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October 10, 1980 - Image 19

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1980-10-10

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

Western Nations Spur M.E. Arms Race

LONDON (JTA) — Brit-
ain, France and the U.S. are
stepping up their arms
supplies to the Middle East
and, in the past 12 months,
secured at least 34 major
arms contracts compared
with only four by the Soviet
Union. This is revealed by
the International Institute
for Strategic Studies in its
annual "Military Balance"
published Sept. 18.
Although the number of
s do not necessarily re-
t the quantities of
weapons delivered, they
underline the continued

fit

demand of Middle East
states, especially the oil-
producing countries, for
sophisticated Western
weaponry and the readiness
of Western states to supply
them in growing quantities.
The two superpowers are
still supplying their princi-
pal clients. Thus the U.S.
signed major deals with Is-
rael, Egypt, Jordan,
Morocco and Saudi Arabia,
and the Soviet Union
pledged new supplies to
Algeria, Iraq, Syria and
North Yemen.
But there were sig-

Hadassah President
a Longtime Zionist

By DAVID FRIEDMAN

NEW YORK (JTA) —
Frieda Lewis, who last
month became the 17th
president of Hadassah, has
been an active member in
the women's Zionist organ-
ization for 32 years.
"It was inconceivable that
- I would not be a member of a
Zionist organization," she
told the Jewish Telegraphic
Agency in an interview in
her office at Hadassah's
headquarters. She noted
that her father was a be-
liever in the messianic re-
demption of the Jewish
people and her mother had
been a member of Hadas-
sah. They gave her a
thorough Hebrew educa-
tion.
"I always felt a close
spiritual bond with Israel
and later translated this
into practical terms," she
said.
Mrs. Lewis said that a
recent study of Hadassah
members and potential
members under 40 found
that these younger
women also put support
of Israel high on their list
of reasons for joining
Hadassah. "These young
people don't have the
memory ... the personal
connection with the
Holocaust," she said. She
- said this makes it more
remarkable that they
have the same feelings
about Israel.
Mrs. Lewis heads an
organization that with
370,000 members in 1,550
chapters in the United
States is the largest Zionist
organization in the world
and the largest women's
volunteer group in the
United States.
One-third of the member-
ship are life members.
There are also some 10,000
nen enrolled as Hadassah
Associates. More than half
of Hadassah's members are
daughters or daughters-in-
law of Hadassah members.
The poll Hadassah took
recently of members under
40 found that 40 percent
live in the suburbs, three-
quarters are affiliated with
synagogues and 60 percent
have visited Israel. The
survey also questioned
potential Hadassah mem-
bers and found they were
mostly younger working
women who lived in the
1
cities.

r

Friday, October 10, 1900 19

THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS

She said these women
join Hadassah to help Is-
rael, to develop Jewish
identity and to seek per-
sonal fulfillment.
Mrs. Lewis said that in a
time when volunteerism is
criticized by some, "I found
it most encouraging that
the survey shows what I
suspected from my own
knowledge, that most
women do not consider
being complete unless they
give of themselves without
material recompense to a
cause they consider sig-
nificant."
Mrs. Lewis has several
goals for her presidency.
One is to provide "opportu-
nity for leadership wher-
ever possible to younger
women who seek it and are
equipped," she said. An-
other is to involve Hadassah
in activities in all parts of
the U.S.
Mrs. Lewis said-she wants
Hadassah to "find ways to
maintain its 'role as a
pioneer in Israel. I want to
increase the knowledge" of
the health facilities Hadas-
sah maintains in Israel as
well as Israel's other needs
so that "the vast Hadassah
membership will maintain
its connection to the land
and people of Israel."
In addition, Mrs. Lewis
pledges that "Hadassah
will use its influence to
combat anti-Israel and
anti-Semitic forces and
will make its voice heard
on these issues in the
"highest offices of the
land."
Mrs. Lewis has named
her predecessor, Bernice
Tannenbaum, who served
the maximum four one-year
terms as president, as
chairman of the Hadassah
Medical Organization.

Jewish Cultists

NEW YORK (ZINS) — In
their new book on cults,
"Prison or Paradise,"
authors James and Marcia
Rudin say that 20-50 per-
cent of all cult members are
Jews.
The Rudins say a possible
explanation for the high
percentage of Jews is that
many Jews attend colleges,
where cults are active.
They say most cult mem-
bers are middle class,
idealistic, socially mobile
and often rebelling against
parental authority.

nificant variations. Iraq,
which previously drew
many of its arms from the
USSR, has now turned to
France, which concluded
no fewer than seven
agreements with it, for
Mirage fighters, helicop-
ters, and anti-tank and
anti-aircraft missiles.
Italy also emerged as a
supplier to Iraq's navy,
agreeing to sell her four
frigates, six 650-ton cor-
vettes and a support ves-
sel.
The Soviet Union agreed
to supply the Iraqis with 40
trainer aircraft and un-
known quantities of MiG
23s, MiG 25s and MiG 27
fighters.
Libya, whose armory al-.
ready included 2,400 Soviet
tanks, also turned to the
West in the past year: Spain
agreed to sell her three
submarines; Canada, light
aircraft; France, anti-
aircraft missiles; Italy, ar-
mored cars; and The

Netherlands, one transport
aircraft.
Kuwait, traditionally
supplied by the West,
moved in the opposite direc-
tion and bought ground and
air missiles from the Soviet
Union.
Britain is selling 287
Shir tanks to Jordan,
while Saudi Arabia has
contracted to buy AMX
infantry combat vehicles
and anti-aircraft systems
from France.
Among Middle East
states, Syria is spending the
highest proportion of its
government's defense
budget, a massive 55 per-
cent. Syria is followed by Is-
rael, with 32 percent, and
Saudi Arabia with 28 per-
cent.
In terms of actual defense
spending, oil-rich Saudi
Arabia is way out in front
with a colossal $20 billion,
compared with Israel's $5.2
billion and Syria's $4 bil-
lion.

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