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November 28, 1975 - Image 43

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1975-11-28

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS

Jerusalem Museum Named for Benefactor Rockefeller

The Rockefeller Museum
in Jerusalem is a name pop-
ularly given to the Palestine
Archeological Museum built
in.Jerusalem during the Bri-
.

tish Mandatory Adminis-
tration from a gift of $1 mil-
lion by John D. Rockefeller,
Jr., who also gave another
$1 million as an endowment
fund.
The building, designed by
Austen St. B. Harrison,
with stone plaques designed
by Eric'Gill around the cen-
tral court, stands in about
10 acres of land facing the
northeast corner of the Old
City walls. In addition to ex-
hibition space, accommoda-
tion was provided for study
galleries, record offices, a
library, auditorium, photo-
graphic studio, workrooms,
laboratories, storage rooms,
and the offices of the de-
partment of antiquities.
An ancient cemetery
was discovered on the site,

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Judaism has a traditional
attitude regarding capital
punishment.

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Secondly, in the case of an
extreme criminal, capital
punishment sometimes be-
comes the only means by
which the criminal can
achieve atonement. It is
important to note that even
though the death penalty is
described in the Bible in
reality it was hardly ever
carried out.

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There is no question that
technically the Bible pres-
cribes capital punishment
for a number of offenses.
The medieval authorities
rationalized this prescrip-
tion on a number of
grounds.

First, there was a matter
of protecting society. If peo-
ple who commit the worst of
crimes would be left unpun-
ished, it might lead to a way
of life which would become
terroristic and destructive
for society as a whole
(Maimonides and Sefer
Ha-Chinuch).

t

The exhibition is ar-
ranged chronologically,
starting with the Stone Age,
through the historical peri-
ods, to the year 1700 CE.
The exhibits include mate-
rial from all the important
excavations before 1848.
According to the Judaica,
some of the highlights are
the Galilee Skull, and pre-
historic skeletons from the
Mt. Carmel _caves; the head
of a statue in unbaked clay;
painted and with inlaid
shell eyes, from Jericho; a
pottery mold for casting
bronze implements and
weapons from Shehem
(Nablus); a decorated ewer
'(jug) with dedicatory in-
scriptions from a temple of
Lachish; ivory carvings
from Samaria and Megiddo;
the Lachish ostraca; Phoeni-
cian and Persian objects;
Roman statues; Jewish
bones; and a representative
collection of pottery and
glass of all periods.

Scottish Unions Turn Pro-Arab

that Israeli forces must
withdraw from the territo-
ries occupied in the 1967
war in order to provide a
satisfactory solution to the
conflict."
The conference further
held that "the state of Israel
be accorded the right to ex-
ist, and that Palestinian
rights be recognized.

GLASGOW (JTA) — The
confererice of the Scottish
Trade Unions Congress has
taken a pro-Arab line on the
Middle East.
The conference adopted a
left-wing motion reading:
"This conference reaffirms
that the situation in the
Middle East is a threat to
world peace. It is imperative

Jewish Identity

GRAEME
FLOWERS

Never once, for any_people
but the Jews, has Jerusalem
been a national and sover-
eign capital, a center and
symbol of cult, of spirit or
religion. And no transient
alien conquest could undo a
Jewish identity, a Jewish
suzerainty in the Land that
had already lasted for 1,639
years before the brief hege-
mony of the Arabs.

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Judaism Opposes Use
of Capital Punishment

By RABBI SAMUEL FOX
- (Copyright 1975, JTA, Inc.)

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and a number of tombs were
excavated, dating from the
Fifth Century BCE to the
Sixth Century CE. The En-
cyclopedia Judaica reports
that the museum was
opened to the public in 1938.
During the Mandatory
administration, the build-
ing and museum were ad-
ministered by the govern-
ment , department of
antiquities. Before the ter-
mination of the mandate in
1948, the building was en-
trusted to an international
board. In November.1966,
however, the government
of Jordan nationalized the
museum and took posses-
sion of the building and its
contents.
After the Six-Day War,
the Israel government en-
trusted the building and its
contents to the Israel De-
partment of Antiquities,
which invited the Israel
Museum to operate the exhi-
bition galleries.

November 28, 1975 43-

The rules of evidence
and the principles of jus-
tice in Jewish tradition
are such that the burden is
placed upon the court so
that the judges are obli-
gated to seek every possi-
ble legal means to avoid
the death penalty for the
criminal. The Talmud
states that a rabbinical
court which condemns a
person to death, even once
in 70 years, is to be
regarded 'as a, court of
murders.

What, then, is the pur-
pose of prescribing the

Arthur F. Burns was the
first Jew to be appointed
chairman of the Federal
Reserve Board, which super-
vises our nation's finances.
He was appointed by Presi-
dent Nixon on Jan. 31, 1970.
—World Over

death sentence in practical
terms? It is meant to act as
a deterrent by indicating
the gravity of the offense.

AN APPEAL TO
MY people,

The Jewish Community!

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Bad elements (Not by
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