SUNDAY, FEBRUARY 18, 1968
THE MICHIGAN DAILY
SUNDAY, FEBRUARY 18, 1968 THE MICHIGAN DAILY PAGE THREE
TALLAHASSEE, Fla. (P) - leaders are prepared to go to jail,
Florida plunged headlong yester- if necessary. Asked if most teach-
day toward the greatest educa- ers felt that way, Constans said
tion showdown in its history-a this would be an "individual de-
paralyzing exodus by 30,000 to cision."
40,000 teachers whose leaders were ; He said teachers "will stay re-
ready to "go to jail if necessary" signed until the people of this
to get more money for the schools. state decide whether they want an
Gov. Claude Kirk, who inter- adequate system of education for
rupted a political speaking tour their children or no education at
in the west to fly back to Florida, all.",
appealed in an "open letter" to The resignations, collected ear-
the teachers not to strike and tier and held by FEA officials, were
"desert your children." put into effect after the legisla-
"We're prepared to stay out ture adjourned with passage of a
now to forever if need be," was compromise $254.5 million educa-
the reply of Phil Constans, execu- tion spending package.
tive secretary of the Florida Edu- Limited Education Funds
cation Association. The FEA, claiming membership
35,000 Resignations of virtually all of Florida's 60,000
Constans announced that 35,- teachers, rejected the package
000 teach resignations; handed in even though its provisions include
as the legislature struggled over $58.5 million for teacher salary
a funding bill for education, had increases. The FEA" contends the
been "activated" as of 5 p.m. package has built in provisions
Friday, when the legislature ad- for millage rollback and property
journed. Teachers rejected the tax relief that actually would
STEPPED UP HARASSMENT:
U.S., South Korea Anticipate
Selective Communist Terrorism
By WILLIAM L. RYAN
SEOUL (P) - Both Americans
and South Koreans expect North
Korea to step up harassment of
the South before long. The big
American concern is that angry
retaliation by South Korea might
threaten large scale hostilities.
The season changes soon in
Korea. Spring is coming and con=
ditions are better suited in warm-
er weather to the guerrilla opera-
tions of commando infiltrators
a prospective war. At the North
Korean disposal is a huge army
of trained and armed militia
which can become the frontline
North Korea is believed to have
moved underground much of its
industrial complex, much of its
defenses, aircraft hangars, artil-
lery emplacements and the like.
What is expected is a Com-
munist attempt to mount what are
1 called "piston operations," swift
bill it left on Kirk's desk.
After a meeting with FEA lead-
ers, Kirk prepared to return later
in the day to California, where he
"rmpaigning against the presi-
ial bid of Alabama's George
First, however, he signed a bill
which would allow county school
boards to hire noncertified teach-
ers to staff the classrooms.
Teachers in the 67 counties
planned to go to mass meetings
tomorrow morning instead of
Constans said he and other FEA
WASHINGTON (P)-Atty. Gen.
Ramsey Clark, the man President
Johnson has chosen to direct the
federal effort against crime, warns
the growing number of acts of
civil disobedience are irresponsible,
intolerable "and cannot be per-
Clark made the remarks during
an interview centering on ques-
tions concerning Dr. Martin
* Luther King's plan to bring thou-
sands of impoverished Negroes to
Washington in April to demon-
strate for jobs.
King has promised nonviolent,
peaceful law abiding demonstra-
tions. But he has said they will
"escalate to disruptive proportions
y if Congress doesn't help the
In the interview, Clark said
"it's clear that any disruption of
the activities of this city or any
part of this city, or any office of
this government, or any of its
branches is intolerable and cannot
Clark's views on what the law
can do-and what it cannot-have
brought criticism in some in-
stances for failure to act.
The most controversial has been
his refusal thus far to prosecute
Stkely Carmichael, originator of
the Black Power slogan, who re-
cently returned from a trip which
included Communist nations where
he made speeches strongly critical
of the United States.
Clark would not discuss the
Carmichael matter, but it was
* learned that he touched on it in
a recent speech to mayors and po-
lice chiefs at a private session. He
said such a prosecution would
havebeen "the best politics in the
world" but asserted the govern-
ment did not have sufficient evi-
dne Last Shred
It is Clark's belief that "when
you start messing around with the
criminal law, you lose the last
shred of justice in government."
Johnson for months has pushed
Clark further into tougher, more
sensitive areas. Last October it
was Clark who organized federal
forces at the Pentagon during a
massive antiwar demonstration in
which about 35,000 persons took
Clark emphasizedthe need for
drug control because "the major
activity in drugs centers around
youth attitudes and permissive-
ness. Kids don't distinguish, and
if they're looking for kicks, maybe
they 11 try marijuana, maybe LSD,
maybe something else."
mean only $116 million in new
funds go into education.
The Republican governor indi-
cated he will veto the education
package because it does not in-
clude provision for a referendum.
But he said there were no plans
to call the legislature back into
session at this time.
Kirk, at a news conference, said
this is not the time for "inflam-
matory statements." He then
accused the FEA, Democrats and
State School Supt. Floyd Chris-
tian of creating the problem.
In the quick paced day there
were these other developments:
--Kirk accused the "downtown"
Democrats of Duval, Jacksonville,
Dade, and Miami counties with
scuttling the recent special ses-
sion, claiming "their obvious greed
for local property tax relief in
their downtown areas" wrecked
the hopes for a satisfactory edu-
-The governor met with Con-
stans for nearly an hour, and
later talked with key members of
the Governor's Commission for
Quality Education, a 30 member
group that conducted a .study of
Florida education and recom-
mended various structural changes
in the system.
WOUNDED MARINES wait for ambulances on a street corner in Hu
Vietnamese imperial city continues.
Johnson Ansters W
Wi0th 'Patriootioc' Rule
from the North.
The Communists have at their
disposal anywhere from 3,000 to ongress T
10,000 trained guerrilla com-
mandos. They have anywhere
from 20 to 40 swift, Soviet built,
diesel powered boats which can PuebloIn
carry large teams southward for
Probe Weak Spots WASHINGTON *(P) -Congress,
The expectation among the after restraining its tendency for
Americans is that the North Ko- instant investigations, starts tak-
reans will be probing soon for ing a hard look Tuesday at the
weak spots. One of the main aims North Korean seizure of the USS
experts say, is to undermine con- Pueblo and its crew
fidence in the South in its gov- A scheduled appearance of CIA
-Associated Press ernment, and to strike at the bur- representatives at a closed ses-
Qe as the battle for the ancient geoning economy here by fright- sion of the Senate Appropriations
ening away foreign investors. defense subcommittee is expected
The strategy is to push ahead to spawn a torrent of questions
" s until stopped. about operations of the naval in-
a The Americans and Koreans ad- telligence gathering ship seized
mit that the Communists reaped Jan. 23.
dividends from their January Under inquiry also will be re-
ship seizure and assassination at- ports that the ship maintained
D eba te tempt. They have implanted a radio silence only 41/ days instead
U2certain amount of apprehension in of the 10 days-later amended to
South Korea and have brought 8 by the Pentagon-in which Sec-
a figure which he had obviously about strains in relations between retary of Defense Robert S. Mc-
hoped would hold through this Seoul and Washington. Namaraand Secretary of State
year. He told his news conference There is little talk here now of Dean Rusk said its course could
Friday he thinks about this prob- ending the arrangement whereby not bemmcdcause the wa
lem every day: the United States, in the persona no communication with it
of the U.N. forces commander in Involved in this issue is the
Administration officials un- chief Gen. Charles H. Bonesteel question of whether the vessel
doubtedly have become more sen- ' operational control of ever intruded within the 12 mile
sitive to criticism than they were South Korea's 560,000 man army, coastal limit in which North Ko-
when they were confident the war To do so would be to play into rea claims jurisdiction over terri-
was going well even though slowly. Communist hands. torial waters.
A week ago White House press Nevertheless, there still is a Unanswered Questions
secretary George Christian was i concern among Americans that This was oge of the questions
asked about reports that t he the South Koreans will over react T asked in a Senate Foreign Rela-
United States was considering use one day to a North Korean thrust. tions Committee letter to Rusk
of tactical atomic weapons in Viet- American policy is explained here which has gone unanswered since
nam. Christian said Johnson had as one of keeping the peace in Feb. 2.
not even considered such a decision Northeast Asia. There are many Chairman J. W. Fulbright (D-
and added "Irresponsible discus- latent dangers in this situation, Ark.) has been told informally
sion and speculation are a dis- including the danger of widened th
serves to the country." war in Asia and even of world athc e i tgoing
stabs and withdrawals, aimed at
undermining political and eco-
nomic stability in the South, along
with continued brushfire harass-
ment in the demilitarized zone,
including constant threats to the
2ntl U.S. Infantry Division and
other forces stationed there.
The Communists are not likely
to go in for random terrorism
in the South, but a certain amount
of selective terrorism, especially in
the cities, is expected.
to be given, even in confidence,
replies to some questions involving
military security matters.
These include demands for a
"full' description of all intelligence
equipment" aboard the Pueblo as
well as a complete rundown on
the plans under which it operated.
There is a growing feeling that
the North Koreans will hold the
Pueblo's crew until they have
milked every possible drop of
propaganda from the incident.
Administration officials have
denounced the "confessions" as
false. But as ,long. as the men are
held in captivity there are no
means of proving this.
Despite these difficulties, Sen-
ate Democratic Leader Mike
Mansfield of Montana said in an
interview he remains hopeful the
men will be released in a reason-
He said he was "a little bit en-
couraged" by the North Korean
action in releasing the names of
one Pueblo crewmen who was
killed and three who were
Mansfield said he feels Congress
has been restrained in its usual
eagerness to investigate because it
does not wish to hamper negotia-
tions and because of a realization
that military authorities lack vital
information that can come only
from the crew
By JOHN M. HIGHTOWER
WASHINGTON M/P-the John-
son administration gives increas-
ing evidence of wanting to limit
debate over the war in Vietnam,
without any clear notion of how
to do it. The result so far has
been to sharpen and inflame dis-
Statements made by administra-
tion officals within recent days
suggest they may try to apply a
rule of patriotism to the debate.j
Their critics are certain to rejectI
this as an effort by the admin-
istration to equate patriotism with
its own position and policy. They
already are in basic disagreement
on which course best serves the
An angry new flareup in the national interest.
feud between Secretary of State Johnson took a somewhat dif-
Dean Rusk and Chairman J. W. ferent approach to the issue at a
Fulbright (D-Ark), of the Senate frent newsocoehe syint he
Foreign Relations Committee is recent news conference saying he
Foreig RhelatisCeomtte is would not consciously involve the
but the latest development in the wri h oiia apin W
controversy which threatens to war in the political campaign. We
spreads n m gshouldn't play politics with theI
velo and the fighting in Vietnam cgwar and try to associate it withI
vop name calling," he said.
continues without prospect of
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
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(Continued from Page 2)
Rialto, Calif. - Elem. - K-6, Sp. Ed.,
HS. - Eng., Math, Sot., Graph. Arts,
J.H. Math, Set., I.A., G.P.E., Vocal,
Art, SS./Eng., M.R., Ed. Hcp, Couns.,
Lib., Ger., Fr., Psychologist.
Denver, Colo. (P.S.) All fields.
Downers Grove, Ill. Elem. K-6,
P.E., sp. Corr., Vocal, Art, Lib., J.H.-
I.A., Sot.. Eng/S.S., Couns. H.S. - Bus.,
Math, Phys. Set., Pthys., Eng., Ger.,
Biol., G.P.E., S.S., Couns., H.E., I.A.
Hoffman Estates, 11l. - Elem. - K-6,
Voc., Art, GPE, Soc. W., EMH, Soc.
Maladj., Coord. Lib., J.H. - Math, Eng.,
Fr., Gen. Set., B.P.E.
Arlington, Va. -Elem., Sec. - Art,
Bus., Dist. Ed., Eng., Fr., Span., Sp.
Ther., Guid., P.E., I.A., Lib., Math,
Read/Eng., Georg., Govt., Gen. Set.,
Chem., Biol., Phys., Sp. Ed., Hist.
Thursday, Feb. 29
Denver, Colo. (P.S.) All fields.
Titusville, Fla. (Brevard Country) -
- All fields.
Stockton, Calif. -- Elem., J.H. -
B.P.E., Math, I.A., H.S. - G.P.E., Math,
I.A., Sp. Ed for M.R., and Deaf.
Maracaibo, Venezuela (Escuella Bel-
a Vista). - Elem. 1,2,4,5, J.H. - Eng.,
To make appointments contact Mrs.
Shear 3200 S.A.B. 764-7459.
Make interview appointments at
Room 128 H, West Engrg. Bldg. unless
Bethlehem Steel Corp.
California State. Gov't - State
Dames & Moore
Detroit Edison Co. - Summer
LaSalle Steel Co.
W. M. Lyles Co.
Mack Trucks, Inc.
Ohio Lime Co.
Union Carbide Corp.-Linde Div.
These demonstrations of con-L
cern about the controversy over Latest Episode
Vietnam appear to be particularly The disagreement between Rusk
significant because the adminis- Fulbright over the war grew bitter
tration has had some of its basic more than two years ago and Rusk
ideas on the course of the conflict in the past year has refused to
badly shaken by the force and appear before the ForeignRela-
destructiveness of the January tions Committee in public session.
Communist offensive, renewed this But the latest episode reached a
weekend. new peak of hostility.
The concept of steady progress Fulbright's inquiry drew from
has now been upset by the Coin- Rusk a two paragraph letter in
munist achievement. The future which he simply quoted Chris-
course of the war is bound to have tian's statement, which Fulbright
a profound effect on the way the obviously knew about already.
debate goes. The more difficult The senator struck back by re-
the administration's policy posi- jecting the charge of "disserve to
tion, the more likely its leaders the country" and said it would be
are to try to curtail discussion. a disaster if UJ.S. leaders let Amer-
Should events take a turn toward ican troops get into positions in
a U.S. South Vietnamese victory Vietnam where they had to be pro-
the administration's critics would tected by nuclear weapons.
find their case increasingly diffi- Meanwhile Sen. Robert F. Ken-
cult to support. nedy (D-NY), said in a speech
A' critical question, with wide that "a military victory is not in
implications for domestic attitudes sight and . . . it probably will
toward Vietnam, is whether John- never come." Kennedy said claims
son will now raise the U.S. troop of progress in the war were "il-
level of 525,000 men in Vietnam- , lusory."
The South Koreans, called 99.9
per cent anti-Communist, are a
sturdy and courageous people who
believe in the doctrine of an eye
for an eye. They are impatient}
with letting the enemy constantly
bringrthe conflict to their soil.
North Korean armed forces, on
paper, might look weaker than the
South, but It is likely that they
are at least as strong, if not
stronger. What is on paper is
what is called the "cadre" armed
forces, those who will command
We can't all be a
big man but there are
plenty of little ones around.
On sale Wed., Feb. 21
MONDAY and TUESDAY ONLY!'
THE UNIVERSITY Of MICHIGAN
PROFESSIONAL THEATRE PROGRAM
Friday, Mar. 1 Naval Ordinance Lab.
Cypress, Calif. - Elem. - K-6, M.R, San Francisco Bay Naval Shipyard
Sp. Ther., Reading, Em. Dist. Veterans Administration Hospital
President andMrs. Fleming
cordially invite you to
an Open House
on Feb. 20, 1968
from four until six o'clock
8 15 South University Avenue
SATIRICAL FOLK SONGS
sung by ROBERT GRAPPEL
SUNDAY at 5:30 P.M.
to be held in
1429 HILL STREET.
$1.00 members, $1.50 others
IN Wi NTER
Opportunity to Contribute,.
928 East Ann St.
Ann Arbor, Mch.
&Ai!TAM tV'AT79:1 AC