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November 21, 1980 - Image 25

Resource type:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1980-11-21

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.


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U.S. State Dept. Deplores Moscow Arrest
of Soviet Jewish Activist Brailovsky

The State Department said
that the United States de-
plores the arrest by Soviet
authorities of Dr. Victor
Brailovsky, a leading Soviet
Jewish activist, in Moscow
last week.
The 45-year-old cyber-
neticist, editor of the Jewish
imizdat journal, "Jews in
— USSR," was arrested
13 as some 100 refus-
rii-Ks gathered at the
• Apresidium of the Supreme
Soviet to deliver a letter to
--' President Leonid Brezhnev
accusing the Soviet Union
of violating the Helsinki
Accords by refusing to grant
emigration visas.
— The demonstration was
/ scheduled to coincide with
\_ the opening of the confer-
ence reviewing the Helsinki
accords in Madrid.
Meanwhile, former
prisoner of conscience
Lev Roitburd of Odessa
and his wife Lilia have
been given exit visas to
rejoin their relatives in
Israel after_ an eight-year
In a related development,
close to 200 Soviet Jews
began hunger strikes in
several Soviet cities last
week to protest the continu-
ing refusal of authorities to
allow them to reunite withe
their families in Israel, it
was announced by the Na-
tional Conference on Soviet
Jewry (NCSJ).
The hunger strikes were
timed to coincide with the

opening day of the Madrid
Reports from Jewish ac-
tivists in the Soviet Union
indicate that 84 Jews are
fasting in Moscow, 28 in
Leningrad, 27 in Riga, 15 in
Kiev, seven in Kishinev, 10
in Kharkov and two in
In Montreal, Avital
Shcharansky, wife of the
imprisoned Soviet
Jewish activist, Anatoly
Shcharansky, and McGill
law professor Irwin Co-
tler, legal counsel for
Shcharansky, urged the
Canadian government to
"take a strong stand at
Madrid and hold the
Soviet Union to account
for its violations of the
Helsinki Final Act."
Cotler said Trudeau ad-
vised them that "you can
rest assured that
Shcharansky's name will
remain on every agenda for
discussion that we have
with the Soviet Union on
Human Rights matters."
Cotler said that he told
the Canadian officials that
Canada had a special re-
sponsibility to the
"Shcharanskys" in the
Soviet Union, because it
was the Canadian govern-
ment that was principally
responsible for including in
the Helsinki Final Act pro-
visions regarding freedom
of immigration, reunifica-
tion of families and freedom
of ideas.
Cotler, who also acts as

legal counsel for both Ida
Nudel and Yosef Men-
delevich, provided gov-
ernment officials with
legal memoranda on
their behalf for use at
It also was learned that
the Italian Jewish com-
munity has urged major
Jewish organizations to
have "second thoughts"
about a proposed plan
aimed at reducing the
high rate of drop-outs —
Jews leaving the Soviet
Union who opt to go to
countries other than Is-
The Board of Deputies of
Italian Jews, the umbrella
organization of Jewish
communities, has directed
its plea to the Council of
Jewish Federations (CJF),
the Jewish Agency, the
World Jewish Congress, the
Anti-Defamation League of

Bnai Brith and HIAS.
It is opposed to the plan to
substitute Naples for Vie-
nna as the transit point for
Jews leaving the USSR. The
Italian Jewish community
expressed regret that it was
not consulted on the issue
and stressed that the
Naples plan could have
grave and dangerous conse-
quences for those Jewish
emigres left behind without
the assistance given them
until now by international
Jewish organizations.
The Naples plan is fa-
vored by the Jewish Agency
because ostensibly it would
allow its emissaries more
time to persuade the
emigres to go to Isral rather
than to the U.S. or other
Western countries. The Au-
strian government allows
Jews in transit from the
Soviet Union only 24 hours
in Vienna.

Friday, November 21, 1980 25

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Sam Barnett

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Loans for Egypt

The World Bank and its af-
filiate for concessionary
lending, the International
Development Association,
has approved $57.1 million
in loans to Egypt and the
Yemen Arab Republic.

dle East initiative..
The EEC heads of state
will hold their second sum-
mit meeting this year in
Luxembourg, Dec. 1-2. West
German diplomats ac-
knowledge that the results
of the American President-
ial elections and the Iraqi-
Iranian war have caused
Bonn and its EEC partners
to reconsider their next
moves in the Middle East.

Arab Front
Has Collapsed

President Anwar Sadat be-
lieves that ' the Arab rejec-
tionist front aimed against
Egypt because of its peace
agreement with Israel has
crumbled, little more than a
year after it was formed.
The "united front" has
collapsed, he said in an
interview with People mag-
azine this week.
"Look what has happened
to them since they cut rela-
tions with me. Only 15
months ago they were one
united front. Now Iraq and
Iran are killing each other
off. Iraq has severed rela-
tions with Libya and Syria.
Saudi Arabia has severed
relations with Libya.
"Can you name two coun-
tries who will sit down to-
gether in order to make an
alliance against Sadat?" the
Egyptian leader asked.




11• ■ ••• ■

Shamir: Egypt-Israel Pact
Symbol of Stability in M.E.

BONN (JTA) — Israeli
Foreign Minister Yitzhak
Shamir said that the
Israeli-Egyptian peace
agreement stands as an is-
land of stability i41 a violent
Middle East and deserves
the support of all nations.
The Israeli diplomat
spoke at a state dinner in
Bc;nn given in his honor by
West German Foreign
Minister Hans-Ditrich
Genscher. Earlier Monday
he conferrred for about an
hour with Chancellor Hel-
mut Schmidt and before
that, had two long meetings
with Genscher. Shamir also
met in Munich with Franz
Josef Strauss, leader of the
opr,osition Christian Demo-
Union (CDU).
Ale arrived in Bonn
Sunday evening to begin
a two-day official visit
aimed at strengthening
the dialogue between Is-
rael and the Federal Re-
public. His visit precedes
by less than two weeks
the second stage of the
European Economic
Community's (EEQ) Mid-



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