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July 05, 1963 - Image 9

Resource type:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1963-07-05

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

Lucette Finas, French novel-
ist, has turned her newest work
"The Faithful Shepherd" her
first to appear in this country
in an English translation—into
a partially Jewish theme.
In this novel, published by
Pantheon Books (22 E. 51st St.,
NY22), the hero Armand Navi-
eel, at the very outset—it is
recorded on the first page of
the story — becomes disturbed
because his wife, Gilberte, hap-
pened casually to say that she
didn't really "care for Jews."
Armand's whole system is dis-
turbed thereby. It becomes his
mission in life to alter her prej-
udice, to prove to her that she
is wrong, to defend the Jews.
And so at every move Arm-
and thinks of his mission. He
goes so far as to have a young
girl pose as a Jewess and to
say that her father, a martyr in
the last war, had rescued Arm-
and's life. When at the Navicel
home for dinner, she repeats,
as advised, statements from
David Rousset's "The Other
Kingdom" to show that she has
a memory about the Nazi hor-
rors, without, of course, indi-
cating the source. At that point
Gilberte asks her husband what
had happened to their Rousset
book. It seemed to her that she
had read the young girl's state-
ments in that book. And the girl
unconsciously says that she has
that book. That ended that at-
tempt at introducing the Jewish
It doesn't seem logical, and
Armand appears a bit queer,
somewhat mixed up, in all his
dealings, in his invitations for
dinner to Jewish employees in
the government office where he
has a high post.
Even when he has a love af-
fair with a young girl he is tu-
toring in Latin, he tries to in-
duce her to be friendly to Jews.
His end is that of a mixed up
man, his wife having left for
her mother's home when Arm-
and hesitated completely to give
up his extra-marital game, even
when Gilberte said she would
give , up hers that had been
made by arrangement between
Yet, when Armand invited
the Jewish members of his
staff to dinner, he tried to
induce his wife not to serve
with fish knives: his guests
might not know how to use
The theme - became under-
standable upon reading the
dedicatory quotation from Hon-
ore d'urfe's "L'Astree": "Once
again, believe me, withdraw, 0
Shepherd, from this perilous
labryinth and shun so ruinous a
design. I know myself better
than yOu do; it is idle to sup-
pose that you will change my
nature in the end. I will break
rather than bend."
That's Armand: unbending,
insisting upon his theme, hold-
ing fast to a desire to prove
that Jews suffered more than
others and must not be disliked.
Lucette Finas writes excel-
lently and the translation of
"The Faithful Shepherd" from
the French by Ralph Manheim
is well done.

Jewish Philanthropic
Aid Cited as Example
for Moroccan Moslems

Casablanca municipal official in-
dicated to the Jewish Commit-
tee of Casablanca that he felt
the effectiveness of Jewish
charitable institutions in Moroc-
co could serve as an example
for the benefit of Morroccan
A. Dikhissi, the Casablanca
director of administrative and
social affairs, made this known
in asking the Jewish committee
to give him a review on the
Jewish philanthropic institu-
tions in Morocco.

ageries of prejudice? Is it an
educational effort, hopefully de-
signed to eradicate prejudice at
its roots? Or does the better
course lie in an indignant re-
jection of those believed to har-
bor prejudice in their hearts?
Papers examined at the Ameri-
can Jewish Archives on the
Cincinnati campus of the He-
brew Union College-Jewish In-
stitute of Religion suggest that
these questions were at the core
of a sharp disagreement nearly
a half-century ago between two
very notable Americans associ-
ated with the Jewish Chautau-
qua Society.
Henry Berkowitz, a. native of
Pittsburgh, was in 1883 a mem-
ber of the Hebrew Union Col-
lege's first graduating class and
one of the very first rabbis to
be ordained in the United
States. After serving pulpits in
Mobile, Ala., and Kansas City,
Mo., Rabbi Berkowitz moved to
Philadelphia's Rodeph Sholem
Congregation in 1892 and re-
mained in that post until his
retirement in 1922, two years
before his death.
Berkowitz was a man of many
accomplishments, but his estab-
lishment of the Jewish Chautau-
qua Society in 1893 undoubt-
edly ranks as his foremost con-
tribution to American Jewish
life. From the society's begin-
_ ring, he served as its chan-
cellor. .
Among the highly distin-
guished personalities who serv-
ed on the society's board of
directors was Jacob Henry
German-born Schiff, head of
the banking firm of Kuhn,
Loeb and Company, was up to
his death in 1920 one of Ameri-
can Jewry's leading figures. A
major supporter of both the
Jewish Theological Seminary
of America and the Hebrew
Union College, a founder of the
American Jewish Committee, a
worker for the American Jewish
Joint Distribution Committee, a
benefactor of the Jewish Publi-
cation Society of America—to
name but a few of the many
causes to which he devoted his
time, energy, and money —
Schiff achieved a formidable
and all but peerless record of
philanthropic activity.
On Feb. 25, 1918, Schiff
asked the Jewish Chautauqua
Society to accept his resigna-
tion from the society's board
of directors. The reason he
offered was his "advancing
age," but other letters in the
Schiff correspondence at the
American Jewish Archives
gives rise to a suspicion that
loss of confidence in the so-
ciety's philosophy had as
much to do with Schiff's res-
ignation as "advancing age."
These letters reflect the bit-
ter feelings aroused in Ameri-
can Jews by the tragic Leo
M. Frank case of 1913.1915.
In August, 1915, a mob ab-
ducted Frank from his place of
detention at Milledgeville, Ga.,
and hanged him at Marietta,
150 miles away. Accused of
murdering a young girl in his
employ, Frank had been con-
demned to death, but in June,
1915, Governor John M. Slaton
had commuted the sentence to
life imprisonment.
Slaton was not convinced
that Frank's guilt had been
established "beyond a reason-
able doubt." He knew that the
case reeked with anti-Semitic
aspersions and that Frank had
been convicted on evidence of
the flimsiest sort.
Slaton's courageous act in
commuting the death penalty
spelled the end of his political
career in Georgia, although two
of the men most responsible for
Frank's conviction and subse-
quent lynching—Hugh Dorsey,
the prosecutor in the case, and
Thomas E. Watson, editor of

Dorsey was elected Governor,
and Watson went on to the
United States Senate.
Two years after the lynch-
ing, the Jewish Chautauqua
Society proposed to send a
lecturer to the University of
Georgia. Jacob Schiff was
outraged. "I am strongly of
the opinion," he wrote Berko-
witz on Dec. 24, 1917, "that
the Chautauqua Society should
have nothing to do with the
University of Georgia, be it
only as a protest against the
outrageous conduct of a con-
siderable number of the peo-
ple of Georgia, and especially
of Atlanta, in the Frank case,
and in electing the man (Dor-
sey) who hounded poor Frank
to death, as Governor of their
Berkowitz felt quite other-
wise and answered on Dec. 28,
that a favorable response to the
university's request for a Jew-
ish Chautauqua lecturer would
create "the opportunity for
thousands who never come into
touch with Jewish teachers to
secure clear and accurate infor-
mation by direct, personal in-
uiries after the lectures. By
these means misunderstanding,
misinformation, perverted ideas
and prejudices are being clear-
ed away," and it was on these
grounds that the society's board
of directors had "considered
favorably the proposal to in-
vade the hot-bed of ignOrance
concerning the Jew and preju-
dice against him, as revealed
by the unspeakable horrors
committed in the State of Geor-

methods of education can a
fairer attitude of mind and a
better condition of affairs be
created . • The members of
our Board . . . seemed to think
that we could do a helpful serv-
ice by sending a good man into
that section (Georgia) to carry
some light into the benighted
minds of the people."
Schiff was not at all molli-
fied and three days later urged
on Berkowitz that "it will be
more self-respecting if the Jew-
ish Chautauqua Society does
for the present not get into
touch with the University of
Georgia, as it is apparently de-
sired to do (by the university)."
Shortly thereafter, Schiff re-
signed membership on the Jew-
ish Chautauqua Society's board
of directors.

LONDON, (JTA)—The Egyp-
tian government has announced
plans for the construction of a
new nuclear reactor costing
some 12,000,000 pounds sterling
($33,600,000), it was reported
here from Cairo. The Daily Ex-
press, meanwhile, reported that
since 1945, aid to Egypt from
the United States exceeded
300,000,000 p o u n d s sterling
($840,000,000) while Soviet aid
to Egypt since 1955 totaled
three times that sum.


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9 - TH E DETROIT JEWISH NEWS Friday, July 5, 1963

Jews' Defense , Disclose Infamous frank Lynching Created Egypt to Build
Becomes French Controversy AMOng Chatanqua Leaders
What is the most honorable the rabble-rousing Jeffersonian gia . We feel that only by
Novelist's Theme and effective response to the sav- —reaped rich political rewards. the slow but thorough going Nuclear Reactor

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