Impressive Role of Yugoslav Jews
Yugoslav Jews in the U.S. volved in emigre politics.
It is in the U. S. that Yugo-
By MARTIN SHEFFIELD I evident especially in the what is now the Socialist
Republic of Bosnia in Yugo- slav Jews are quite active. return for a visit to Yugo- But their members still have
(Copyright 1973 JTA, Inc.)
years of the last war."
slavia to seek out and spend their independent views of
Even today, whether they slavia that an official came To keep in contact with Jews
More than a year ago, a
with relatives and be- Tito. Most note that in 1949
over to Joseph Levi of the
tough-looking Israeli general live in New York or Belgrade
U. S. and literally wept on Association of Yugoslav Jews cause Yugoslavia is "in" for Tito allowed about 8,000
sent a letter to the Associa-
his shoulder that most of the puts out a monthly newsletter tourists and it continues year Jews to emigrate to Israel
tion of Yugoslav Jews in the keep in touch.
exchange with the news pub- by year to offer visitors im- and though there is disagree-
There is a viable Jewish Jews had left that city.
U. S. which read, "As I am
lications of the Federation proved hotel facilities and ment in the club, many be-
of Yugoslav origin, I am community of 12,000 in Yugo-
Moreover, in 1970, Yugo-
of Jewish communities in better transportation to its lieve Tito is not anti-Israel
slav Jews gathered in Bel-
happy to join in paying tri-
Yugoslavia. Both publica- fashionable resorts in the and certainly not anti-Jewish
bute to Chief Rabbi Dr. Isaac Jewish conscious. True, there grade on the occasion of the tions are in Serbo-Croatian Adriatic, such as Dubrovnik. even though he was friendly
Alcalay, the spiritual and re- are no diplomatic relations 60th birthday of Dr. Lavo- and carry news of commu- In addition, many Yugoslav with the late President
ligious leader of Yugoslav between Israel and Yugo- slav Kadelburg, president of nity events, articles of his- Jews in the U.S. are in the Nasser of Egypt.
Jewry and one of the prom- slavia, but in effect it really the Federation of Jewish torical interest and social import-export business and
inent scholars and keepers couldn't matter less. For it communities in Yugoslavia. news, such as weddings and the Tito government is eager Yugoslavia point out that
Pf the Sephardic tradition, on
Dr. Paul Neuberber, a noted
for trade and provides a good they observed numerous Is-
Jewish Yugoslav laborers are attorney and past president bar mitzvas.
his 90th birthdoy."
market place for buyers.
rael products on displ ----
The writer was Lt. Gen. working in Israel in the Jew- of the Association of Yugo- slav-Jews travel often to
Most of the Yugoslav Jews Yugoslav Christians, too,
David Elazar, now the chief ish state's booming construc- slav Jews in the United their former homeland and in the U.S., Sephardim and visiting Israel, they add.
of staff of the Israel defense tion industry, making money States, attended, as did other it is at international con- Ashkenazim alike, are mid-
Thus, Yugoslav Jews here
forces who was born in Yugo- and returning home to Yugo- delegates from Russia, and claves, anniversaries and dle class and most still speak are traveling and they are
slavia with savings to buy a other Eastern European
slavia and who goes under
birthday celebrations that Serbo-Croatian as do some keeping in touch with their
home in Yugoslavia.
the affectionate name . of
brethren in Yugoslavia, and
Yugoslav Jews from the U.S. of their children.
"Dado," a Yugoslav nick-
They meet Sunday after- with Israel, of course. And
slavia, young and old alike,
noons in their headquarters to the Yugoslays, Israel is,
also travel to Israel and visit ferences, Yugoslav Jewry Jews who are living abroad.
At that time, too, his boss, there. And Jews in Yugo- recalls the terrible losses Dr. Neuberger has visited at 247 W. 99th St., New York, as they themselves put it,
the then-chief of staff, Gen. slavia do sing Hebrew songs, Jewry suffered in Yugo- Yugoslavia a half dozen and like other. landsmanshaf- "the re-established center
Haim Bar-Lev, also a Yugo- learn Hebrew dances and slavia. At the end of World times as has Joseph Levi, ten, their activities include and the heart of the Jewish
slav, wrote a letter to the are free to travel to Jewish War II, one could find in also a past president of the teas, Hanuka parties and people."
lectures. Most Yugoslav Jews
organizational conferences Yugoslavia itself only 500 group.
Obviously, the contact is here are professionals, attor-
Jewish survivors out of a
And when you talk to throughout the world.
The Best To You
neys, accountants and clerks.
Yugoslav Jews in the U. S.,
In Yugoslavia, they strike Jewish population of 80,000 crucial, not only for Ameri-
The Yugoslav Jews here
you can see how proud they back at vicious Arab propa- in 1940. There were 6,000 to can Jews and Israelis to
are of generals Elazar and ganda. Since Jews are con- 10,000 other survivors who meet with Yugoslav Jews, have made it clear that they
Bar-Lev. The latter is now sidered a national minority were alive, only because but also for Americans, are not a Yugoslav associa-
Israel minister of commerce in Yugoslavia, they can point they hid in the forests; or Yugoslays and Israelis to tion, but a Jewish organiza-
tion and they do not get in-
out that Arab attacks are were with Tito's partisans; speak with Jews from behind
••••••••••••••••••• •• .V
Unknown to many, Yugo- slander against a national or because they fled to Italy the Iron Curtain.
III SIC .. •
Many of the meetings take
slav Jewry is considered one minority, and that does not where it was a little easier
of the best Jewish communi- sit very well in Titoist Yugo- for a Jew to survive. Thus place in Israel. Since the
ties in the world, "outstand- slavia.
about 70,000 Yugoslav Jews establishment of the state of
BIG BANDS OR
ing not only with its love of
Yugoslavia itself welcomes perished in the Holocaust. Israel, the Histadrut Olei
Weddings • Bar Mitzvas
Israel, but with its unique back Yugoslays, and that in- And it was the Ustshi, the Yugoslavia (Organization of
inner discipline and heroism, cludes Jews. As in many fascists of Croatia who Yugoslav Jews in Israel) has
countries of the world, Jews rounded up Jews at will and held several conferences, and a.
are missed when they leave,
turned them over to the South America and Yugo-
FACIAL HAIR or It so was,
for instance, at a Nazis.
PERMANENTLY celebration in Sarajevo which
marked the 400th anniversary
of the Jewish community in
eyebrows—Neckline—Arms — Legs
or a Talit, does not have to
By RABBI SAMUEL FOX
Recommended by Physicians
• Invitations • Gifts • Favors
(Copyright 1973, JTA, Inc.)
be worn at night (Monacot
Stationery • Party Planning
. 1 SHIRLEY PERSIN
Many pious Jews do not 43:A). It is interesting to
wear a Talit regularly before note that there are a number
Available For All Occasions
WEDDINGS BAR MITZVAS CONFIRMATIONS
of commandments involving
practices which are not re-
SWEET 16 & SHOWERS
Nr. Northlond & Prondence Hospital
This is traced back to the quired at night (E.G. Tefi-
16300 North Park Drive (at North Park Place)
15 Years Downtown
lin). Evidently, certain prac-
where it is written that one
tices which serve as direct
9:30-4:30 Mon.-Sat. Closed Sat. during July & August
who is not married does not
reminders for the immediate
have to cover himself with a presence of God are not ob-
Talit. Some trace this to a
of all social services in lsrae
served at a time when they
Biblical source explaining cannot be clearly seen under
that in one place in the Bible
all circumstances, ie,. at
the commandment to make
fringes (Tzitzit - G'dilim)
seems to be next to a refer-
ence to marriage. Basically,
even a bachelor is required
When Rabbi Elazar saw
by tradition to at least wear that he had sinned, he went
a four-cornered undergar- down from his donkey, pro-
ment to which the Tzitzit are strated himself before the
attached. Thus, he fulfills the man, and said, "Forgive me,
Biblical commandment to at- I pray you!" But the other
tach Tzitzit to a four-corner- replied, "I will not forgive
ed garment. The Talit, there- you until you say to the
fore, is an additional garment Craftsman who made me,
besides the undergarment.
`How ugly is this, the vessel
Love comes at every age
Apparently, wearing the Thou has made.' "
And the Rabbi walked be-
outer Talit indicates matur-
ARNOLD LAKIND — PHOTOGRAPHER
ity in one's development. The hind him, until they came
occasion of being married. to the village. The men of
or at least having been mar- the village came out to meet
ried, was considered such a the Rabbi, and said, "Peace
desirable state that wearing be to you, our Rabbi, our
ROSE IS BACK AND READY TO SERVE YOU —
the outer Talit may have Teacher!" And the man said,
WITH THE LATEST HAIRSTYLE TRENDS
been considered a status "Who is he whom you call
symbol. Thus a bachelor was Rabbi and teacher!" And
excused from this require- they said, "The man who is
ment. Actually, this is con- walking behind yOu."
"If he be a teacher," said
sidered to be the reason why
the bride traditionally gives the man, "may there be few
the groom a gift of a Talit like him in Israel!" They
asked him why he said this,
for the wedding.
WE CAN SELL YOUR MINK COATS,
and he told them what had
One only wears a Talit happened. "Forgive him nev-
in the morning and not at ertheless," they said, "for he
FUN FURS, PERSIANS, BROADTAIL FURS,
is a man great in the Torah."
FUR TRIMMED SWEATERS, etc.
The Bible speaks of the So finally the man said, "For
fringes of a Talit as being your sakes only I will for-
something to see and to use give him, but let him never
as a reminder (Numbers act in like fashion again."
15:39). During daytime ob- Rabbi Elazar soon came to
13661 W. 11 Mile, just West of Coolidge
jects are visible; during the school, and taught that
Oak Park, Mich. (Across from A & P)
25035 Coolidge Hwy., Oak Park, Mich.
night-time things are general- day: "A man should be yield-
North of 10 Mile Rd.
ly less invisible because of ing, like the reed; not hard,
MONDAY THRU FRIDAY 11 A.M. to 4 P.M.
the darkness. From this the like the cedar." — Ta'anit,
o phone calls please.
Friday, September 7, 1973 THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS rabbis deduced that Tzitzit, 20a.
the paper place
I NEW YEAR CARDS)
Traditions of Talit Wearing
p rov ides ove r 5 8%
Sept. 9, 1973
If we don't call- you
you call us at 851-0750 I
FOR QUICK SALE
OF YOUR UNWANTED USED FURS
El-Mars Suburban Shop
Breck Perm ....$15N
leacher 3 geauly Salon