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July 05, 1963 - Image 8

Resource type:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1963-07-05

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THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS — Friday, July 5, 1963

*wish Heritage' Impels Strongest Efforts to Aid
Negroes Secure Just Rights, NCRAC Parley Resolves

(Continued from Page 1)
He said the statement might
be introduced before the Coun-
cil ends its labors, but his own
feeling, based on personal ob-
servation, was that the bishops
would rather avoid the issue than
face it.
Father Weigel had predicted
that the process of removing
phrases from the Catholic liturgy
derogatory to the Jews would
be continued. He said American
Catholics were showing a greater
readiness to enter into discus-
sion with members of other
faiths and a greater readiness
to consider the feelings and
sentiments of non-Catholics. He
urged on the Jewish community
relations officials a policy of
"patient progressism" in their
discussions with American Cath-
olics. •
Lewis H. Weinstein, chairman
of the NCRAC, said in a per-
sonal statement that it was "dis-
quieting to hear from Father
Weigel that although the major-
ity of Catholic bishops would
undoubtedly favor a statement
by the Ecumenical Council
against anti-Semitism, political
considerations might prevent
such a declaration." He said that
Father Weigel's statement that
concern over the attitude of the
Arab states to Israel might be
the deterrent to such a declara-
tion "is entirely inconsistent
with the great moral basis upon
which ecumenicity is founded."
"Even if the denial of the
statement against anti-Semit-
ism were deemed expedient,
a conclusion that seems com-
pletely irrelevant and unrealis-
tic," Weinstein asserted, "it is
our hope that Father Weigel's
. tentative prediction will be
contradicted by positive action
from the Ecumenical Council.
Jewish groups, which have
been among those in the fore-
front in the battle against
genocide, against discrimina-
tion and segregation and
against denial of equal oppor-
tunity to any person because
of race, color, religion or eth-
nic origin, look to their broth-
ers of all religious . faiths for
the thrust upward to the reali-
zation of these goals."
(Rabbi Marc H. Tanenbaum,
director of interreligious affairs
of the American Jewish Commit--
tee, in a comment in New York -
on Father Weigel's disclosures,
recalled the statement by Cardi-
nal Bea that "the greatest chal-
lenge to our generation is the
problem of group antagonism
and it is the primordial duty of
all groups of mankind to unite
for the purpose of overcoming
hatreds of the past." He ex-
pressed the hope that the bish-
ops of the Catholic church "will
continue to advance the great
ecumenical movement of inreas-
ing understanding.")
NCRAC concluded its annual
plenary session Sunday with an
appeal to American Jews "to
reaffirm our wholehearted •par-
ticipation in the current struggle
for human rights" and to give
full support to the fight t h e
American negro is making for
equality of rights and an end to
all forms of discrimination or
NCRAC declared that "our
Jewish heritage and our common
humanity" impel Jews to a re-
newed commitment to do every-
thing possible to secure "imme-
diate justice and full citizenship
rights for all Americans every-
The resolution admonished
American Jews to "eliminate any
vestiges of discrimination in our
own institutions and to strive to
make them exemplars of equal
opportunity." It called for "di-
rect in% olvement" by all com-
ponents of the NCRAC "in the

struggle to make America com-
pletely free."
In a parallel resolution, the
plenary session called on the
United States Congress to enact
the civil rights program proposed
by President Kennedy "without
delay and without weakening
amendments." It urged state and
local legislative bodies to enact
comprehensive measures banning
discrimination in employment,
education, housing and places of
public accommodation, and to
establish administrative agencies
with sufficient powers to enforce
these prohibitions.
In its call to the American
Jewish conununity to support
the Negro battle for rights,
NCRAC affirmed that "as
Jews, we react with special
sensitivity to the Negro's de-
mands. We too have stood be-
fore the oppressors demanding
freedom. We too know the in-
exorable power of a righteous
ideal. We too have buried our
martyrs. Bitter experience has
taught us what tragedy there
is in a community of well-
intentioned men who, through
indifference and apathy, be-
come accessories to the de-
struction of a people's rights."
Another resolution warned
that three "radical proposals"
to amend the United States Con-
stitution brought under assault
the federal system and the posi-
t.ion of the Supreme Court "as
the foremost guardian of indi-
vidual liberties." It charged
there was a "well planned cam-
paign" to put the amendments
over "with deliberate silence and
almost no public awareness.'
NCRAC welcomed the Supreme
Court decision on prayer in the
schools as "a victory for religion
and for religious freedom."
Another resolution called for
maximum aid to public schools_
It warned that Government aid
to religiously-controlled schools
"would do a grave disservice to
both religion and public educa-
tion." The . Union of Orthodox
Jewish Congregations, a constitu-
ent of the NCRAC, abstained
from vocing on this resolution.
In other resolutions, on na-
tional questions, NCRAC called
for speedy ratification of the
United Nations genocide con-
vention, removal of the "rac-
ist national origins quota
system of our immigration
code," and renewed its opposi-
tion to compulsory Sunday
closing laws.
On the international front, the
conference greeted Pope Paul
VI on his election. It reported an
intensification of anti - Semitic
policies on the part of the Soviet
Union, charging that "Soviet
courts and so-called legal proc-
ess have become instruments of
NCRAC called on the United
States to give "firm security
guarantees" to the countries in
the Middle East and to maintain
vigilance to preserve the arms
balance. It urged the Administra-
tion and Congress to ensure that
American economic aid was not
diverted and misused by the Arab
governments to acquire offen-
sive weapons and to undertake
aggressive aid ventures. It urged
a firm policy to end Arab "boy-
cotts, blockades and belliger-
ance" and appealed to the Gov-
ernment to use its influence and
power to bring all parties to the
peace table.
NCRAC expressed hope for
the "successful outcome of dis-
cussions now being pursued be-
tween our own committee and
that of the Bnai Brith Anti-Defa-
mation League with a view
toward an agreement that will
lead to resumption of coopera-
tive relationships between the
B n a i Br it h Anti-Defamation
League and ourselves."

Lewis H. Weinstein was re-
elected chairman of NCRAC
for the coming year.
J e wish organizations were
lauded here by a Negro leader
for the "support" they have been
giving to the Negro community
in its civil rights struggle. The
praise was voiced by Roy Wil-
kins, executive secretary of the
National Association for the Ad-
vancement of Colored People,
addressing the NCRAC.
"The entire Negro Community
in America," Wilkins said, "has
been living under conditions that
prevent the Negro from demon-
strating his innate ability or any
other ability. The Negro rejects
the idea that you have to win
citizenship. You do not win cit-
izenship; you win freedom."
"I hope the Negro is going
to act wisely. I hope he is
going to use some statesman-
ship in this trouble. I hope
he is going to assume his obli-
gation as a citizen and to emu-
late the performance of the
Jewish group. I hope in the
long road ahead, he like the
Jewish group, will make con-
tributions to the arts, to sci-
ence, to the professions, and
to social movements. I hope
the Negro will assume his

rightful position of productive
Leo Pfeffer, general counsel
of the American Jewish Con-
gress, told the delegates that
any compromise on Federal aid
to parochial schools would not
buy peace. "Any assumption that
acceding to some but not all of
the demands of the Catholic
church will mark the end of the
struggle is unrealistic," he
He said that even the accept-
ance of proposals by Sen. Abra-
ham Ribicoff in his six-point
package on such aid would not
bring to a conclusion the cam-
paign for full and equal federal
aid to these institutions. "We
should not oppose a legitimate
demand solely because the Cath-
olic church favors it, or because
a by-product of its enactment
may be some aid to parochial
schools," he urged.
He said that most Jewish
bodies "reject the claim that
federal funds may be given to
parochial schools to finance the
non-religious subjects taught
there because we assert that all
instruction in the parochial
school is religiously oriented."
The question of whether
"avowed" Communists, fascists

Peace-Keeping Force in Middle East
Is Voted Approval by UN Assembly

(JTA)—A resolution to finance
the United Nations Emergency
Force in the Middle East—sta-
tioned between Egypt and Isra-
el—for the second half of 1963
was approved at the fourth spe-
cial session of the General As-
sembly by a vote of 80 to 11,
with 16 abstentions.
Israel voted for the resolu-
tion, one of seven approved
this week by the Assembly's
Fifth (Budgetary) Committee.
All of the Arab states except
Lebanon, which also voted for
the resolution, abstained. Isra-
el also voted in favor of the
resolution providing for financ-
ing of the UN operation in the
Congo for the second half of
The package plan of the sev-
en resolutions would authorize
the expenditures of $42,500,000
for both peace keeping opera-
tions for the rest of 1963. Of
the total approved for both op-.
erations, $9,500,000 was ear-
marked for UNEF, which is
stationed in the Gaza Strip and
in the Red Sea area.
Soviet representative Nikolai
Fedorenko said that the resolu-
tions relating to the financing
of the operations of the UN
forces on the Egyptian Israel
front and in Congo were re-
garded by the Soviet Union as
unacceptable. He declared that
these resolutions could not im-
pose any financial obligations
on member states, inasmuch as
these operations were not in
conformity with the provisions
of the Charter.

Rabbi Jacob Segal
Represents Jewry at
International Festival

Under the Charter, the Soviet
delegate argued, the Security
Council had exclusive compe-
tence in matters involving the
maintenance of international
peace and security, including
related financial questions. The
resolutions were "a direct ex-
pression of the policy of the
Western Powers, by-passing the
Security Council and violating
the Charter," he said.

and hate mongers should be
barred from speaking on col-
lege campuses was debated
at the plenary session by Mor-
ton L. London, Jewish War
Veterans national commander,
who favored such a ban, and
Sidney Lorder, president of the
Jewish Community Relations
Council of Minnesota, who op-
posed it.
Larder, an attorney, expressed
the view that "a university stu-
dent group has a right to invite
controversial speakers within
limitations set up by the univer-
sity to ensure that the whole
truth is presented and not just
a distorted segment." He said
such speakers should not be
banned by pickets, placards or
censorship nor by pushing or
violence, but rather "by erposing
those same students to the truth
so graphically and so forcefully
that the students will be revolted
by the Rockwells and their co-
"This does not imply a polite
debate" he stressed. "This sug-
gests the right to answer at the
same time and as soon as the
other speaker concludes, by tell-
ing and showing graphically to
the same audience what the
Nazis and the Communists have
done and are doing."


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Rabbi Jacob E. Segal repre-
sented the Jewish community
at the Freedom and Religion
program of the Detroit-Windsor
International Freedom Festival
at Ford Auditorium Sunday.
Warning that God must not
At Leading Deiicatessens,
be left out of public life lest
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corruption a n d immorality
should predominate, Rabbi Se-
gal declared that "with God
democracy becomes the politi-
cal translation of religion." He
urged that, before it is too late,
there should be a rekindling of
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decency and brotherhood "which
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