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February 11, 1972 - Image 9

Resource type:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1972-02-11

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.


Nixon Report to Congress Urges Moscow
to Curb Arms Shipments, to Mid East


dent Nixon called Wednesday on
the Soviet government to help
avoid "major conflict in the Mid-
dle East"! by restraining its supply
of arms to its allies in the area,
charged the Soviet Union with re-
sponsibilities for the current Mid-
dle East situation and 'disclosed
that the Soviets had deployed some
"eight surface-to-air missile instal-
• • *

Kissinger Comments
on Nixon Statement

Henry Kissinger, Pr esid e.n t
Nixon's adviser on national securi-
ty affairs, said Wednesday that the
U.S. viewed the Middle East situa-
tion from the perspectives of "the
local rivalries and the great power
confrontations that may be in-
volved" and that American policy
was that "neither side gets a
unilateral advantage."
That, he said, "is the way we
would look at a comprehensive
Dr.. Kissinger replied to ques-
tions by newsmen at a White
House press conference this morn-
ing following the release of the
text of the President's annual
foreign policy report to Congress,
of which the Middle East situation
formed an extensive part.
He said the President's report
was designed to explain "to the
American people and to other
countries what we think of inter-
national affairs." He observed that
not every problem has an Immedi-
ate solution."

Dr. Kissinger said that a
"Solution of the tensions in the
Middle East must take account
of the pr esence of outside
forces," a reference to the Soviet
deployment in Egypt and its
naval presence in the Eastern
Mediterranean. He added, how-
ever, that if an agreement is
achieved in the area, the "pres-
ence of Soviet forces would ap-
pear in a different light."

lations, several squadrons of com-
I hat aircraft with Soviet pilots,
5,000 missile crew members and
technicians, and about 11,000 other
advisers" in Egypt.
This buildup continued through
1970, he added, and Soviet per-
sonnel were directly involved in
violations of the standstill agree-
ment, of August of -that year.
In his foreign policy report to
Congress, the President reviewed
the history of the Middle East
conflict and then urged the Soviet
Union to aid in achieving peace
in that area by refraining from
using the Arab-Israeli dispute "to
enhance its own military position"
and by "encouraging the negotia-
tion of peace."
"The urgent necessity, of course,
is to find a way to an Arab-Israeli
settlement," the President said. He
listed "a discussion of the problem
Of the Middle East and the reasons
for the failure to reach a peaceful
settlement there" as the second
item among the "talks" for his
visit to Moscow in May. He put
an agreement on strategic arms
limitations as first and the prob-
lem of European security "in all
its aspects," as third.
The President's 236-page re-

port, his third annual survey of
this nature, appeared under the
title "United States Foreign
Policy for the 19'70s — The
Emerging Structure of Peace."


Examining four of the "issues
for the future" in the Middle East,
President Nixon stressed that "At
a minimum, the cease fire must
be maintained if the climate for
negotiation is to be preserved."
While hoping' for an end of the
"arms race" there, the President

said, "the military balance" must

not be allowed te, tempt one side
to seek an easy victory or panic
the other side into a move of
Noting that "maintaining the
military balance is not by itself
a policy which can bring peace,"
the President said that the "search
for an over-all Arab-Israeli settle-
ment will continue under Ambas-
sador Jarring's auspices" and that
"our efforts to help the parties
achieve an interim agreement also
will continue, as long as the par-
ties wish."
On this point, he added that "the
interim approach, if it is to suc-
ceed, must find a way to snake
progress on practical and partial
aspects of the situation without
raising all the contentious issues
that obstruct a comprehensive
Warning the Soviets against
obstruction detente by its activity
in the Middle East, the Presi-
dent put that issue as follows:
"The United States and the
USSR can contribute to the process
of settlement by' encouraging
Arabs and Israelis to begin serious
negotiation. The Great Powers also
have a responsibility to enhance,
not undermine, the basic condi-
tions of stability in the area. In-
jecting the global strategic rivalry
into the region is incompatible
with Middle East peace and with
detente in U.S. - Soviet relations."
Earlier in his Middle East dis-
cussion, the President said that a
secure peace in the Middle East
requires stable relations on both
levels — accommodation within
the region and a balance among
the powers outside."

Danes on Kibutzim

Friday, February 11, 1972-9

1,060 Danish volunteers went to
Israel last year to work on kibut-
zim, it was reportd here by the
acme salsa
Danish Association of Friends of
the Kibutz (Dakiv). This was' ore
than twice as many volunteers
who went to Israeli kibutzim in
Nem S3S.N111 • Hy Lewis, Director

HYP pl e IS •






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Dr. Kissinger said the Soviet
presence in- the Mediterranean
goes "beyond the present exi-
gencies of the Middle East." The
Soviet forces, he added, go beyond
the local situation and need con-
sideration in any settlement. But
the Presidential adviser stressed
that these views were not new and
had been expressed before.
As to the Soviet deployment in
Egypt, Kissinger said in response
to questions that there appeared
to be new construction of Soviet
missile sites facing Israel forces
across the Suez Canal.

2 Terrorist _Groups
Uncovered by Police

The Israeli
security services said:they bad un-
covered two terrorist groups charg-
ed with' causing explosions that
resulted in one death - and numer-
ous injuries. Thirteen suspected
terrorists were arrested in the vil-
lage of A Shayouk northeast of
Two of them confessed to a
number of incidents in Jerusalem,

Including the throwing of a hand

grenade in the Old City last Sep-
tember (with one Arab girl killed
and 11 persons injured), and the
throwing of grenades at Jewish
crowds on their way to the Wailing
Wall last October (injuring 17).
Also captured were two Gaza
Arabs of a group of four who
had formed a terrorist cell in the
Jenin refugee camp in the north-
ern West Bank. Of the other two,

one was killed and one injured
when one of their explosives blew
up in their lair last week. •


C u 11 R. 1


19 mg."tar". 1 3 mg moon ay. per

cigarette. fTC Report AUG '71.


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