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August 14, 1964 - Image 5

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1964-08-14

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

Sick Witnesses Heard in Vienna
by Judges Sitting at Nazi Trial

VIENNA (JTA) — The panel
of West German judges which has
been trying 22 former Auschwitz
administrators and medical corps-
men for the murder of hundreds
of thousands of Jews at Ausch-
witz and Birkenau, held court in
Vienna Monday. The trial has
been under way at Frankfurt since
December. The judges decided to
come here so as to hear several
witnesses who have been too ill to
travel to Frankfurt.
The court is considering the
possibility of holding some of its
sessions at the former site of the
Auschwitz death factory, in Poland.
Negotiations for such an inspection
of Auschwitz are under way be-
tween Poland and West Germany
now. Eight of the 22 defendants,
however, have informed the court
they will exercise their rights un-
der German law, and will refuse
to go to Auschwitz. It is under-
stood that the court may go to
Auschwitz with those defendants
who are willing to go there, or may
appoint a commission to inspect
the Auschwitz site.

Escaped Nazi Sentenced
for Killings Is Re-Jailed

HANNOVER, Germany (JTA)-
Hans Walter Zech-Nentwich, the
convicted Nazi war criminal who
escaped from his prison in Bruns-
wick last April after being sen-
tenced to four years for the mur-
der of at least 5,200 Jews in Pinsk
during World War II, was placed
here in a "maximum security"
jail, to await his appeal from the
sentence next October, a spokes-
man for the West German Gov-
ernment announced.
Zech-Nentwich returned to Ger-
many a week ago and surrendered
to German officials Friday, insist-
ing he was innocent of the crimes
of which he had been convicted.
He said he had feared he would
be kidnaped by "Israeli agents."
He admitted that, after he fled
from the jail at Brunswick, he
had gone first to Essen, then to
Cairo, Addis Ababa, South Africa,
finally coining back to Germany
via Brussels and Paris.
One of the people who helped
him escape from Germany, car-
rying an Egyptian passport, was
believed to have been Margit Stein-
heuer, a German woman employed
by the Egyptian Embassy at Bonn.
He has denied that his escape was
aided by other former Nazi offi-
cers. Miss Steinheuer reportedly
told newspapermen in Cairo 10
days 'ago that she feared she would
be arrested if she returned to Ger-
many. But officials of the Ministry
of Justice said today they would
try to arrange a safe-conduct for
her, so that she could come here
for questioning.
Meanwhile, another woman,
Rosemarie Holtbrueggmann, was
being held in jail and undergoing
questioning in connection with
Zech-Nenntwich's escape. Justice
officials here said she had been
seen with Zech-Nentwich in Cairo
for several days in June.
Zech-Nenntwich, who is 47, was
a cavalry officer in the Nazi SS
during the war. For a reason never
disclosed, he had been arrested by
the Gestapo, but fled to England,
where he had become a broad-
caster of anti-German propaganda.
Later, he worked for British in-
telligence in Germany. In 1952,
after going into private business,
he was convicted of bribing a Brit-
ish civilian guard, and was sen-
tenced to three months' imprison-
ment. Among the charges he faces
now is one of defrauding an elder-
ly American widow of about $500,-
000 in securities.
Direct JTA Teletype Wire
to The Jewish News
FRANKFURT — Is Martin Bor-
mann, Hitler's Deputy, still alive?
According to the German paper
Bild it is not Martin Bormann who
lies buried in Chita, Paraguay, and
whose name is on the tombstone,
but that of Andrea Hermosilla, who

THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS
Friday, August 14, 1964 5

died 20 pears ago. Four witnesses
have told the Frankfurt prosecutor,
Gen. Fritz Bauer. that Bormann
lives in Paraguay, suffers from can-
cer and is under treatment of the
Auschwitz doctor, Joseph Mengele.
The Bild asks: Will the Bonn
Foreign Office ask the Paraguay
authorities for extradition? Will
the authorities open the grave and
find another body or just some hu-
man bones of different bodies as
the Berlin authorities did when
they opened the grave of Gestapo
chief Eichmann's righthand man
Mueller?
Nazi General Says 89
Germans Knew of Hitler's
`Final Solution' for Jews
MUNICH, JTA — Only 89 per-
sons in Germany knew that Hit-
ler's "final solution" for the Jewish
question was mass annihilation of
the Jews, a former SS general,
Gottlieb Berger, told the court
here which is trying former SS
General Karl Wolff for the war-
time murder of 300,000 Jews.
Berger said that he himself did
not know that Jews were being ex-
terminated "only because they
were Jews," believing they were
being rounded up by the Nazis
only for deportation to Madagas-
car. He said he found out about
the Auschwitz mass murder pro-
gram only in 1943. He declared
that the "secret" of Hitler's teal
aims against the Jews, and the
names of the 89 who knew the
facts in that regard, had been kept
locked in a vault.

Ott I e

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Three Yiddish Volumes
to Be Printed in Russia

LONDON (JTA)—The publica-
tion this year in the Soviet Union
of two Yiddish anthologies has
been announced in the Soviet Yid-
dish magazine "Sovietish Heim-
land," according to reports reach-
ing here.
The first will contain the work
of 20 poets, essayists and journal-
ists on Jewish life in the Soviet
Union. The second book will be
an anthology of present-day Yid-
dish poetry in the Soviet Union.
The publication of both volumes
will be sponsored by "Sovietish
Heimland." Also announced at the
same time was the forthcoming
publication of a hitherto unpub-
lished novel by the Jewish writer
Peretz Markish, who was "liquid-
ated" during the Stalin era.

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