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June 02, 1967 - Image 38

Resource type:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1967-06-02

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Goldberg Calls Upon UN for 'Breathing Spell' in Middle East

(Continued from Page 23)
at the State Department. No de-
tails of the talk were made known
but it was assumed that the Soviet
diplomat delivered a special mes-
sage to the State Department from
Moscow with regard to the Arab-
Israeli crisis.
During his stay in Washington,
Eban stressed that the Israel gov-
ernment was not satisfied merely
with the reopening of the Strait
of Tiran. Additionally, Eban made
two other requests: withdrawal of
the Egyptian forces recently built
up in the Sinai Peninsula along
Israel's borders and a halt to the
terrorist attacks inside Israel.
He expressed the hope that the
big world maritime powers would
do what is necessary to reopen
free navigation through t h e
Strait of Tiran. Such measures,
Eban had said, could include the
dispatch of ships of the maritime
nations carrying cargo to Israel,
"or other adequate means."
A bipartisan group of 41 Sena-
tors and Congressmen last week

issued a joint statement supporting
, the pronouncement by President
Johnson that the blockade is il-
legal. Ninety-six members of the
U.S. House of Representatives is-
sued a strong statement earlier
pledging support of "whatever ac-
tion may he necessary to resist
aggression against Israel and to
preserve the peace." The statement
said the administration must make
clear to "those who are now bent
on the destruction of Israel that
the U.S. will take all necessary
Chairman J. W. Fulhright of the
Senate Foreign Relations Commit-
tee said that he has concluded
from available information that
the Soviet Union holds the key to
settlement of the Mideast crisis.
Ile said the United States lacks
influence in the MideaSt "because
of its primary preoccupation with
the war in Vietnam."
Sen. Jacob K. Javits, New York
Republican, said Tuesday after a
meeting with Secretary of State
Dean Rusk that the United States

Dauntless U.S. Editors Meet
150 Yards From Jordan

21) New 117-11


(Direct JTA Teletype Wire
to The Jewish News)

JERUSALEM — The 30 editors
and publishers of American Eng-
lish-Jewish newspapers. meeting
in a Jerusalem hotel 150 yards
from a Jordanian village, adopted
Tuesday a resolution at their 25th
annual convention, assuring their
support to the f justice for
the embattled people of Israel dur-
ing the present Middle East crisis.
The convention of the American
Jewish Press Association, meeting
here despite state department
warnings to American nationals to
stay out of the Middle East, re-
elected Adolph Rosenberg of At-
lanta as president.
The resolution stressed the
solidarity of the delegates with
kinsmen in Israel and said the
people of Israel were being sub-
jected to unnecessary suffering
. by the "saber-rattling" of the
neighboring Arab countries.
In another resolution, the editors
and publishers sent greetings to the
Jewish Telegraphic Agency on its
50th anniversary observance next
The convention elected three
vice presidents: Jimmy Wisch of
Dallas, Conrad Isenberg of Wor-
cester, Mass., and Milton Firestone
of Kansas City.
The journalists laid a wreath at
the tomb of Theodor Herzl and
were then received by Kaddish
Luz, speaker of parliament, who
expressed confidence that the Jews
of the United States would con-
tinue their partnership with Israel

for better or worse.
Philip Slomovitz of Detroit's
Jewish News, replying for the
I delegates, said American Jews
would work together with Is-
raelis for victory in the cause
of justice.
Because of the situation, a num-
ber of leading Israel officials were
forced to cancel planned meetings
with the publishers. A planned
"dialogue with 30 Israeli journal-
ists scheduled for Monday did not
take place, but tours of Israel's
settlements and installations went
ahead as scheduled.
Premier Levi Eshkol, occupied
with the current Middle East Crisis,
was unable to attend. He sent a
warm message of greetings.
Expressing regrets over his ab-
sence because of the emergency,
the premier declared "I call on
you as messengers and spokesmen
for the Jewish community of the
United States to inform our
brethren there of the priorities of
the hour. Tell them of Israel's
strength, determination and deep
sense of purpose and about Israel's
gratitude for the manner in which
our fellow Jews have rallied so
spontaneously to this case of hu-
man justice."
The delegates were greeted by
Aryeh L. Pincus, chairman of the
Jewish Agency executive, who was
scheduled to leave for the United
States for talks with American
Jewish leaders. Greetings also
were presented by the Israel Union
of Journalists and the World
Bureau of Jewish Journalists.

must prevent the Israelis from Egypt, Syria, Jordan and Lebanon tion adopted by the council in Aug-
being "driven into the sea." He on the other. He warned the coun- ust 1949, following the conclusion
said this should be done in concert cil that action was necessary and of Israel's four armistice agree-
with other nations if possible but urgent, telling the members "the ments with Egypt, Jordan, Syria
issue of war or peace lies in our and Lebanon, in which the council
alone if necessary.
' had asserted that "the armistice
"I cannot conceive our country hands."
abandoning the principle of free-
Goldberg noted that the current agreements constitute an important
dom of the sea." he declared' He crisis revolved not only about the step towards the establishment of
pointed out that "this is not only blockade of the Strait of Tiran but permanent peace in Palestine."
a struggle for the preservation of also on the facts that Egyptian.
Thant requested also reaffirm-
Israel, but vital interests of others. Israeli and Syrian armies were
ation of the clause in that resolu-
particularly maritime nations are now confronting each other and
tion which had called on "all gov-
that terrorism and sabotage in
ernments and authorities con-
In the United Nations Security Israel must be prevented by all
cerned to observe an uncondi-
Council Wednesday, the United parties concerned.
tional cease fire and, bearing in
States introduced a resolution call-
mind that the several armistice
He quoted President Johnson
ing for a Middle East "breathing
agreements include firm pledges
as saying that the United States
spell". Ambassador Arthur Gold-
against further acts of hostility
considered the blockade of Tiran
berg said it was an interim mea-
between the parties, and also
and the Gulf of Aqaba as illegal.
sure calling on Israel and the
provide for their supervision by
He insisted that the strait, which
an 's
Arabs to comply wi th
the parties themselves relies
has been open to all shipping for
appeal for a period of restraint to
upon the parties to ensure the
10 years, must be kept open
de-fuse the simmering war situa-
continued application and observ-
while diplomacy around the
ance of these agreements."
world as well as here has an
In a session marked by sharp
opportunity to pacify the situa-
Thant told the council in his re-
exchanges between Goldberg and
port that, at the present moment,
Soviet ' Ambassador Nikolai Fedo-
the most essential need to ensure
renko, the UAR, backed by India,
that the current Israeli-Arab crisis
presented its own resolution call- United Arab Republic challenged
does not explode into further dan-
ing for reaffirmation of the armis- the right of Israel to any foothold
threatening not only the peace
tice agreement with Egypt that
He said Israel had occupied her in the Middle East region but po-
Israel renounced in 1956.
seven miles of coastline on the tentially endangering also the peace
It also called for re-establish-
gulf illegally. "We have always of the world, is "to try to gain
ment of a UN truce supervision
believed, and we still do, that time in order to lay the basis for a
organization headquarters at El
Israel was planted in the Middle detente.
Auja, now called Nitsana.
East by colonialism to serve the
"In my view," he declared, "a
A Soviet veto for the U.S. reso- colonial interests," he stated.
peaceful outcome of the present
lution appeared certain on the
Fedorenko, told the council that crisis will depend upon a breathing
basis of Fedorenko's remarks. The "the true culprit for dangerous
spell, which will allow, tension to
resolution followed failure to gain worsening of tensions in the Mid-
subside from its present explosive
sufficient support for a similar dle East is Israel, which directly
measure proposed by Canada and and indirectly is being supported
Thant also explained his reasons
by imperalist circles eager to re- for his precipitate action last week
The representatives of t h e store colonialism in Arab states."
in ordering the United Nations
United States and Britain told the He repeated over and over again
Emergency Force to withdraw from
Security Council that their govern- that "the situation in the Near
the Egyptian side of the Gaza Strip
ments are firmly behind the princi- East is linked to aggressions by
border with Israel and from Sharm
ple that the Strait of Tiran was an Israel."
el-Sheikh, overlooking the Strait of
international waterway, and must
He said Egypt took action for Tiran and guarding Israel's free-
remain open to innocent ship pas- mobilization on May 14 because
of shipping to and from its
sage to - and from Israel. The Soviet she had information that Israel
port of Eilat.
Union was just as ardently opposed planned to launch an all-out attack
He identified two principle areas
to that view, holding that Egypt on Syria on May 17. He warned
had the right to bar Israeli ship- that "those who push Israel to the of possible conflict. These, he saw,
the situation in the Strait of
ping because it was still in a state brink of the abyss must know that
Tiran. now blockaded by Egypt;
of war with Israel.
it is much easier to fan flames and the situation along the Israeli-
than to put them out."
rian border.
Ambassador Gideon Rafael, head
of the Israeli delegation to the
, Time and again in his speech.
The secretary-general reported
United Nations. inisisted in his ad-
Dr. Fedorenko voiced Moscow's that the "principal aim" of Egypt
dress to the council that Israel
absolute condemnation of Israel now, as outlined to him by Nasser
had the absolute right to freedom
and supported fully the contentions and Egypt's Foreign Minister Mah-
of shipping through the Tir a n
of the Egyptian government. He moud Riad, was "a return to the
waterway. He proposed a five-point
declared "the Soviet government conditions prevailing prior to 1956."
plan for action by the present
council session. These steps, he very closely follows the situation Under those pre-1956 conditions,
high Israel had altered through
said, should embrace the following in the Middle East and considers
that the Security Council must con- its Sinai Campaign in 1956.1957,
to and from Israel through
"1) All inflammatory statements
against Arab states."
the Strait of Tiran had been for-
and threats agfinst the territorial
bidden by Egypt.
integrity and political independ-
France, had already expressed
Israel, he reported, regarded
ence of any state should cease;
their views. Roger Seydoux, the free passage through the strait as
"2) The United Nations Char-
an issue "most vital" to her inter-
ter's imposition upon all members
in the council, has, thus far, sat ests. "The government of Israel,"
of the obligation of non-belliger-
he stated, "has further declared
ance must he strictly observed:
Since both Israel and Egypt had that Israel will regard the closing
"3) Armed forces should he
withdrawn to their positions held already addressed the council. the of the Strait of Tiran to Israeli
as of the beginning of this month: only speeches of significance Tues- ships and any restriction of cargo
day were by Syria and Jordan. ; of ships of other flags proceeding
"4) All forms of armed incur-
Syria spoke briefly Monday, but to Israel as a causus belli."
sion, acts of sabotage and terror-
ism should cease, and the only in reply to Israel's Ambassa-
He added that he had discussed
with the Egyptian government "the
governments concerned should dor Gideon Rafael.
A spokesman for one of the ma- dangerous consequences" likely
take all steps to prevent their
territory from being used for jor Western Powers here said - It from restrictions of innocent pas-
seems that, now, the next move is sage in the strait and that he had
hostile acts; and
"5) In the Strait of Tiran and tip to the nonpermanent members. expressed his "deep concern" and
the Gulf of Aqaba there should be and Mr. Tabor is doing his best." • his hope that "no precipitate action
Hans Tabor was the co-sponsor, would be taken."
no interference with any shipping."
Goldberg called upon Egypt to with Canada, of the original call
"In view of the conflicting
exercise "special restraint" in re- for the present urgent session
stands taken by the United Arab •
gard to its blockade of the Strait of the council last week. Tabor,
Republic and Israel, the situation
of Tiran by not stopping or search- Denmark's ambassador, assumed
in the Strait of Tiran represents
ing vessels attempting to pass the the presidency of the council Thurs-
a very serious potential threat to
day. The nonpermanent members
peace," Thant emphasized. "I
The U.S. ambassador pointed of the council, in addition to Den-
greatly fear that a clash between
out that Eshkol had pledged to mark, are Argentina, Brazil, Bul-
the United Arab Republic and
resort to political action to ensure garia. Canada, Ethiopia, India,
Israel over the issue, in the pres-
freedom of Israeli passage through Japan and Mali,
ent circumstances, will inevitably
the Strait of Tiran. Declaring that
set off a genreal conflict in the
the U.S. government's position on
Near East."
Thant, following his return from
that issue is the same as Israel's. Cairo. called the situation "menac-
Thant then stated that "the free-
Goldberg said that Eshkol's state- ing" in his report, and recommend- dom of navigation through the
ment was "clearly in the spirit of ed that the Security Council remind Strait of Tiran is not, however, the
the request made to us in the re- the Arab countries and Israel that, only immediate issue endangering
port by Secretary-General U Thant. under an existing UN resolution, peace in the Near East. Other prob-
in which Mr. Thant asked all the council could use blockade or lems, such as sabotage and terrorist
governments to forego belliger- other measures to suppress viola- activities and rights of cultivation
tions of the existing Arab-Israel in disputed areas in the demilitar-
armisttice agreements.
ized zone between Israel and Syria
Goldberg called upon the Se
In his report, Thant told the will, unless controlled, almost
curity Council to take "effective council "it would be useful" to re- surely lead to further serious
steps" to reaffirm the validity of call at the present stage a resolu- fighting."
the 1949 armistice agreements be
tween Israel on the one hand and THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS
Friday, June 2, 1967-39

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