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October 18, 1985 - Image 80

Resource type:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1985-10-18

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

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82 Friday, October 18, 1985

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"the specialist in
party directing"

U.S. Military Build-Up
Getting Jewish Support





Call The Jewish News

• 354-6060


Powerful sections of the
American Jewish community
constitute a new source of sup-
port for the maintenance of the
American military instrument
and their position is in good
part responsible for the silence
of liberals in the escalating de-
bate on re-establishing force to
its previous pre-eminent role in
American foreign policy.
So says Charles William
Maynes, an influential member
of the American foreign policy
establishment and editor of
Foreign Policy, the quarterly
published by the Carnegie
Endowment for International
Peace. Writing in its current is-
sue, Maynes declares that "to-
day, many influential figures
express concern that, for a
variety of reasons, the United
States is no longer willing to
use force to defend its interests.
7There appear to be two major
groups participating in this
movement. One comes from the
.traditional American Right,
which appears to hope that an
America that 'stands tall' can
. restore again in the rest of the
world that sense of deference
that many conservatives believe
the weak by nature owe the
"A new source of support for
maintenance of the military in-
strument, comes from some sup-
porters of Israel, including some
powerful sections of the Ameri-
can Jewish community."
To confirm this contention, he
quotes Hyman Bookbinder, di-
rector of the Washington office
of •the American Jewish Com-
mittee, as declaring that "more
and more Jews have come to
recognize that we cannot show
indifference to the whole ques-
tion of defense of the West if we
expect the defense of Israel to be
supported by the United States.
Traditionally, Jews have be-
lieved in spending more on so-
cial services and less on defense.
But this attitude is changing."
The New Republic, which fol-
lows these questions closely,
Maynes adds, "has described
American -Jews as 'exquisitely
sensitive to the strength of the
West." •
As an instance of the new
position of many Jews on re-
liance on force in foreign policy,
Maynes cites Norman
Podhoretz, editor of Commen-
tary, as deploring the American
failure to follow the "tradition of
manly honor" in securing the re-
lease of the Americans taken'
prisoner in the hijackipg - of
TWA Flight 487 to Beira last
This "new pro-military posi
tion of some - segments of the
' American •Jewish community,
always a critical element in the
liberal coalition," may be one
reason for the • silence of liberals
in, the escalating debate, he
,says. He points out that "liber-
als do not wish to appear too
conciliatory in a world where no
one can contend that all foreign
governments harbor good inten-
tions toward the United States.
When liberals have spoken," he



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You Are Invited To Attend An Evening Of Tribute To


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- . -






Cantor Jacob Sononklar


at Congregation Shoorey Zedek

Rabbi Irwin Oroner, Cantor Chaim Najman, Cantor Sidney Rube, and
members of the Cantors Council of Detroit and others who have been
associated with Cantor SonenIdar• will participate in this special eve-

A coffee hour will follow to enable .relatives and friends
of the Sonenklar family to exchange, greetings.

notes, "it is therefore 'often in a
'me-too' tone."
But the editor of Foreign Pol-
icy concludes that those seeking
the resharpening of the Ameri-
can military instrument as a
tool of foreign policy are not fac-
ing the reality that `-'force as an
instrument of foreign policy is
unlikely to regain in the future
the role that it enjoyed in the
The use of force to attain
foreign policy objectives failed in
Lebanon, Maynes points out,
noting that it demonstrated the
limitations on the use of force.
Alternatively, covert action "be-
came an attractive option" but
"when news of them becomes
public, the American people are

'7t is unlikely that

the major --
breakthroughs in
the Mideast during
the 1970s could
have taken place
without financial

reluctant to support them, par-
ticularly if they reflect a 'fun-
damentally. repugnant philos-
ophy.' " He concludes that "those
who now are exuberantly press-
ing for a reshatpening of the
military instrument as a tool of
U.S. foreign policy are not fac-
ing up to some important
realities in terms of technical
changes and popular attitudes.
Force as an instrument of
foreign policy is unlikely to re-
gain in the future the role it
enjoyed in the past."
Prof. Hans Morgenthau, a
realist in foreign policy, Maynes
recalls, once maintained that a
statesman had thre6Ptoola in in-
ternational affairs: logic, bribes
and threats.
"It is unlikely that any of the
major diplomatic breakthroughs
in the Middle East during the
1970s could have taken place
without financial inducements,"
he asserts. At the start of the
decade, Israel and Egypt re-
ceived only one percent of the
official American economic and
military assistance but "15
years later, Israel and Egypt to-
gether are receiving 44 percent
of American military assistance
and 55 percent of its economic
While it is common to criticize
the share of U.S. aid absorbed
by the Middle East, he com-
ments, "the shift. in' aid
priorities did yield important
diplomatic benefits." But the
key point now, he points out, is
the declining size of the Ameri-
can aid effort relative to that of
other countries. A jump in aid
provided by other countries, in-
cluding the Arab states and the

Soviet bloc, has been aided by
private financial flows to the
developing countries in reducing
American political influence.

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