make obvious the relevance
of what it is doing} in terms of
the young people's interest."
OCCASIONALLY, even a re-
cruiter suggests that business it-
self is responsible for alienating
college job hunters. An aero-space
recruiter complained that business

And many recruiters realize stu-
dents are crushed by internship in
business training programs which
may last from six months up to
three years.
WITH STUDENTS, educators,
government and even their own
recruiters pointing fingers at the
apathy of the corporate con-
science during a period when so-
cial problems are exploding and
business is booming, businessmen

especially for the first five years
of employment. Recruiting dollars
are virtually wasted on graduates
who intend to spend only a year
or two with the company that
first woos them.
But business bears a heavier
grudge against government and,
educators. At a College Research
Center symposium held in 1966,
recruiters aired their grievances.
A railroad recruiter scolded
professors who give students the

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that doesn't do any good, and
they're making a lot of money
on it.'
"Does the government hurt
our image, anybody's image? Do
they subconsciously or perhaps
consciously knock so many in-
dustries and companies?" he ask-
Even the more "benign" govern-
ment agencies are picking prime
business candidates out of gradu-
ating classes. Of the 19,792 people
recruiters sought at the Univer-
sity last year, the Peace Corps
wanted 10,000. And the newly
created department of Housing
and Urban Development has grab-
bed a great many socially-con-
scious recruits, especially among
University graduates.
However, M. B. Shea, recruiter
for Royal Globe Insurance Com-
pany, insists government is "just
another competitor." In fact, since
since government salaries seldom
equal business offers, Shea feel
students maintain an interest in
business because of the "profit

We Go
IN THE FACE of adversity, bus-
iness is responding with the old
college try. If they went wrong in
offering students security, salary
and six week paid vacations, bus-
iness is now promising challenge,
:pportunity and progress for peace.
Personnel and public relations de-
partments have joined forces pro-
ducing prescriptions to heal the
sick image of business on campus.
Says the business journal Manage-
ment Review:
"Like a well-packaged super
market product the job descript-
ion must catch the eye for a fast
moving shopper in an extremely
competitive environment. A stu-
dent may be bombarded with
400 or more job descriptions in
a recruiting season from which
he may pick 35 for further in-
vestigation. A drab uninforma-
tive job description has little
chance of getting on the list."
The result of business' efforts
has been a series of flashy some-
times gaudy pamphlets designed
to attract the eye and whet the
appetite of the job hungry. Alcoa
hn- _ h v: c1n.__ L n-,_l a n o--

charge the "hard sell" approach
is misleading graduates down the
corporate path. New recruits dis-
cover business is not all the ads
crack it up to be then often be-
come disillusioned with the way
i of the boss.,
"We have created our own mon-
ster in this respect," laments Ro-
bert Chope, industrial relations
head of Federal-Mogul Corpor-
ation. Unfortunately, he contin-
ues, bzusiness has a tendency to
"glamorize its prospects" and now
"everybody's got the hard self
going on."
In their impressive, expansive
folder, Federal-Mogue employed
the slogan "Go where you can
grow," until the corporation cea-
sed to grow two years ago.
"We try to be honest," Chope
But apparently honesty is not
enough to attract grads into busi-
ness. And if businessmen really
wonder "where they went wrong,"
with college students it should
look within its own ranks.
It is not the college student, but
vamlar+hanrn.rhal mo Ar a


It is not the college
proverbial "man in the
executives should worry

student but rather the
gray flannel suit" that
about. Some statements

by recruiters are more frightening than alluring.
"I can't even make sense to my wife and chil-
dren what I do all day," says one. "So how can
I explain it to college students?"

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