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February 21, 1964 - Image 7

Resource type:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1964-02-21

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

Franz Magill, a cavalry officer
in Hitler's Elite Guard during
the war, admitted in a court at
Brunswick that, in the summer
of 1941, he had passed on mass
murder orders from Heinrich
Himmler, commander of the
Nazi SS, resulting in the death
of Jews in Pinsk, Byelorussia.
Magil, now 63, is one of five
former cavalry officers who
went on trial at Brunswick on
charges of murdering 5,200
Jews during the Nazi occupa-
tion of Pinsk.
Admitting that he had
passed on the Himmler order,
which called for the shooting
of all male Jews and the driv-
ing of all Jewish women into
the marshes, Magill however,
insisted he had issued such
orders "only once."
Magil was adjutant to Hans
Walter Nenntwich, another SS
Cavalry officer, who is the prin-
cipal defendant in the Bruns-
wick trial. The three others in-
volved in that proceeding are
Walter Bornscheuer, Walter
Dunsch and Kurt Wegener.
Bornscheuer sought on Tues-
day to pin the blame for the
murders on a former SS general
who was shot as a traitor on
Hitler's orders. A former SS
cavalry man, Bornscheuer, as-
serted that the order for the
killing was conveyed by SS
Gen. Otto Herman Fegelein,
brother-in-law of Hitler's mis-
tress, Eva Braun. Bornscheuer
insisted that Fegelein gave in-
structions that the order issued
by Himmler be carried out in
August 1941 despite protests
by some officers.
Meanwhile, here, in the
Frankfurt Municipal Council
chamber, the 10-week-old
trial of 22 former Auschwitz-
B i r k e n a u administrators,
guards and medical personnel
was resumed after a 10-day
Prof. Helmuth Krausnick, of
Europe's Jews. He said Hitler
had estimated there were 11
million Jews in Europe, and had
aimed at their total liquidation
through "a methodical pro-
He said the Nazis chose Au-
schwitz as a major death camp
because of its good railway con-
nections and the possibility of
sealing off the entire area.
The Frankfurt trial heard
testimony from an Auschwitz
survivor, Hermann Langbein,
now living in Vienna and head
of an international resistance
organization with headquarters
in Brussels.
Pending his appearance on
the witness stand, Langbein
has issued a demand that the
German Medical Association
order the disqualification of
24 physicians in this country
who, he charges, participated
in the Hitler enuthanasia pro-
Under the program, about
200,000 persons, most of them
Jews, and about 70,000 of them
children, were administered
"mercy death" injections by
German doctors.
Dr. Ernest Fromm, president
of the German Medical Associa-
tion, said that he has ordered
local and regional medical
societies to probe the charges
against the 24 doctors. Dr.
Fromm said that some of them
are dead, others have already
been barred from medical prac-
tice, and a few have retired.
However, he pledged that full
investigations will be made of
the Langbein charges and de-
clared: "I feel certain that the
profession will be cleared fol-
lowing this investigation."
At Klimburg, Dr. Hans
Hefelmann, charged with
complicity in the murder of
73,000 Germans deemed by
the Nazi regime unfit to live,
testified Tuesday that Catho-

THEY CONTINUE TO SMILE: Dr. Alex Dohrn, 54, gets
best wishes from his wife outside a courtroom in Hanover,
Germany, as his trial on charges of illegally sterilizing 149
women gets under way. One of the laws under which the
physician is charged stems from Nazi racial legislation that
made it illegal for a healthy "Aryan" woman to submit to
sterilization. Dr. Dohrn, who has admitted the operations, said
he performed them only on the demands of the patients.

that he left Germany for
Austria in 1948 and that
CARITAS, a Roman Catholic
Welfare Organization, helped
him get a visa for Argentina,
where, he added, "I had very
good contacts with the Ger-
man Jewish Community." He
also said that in Vienna the
papal Nuncio advised him to
go to Argentina and gave him
his blessing.
In Rome, a Vatican prelate
who helped postwar European
refugees said that Hefelmann
probably used a false name in
getting aid from CARITAS. The
Vatican had no official comment
on the former Nazi's testimony.
Hefelmann also testified that
he did not want to take part in
the Euthanasia kilings, but he
was told "I would be treated
like a soldier who refused an
order" if he declined to par-
In another trial of Nazis
for slayings of Jews in Nazi-
occupied Russia, now under-
way in Kiel, Karl Strohham-
mer testified that "A cere-
monial execution" of 400 Jews
was staged in Minsk for Him-
mler's benefit. He said the
killings were done with car-
bines and machineguns.
He said he was unable to re-
member whether Hans Graaife,
the former SS officer on trial,
had taken part in the killings
but — he "could swear" that
Graaife had given the order for
the executions.

Greater than the one who
fears God is the one who lives
by his labor.—Berachoth 8.

Nazi Foils Justice

Dr. Werner Heyde, former
Nazi accused of killing 100,000
handicapped Germans and Jews
in Adolf Hitler's program to
"purify the master race," foiled
justice by breaking his neck
with a belt loop in a maximum
security prison in Frankfurt,
West Germany. He was sched-
uled to go on trial Feb. 18.


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7-THE DETR OIT JEWISH NEWS—Friday, February 21, 1964

ants in the Euthanasia trial to
appear. Dr. Werner Heyde, the
chief defendant, hanged himself
in his jail cell last week, 24
hours after Dr. Friedrich Till-
man, another defendant, jump-
ed or fell to his death from a
lie Church officials in Austria
Cologne office building. A third
helped him to escape to
d e f e n d a n t, Bernard Bohne,
jumped bail and fled to Argen-
Dr. Hefelmann is the only tina last September.
Hefelmann, 56, testified
one of the original four defend-

Former Nazi Officer Admits
Passing Order to Kill Pinsk
Jews; Other Trials Go On

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