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August 14, 1964 - Image 4

Resource type:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1964-08-14

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Incorporating The Detroit Jewish Chronicle commencing with issue

of July 20, 1951

Member American Association of English—Jewish Newspapers, Michigan Press Association, National Editorial
Published every Friday by The Jewish News Publishing Co., 17100 West Seven Mile Road, Detroit 48235 Mich.,
VE 8-9364. Subscription $6 a year. Foreign $7.
Second Class Postage Paid at Detroit, Michigan



Business Manager

Editor and Publisher



City Editor

Advertising Manager

Sabbath Scriptural Selections
This Sabbath, the seventh day of Elul, the following Scriptural selections will be
read in our synagogues.
Pentateuchal portion: Dent. 16:18 21:9. Prophetical portion: Isaiah 51:12-52:12.


Licht benshen, Friday, August 14, '7:16 p.m.

August 14, 1964

Page Four

VOL. XIX, No. 25

Most Serious Item on the 5725 Agenda

On the eve of another new year, in the
course of preparations for the Holy Days
which draw the largest synagogue attend-
ances, the period of planning commences—
for the schooling of our children, for organi-
zational programming, for our cultural
This also is the period during which the
fund-raising agencies will begin to set up
machinery for campaigns and to mobilize
their volunteer forces to assist them in gath-
ering the means necessary for the support
of vital agencies here and overseas.
Many of the functions will be routine:
fund-raising will and must continue to assure
the uninterrupted local and national services
and to provide relief for our less fortunate
kinsmen in other lands, as well as to provide
the assistance that must be given to Israel.
There is mounting evidence that priority
will be given to the educational movements—
to our schools and to the cultural programs—
and it is heartening to know that there is a
growing recognition that we must train our
youth to make them Jewishly knowledgeable
and at the same time to increase the adult
educational programs.



Many factors enter into the planning
stages. There are the schools and the congre-
gations and their affiliated bodies. There are
the educators who act in behalf of their edu-
cational media and the community move-
ments whence come the manpower for the
guidance of the programs as well as the par-
ticipating student bodies—assuming that the
adults as well as the children in our schools
are to be viewed as students in an over-all
program of education.
The needs for the expansion of these
programs are very vital. Without a well-
informed constituency all of our functions
are in jeopardy. Unless we have knowledge-
able leaders our fund-raising will be affected
and our anxiety to assure proper survivalism
will increase.
There is great need for a well planned
public relations program. Whether it is in
dealing with the race issue which has affected
all Americans and which has created special
problems for Jews in the large cities; whether
it is in the defense of Israel or in battling
against what may well emerge into a mount-
ing anti-Semitism from the extreme rightists
who now are assuming new roles in Ameri-
can life, it is important that those who com-
prise the Jewish communities should be
properly trained to face facts and issues.



Our community schools are well organ-
ized. They will continue to fill many needs.
It is recognized that up to the Bar Mitzvah
age, and in some instances beyond these years
through the confirmation stages of the 16-
year-olds, we have the facilities for the train-
ing of our youth, in our Hebrew schools and
in the congregational settings.
But even in this sphere we have chal-
lenges and anxieties. The overwhelming
numbers of our youth are enrolled in colleges
and universities where, we had hoped, their
Jewish interests acquired in their primary
Jewish studies again would be in evidence.
There have been disappointments on that
score, and we hear that the Jewish organiza-
tions in the schools of higher learning are
not getting the proper response from our
youth and that they have proven ineffective.
How are these interests to be intensified?
If that can not be attained through the regu-
lar school programs, what is to be done to
remedy the situation? If the home influences
whence must come the greatest stimulants
for the retention of youth interests in Jewish
matters are declining, how are they to lie
This may be a long-range program, and

it must be pursued by utilizing every avail-
able force, by solidifying our educational
ranks, by strengthening the adult programs.
In the process of our planning for the
highest standards for our schools, there will
be- a revival of interest in the day school idea.
Such schools are, at best, for the select and
for those who are in a position to finance a
more expensive type of education, and they
must be viewed as of a specialized nature.
Louis Rosenberg, research director of the
Canadian Jewish Congress, one of the best
informed men on the values of the day
schools, has evaluated for us the results of
day school training in Canada, where such
schools have functioned for many years, in
the following statement:

"Our experience in Montreal, Toronto, Winni-
peg, Calgary, Edmonton and Vancouver has been
that a large proportion of younger men who are
now taking an active part in Jewish Community
life, with its congregational Zionist and social
welfare aspects, are graduates of Jewish day
schools, who have a good knowledge of conver-
sational Hebrew.
"We have also found that graduates of Jewish
day schools figure prominently among the schol-
arship winners at the Canadian Universities and
take an active part in Jewish and general stu-
dent activities. It may be of interest to you to
know that although the largest number of Jewish
day schools are in the City of Montreal, the old-
est Jewish day schools are in the cities of Ed-
monton and Winnipeg, where there is an unde-
nominational public school system in which Jews
have equal rights with all other Canadians.
Nevertheless, many Jewish parents in these cities
send their children to the Jewish day schools.
"We have found that Jewish children who
attend the Jewish elementary and Jewish high
schools have no difficulty in integrating them-
selves into student life in the University, where
the majority of students are not Jewish."

The question was raised whether day
school graduates have applied their accu-
mulated knowledge and experience to com-
munal leadership, whether they have helped
fill the serious needs of serving as teachers
in Jewish schools, and Mr. Rosenberg sup-
plemented his statement by informing us:

"Jewish adults who are graduates of Canadian
day schools are comparatively young. Neverthe-
less, there are a number of such graduates in
Winnipeg, Edmonton and Montreal who are
active in communal work, particularly in the
field of Jewish education.
"Moreover, I am informed by Dr. Samuel
Lewin, the director of the Jewish Teachers'
Seminary in Montreal, that a considerable num-
ber of the teachers in the Jewish day schools
of Montreal and other Canadian cities are gradu-
ates of the Jewish Teachers' Seminaries in Mon-
treal and Toronto."

This fortifies the claims of the day schools'
proponents that these schools serve an im-
portant function, and the day school idea
must now be considered more seriously.



'Cornerstones of Liberty'

Basic 'Separation' Documents in
Religious Freedom Cornerstones

A veritable classic, containing documents dealing with important
decisions on the freedom of religion, has been reissued as a paperback.
"Cornerstones of Religious Freedom in America," edited by Jos-
eph L. Blau, first publishd by Beacon Press in 1949, is now available in
a popularly-priced volume as a Harper Torchbook.
This revised and enlarged edition, with a new introduction by the
editor, includes public documents and court decisions on important
cases. It has been brought up to date in view of more recent court de-
As a "counterblast to politically or religiously whipped-up hys-
teria" arising from test cases on Bible reading in the schools, the
editor quotes from the United Presbyterian Church report which em-
phasizes that "moral convictions peculiar to a religious body ought not
to be imposed on the general public by law." It adds: " it does mean
that organized religious bodies ought not seek by law to obtain prefer-
ential treatment for their own organizations."
Dr. Blau thereupon asserts that "the sober judgment of the
many churches and other religious groups whose theological justi-
fication of religious freedom now converges with the constitutional
interpretation of the Supreme Court rests on a solidly grounded
conservative religious scholarship."
But future events may bring about revisions, it is further indi-
cated, and there is a warning, in view of some pressures, that "the
language of freedom will be used in an attempt to destroy freedom."
The proposals to legislate against the Supreme Court rulings are taken
into consideration and the editor states that, in view also of demands
for Federal aid to parochial schools—with some Jewish groups aligning
themselves on that score with Catholic and Protestant denominations=-
"once the principle of Federal aid for non-public schools were to be
established, it could be used as a precedent to serve regional ends. The
advocates of racial segregation could—and would—use the precedent
to continue the separate schooling of the races by creating non-public,
but publicly financed schools for the purpose. Once the darn that holds
back public support of private schools is broken, we shall all be inun-
dated." Dr. Blau adds:
"By grace of the bold thought and courageous action of many
men and women, the people of the United States stand today on
the threshold of achieving that full freedom of religion which the
Founding Fathers invisioned. Its terms are writ large in the law of
the land; its legal justification is firm. Its value to the developing
forms of expression of the religious spirit has been explored and
proclaimed by distinguished religious leaders and their thought
adopted as part of the programs of many churches. The final step,
the task of this generation, is to implant the conviction that reli-
gious freedom is essential to the religion of free men in the hearts
and minds of the people themselves."
Commencing with an explanation of "Colonial stirrings" in the
earliest expressions on religious freedom, Dr. Blau's compendium
opens with Roger Williams' statement on "The Bloudy Tenent of Per-
secution" (1644) in which he asserted that "to molest any person, Jew
or Gentile, for either professing doctrine, or practicising worship
merely religious or spiritual, it is to persecute him. • . ."
It is followed by William Penn's "The Great Case of Liberty of
Conscience" (1670), the Remonstrance by the Inhabitants of Flushing
(1657), Thomas Jefferson's "Act for Establishing Religious Freedom"
(1779), James Madison's "Remonstrance on the Religious Rights of
Man" (1784), the affirmations on civil rights for religious minorities of
the early 1800s, Jacob Henry's speech of 1809.
Significant among the documents is the 1819 speech on the
Maryland "Jew Bill" delivered by II. M. Brackenridge. A section
is devoted to resistance to forced Sabbath observance, and others
on keeping religion out of politics, out of the public schools and
out of the Constitution.
There is a thorough view of the rulings of the Supreme Court,
quoting the decisions since 1940.
"The Testimony of the Churches" is given special consideration
and the declarations of the Central Conference of American Rabbis
and the United Synagogue of America are included among them.
Blau's "Cornerstones of Religious Freedom in America" serves as
a most valuable source book on the question dealing with the basic

These are a few of the problems that
enter into the discussion of our needs to
perpetuate Jewish values and to strengthen
Jewish loyalties.
There are many problems that remain
unsolved. There is the serious shortage of
teachers, and we are beginning to recognize
the futility of turning to Israel, where there
is a similar inadequacy, for help and for
manpower. We must provide it for ourselves,
as American Jews for American children.
There remains the issue revolving around
the college students which calls for serious
If we plan properly, if we continue to
make our cultural aspirations the prior ob-
jectives in Jewish communal planning, there
will be hope for proper solutions to these
problems. These surely are uppermost on
the agenda for all American Jewish communi-
ties, and they represent the chief challenge
idea of Separation of Church arid State.
to us as we usher in the year 5725.

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