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ESTABLISHED
1922

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A~'ummirr

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ASSOCIATED
PRESS
IJAY AND NIGHT WIRE
SERTICE

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VOL. XVII. No. 34

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN THU'iRSDAY, JULY 29. 1926

r

PRICE FIVE CENTS

BUNTING EXPLAINS
TOOTH DECAY AND
THEORY OF CAUSE

Will Present Last Production TITTISmith Implicated
Of Players'_Tonight, Saturday In Slush Charges
As the two final performances in the he created two summers ago unde l FNDS ADO1TINI
season of summer plays, the Players the personal direction of the author;
are presenting Colin Campbell Clem- Amy Loomis, as Andreia; Eric Klewer fil>:ll OlFI
as Peter Kazan; and Camille MaslineiLi
P.~tL HULIII4IL }IdU " LNf- as laa Daigh. The entire prod.ct.on

DENTAL PROFESSOR TELLS
DISCOVERY OF BACILLUS
ACIDOTIS

OF

TO SPEAK TODAY
Lecturer Brands "Four Out of Five"
Pyorrhea Percentage Figure
As False
Prof. Russell W. Bunting of the
College of Dental Surgery stated that
the first clue toward determining the
cause of tooth decay had been found in
the discovery of the bacillus acidotis,
which was present in every tooth de-
cay case which he has investigated.
He lectured in the Dental auditorium
at 4:00 o'clock yesterday.
The two most common diseases of
the teeth are decay and pyorrhea. The
decay of a tooth starts on the crown
and then goes down into the roots, ac-
cording to Professor Bunting. Fer-
mentation of carbohydrates produces
lactic acid which etches into and then
disintegrates the teeth. The reasons
for the difference in the way this goes
on in different person's mouths are
not apparent, Dr. Bunting said, but it
is true in all cases that the place
which decays is protected from dis-
turbance by being out of the way in
some crevice. The lactic acid is al-
lowed to do its work under a gelatin-
ous film which cannot be seen unless
stained with some drug.
The two things that are required
for decay are sufficient acid and pro-
tection for the peaceful decaying. The
mouths of persons past twenty are
not so liable to be affected as those
below that age. This is another in-
explicable thing, declared Professor
Bunting. In 98 per cent of the pa-
tients studied it was found that the
bacillus acidotis was present in
mouths where there was decay. Also,
the bacillus was found only in regions
where the decay was going on.
z The dental professor believes that
decay is the most prevalent of all dis-
eases there being some schools where
100 per cent of the students have de-
cay to some extent. As yet there has
been no definite cure found for it, but
;it has been discovered that diet has
some control over its prevalence. It
has been found that if carbohydrates
are not eaten to any gre~at extent the
teeth will not decay.
Professor Bunting stated that the
proportion "four out of five having
pyorrhea" was too large, because all
cases that were called pyorrhea are
not that. The term means pus flowing
from gums.
Pyorrhea may be prevented by
simply taking care of the teeth and
being sure that there is no strain on
them. Professor Bunting showed
many slides where the pyorrhea had
been stopped by a thorough cleaning,
even where the person had an heredi-
tary tendency. In many cases where
the individual does not take care of
his teeth there may be no pyorrhea
developed, because there is no ten-
dency toward it. In these cases the
system is too strong to be disturbed
by the local infections.
Professor Bunting's lecture today
will be given at 4:00 o'clock in the
Dental Auditorium, and he will dis-
cuss the care of the teeth.
No Dance Tonightr
Under a new policy, there will be no
dances at Sylvan Garden Pavilion,
Sand Lake, on Thursday nights, as
stated in an advertisement in yester-
day's Daily.

efiS n naauctorgn anz ,atu 'as Baba Dagh. The entire production
day evenings in Sarah Caswell Angell has been staged by Mr. Stephenson.
hall at 8:30 o'clock. The advance Colin Clements, the author of "'The
sales for "The Doctor In Spite of Him- Haidue", has spent many years in the
self" and the present production have Balkans and the Near East where his
been the largest of the entire summer, play is laid, and thus he is able to
Despite rumors to the contrary, an transcribe much of the authentic
additional week of repertory will not .color of the Carpathian mountains
be presented due to the engagement on Mr. Clements was for several ears
Wednesday and Thursday, August 4 stage manager and actor with Stuart
and 5, to present W. S. Gilbert's Walker's Portmnanteau Theatre, and
"Sweethearts" and Moliere's "The during the pas year ho has been di.
DJUCLUX TT, Qnifn of riimu fe i 1 .- 5 ..t+.e

$10,000 GIVEN TO HEiPUBLICAN
FACTION BY UTILITIES
MA G NATE
SESSION IS LONG
Test-imon At Political Campaign
lintestignttion Shows at Total
E penditure Near Million

loctor in spite or Himseilf in the j
Castlepark Amphitheatre just outsidey
of Holland, Michigan. Further per-
formances were also inadvisable due
to any possible conflict with the work
of Professor Hunter's Play Production'
classes.

"The Haidue" in its present per-
formance utilizes fourteen member- of
,Paul Stephenson's class at the Mich-
gan State Normal college in Ypsi-
lanti for the supplementary parts.
Leading roles are taken by Robert
Henderson as Busuoic, a part which'

i
7
1

510590W TO SPEAK
TODAY ONHiSTORY
Four Lectures and Two Play Programs
Remain On Schedule Of
Week's Events
SEVERAL NEXT WEEK
Four lectures and two dramatic pro-
ductions remain on the week's enter-
kainment program today and tomor-
row.
At 3:30 o'clock today in Barbour
gymnasium the Women's league will
be at home to nurses, students in pub-
lic health nursing, and the women1
students of the Medical school.
Prof. Russell W. Bunting of the Col-
lege of Dental Surgery will continue
his lectures on the care of the teeth
at 4 o'clock in the auditorium of the
Dental building. At 5 o'clock in Nat-
ural Science auditorium Prof. Preston
W. Slosson of the history department
will speak on "The Historical Back-
ground of Eastern Europe."
At 8:30 o'clock in Sarah Caswell
Angell hall the second performance of
Colin Campbell Clements' "The
Haiduc" will be presented.
The last of Professor Bunting's
series of lectures will be given to-
morrow at 4 o'clock in the auditorium
pf the Dental building. Professor
Charles P. Wagner of the Romance
language department will lecture at 5
p'clock tomorrow in Natural Science
auditorium on "Picturesque Spain."
Three one-act plays will be present-
ed by Prof. R. C. Hunter's classes in
play-production at 8:30 o'clock tomor-
row night in University hall auditor-
ium. Admission will be charged.
The first lecture of next week will
be given by Prof. Jonathan A. C.
Hildner of the German department
who will speak at 5 o'clock Monday in
Natural Science auditorium on "Ger-
many under the Professor's Lamp."
Lectures by Prof. John B. Waite of the
Law school, Prof. Preston E. James of
the geography department and Lionel
Crocker of the public speaking depart-
ment are also scheduled for next week.
FERGUSONCHARGESU AN
BEHIND WIFES DEFEAT
(By Associated Press)
AUSTIN, Texas, July 28.-James E.

rector of the Lobero Theatre at Sanmii (y Associated Pressi
Barbara, California. At present, he is 1CHICAGO. July 28. --Another con-
staying in Hollywood. tr ib)tion by Samuel Insull, Chicago
The name "The 1lai due' I pru - ' tics ma gnate, to the campaign
nounced "High DIu ke'), is the title of funds raised in the April Illinois prim-
a t raditional lege idary figure of lou ary, was disclosed today before the
manian peasanf-lore. He is a gay, Scnat campaign fnds committee
reckless boy, who despite his apparent lhre.
fascination and high-spirits is pursued It was $10,000 paid to the powerful
by a relentless, melancholy fate. The Crowe-Barrett Itepublican faction of
leading figure in Iir. Clements' play Cook county, which generally support-
exemplifies such a person, and his fin- ed Frank L. Smith, chairman of the
al destiny leads him through purga- lllinois commerce commission, in his
tory and life-after-death. siccessful efforts to wrest the Repub-
lican senatorial nomination from Sen-
ator Williamr D. McKinley.
IRAATO 1ato1s increased the known outlay by
Insill during the primary campaign to
$193,735.19, of which $125,000 was a
R N O U gift to the Smith organization, $15,000
Eto George E. Brennan, who won the
laemocratic Senate nomination, and
Three One-eAt Paiys Will Re Given $10,00o to the D)eneen group In Cook
In University Hall Atiditorimm unty. This with other but smaller
Tomorrow inexpenditures testified during the day,
raised the known total in the Illinois
ADMISSION CHA RGED 1primary to $965,835.47. This total is
divided as follows: Senator William
). McKinley,.$362,616.72, Frank L.
Two programs of plays will le pre- Smith, $253,547.51, George E. Brennan,
sented at S:10 o'clock tomorrow night $2,41.42,. Deneen organization, $129,-
and Friday, August 6 in University 51 ., ('rowe-Barret group, $175,000,
Ifall auditorium by the classes in play- Insull direct for anti-would court
production under the direction of propaganda, $33,735.19.
Prof. R. '. CHunter of Ohio State uti- In session today for almost five
versity and Lionel Crocker of the pub- hrs, the committee continued per-
lie speaking department. sinst ntly to dig into contributions and
The program tomorrow night will expenditures, turning up an additional
consist of three one-act plays, "The $l77,000.
Now Poor", by Gertrude Jennings: An otherwise dry recital of figures
"Will o' the Wisp", by Doris FIalhnan; w.as emnlivened by the appearance of
and Roland Pertwee's "vening Dress aEdwari it. Wright, a negro member of
Ondispensable" Athe Illinois commerce commission and
On Friday, August f. the play-pro boss of Chicago's second ward. He
duction class will present (ieorg" iwicre declined to tell how much money
Kelly's satirical comedy, "The Show- was collected by his ward organiza-
Off", which Heywoodl Broui. dra matie tion
critic of The New York World declai- I "W' ll see whether you'll answer
ed was "the best comedy yet written or not after a while," Senator Reed,
by an American." "The Show-Oft"' Democrat MNissouri, said when Wright
was one of the leading contenders for made his second declination.
the Pulitzer Prize in the drama two With his voice pitched low, and
years ago. with a pause between almost each
An admission of > cents for re- word, the usually fiery Missourian be-
served and 50 cents for unresrrved gan to ply Wright with-questions. The
seats will be charged. Tickets are on upshot was that the ward leader tes-
sale at Wahr's and Slater's book tiled to spending $2,900 for workers at
stores. time polls on primary day and $600 for
The casts of these plays will be u-I a canvass of the ward to increase reg-
nounced in the Music and Drama col- istration.
uinn of tomorrow's Daily. Expenditures of $175,000 by the
Crow-Barrett group in the primary
Busine'ss Activity wcere testitied to by Charles E. Bar-
rett, treasurer of that organization.
High For Sun'nner The leader of it supported Colonel
Smith.
Mid-suuner business activity is at ' lii Drough the total of the ds-
I closed expenditures in the primary
an unusually high level, and business close to the one million mark. This
sentiment is growing more coniden L
Steel is exceptionally strong, most of includes oney spent i the senatorial
the buying coming from the autono- primary and for the rival ticket in
bile and building industries ('ook{ county.
Outside of the United States, busi-
LU L(t TO SPEAK AT
ness conditions are unsatisfactory. [
Great Britain is suffering a depressionI
lue to the coal strike, and depreciated C
currency calls for drastic action in
France, Belgium, and Italy. Agricul- gE

Frank L. Smith
VOTE MIUST WAIT
Premier Poincare Says Ratification
Will Be Postponed Until October f
Convention
URGES FINANCIAL BILL
(By Associated Press)
PARIS, France, July 28.-Ratifica-
tion of the Washington and London
debt agreement must wait until the
chamber of deputies convenes in
October. This Premier Poincare
made clear to the finance committee
of the chamber when he appeared be-
fore that body to urge the pasabe of
the financial bill.
He reiterated the statements con-
tained in the ministerial declaration of
Fance's most earnest desire to settle
its inter-allied debts, "within th'e
imeasure of its capacity for payment."
The financial bill was approved in
principle today by the finance com-
nrittee 20 to 12 with six abstentions.
The separate articles, however, met
with sterner opposition, one of them,
number four, dealing with the tax on1

*BULK OF INCOME
TAX NOT PAID BY
COMMON PEOPLE
PROF. W. A. PATON CALLS THIS
TAX GREATEST SOURCE
OF REVENUE
EXPLAINS SYSTEM
k5 Billion, As Much as War Debt, Is
Collected By This Means In
Last Ten Years
Speaking on the subject of "Who
Paysthe Income Tax-" Prof. William
A. Paton of the economics departmen
declared that the burden of the tax
does not fall unduly upon the comnmou
people, as is the general impression, in
his lecture at 5:00 o'clock yesterday
,afternoon in the Natural Science audi-
torium.
Professor Paton pointed out first the
Immense revenue which the govern-
ment has derived from the income tax
in the last ten years, which amounts
to about 25 billion dollars or almost
as much as the war debt of the United
States. This tax is the chief source of
revenue of the Federal government
and at its peak in 1918 produced about
four billion dollars a year. The in-
come from this source now is about
two billions.
This sum amounts to the total esti-
mated income of the whole United
States only 20 years ago, and under
the present system, which was in-
augerated in 1925, the tax is grad-
uated at one and one half, three and
five percent according to the size of
the income.
The main difficulties of this type of
tax are that it is difficult to measure
the income of men and it is also diffi-
cult to discriminate between the var-
ious types of income. The common
impression is that it falls with undue
severity upon the person of small
means, but this contention is not,
,borne out by the facts of the case. It
is often said that the rich avoid pay-
ment of the tax by investing in tax
exempt securities, but the evidence
sloes not show this to be the case.
Of the income tax one of the chief
features is the tax on corporate in-
comes, which was started in 1909, al-
though the government was not spec-
ifically given the power to tax in-
comes until the amendment to the con-

'railroad passenger and freight rates
being defeated.

5titut.imi whir!h

wa d]A ztl in 1g1.1

Women's League
At Home Today
All women students enrolled in
medicine, nursing, and public health
are cordially invited by the Women's
league to a tea this afternoon from
3:330 to 55:00 o'clock in Barbour
gymnasium. The wives of the facultyI
members, heads of the nurses' dormi-
tories, assisted by residents of Helen
Newberry, and the Kappa Kappa
Gamma sorority will act as hostesses.
Fires Spreading '
(By Associated Press)
MISSOULI, Montana, July 28. -Fire
scattered throughout the Kaniksu
forest of northern Idaho and eastern
Washington have covered 65,000 acres,
reports to headquarters of the Mon-
tana, Idaho, Washington district in-
dicated today. The largest of these,
the Sullivan lake fire, is said to be
spreading rapidly. A large horde of'
fighters today centered their attention
on the Quartz creek fires in an at-
tempt to check its spread into a spec-I
ially valuable timber area.

--- UL -- w~iu as passeu im11,.
The tax of 1909 passed under another
name, however, and a levy of one per-
cent was made on corporate incomes.
This levy has increased so that at the
present time it amounts to13 1-2 per
cent, an increase of 13 1-2 times the
amount in the short space of 17 years.
This fact shows that the principal
burden of the taxing system falls
upon the corporate incomes.
In addition to the corporate profits
tax there was an excess profits tax
which amounted to about 80 percent
of the excess profits of industries and
sometimes as high as 90 percent be-
tween the years of 1917 and 1922. The
measure was repealed in 1922, al-
)though there were not many corpora-
tions affected by this tax even when it
was operating most severely, because
not many of the corporations of thi;
country were making excess profits in
these years.
In 1918 there were 317,000 com-
panies reporting to the Federal tax
bureau, and of these 115,000 made no
profit whatsoever. They were either
the failures or industries which suf-
fered from the times. Only a very
small percentage of those that did re-
port profits made excess profits and
consequently not very many were af-
fected when the excess profits tax was
removed in 1922. The companies that
( advocated its repeal were cutting off
I the limb they were sitting on, accord-
ing to Professor Paton, because the
additional money had to be raised by
additional taxation from them.
In a certain sense the taxation of
corporate incomes is a double tax,
because the same profits are again
taxable as gross incomes to the stock-
holders when the dividends are paid.

tural conditions in Denmark are poor,
and business is stagnent in Norway.
Germany and Spain are improving.
;Business is slack in Argentina and
jrazil.

predicts unsettled weather today with

Ferguson, in a statement tomight, TOKIO. ---The Japanese government
charged that the Ku Klux Klan was will take up the emigration questiomn
the "silent force" behind the defeat. of as one of the most important confront-
his wife, Governor Miriam A. Fergu- ing the country in connect ion withi
son, in last Saturday's primary. food and population.
"I hope in due course to be able to
learn the real reasons for the result in COPENI AGEI':N. -live large water-
last Saturday's election," Ferguson falls at Arnarfjord, Iceland, with a
said. "My wife and I are desirous total capacity of 40,000 horsepower,
and hopeful that Attorney-General' are to be utilized for the development
Dan Moody's administration may be of hydro-electric power in the coumntry.
oone of service to the people."
PARIS.-Miss Mary McCormick, the
LANSING.-The state of Michigan Chicago opera singer, has been hon-
is now spending less per patient each ored with the title role in a special
day to care for its insane than it is presentation of Romeo and Juliet at

Dr. Paul Voelker, president of Battle
Creek college, will be the principal
speaker at the joint banquet of the
Mien's Educational and Women's Edu-
cational clubs to be held next Tues-
day night at the Union.
Tickets for the banquet, which' is
open to everyone interested in educa-
tion, are now being offered for sale by
members of the clubs for $1.50.
Tme program of the banquet is as
follows:
Toastmaster. Prof. Clifford Woody;f
co1nmunity singing, led by W. W.
Gumser; selection by the Midnight
Sons quartette; vocal solo, Miss Jean
Vis: "The Well-Dressed Principal",!
W. W. haggard; "Bridge as a Voca-
tional Subject", Miss Edith Hoyle;
violin solo, Miss Ellen Nikander; Ad-
dress, Dr. Paul Voelker; singing of
"America,"

BASEBALL SCORES

I

!

American League
Boston 5, Detroit 4
New York 3, St. Louis 2
Philadelphia 2, Cleveland 5
Philadelphia,0, Cleveland 2
Chicago 5, Washington 2
National League
St. Louis 3, Philadelphia 6
St. Louis 5, Philadelphia 4
Chicago 2, Boston 3
Pittsburgh 6, New York 0
Cincinnati 4, Brooklyn 3

T I

ft

There is no basis for the statement
that the burden of the taxes falls upon
the average person, for less than five
percent of the population pays more
than 95 percent of the income tax,
and there are only two and one quar-
ter percent of the people who earn
more than $5,000 annually,

I

probable showers or thunderstorms. Ifor the inmates of the three prisons. the Paris Opera House.

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